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`The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World'; Photography by Bert and Lilian Mellink
There is no doubt that the individual has become a judicial person in the international legal order. Access mechanisms to international judges have become numerous. Despite this progress, questions remain and the co-authors of this volume address them from a legal point of view, bringing new perspectives to this topic. Do the imposed obligations and rights granted to the individuals confer on them subjectivity in the international legal order? What are the conditions and the limits to the access of the individual to international justice, especially regional, in order to protect the rights granted by human rights and to claim for reparation, including against multinational companies? To what extent does the international criminal justice favour the access of the victims to justice?
The co-authors address not only the classical questions of the legal personality of the individual, but also the contributions made by international criminal law, including from an African perspective, the compensation systems such as the United Nations Compensation Commission, and the alternative modes of dispute settlements.

L’émergence de l’individu comme être juridique dans l’ordre international est incontestable. Les mécanismes d’accès direct à des juges internationaux se sont multipliés. Malgré ces avancées, il reste des questions en suspend auxquelles les coauteurs de cet ouvrage tentent d’apporter des éléments de réponse, dans une perspective résolument juridique, en dégageant des perspectives nouvelles sur le sujet.
Les obligations imposées et les droits octroyés aux individus leur confèrent-ils la subjectivité dans l’ordre juridique international ? Quelles sont les conditions et les limites de l’accès de l’individu à la justice internationale, notamment régionale, en vue de la protection de ses droits consacrés par les droits de l’homme et de demander réparation, y compris contre les sociétés multinationales ? Dans quelle mesure la justice pénale internationale favorise-t-elle l’accès des victimes à la justice ?
Les coauteurs abordent non seulement les questions classiques de la personnalité juridique des individus, mais également les apports du droit international pénal, y compris dans une perspective africaine, les formules compensatoires comme la commission d’indemnisation des Nations Unies, et les modes alternatifs de règlement des différends.

With the contribution of:
N. Chaeva; A. Garrido-Muñoz; W. Hoeffner; F. Pascual-Vives; G. M. Frisso; T. Szabados; M. Marchegiani; L. Sam; A.-G. Tchaou Sipowo; T. Yamashita.
Author: Paul Szasz
This work is an in-depth examination of the monitoring controls in some of the world’s major international organizations and other treaty regimes. The editor, one of the foremost and most experienced authorities in this specialized but crucially important field, shows how monitoring is used in the common interest to ensure the stability and growth of global standards in such diverse areas as human rights, environmental protection and arms control.

Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
Author: Adiaan Bedner
In 1991 Indonesia introduced a system of administrative courts that was to contribute to establishing the rule of law in Indonesia and to provide recourse for citizens against unlawful administrative behaviour. This book evaluates the performance of the administrative court system. It explains why the courts were established in spite of the Indonesian state's authoritarian nature, and why and to what extent the system is a Dutch legal transplant. It analyses the jurisdictionary powers of the courts and how the courts have used them. It then proceeds to explain the unbalanced nature of the record presented, by analysing factors inside and outside the administrative court organisation which influence its performance. These include budgetary deficits, lack of training opportunities, career manipulation, corruption, lack of government support, and many other non-legal issues. Finally, the author provides a number of recommendations for change, many of which may also be of use to other developing countries.
From having been a legal discipline with a predominantly national perspective, administrative law has increasingly become influenced and affected by the general trends of globalization in modern society. Globalization in general and Europeanization in particular have resulted in a multitude of economic and social contacts across borders, within and between commercial and personal, as well as public and private spheres. Globalization has thus led to a need to find new and adapted administrative law solutions. This changed legal landscape for administrative law is a reality that nearly all lawyers active within the field of administrative law have to relate to in their work.

In this book we have gathered a number of prominent scholars who analyze the developments of administrative law from their respective perspective. The papers were first presented at a colloquium at the Faculty of Law at Uppsala University in March 2012. The aim of the colloquium was to increase our own understanding of the processes of globalization within administrative law and to learn from each other. By publishing the papers, we hope that the knowledge gained there can be passed on to a wider group of interested scholars and practicing lawyers.

The contributions to this book are divided into three parts; Governance and procedures, Administrative law within and beyond Europe and Theoretical approaches. The book opens with a paper by Lena Marcusson, Professor of Administrative Law, Uppsala University, which also served as the introduction to the colloquium in 2012.
This book, by the author of The American Common Law Method, is an excellent source of continuing judicial education for judges at all levels as well as an accessible teaching tool for the classroom. An opening section explains the basic principles of common law methods for creating and applying case law. Advanced Case Law Method then examines the methods used by appellate courts in four states to create case lines on distinct topics. After each case in each line, the author poses several questions concerning the court's performance as a creator and user of case law.



For instance, one chapter traces the "at will" employment doctrine as developed by the New York Court of Appeals and subsequent efforts to create public policy exceptions to the rule. Another looks at the struggle of the appellate courts of Pennsylvania to limit the "intentional infliction of emotional distress" tort doctrine. The New Hampshire group of cases goes back to the mid-18th century and examines railroad liability issues, culminating in the 21st century with duties imposed on internet information providers when the buyer of information causes harm to the seller. The Texas cases treat the "spoliation" doctrine which penalizes a party responsible for causing key evidence to disappear.



Following the questions raised by the examined cases, Advanced Case Law Methods includes the suggested responses. The text is then supplemented by a section intended to make the questions and suggested responses a springboard for discussion at seminars, conferences and even classrooms. Judges, therefore, won't have to worry about "doing homework" and getting wrong answers.



Published under the Transnational Publishers imprint.
This book is an in-depth study of the African Charter of Human and Peoples' Rights, written with the insight of an insider. It assesses the effectiveness of the Charter and of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights in its formative years. It also compares the Charter with other major human rights instruments.
The author asserts that respect for human rights made the existence of African societies possible despite the eras of gross violation. The survival of African societies, indeed their continued development, depends on respect for human rights. While conceding the universality of human rights, the author underscores African specificities and pecularities. He discusses the proper limits of `exclusively internal matters', as often claimed by African spokesmen, and puts forward the legitimate concerns of the international community as an effective check to arbitrariness and other violations.
The book will be of special interest to international lawyers, law students, the judiciary and foreign office officials. The human rights activist will find it particularly useful in dealing with the African situation.
Editor: Roland Adjovi
Founded in 1993, the African Yearbook, now also published online is published under the auspices of the African Foundation for International Law. It is the only scholarly publication devoted exclusively to the study, development, dissemination and wider appreciation of international law in Africa as a whole. Through the scholarly analysis of international legal issues of particular relevance to the African continent, it also contributes to the acceptance of, and respect for the rule of law in intra-African relations, and for the principles of international law in general. Its uniqueness however goes beyond this, for through its special themes and general articles, it has succeeded over the years to serve as an intellectual forum where the development of international law is viewed as being integral to Africa’s own development.

Through the study and analysis of emerging legal issues of particular relevance to Africa, such as the creation of viable continental institutions capable of promoting unity and security for the peoples of the continent, the effective protection of human rights, the need for accountability for mass killings and massive violations of the rule of law, the promotion of a rule-based democratic culture, the role of African countries in a globalizing world economy and in international trade relations, the Yearbook strives to be responsive to the intellectual needs of African countries in the area of international law, and to the continuing struggle for creating an environment conducive to the rule of law throughout the continent.

The Yearbook also provides ready access to the basic documents of African international organizations by regularly publishing the resolutions and decisions of regional and sub-regional organizations as well as the conventions, protocols and declarations adopted by pan-african agencies.

Please click here for the online version including the abstracts of the articles of the African Yearbook of International Law.
The African Yearbook of International Law provides an intellectual forum for the systematic analysis and scientific dissection of issues of international law as they apply to Africa, as well as Africa's contribution to the progressive development of international law. It contributes to the promotion, acceptance of and respect for the principles of international law, as well as to the encouragement of the teaching, study, dissemination and wider appreciations of international law in Africa. A clear articulation of Africa's views on the various aspects of international law based on the present realities of the continent as well as on Africa's civilization, culture, philosophy and history will undoubtedly contribute to a better understanding among nations.
The African Yearbook of International Law plays an important role in examining the tensions underlying the State in Africa, and by shedding more light on the causes of the fragility of African State institutions so as to facilitate the identification of appropriate remedies. The tension and interrelationships among issues such as territorial integrity, self determination, ethnic diversity and nation-building are constantly addressed. Development, human rights and democratization in Africa are also the subject of continuous attention and examination.
The structure of the first two volumes - consisting of a special theme, individual articles, notes and comments, book reviews and basic documents - will be reflected to the extent possible in future volumes, but will also be constantly improved with the addition of new features and areas of study.
The African Yearbook of International Law will attract more contributions in the future from African international lawyers currently teaching or practising in Africa. Most of those who have toiled to make the first volume a reality are now working outside the continent. They are, however, all determined to see to it that this intellectual forum will serve first and foremost the teachers and practitioners of international law in Africa.