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Aufgrund der kirchlichen und gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen in den letzten Jahren stehen das Kirchen- und das Religionsrecht vor großen Herausforderungen und Modifikationen. Die Herausgeber haben daher ein neues Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht erarbeitet, dessen Ziel es ist, den Nutzern fundierte Orientierung und Informationen auf dem neuesten Stand der Forschung zum geschichtlich gewachsenen, geltenden eigenen Recht der Kirchen und Religionsgemeinschaften und zu deren rechtlichen Verhältnissen zum Staat zu liefern.

Das Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht (LKRR) erscheint in vier Bänden, print und online in deutscher Sprache, und bietet in über 2,600 Lemmata bzw. Stichworte zuverlässige und prägnante Informationen zu den grundlegenden Fragen des internen Rechts von Kirchen und Religionsgemeinschaften und des Religionsrechts.

Neben Fragen des staatlichen Rechts und des Kirchenrechts der katholischen und der evangelischen Kirche werden auch zentrale Inhalte des Kirchenrechts der orthodoxen Kirchen sowie des Rechts des Judentums und des Islams behandelt. Das Lexikon ist einer interreligiösen und ökumenischen Perspektive verpflichtet und eröffnet dem Anwender die Möglichkeit, die verschiedenen Rechtsbereiche zu vergleichen. Die Mitarbeit von namhaften Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern des staatlichen Rechts, des Religionsrechts sowie des katholischen, evangelischen, orthodoxen, jüdischen und islamischen Rechts garantiert fundierte und kompetente Informationen. Das Lexikon ist sowohl für Theologen als auch für Juristen im Studium, in der Wissenschaft, in der staatlichen und kirchlichen Verwaltung sowie in der Seelsorge und beruflichen Praxis eine verlässliche und unerlässliche Informationsquelle.

Due to the ecclesiastical and social changes in recent years, church and religious law face major challenges and modifications. The editors have therefore developed a new encyclopedia for church and religious law. It is supposed to provide users with well-founded orientation and information on the latest state of research on the historically evolved, valid own law of the churches and religious communities and their legal relations to the state.

The Lexikon für Kirchen- und Religionsrecht (LKRR) is published in four volumes, print and online in German, and offers reliable and concise information in over 2,600 lemmas or keywords on the fundamental questions of the internal law of churches and religious communities and of religious law.

In addition to questions of state law and ecclesiastical law of the Catholic and Protestant Churches, central contents of the ecclesiastical law of the Orthodox Churches as well as the law of Judaism and Islam are dealt with. The encyclopedia is committed to an interreligious and ecumenical perspective and offers the user the opportunity to compare the different areas of law. The collaboration of reputable scholars of state law, religious law and Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Jewish and Islamic law guarantees well-founded and qualified information. The encyclopedia is a reliable and essential source of information for both theologians and lawyers in their academic studies, in science, in civil and ecclesiastical administration, as well as in pastoral counselling and professional practice.

This reference work is also available as a four volume print publication. The first volume (A-E) is available here.
This collection consists of 267 printed works by and on the great Dutch humanist and jurist Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), published between 1609-1941, that are kept at the Peace Palace Library in The Hague. 205 of these titles have been published on microfiche before in the collections on international law and jurisprudence. 18 more titles have been digitized from microfiche, that have not been published before. 44 more titles have been newly scanned and added to this online collection. Including one of only three known copies of the rare first state of the first edition of De Iure Belli ac Pacis, purchased in 2012 by the Peace Palace Library. The result is an indispensable source of information covering a wide range of disciplines. From law, jurisprudence and diplomacy to philosophy, history and theology. This collection enables scholars to examine the work of Hugo Grotius, quickly and efficiently online.
The titles in this collection can be divided into a few subject categories and are written in several languages.

Subject categories
Écritures: Works on Hugo Grotius - 2 titles
History: Works by Hugo Grotius - 2 titles
International Law: Works on Hugo Grotius - 165 titles
Jurisprudence: Works by Hugo Grotius - 84 titles
Poesie: Works by Hugo Grotius - 2 titles
Theology: Works on Hugo Grotius - 11 titles
[no subject] - 1 title

Languages
Dutch - 88 titles
English - 33 titles
French - 19 titles
German - 13 titles
Italian - 3 titles
Latin - 108 titles
Polish - 1 title
Spanish - 1 title
various languages - 1 title

The collection at the Peace Palace
In 1914, the Hague publisher Martinus Nijhoff donated to the recently established library of the Peace Palace a collection comprising 55 editions of De Iure Belli ac Pacis ( On the Law of War and Peace), the most famous work by the great Dutch humanist and jurist Hugo Grotius (1583-1645). The Nijhoff collection comprised editions in Latin, the original language of the publication, as well as in French, English, German and Dutch. Imprints ranged from 1625 to 1901.

De Iure Belli ac Pacis
The gift from Nijhoff was singularly appropriate because De Iure Belli ac Pacis is a milestone in the history of international law. In this work, Grotius lays out his doctrine of natural law as the basis for the justifiable war. For a long period, De Iure Belli ac Pacis was granted such high significance that its author was regarded as the father of international law. The work aroused much interest at the very beginning of the period between the two World Wars because the conviction gained ground that Grotius's body of thought could provide an answer to the question of how to clear away the violence of war and cultivate a lasting peace.

Largest collection in the world
Using the gift from Nijhoff as foundation, subsequent librarians of the Peace Palace have strived to expand the collection: many other works of Grotius were added, or obtained in photocopy-form from other libraries, with the aim of bringing together as complete a corpus as possible. The Grotius Collection at the Peace Palace Library holds approximately 200 editions of De Iure Belli ac Pacis (in all languages imaginable), and 100 other legal works including Mare Liberum and Inleidinghe tot de Hollandsche Rechts-geleerheid, as well as Grotius’ contributions to history, theology, philology, and poetry – a total of more than 1200 volumes spanning 50 meters of shelves. The collection of Grotiana in the library of the Peace Palace is the largest anywhere in the world.

Jacob ter Meulen
Hence, the Peace Palace can function as a home for research into the life and work of Hugo Grotius. In this respect, Jacob ter Meulen is worthy of special mention. Ter Meulen, librarian at the Peace Palace from 1924 until 1952, has been of immeasurable service to the field of Grotius research. Following years of intensive bibliographical investigation, in 1950 he published, together with his colleague P.J.J. Diermanse, the Bibliographie des écrits imprimés de Hugo Grotius (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff), which contains an exhaustive description of every known edition of Grotius's works. The book, known by Grotius specialists simply as TMD, is an indispensable work of reference for any serious researcher into the life and work of Grotius. In 1961, Ter Meulen and Diermanse published another edition of Bibliographie des écrits sur Hugo Grotius, imprimés a u XVII siècle (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff), a bibliography that includes all minor seventeenth century literature devoted to Hugo Grotius. Both bibliographies were used as a frame of reference for this online collection.

For an overview of more Brill publications on Grotius, please click here.
The Second and Third Centuries of the Hijra
Theology and Society Online is the full-text searchable version of the English translation of Professor Josef van Ess’s monumental study of Islamic intellectual and religious history, focusing on Muslim theology. With its emphasis on the eighth and ninth centuries CE, Theology and Society remains the most detailed study of scholarly networks and interrelations for the early phase of the formation of Islam. Originally published in German between 1991 and 1995, Theology and Society is a monument of scholarship and a unique scholarly enterprise which has stood the test of the time as an unparalleled reference work.
The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online is an essential resource for analyzing Europe's dynamic Muslim populations. Featuring up-to-date research from more than 40 European countries, this comprehensive reference work summarizes significant activities, trends and developments affecting Europe's Muslim populations. The Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online is updated annually with the most current information available from surveyed countries. The updates consist of annual overviews of statistical and demographic data, topical issues of public debate, shifting transnational networks, changes in domestic and legal policies, and major activities in Muslim organizations and institutions.

In addition to offering a relevant framework for original research, the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online provides an invaluable source of reference for government and NGO officials, journalists, policy-makers, and related research institutions.

Features & Benefits of the online version:
- Full-text key word search across all years and countries
- Country overview: click on a country to find the analysis per year for that country
- Year overview: click on a year to find the analysis per country for that year
- Complete collection: covers Volumes 1-10. One new volume added every year

Customers should be aware that volumes 1-7 of the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online are also available as part of Brill's Middle East and Islamic Studies E-Book Collections. These E-Books do not feature the additional functionalities featured in the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online. Volumes 8 and onwards are not available as e-books, but only appear in the Yearbook of Muslims in Europe Online. For the print version, please visit brill.com/yme.
The Top Secret History of America’s Nuclear, Chemical and Biological Warfare Programs and Their Deployment Overseas
At its peak in 1967, the U.S. nuclear arsenal consisted of 31,255 nuclear weapons with an aggregate destructive power of 12,786 megatons – more than sufficient to wipe out all of humanity several hundred times over. Much less known is that hidden away in earth-covered bunkers spread throughout the U.S., Europe and Japan, over 40,000 tons of American chemical weapons were stored, as well as thousands of specially designed bombs that could be filled with even deadlier biological warfare agents.

The American WMD programs remain cloaked in secrecy, yet a substantial number of revealing documents have been quietly declassified since the late 1970s. Put together, they tell the story of how America secretly built up the world’s largest stockpile of nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. The documents explain the role these weapons played in a series of world crises, how they shaped U.S. and NATO defense and foreign policy during the Cold War, and what incidents and nearly averted disasters happened. Moreover, they shed a light on the dreadful human and ecological legacy left by decades of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons manufacturing and testing in the U.S. and overseas.

This collection contains more than 2,300 formerly classified U.S. government documents, most of them classified Top Secret or higher. Covering the period from the end of World War II to the present day, it provides unique access to previously unpublished reports, memoranda, cables, intelligence briefs, classified articles, PowerPoint presentations, military manuals and directives, and other declassified documents. Following years of archival research and careful selection, they were brought together from the U.S. National Archives, ten U.S. presidential libraries, the NATO Archives in Brussels, the National Archives of the UK, the National Archives of Canada, and the National Archives of the Netherlands. In addition, a sizeable number of documents in this collection were obtained from the U.S. government and the Pentagon using the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and Mandatory Declassification Review (MDR) requests.

This collection comes with several auxiliary aids, including a chronology and a historiographical essay with links to the documents themselves, providing context and allowing for easy navigation for both students and scholars.

Highlights:
• The papers in this collection detail how America’s stockpiles of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons were developed, the staggering costs that were involved, the network of laboratories where the bombs and their components were designed and developed, new details about the dozens of secret factories spread across the U.S. where these lethal bombs and warheads were built, the sites where they were tested, and even newly released information about some of the storage depots where the weapons were deployed in the U.S. and overseas.
• This collection contains for the first time ever a comprehensive set of declassified documents which quantify the size and destructive power of the American nuclear, chemical and biological weapons stockpile throughout the Cold War era, including new details about the many different types of weapons in these arsenals, such as nuclear landmines (Atomic Demolition Munitions) and even a nuclear-capable recoilless rifle system.
• This collection contains hundreds of pages of declassified Defense Department and State Department documents concerning the secret negotiations between the U.S. government and over fifteen foreign governments concerning the deployment of nuclear and chemical weapons to their countries (complete biological weapons were never deployed overseas), as well as the even more difficult task later in the Cold War of trying to get permission to remove these weapons after they had outlived their usefulness. In some instances, the U.S. government deliberately did not inform the host nations that they had deployed nuclear and chemical weapons to their countries, as in the case of Japan, which was shocked to learn in 1969 that the U.S. was storing large numbers of nuclear and chemical weapons on the island of Okinawa without their knowledge or consent.
• Also included are over a hundred declassified documents regarding U.S. nuclear war plans, detailing how the American nuclear, chemical and biological weapons were to be used in wartime, including lists of their targets inside the USSR and the People’s Republic of China; newly declassified documents containing the details of all known nuclear, chemical and biological weapons accidents, some of which produced fatal results; and incidents involving attempts by foreign governments (Greece, Turkey and South Korea) to pressure the U.S. government by threatening to seize American nuclear weapons stored on their soil. Finally, there are recently released files concerning an attempt by a terrorist group to penetrate a U.S. nuclear weapons storage site in West Germany.

Number of documents: 2,374
Number of pages: ca. 21,212

Auxiliary aids:
• Introductory essay
• Glossary of acronyms
• Chronology
• Bibliography
• MARC21 catalog records

Sourcing archives:
• U.S. National Archives, Legislative Archives Branch, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. National Archives. Military Records Branch, College Park, Maryland
• U.S. National Archives, Civilian Records Branch, College Park, Maryland
• North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Archives, Brussels, Belgium
• National Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
• National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague, The Netherlands
• National Archives of the UK, Kew, Great Britain
• Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland
• Harry S. Truman Library, Independence, Missouri
• Dwight D. Eisenhower Library, Abilene, Kansas
• John F. Kennedy Library, Boston, Massachusetts
• Lyndon B. Johnson Library, Austin, Texas
• Richard M. Nixon Presidential Library, Yorba Linda, California
• Gerald R. Ford Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan
• Jimmy Carter Presidential Library, Atlanta, Georgia
• Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, California
• George H.W. Bush Presidential Library, Houston, Texas
• William J. Clinton Presidential Library, Little Rock, Arkansas
• Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C.
• DOD FOIA Reading Room, The Pentagon, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. Army Center for Military History, Washington, D.C.
• Naval Historical Center Operational Archives, Washington, D.C.
• U.S. Air Force Historical Research Agency, Maxwell AFB, Alabama
• Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information, Washington, D.C.
• Douglas MacArthur Library, Norfolk, Virginia (Douglas MacArthur Papers)
• George C. Marshall Library, Lexington, Virginia (George C. Marshall Papers)
• Mudd Library, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (George W. Ball Papers)
• National Security Archive, Washington, D.C. (Chuck Hansen Collection)
• Maryland Historical Trust, Annapolis, Maryland

See also the companion collections Cold War Intelligence, U.S. Intelligence on Asia, 1945-1991, U.S. Intelligence on Europe, 1945-1995, and U.S. Intelligence on the Middle East, 1945-2009.
The Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament has proven to be a valuable resource for scholars and students. In this online edition the complete vocabulary of the Hebrew Bible, including texts in Aramaic, is available. The dictionary combines scholarly thoroughness with easy accessibility, and so meets the needs of a wide range of users.

The enormous advances that have taken place in the field of Semitic linguistics since the days of the older dictionaries of Classical Hebrew are well documented and assessed, as well as the often detailed discussions in modern Bible commentaries of words where the meaning is particularly difficult. The alphabetical ordering of entries rather than the traditional arrangement of words according to their roots is particularly helpful to the new student, and also saves the advanced user much time.
English text below

Sonderpreis
Kunden, die die gedruckte Version des LGB2 bezogen haben, zahlen 1.866 Euro statt 3.732.

Die Zielsetzung des «Lexikons des gesamten Buchwesens» ist es, das gesamte Wissen vom Buch, verstanden als die graphische Materialisierung geistiger Inhalte mit dem Ziel ihrer Erhaltung, Überlieferung und Verbreitung in der Gesellschaft, in wissenschaftlich zuverlässiger und exakter Weise in einer alphabetisch-lexikalischen Ordnung darzubieten.

Erfasst werden alle Personen, Institutionen, Fakten, Faktoren und Verfahren, die bei der Vermittlung geistiger Inhalte zwischen Autor und Leser durch das Medium Buch eine Rolle spielen. Der inhaltliche Rahmen des Lexikons umfasst die Bereiche der Produktion, Distribution und Rezeption des Buches. Berücksichtigt werden ebenfalls Teilbereiche jener Disziplinen, die insbesondere für die mit dem Buch beruflich Verbundenen, das heißt Bibliographen, Bibliothekare, Buchhändler und Verleger, aber auch für Bibliophile und Büchersammler von Bedeutung sein könnten. Hierzu gehören beispielsweise Elemente der Archivistik, Diplomatik, Kartographie, Literatur- und Sprachwissenschaft, des Zeitschriften und Pressewesens, sowie der Dokumentation und Information, der Datenverarbeitung und Medienkunde. Hierbei sind geographische Gesichtspunkte keine Selektionskriterien, jedoch liegen die Akzente auf dem europäischen, insbesondere dem deutschsprachigen Bereich.

Die einzelnen Artikel werden durch weiterführende Literaturangaben bereichert und durch Abbildungen, Tabellen und Karten ergänzt.

Die elektronische Fassung des Lexikons enthält rund 21.000 Eintragungen, verfasst von ca. 400 Autoren. Sie basiert auf der zweiten, völlig neu bearbeiteten Auflage des LGB (9 Bde; Stuttgart: Anton Hiersemann, 1987-2016).


English text

Special discount
Customers who have bought the print edition of LGB2 from Hiersemann Verlag pay 1.866 euro instead of 3.732 euro.

The aim of the Lexikons des gesamten Buchwesens (“Dictionary of the Book”) is to render the complete knowledge about the book in an academically reliable and exact manner, in alphabetical order. The book is understood as the graphical presentation of intellectual content with the aim of the preservation, transmission and dissemination of this content in society. All persons, institutions, facts, factors and procedures that play a role in the mediation of intellectual content between the author and the reader through the medium of the book are recorded. The dictionary covers everything from the production and distribution to the reception of the book. It also takes into account certain areas that are of particular importance to those working with books professionally, such as bibliographers, librarians, booksellers and publishers, but also for book collectors and bibliophiles. These include, for example, elements of archival studies, diplomacy, cartography, literature and linguistics, the press, epistemology, data processing and media studies. Geographical limitations do not play a role, yet the emphasis is on European, especially the German-speaking countries.

Each individual entry includes ends with a list of further reading and often includes illustrations, tables or maps.

The electronic edition contains about 21,000 entries, written by ca. 400 authors. It is based on the second, completely revised edition of the LGB (9 vols., Stuttgart: Anton Hiersemann, 1987-2016).
Prize Papers Online 3 contains approximately 4,000 interrogations of members of the crew of ships taken during the First, Second and Third Anglo-Dutch Wars (ca. 1652-1674) and the War of the Spanish Succession (ca. 1701-1733). It shows images of each interrogation (of two, three, sometimes even six or more pages). Answers to the fourteen most researched questions are transcribed and stored in a searchable database.

The Anglo-Dutch Wars (First: 1652-1654; Second: 1665-1667; Third: 1672-1674) were a series of wars fought between the English (later British) and the Dutch in the 17th and 18th centuries for control over the seas and trade routes. The Fourth Anglo-Dutch War (1780-1784) is part of PPO 1.

This collection is part of Prize Papers Online (PPO).
Codices Hugeniani Online (COHU) offers the fully digitized archive of Christiaan Huygens (1629 - 1695), held at Leiden University Library. The archive includes notebooks and loose leafs with texts in the field of astronomy, mechanics, mathematics and music, as well as correspondence and annotated books.

Huygens was a prominent Dutch mathematician, astronomer and physicist. He published major studies on mechanics and optics, and a pioneer work on games of chance. He is famous for his discovery of the rings of Saturn and its moon Titan, and for inventing the pendulum clock.

Shortly before his death in 1695 Huygens bequeathed a large part of his scholarly papers to Leiden University Library. After 1800, the legacy was further enriched by manuscripts and letters from family property, amongst others a large number of letters from Huygens' father Constantijn (1596 - 1687).

For over three centuries, many scholars have made the Codices Hugeniani the object of their research. The contents of the archive have been made partly accessible through the well-known Oeuvres complètes (a 19-volume 19th Century reference work). More recently, the Codices Hugeniani were described in detail by Dr. Joella Yoder in her Catalogue of the Manuscripts of Christiaan Huygens (Brill, 2013). With COHU the full archive's contents are now easily accessible for the first time.

Features and benefits

Sections COHU is logically organized in the same way as the original archive, i.e. 52 codices as main entrances, enabling an overview of the archive as a whole.

Advanced search options In each codex the scans are offered in smaller groupings ranging from 1 to several dozen folios each. These groupings are all described with detailed metadata. This offers the possibility of an advanced search for specific topics, etc.

Rich metadata
For a large part the metadata are taken from Joella Yoder’s catalogue. This is the most authoritative overview and the outcome of 20+ years of hard work. The book contains valuable information about the archive that is not in the Leiden University Library's catalogue.

Direct link between famous Oeuvres complètesand archive
The COHU metadata offer a concordance between the physical archive and the Oeuvres complètes.
Jesuit Historiography Online (JHO) is an Open Access resource offering over seventy historiographical essays written by experts. Aimed at scholars of Jesuit history as well as the many disciplines with which it intersects, each essay in JHO provides a summary of key texts from the earlier literature, a painstaking survey of more recent work, and a digest of archival and online resources. Crucially, each essay covers both Anglophone and non-Anglophone works and devotes attention to scholarship from Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas, making this survey truly global in scope. The essays represent much more than a bibliographical check-list; authors explore trends in Jesuit historiography and provide a nuanced, systematic, and in-depth analysis of what has been written—when, why, and by whom—about arguably the most significant religious order within the Roman Catholic tradition.

JHO is available in Open Access thanks to generous support of the Institute for Advanced Jesuit Studies at Boston College.
Fifth Edition
The popularity of his monumental and definitive works established Shabtai Rosenne as the undisputed expert on the International Court of Justice’s law and practice of his time. Irrefutably the leading work on the court, previous editions of Rosenne’s Law and Practice of the International Court have influenced generations of legal scholars, practitioners, judges, and students alike. The Fifth Edition, by Malcolm N. Shaw, combines his expertise as both an academic and practitioner to bring this monumental resource up-to-date while retaining Rosenne’s distinctive voice, erudition, and rigorous objectives.

Preserving Rosenne’s focus on the caselaw of the Court, the Fifth Edition is supplemented with increased references to the leading academic literature. This online edition provides advanced and personalized search options through its contents:

• The Court as one of the principal organs, in particular the principal judicial organ, of the United Nations. Diplomats and legal advisers who deal with matters relating to the Court on a political level and through different organs and offices of the United Nations will appreciate the full discussion of the diplomatic, political, and administrative aspects of the Court’s affairs.
• Jurisdiction and the treatment of jurisdictional matters by the Court. This also includes the Court’s advisory jurisdiction, and how that work relates to complex legal issues in matters of major political import.
• The Court’s procedure.
• English texts of the Charter of the United Nations, the Statute of the Court, the Practice Directions, the Rules of the Court, and a full set of indexes.

The Fifth Edition (updated through 2015) of Rosenne’s Law and Practice of the International Court is an essential component of all international law libraries and an indispensable work for those practicing in the field, who will all appreciate access to the most recent work on the Court.

Rosenne's Law and Practice of the International Court: 1920-2015, Fifth Edition is also available in print..
Arabic Literature of Africa Online (ALA) is a bio-bibliography on the Arabic manuscript tradition in the African continent, which continued well into the 20th century CE. It offers authoritative information about African authors, the texts they wrote in Arabic, the manuscripts in which these texts are found, and the locations of these manuscripts, together with bibliographical references to the literature. Arabic Literature of Africa Online complements Brockelmann’s Geschichte der Arabischen Litteratur (GAL) and is an indispensable reference work for students of Islamic cultures in Africa and of Islamic manuscripts in general.
The Dead Sea Scrolls represents perhaps the most significant historical manuscript discovery in recent history. Brill’s Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts offers a unique opportunity to study state of the art photographs of these ancient scripts, and understand their meaning using the translations of text and interpretations for missing fragments.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts provides users with a comprehensive tool for the study of the non-biblical texts from the Judean Desert (the “Dead Sea Scrolls”). It contains high resolution images of the Non-Biblical Dead Sea Scroll fragments and all the texts, in the original languages and in translation. It enables content searching using a sophisticated inventory, and examining finer details of the original texts through search options and zoom possibilities for the images. Never before has such comprehensive information been available in one place.

The complete collection consists of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts. Used side by side, these databases offer the user access to all the Dead Sea Scrolls texts.

This online product is based on The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library CD-ROM, published by Brill and Brigham Young University, 1999.
Sacramentum Mundi Online is the online edition of the famous six volume English reference work in Catholic Theology, edited (in 1968-1970) by Karl Rahner, one of the main Catholic theologians of the 20th century. Sacramentum Mundi: An Encyclopedia of Theology was originally published by Herder Verlag, and is now available online at Brill. Karl Rahner, together with Adolph Darlap, began work on Sacramentum Mundi in 1961, just before the start of the Second Vatican Council. It was conceived from the start as an international project, and was eventually published simultaneously (or almost simultaneously) in six languages—German, French, Italian, Spanish, English and Dutch-- by Rahner and thirteen editors. The four volume German edition came out from 1967-1969; the six volumes in English, from 1968-1970. Three things make Sacramentum Mundi stand out from the profusion of theological dictionaries and encyclopedias published in the last century or two. First, it is this international quality, involving scholars from across Europe (and to a certain degree America), whereas the norm is for a dictionary or encyclopedia to have a certain insular quality—written in German by and for German language scholars, or in English by and for theologians of the English speaking world, and so on. Secondly, there is the fact that it was edited and shaped by Karl Rahner, one of the leading theologians of the 20th century. One does not find anything like it from Barth or Balthasar, Tillich or Bultmann—Rahner alone among the great minds of this great theological generation turned his attention to forming such a distinctively collaborative intellectual endeavor. Thirdly, it offers itself not just as a reference work, available for occasional consultation, but as a Summa--something from which one can gain, in other words, not only bits and pieces of theological information, but a vision of the discipline as a whole in its coherence.
Grammarians of antiquity taught and practiced philology, text criticism and rhetoric, essential skills in the education, career and public life of ancient Greeks and Romans. Brill’s Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity (LGGA) serves as the first point of reference for information on these ancient grammarians for scholars of Greek and Latin antiquity, in particular for research into the history of philology, grammar and ancient scholarship.
Sorted alphabetically by Latin name, each entry consists of 1) an introduction with biographical information on the respective grammarian, as well as a discussion of his work and preserved fragments; 2) the Greek text of these fragments; and finally 3) the relevant bibliography, including lists of editions (if any) and studies. A total of more than 570 grammarians have been identified for inclusion in the LGGA and over 300 are currently available online. Each entry will be published in Italian and English. Completion of the Lexicon is expected at the end of 2023.
The Dead Sea Scrolls represents perhaps the most significant historical manuscript discovery in recent history. Brill’s Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts offers a unique opportunity to study state of the art photographs of these ancient scripts, and understand their meaning using the translations of text and interpretations for missing fragments.

The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts provides users with a comprehensive tool for the study of the biblical texts from the Judean Desert (the “Dead Sea Scrolls”). For the first time all biblical texts are accessible in one place, allowing searches through high resolution photographs of the ancient fragments, and texts derived from the fragments in Masoretic order (Bible books), as well as providing English translations and full transcriptions of the Hebrew Scripture, over 200 in total.

NEW: The Brill Text Tool, free of charge to Chrome users. The Brill Text Tool is a browser extension to get additional lexical and grammatical information about the Dead Sea Scrolls Biblical Texts Online. Read more here.

The complete collection consists of the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Biblical Texts and the Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library Non-Biblical Texts. Used side by side, these databases offer the user access to all the Dead Sea Scrolls texts.

This online product is based on The Dead Sea Scrolls Electronic Library CD-ROM, published by Brill and Brigham Young University, 1999.
J. F. Niermeyer's Mediae Latinitatis Lexicon Minus is a highly practical lexicon, providing researchers, teaching staff and students in the field of Medieval History with concise, essential information. Niermeyer Online on Brill’s Dictionary Platform is still the “compendious lexicon for rapid information” envisaged by Niermeyer and is the only online version based on the very latest print edition (content expanded by 10% in 2002). This last update also provided French, English and German translations for every entry of a Medieval Latin concept. Niermeyer Online offers searches on lemma and full text: searches can be refined by century of use. All entries are contextualized with relevant text passages. Niermeyer’s Lexicon Minus has established a reputation over more than 50 years as an invaluable, authoritative, and highly rated resource for medievalists, and Niermeyer Online is certain to be an indispensable working tool for historians working inside or outside an academic library.
The Encyclopedia of Ancient Greek Language and Linguistics (EAGLL) is a unique work that brings together the latest research from across a range of disciplines which contribute to our knowledge of Ancient Greek. It is an indispensable research tool for scholars and students of Greek, of linguistics, and of other Indo-European languages, as well as of Biblical literature. The EAGLL offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of Ancient Greek, comprising detailed descriptions of the language from Proto-Greek to koine. It addresses linguistic aspects from several perspectives including history, structure, individual singularities, biographical references, schools of thought, technical meta-language, sociolinguistic issues, dialects, didactics, translation practices, generic issues, Greek in relation to other languages, etc., and on all levels of analysis including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, lexicon, semantics, stylistics, etc. It also includes all the necessary background information regarding the roots of Greek in Indo-European. As and when, excursions may be made to later stages of the language, e.g. Byzantine or even later. The focus, however, will predominantly be Ancient Greek. With well over 500 entries on all aspects of Ancient Greek, this new encyclopedia aspires to become a basic research tool and the recognized reference work on the subject. The online version of the EAGLL can be accessed at http://referenceworks.brillonline.com/.
Features & Benefits
--Full Text Search, advanced search options --Extensive cross-references, navigation via hyperlinks --Articles covering a wide-range of topics such as the Greek of various sources (texts, manuscripts, inscriptions, reading traditions), major grammatical features (phonology, morphology, and syntax), lexicon, script and paleography, theoretical linguistic approaches, etc. --All Greek transcribed
The Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics offers a systematic and comprehensive treatment of all aspects of the history and study of the Hebrew language from its earliest attested form to the present day. The encyclopedia contains overview articles that provide a readable synopsis of current knowledge of the major periods and varieties of the Hebrew language as well as thematically-organized entries which provide further information on individual topics. With over 950 entries and approximately 400 contributing scholars, the Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics is the authoritative reference work for students and researchers in the fields of Hebrew linguistics, general linguistics, Biblical studies, Hebrew and Jewish literature, and related fields.
Features and Benefits: • Search the full text by keyword and Hebrew character set, in addition to advanced search options. • Navigate extensive cross-references via hyperlinks. • Access tertiary treatment of a wide-range of topics such as the Hebrew of various sources (texts, manuscripts, inscriptions, reading traditions), major grammatical features (phonology, morphology, and syntax), lexicon, script and paleography, theoretical linguistic approaches, etc. • Receive annual updates with new articles, images, and multimedia, in particular sound recordings, beginning the year after publication. • Benefit from a synthesis of scholarly research from Israel, Europe, North America, and Asia.
Access to Global Legal Information
Acclaimed by librarians, academics, and researchers alike, the Foreign Law Guide (FLG) is an essential database offering relevant information on sources of foreign law, including complete bibliographic citations to legislation, the existence of English translations and selected references to secondary sources in one virtual destination. Broad in content and global in scope, the FLG is an indispensable resource for comparative law research and a fundamental tool for developing a foreign and comparative law collection. Approximately 190 jurisdictions are systemically covered and updated by a global team of experts.

The Foreign Law Guide is updated every month. Download more information about the latest updates here.

Now offering coverage of the United States.

Each jurisdictional entry provides reliable information, such as:
• An introductory overview of the legal system and legal history;
• An outline of the judicial and legislative system;
• Primary and secondary sources of law and legal information;
• Links to major online sources;
• Identification of major legal publications.

The unique “Materials Indexed” feature presents a list of publications that provide full-text legislation, summaries of laws or translations, or detailed monographic treatment of laws on specific subjects, and serves as an important development tool for foreign and comparative legal collections.

Published by Brill since 2012, the FLG is now presented in a revised and increasingly user-friendly environment. Supporting the already well-established FLG brand, the new database offers a revised structure for the presentation of the rich content for each country, implementing the following enhancements:
• Improved content organization and structure;
• Upgraded search and browsing functionality allowing users to save, send, and email results;
• Streamlined and reorganized subject headings;
• Copy and paste functionality for Word processing;
• Advanced search capabilities;
• Personal preferences options allow researchers to access search history, and export search results to bibliographic software.

Long the standard research tool for researching foreign and comparative law, the FLG will continue to serve as the single-most important guide for librarians, students, practitioners and academics.

See also our Tips for Effective Browsing Brochure and/or User Guide Video.
The African Studies Companion Online is part of African Research Online.

This new edition of the African Studies Companion Online brings together a wide range of sources of information in the African studies field. It builds on four previous editions of the African Studies Companion, the award-winning publication initiated by Hans Zell. Published in print and online until 2006, this new edition is published electronically only.

The African Studies Companion Online is an invaluable tool for scholars in African Studies. It contains over 1800 entries covering guides and resources for African languages, Africa cartography and maps, African film, African studies journals, magazines and newsletters, media guides and news sources for Africa, the African press, African studies library collections worldwide, national archives in Africa, centers of African studies and African studies programs worldwide, awards and prizes in African studies, and a wealth of other subjects.

Many entries describe and evaluate resources, others are factual and provide practical information. With a few exceptions, all entries directly link to the internet.

Easy to search and navigate, African Studies Companion Online is the best starting point for students and professionals in African Studies.

Edited by Marie-José Wijntjes
Economy, Education, Environment, Law, Population and Labor, and Society
The former Chinese Academy of Social Sciences Yearbooks have become part of the Chinese Research Perspectives series. The Chinese Research Perspectives series includes four research areas: Education, the Environment, Population and Labor, and Society. The selection of contributions covers developments in China of particular interest to a Western (non-Chinese speaking) audience and occasionally differs from the Chinese-language yearbooks. The selected materials continue to provide Western readers with firsthand insights into the discussions of China’s top scholars on contemporary issues in their country.
As with the CASS Yearbooks, the original versions of these volumes are published in China by Social Sciences Academic Press (SSAP), one of the publishing units of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), and are edited principally by leading researchers from CASS and other top research institutions and universities in China. The selection of contributions for the English-language Chinese Research Perspectives series and the translations of those volumes are supervised by Western editorial boards.
The former CASS Yearbooks and the new Chinese Research Perspectives titles are now developed into an online, full-text searchable reference work, that provides interested scholars, students and policy makers with up-to-date information, data and debates on contemporary issues in China.
Recently relaunched in March 2019 with many improvements and new content, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism presents the latest research on all the main aspects of the Hindu traditions. Its essays are original work written by the world’s foremost scholars on Hinduism. The encyclopedia presents a balanced and even-handed view of Hinduism, recognizing the divergent perspectives and methods in the academic study of a religion that is both an ancient historical tradition and a flourishing tradition today. The encyclopedia embraces the greatest possible diversity, plurality, and heterogeneity, thus emphasizing that Hinduism encompasses a variety of regional traditions as well as a global world religion. Presenting all essays and research from the heralded printed edition, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism is now available in a fully searchable, dynamic digital format. The service will include all content from the six printed volumes.

Volume I Regions and the Regional Traditions Sacred Space and Time Gods, Goddesses, and Divine Powers

Volume II Sacred Texts and Languages Ritual Traditions Arts Concepts

Volume III Society Religious Specialists Religious Traditions Philosophy

Volume IV Historical Perspectives Poets, Teachers, and Saints Relation to Other Religions and Traditions Hinduism and Contemporary Issues

Volume V Religious Symbols Hinduism and Migration: Contemporary Communities outside South Asia Some Modern Religious Groups and Teachers

Volume VI Indices

Features and Benefits
• Access articles covering topics such as main regions within and beyond India and their regional traditions; sacred spaces and time and the various gods, goddesses, and divine powers of Hinduism past and present; major religious texts, literary genres, and sacred languages; performance, the arts, and ritual traditions; leading concepts and philosophical traditions; significant historical periods and eminent figures of saints, poets, and teachers; the interaction of Hinduism with other religions and the various responses of Hinduism to a number of contemporary issues such as feminism, human and animal rights, bioethics, and the Internet; and the place and role of Hinduism among communities in diaspora.
• Keyword and full-text search.
• Navigate extensive hyperlinked cross-references.
• Consult a comprehensive index of approximately 20,000 terms, concepts, and personal and place names accompanied by short explanations.
• View rich illustrations, maps, and photographs.


The Encyclopedia of Hinduism Online (ENHI) was originally published in 2012. It has now being relaunched with lots of improvements and some additional contents (but without a price increase).

*Improvements include:
1. All quotes, poems, lists, tables, images, diagrams, and other illustrations have a greatly improved appearance.
2. Corrections of factual errors handed in by authors over the years have been implemented.
3. “Forthcoming” in the bibliographies have been updated.
4. All URLs in the running texts and bibliographies have been verified and provided with a recent “accessed [date].” This resulted in removing close to half of them, as they are no longer available.

*New content (not included in the print edition):
1. Bhāgavatapurāṇa by Jonathan Edelmann
2. Cōmacuntara Nāyakar by Eric Steinschneider
3. Gayatri Pariwar by Daniel Heifetz
4. Haridwar by James Lochtefeld
5. Harivaṃśa by Simon Brodbeck
6. Kedarnath by Luke Whitmore
7. Omkareshwar by Jürgen Neuß
8. Pramukh Swami by Mamtora Bhakti
9. Śaiva Āgamas: The Four Pādas and Thirty-six Tattvas by T. Ganesan
10. Slavery by K.M. Shrimali
11. Soma by Matthew Clarke
12. Śrīdharasvāmin by Jonathan Edelmann
13. Srisailam by Prabhavati C. Reddy

In particular, the articles Soma (new insight regarding this psychotropic substance), Slavery (the topic having been denied/ignored for years in Indian studies), and Śaiva Āgamas (first time that the content – in contrast to the textual history – of this literary genre is dealt with in such depth) can be considered seminal.

Originally, Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism was published as a finished product with no plans for updates. However, the editors have agreed to produce a 7th print volume, and these articles will be part of it. All existing customers will be able to access the new improved version and the added articles with no additional charge.
Book History Online (BHO) is the international bibliography in the field of book and library history. It provides a comprehensive survey of all scholarly publications written from a historical perspective. Included are monographs, articles and reviews dealing with the history of the printed book, its arts, crafts, techniques and equipment, its economic, social and cultural environment, as well as its production, distribution, preservation and description. In particular, BHO contains information on topics such as papermaking, bookbinding, book illustration, type design, typefounding, bibliophily, book collecting, libraries and individuals.

Features
- Access to nearly 120,000 records
- Logging scholarly publications from the late 19th century until today
- Entries ordered by subject, country or period
- Covering over 40 languages (predominantly German, English, French and Dutch)
- Search by title, author, keyword, language and more
- Personal tools include save searches, search alerts and exporting tools
- Updated regularly

BHO is the online continuation of the Annual Bibliography of the History of the Printed Book and Libraries (ABHB), initially edited by Hendrik D.L. Vervliet and subsequently by the Department of Special Collections of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek (The Hague). The first volume was published in 1970.
Weston's & Carlson's Basic Documents
This online documentary compendium gathers in a single easy-to-use collection the most significant and influential legal primary sources of the post-WWII global order. It is both a comprehensive documentary history of public international law over the past 70 years and an anthology of currently operational international instruments. Organized topically and chronologically, the collection provides easy and quick access to the most important international legal materials affecting the foundations of world public order; the laws of war; human rights; international trade, investment, and development; and environmental protection.

Users can quickly trace the history and current state-of-play of international lawmaking in dozens of areas, including, for example, the curtailment of weapons of mass destruction, the expansion of women’s rights, control of the narcotics trade, and regulation of international fisheries. Hundreds of key documents are presented in full text, with up-to-date information about the location and legal status of each document.

The primary source collection provides access to a multitude of often difficult to find documents including treaties, agreements, charters, concluding documents, conventions, covenants, decisions, declarations, draft articles, final acts, general acts, joint statements, manifestos, memoranda, pacts, procès-verbals, protocols, resolutions, rules, and statutes. Fully searchable, cross-referenced and externally linked, this unique compendium and upgraded platform offer researchers an essential, current and comprehensive source of international legal materials.
Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length. Created by experts and updated regularly with international trade law practitioners in mind, the Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online offers instant access to a vast legal research database that includes:

• Updated summaries of 300+ WTO/GATT Panel, Appellate Body, or arbitrator reports.
• Nine comprehensive indexes cross-referencing the reports by key word, article, country, subject, panelist, member, and more.
• Easy citation lists to track adoption status of reports.

Handbook of WTO/GATT Dispute Settlement Online is an essential resource for trade law practitioners that want to navigate and quickly master complex WTO/GATT reports spanning hundreds of pages in length.

September 2019 Update

Cases Tab

List of WTO Citations
List of Adopted Reports

Case Summaries:

271 EU – PET (Pakistan) Panel Report Summary
271A EU – PET (Pakistan) Appellate Body Report Summary
272 Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Panel Report Summary
272A Indonesia – Iron or Steel Products Appellate Body Summary
273 Brazil – Taxation Panel Report Summary
273A Brazil – Taxation Appellate Body Report Summary
274 Indonesia – Chicken Panel Report Summary

Indexes Tab:

Key Word Index
WTO/GATT Articles Index
Country: Party Index
Country: Subject Index
Panelist Index
Appellate Body Index