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Ein anderer Blick auf die Philosophie des „Mittelalters“
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Das Buch zeigt, warum es kein Mittelalter gegeben hat, und warum sich auf diese Weise ein ganz neuer Blick auf 1000 Jahre Philosophie eröffnet. Es zeigt zugleich, dass dieses Jahrtausend vielgestaltig und vielsprachig, interdisziplinär, transkulturell und multireligiös war. Das gilt auch für die Philosophie. Das gemeinsame spätantike Erbe bildete den Ausgangspunkt für vielfältige Austauschbeziehungen über Sprachgrenzen hinweg. Hierfür bietet das Buch viele anschauliche Beispiele. Grundlage sind die Übersetzungen aus dem Griechischen in das Arabische, Hebräische und Lateinische. Zugleich werden zentrale philosophische Fragen weiterentwickelt. Die Erweiterung der Wissenschaften erhält ihren Ort an verschiedenen Bildungsinstitutionen, vor allem an den neuen Universitäten, die ab dem 13. Jahrhundert ihren weltweiten Siegeszug antreten. Eine zentrale Rolle spielt die Philosophie, die dieses vielfältige Jahrtausend wie keine andere Wissenschaft repräsentiert und in Gedanken fasst.
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Professor Dr Fuat Sezgin meticulously documented the scientific writings and advances achieved by Muslim scholars. His celebrated Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums (GAS), the largest bio-bibliography for the Arabic literary tradition in general, and the history of science and technology in the Islamic world in particular, is still of utmost importance for the field.
Das zehnte Buch der Confessiones steht in mehrfachem Sinn im Zentrum des Gesamtwerks, ja es kann in einer Art als Zentrum dieses Werkes verstanden werden, dass es dessen Kernaussage in dichtester Form vergegenwärtigt. Die ersten neun Bücher hatten von Augustins Leben bis zur Bekehrung erzählt. Im zehnten Buch greift Augustinus die Erzählungen des Vergangenen auf und reflektiert sie auf ihre Bedeutung für sein gegenwärtiges Leben. Diese Reflexionen weisen voraus auf die Untersuchungen der drei abschließenden Bücher, in denen Augustinus das menschliche Leben angesichts der Heiligen Schriften meditiert. In Erzählung, Reflexion und Meditation verfolgt Augustinus das doppelte Ziel der Selbsterkenntnis und der Gottsuche, die sein Herz hatte ruhelos werden lassen und ihm am Ende wahres, lebendiges Leben verheißt.
This is a thoroughly revised and expanded version of the first edition of the Arabic version of Dimitrie Cantemir’s The Divan or the Sage’s Dispute with the World (Ṣalāḥ al-ḥakīm wa-fasād al-ʿālam al-ḏamīm) (Iaşi, 1698), his first printed book, the earliest ethical treatise in Romanian literature and a testimony to his wide knowledge, reading, and proficiency in foreign languages. Completed in 1705 by Athanasius III Dabbās, Patriarch of the Antiochian Church (1684-1694, 1720-1724), the Arabic text is accompanied by the first translation into a modern language, English. Book III contains Cantemir’s version of the Latin work Stimuli virtutum, fraena peccatorum (Amsterdam, 1682) by the Unitarian Andzrej Wiszowaty (Andreas Wissovatius) of Raków (Poland), a chief representative of the Polish Brethren. Thus, in the space of twenty-three years Central-European Protestant ideas reached the Arab Christians of Ottoman Syria, by way of Greek and Arabic.
Volume Editor:
This book, written by well-known students of Étienne Gilson and especially dedicated to Armand A. Maurer, helps inaugurate a long-overdue special series in philosophy honoring Gilson’s legendary scholarship. It presents wide-ranging expositions of Thomist realism in the tradition of Gilsonian humanism covering themes related to philosophy in general, historical method, aesthetics, metaphysics, epistemology, and politics.
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The two-volume Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages offers an accessible yet engaging coverage of medieval European history and culture, c. 500-c. 1500, in a series of themed articles, taking an interdisciplinary and comparative approach. Presenting a broad range of topics current in research, the encyclopedia is dedicated to all aspects of medieval life, organized in eight sections: Society; Faith and Knowledge; Literature; Fine Arts and Music; Economy; Technology; Living Environments and Conditions; and Constitutive Historical Events and Regions. This thematic structure makes the encyclopedia a true reference work for Medieval Studies as a whole. It is accessible and concise enough for quick reference, while also providing a solid grounding in a new topic with a good level of detail, since many of its articles are longer than traditional encyclopedia entries. The encyclopedia is supported by an extensive bibliography, updated with the most recent works and adapted to suit the needs of an Anglophone audience.

Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages is a unique work, and invaluable equally for research and for teaching. Anyone interested in the art, architecture, economy, history, language, law, literature, music, religion, or science of the Middle Ages, will find the encyclopedia an indispensable resource.

This is an English translation of the second edition (2013) of the well-known German-language Enzyklopädie des Mittelalters, published by Primus Verlag / Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.

Also available online, individually as Brill's Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages Online and as part of Brill's Medieval Reference Library Online.
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New investigations on the content, impact, and criticism of Aristotelianism in Antiquity, the Late Middle Ages, and modern ethics show that Aristotelianism is not an obsolete monolithic doctrine but a living and evolving tradition within philosophy. Modern philosophy and science are sometimes understood as anti-Aristotelian, and Early Modern philosophers often conceived their philosophical project as opposing medieval Aristotelianism. New Perspectives on Aristotelianism and Its Critics brings to light the inner complexity of these simplified oppositions by analysing Aristotle’s philosophy, the Aristotelian tradition, and criticism towards it within three topics – knowledge, rights, and the good life – in ancient, medieval, and modern philosophy. It explores the resources of Aristotle’s philosophy for breaking through some central impasses and simplified dichotomies of the philosophy of our time.

Contributors are: John Drummond, Sabine Föllinger, Hallvard Fossheim, Sara Heinämaa, Roberto Lambertini, Virpi Mäkinen, Fred D. Miller, Diana Quarantotto, and Miira Tuominen
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Peter Abelard (1079-1142) is one of the most diversely gifted people of the Middle Ages. His letter writing, poetry, theology, logic, and ethics deal with almost every aspect of the trivium. This volume surveys his career to show how his extraordinary versatility enchanted and distressed his public. A selection of international specialists addresses the various aspects of Abelard's literary persona. The topics range from Abelard's personal history to his monastic thinking. There are essays on the letter collection, his views on love, ethical problems such as intention and suicide, his poetry and treatises written for Heloise and her nuns of the Paraclete. With its strong emphasis on interdisciplinary research, Rethinking Abelard opens up new avenues for future scholarship.

Contributors are: Michael T. Clanchy, Peter Cramer, Lesley-Anne Dyer, Juanita Feros Ruys, William Flynn, Babette Hellemans, Taina M. Holopainen, Eileen F. Kearney, Constant J. Mews, Eileen C. Sweeney, Ineke Van ‘t Spijker, Wim Verbaal, and Julian Yolles.
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An unfamiliar portrait of Renaissance Florence is depicted in this volume where we find not only some celebrated humanist-oriented thinkers but also their scholastic friends and rivals, discussing matters pertaining to moral psychology. The rationale here is to illuminate the shadowlands of Renaissance philosophy and the intellectual history of late 15th-century Italy by bringing into focus the important role played by scholastic thinkers in the Italian Renaissance. Questions and problems regarding e.g. the intellect and the will, evil and conscience, cognition and love are treated through detailed accounts of debates and texts which were rarely discussed previously.