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Voluntary associations (VAs) are the oldest and most frequent type of groups in the charitable, voluntary, nonprofit, third, or civil society sector worldwide. Smith’s book reviews the positive long-term historical impacts of some fundamentally deviant VAs (DVAs) or dark side examples of such associations. Dissenting DVAs such as the American Anti-Slavery Society in the 1800s and the National Woman’s Party in the early 1900s worked long and effectively to foster U.S. socio-cultural progress and ethical evolution as part of the global rights revolution. Parallel Noxious DVAs like the German Nazi Party or Heaven’s Gate mass suicide cult had opposite, deeply harmful impacts. Eccentric DVAs like nudist/naturist clubs or Oneida free-love commune (mid-1800s) were largely harmless hobbies, with little harmful impact.

Abstract

Misconduct and more serious deviance in nonprofits have long been inadequately studied in the interdisciplinary field and emergent academic discipline of nonprofit sector studies—voluntaristics (Smith 2016a). This article suggests a new way to look at such nonprofit dark side phenomena, focusing centrally here on fundamentally deviant nonprofit groups (DNG s)—nonprofits with goals or the means to achieve them that violate current moral norms in their larger society to some significant extent, usually as deviant voluntary associations (DVA s), not nonprofit agencies with paid staff.

A threefold typology of intensity of collective nonprofit deviance is presented, ranging from the most extreme, noxious DVA s, down to the mildest, eccentric DVA s. In the middle are dissenting DVA s, which often seem noxious initially, but in the longer term turn out to be historic advocates for ethical evolution and sociocultural progress, as integral to the ongoing human rights revolution worldwide. Dissenting DVA s are distinguished by having moral authority based on some higher—often religious or spiritual—value system. Two examples of each of the three DVA intensity types are reviewed, deriving takeaway lessons for policy and practice from each. In Part 5, the author discusses moral dissenting DVA s as the central nonprofits involved in the global human rights revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries (Iriye, Goedde, & Hitchcock, 2012).

In: Nonprofits Daring to Be Different as Moral Dark Energy Improving the World
Race, Nation, and Human Rights in the Conflict (Second Edition)
Author: Eve Spangler
The Israeli/Palestinian conflict is the longest on-going hot-and-cold war in the 20th and 21st century. In this book the author argues that human rights standards are the key to a just and sustainable solution and that, tragically, no one has ever made serious use of them in trying to end the conflict. The reader will have a comprehensive view of the conflict, its relationship to surrounding world events, and its similarities to and differences from other conflicts, especially those embedded in American race relations.
Chapter 3 Basic Concepts
Author: Eve Spangler
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
Part 2 A Brief History of the Conflict: Another Look
Author: Eve Spangler
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
Chapter 6 Establishing the State, Preparing Occupation
Author: Eve Spangler
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine
Chapter 2 In Israel and Palestine
Author: Eve Spangler
In: Understanding Israel/Palestine