Edited by York-Gothart Mix

Philip Otto Runge war – neben Caspar David Friedrich – nicht nur der bedeutendste deutsche Maler der Frühro¬mantik, sondern auch einer der vielseitigsten Künstler des 19. Jahrhunderts, „ein Individuum, wie selten geboren“, wie Goethe sich über ihn äußerte. Seine Briefe, Schriften und auch kunstvollen Märchen werden in dieser kriti¬schen Ausgabe vorgelegt und kommentiert.
Die Ausgabe beginnt mit dem Briefband 1795–1803 und dem dazu gehörigen Kommentarband. Dokumentiert wird Runges Kontakt mit einer Vielzahl seiner bedeutendsten Zeitgenossen: Ludwig Tieck, Clemens Brentano, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Caspar David Friedrich sowie August von Klinkowström, um nur einige wenige zu nennen.
Die vorliegenden Bände bieten erstmals alle Briefzeugnisse und stellen die im Autograf erhaltenen Quellen text¬kritisch nach Maßgabe editionswissenschaftlichen Kriterien vor. Damit ersetzt diese Edition auch die von K. F. Degner 1940 unter völkischen Vorzeichen publizierte Ausgabe Philipp Otto Runge. Briefe in der Urfassung, die aufgrund von Unstimmigkeiten und Lesefehlern die Briefe keineswegs in der buchstabengetreuen Verfassung abdruckt. Runges eigenwillige Orthografie, Zeichensetzung und Grammatik wurde beibehalten und nicht, wie in den Editionen von H. v. Maltzahn, K. Privat, H. Gärtner und P. Betthausen modernisiert oder stillschweigend korrigiert, um seinen charakteristischen, spontanen Briefstil zu dokumentieren. Skizzen wurden berücksichtigt, erstmals wurden auch Mitteilungen anderer Briefschreiber, die sich auf demselben Bogen befinden, transkribiert und aufgenommen.

Series:

Edited by Frank Feder and Matthias Henze

The Textual History of the Bible (THB) is unique in providing, for the first time, all available information regarding the textual history, textual character, translation techniques, manuscripts, and the importance of each textual witness for each book of the Hebrew Bible, including its deutero-canonical scriptures.
In addition, it includes articles on the history of research, the editorial histories of the Hebrew Bible, as well as other aspects of text-critical research and its auxiliary fields, such as papyrology, codicology, and linguistics.

The Textual History of the Bible Vol. 2 consists of:
Volumes 2A, 2B and 2C: Deuterocanonical Scriptures (2019)

Series:

Edited by Frank Feder and Matthias Henze

The Textual History of the Bible (THB) brings together for the first time all available information regarding the manuscripts, textual history and character of each book of the Hebrew Bible and its translations as well as the deuterocanonical scriptures. In addition, THB covers the history of research, the editorial history of the Hebrew Bible, as well as other aspects of text-critical research and its subsidiary fields, such as papyrology, codicology, and the related discipline of linguistics. The THB will consist of 4 volumes.

Volume 2: Deuterocanonical Scriptures. Editors Matthias Henze and Frank Feder
Vol. 2A: overview articles
Vol. 2B: to Ezra
Vol. 2C: Jubilees to 16 Appendix

Esther Eidinow

Abstract

This article discusses the challenges facing scholars exploring the nature of belief in ancient Greek religion. While recent scholarship has raised questions about individual religious activities, and work on ritual, the body, and the senses has broadened our methodological palette, the nature and dynamics of generally held “low intensity” beliefs still tend to be described simply as “unquestioned” or “embedded” in society. But examining scholarship on divine personifications suggests that ancient beliefs were — and our perceptions of them are — more complex. This article first explores the example of Tyche (“Chance”), in order to highlight some of the problems that surround the use of the term “belief.” It then turns to the theories of “ideology” of Slavoj Žižek and Robert Pfaller and argues that these can offer provocative insights into the nature and dynamics of ritual and belief in ancient Greek culture.

Arresting Alternatives

Religious Prejudice and Bacchantic Worship in Greek Literature

Marika Rauhala

Abstract

Ancient Greek descriptions of ecstatic and mystic rituals, here broadly labeled as Bacchantic worship, regularly include elements of moral corruption and dissolution of social unity. Suspicions were mostly directed against unofficial cult groups that exploited Dionysiac experiences in secluded settings. As the introduction of copious new cults attests, Greek religion was receptive to external influences. This basic openness, however, was not synonymous with tolerance, and pious respect for all deities did not automatically include their worshippers. This article reconsiders the current view of ancient religious intolerance by regarding these negative stereotypes as expressions of prejudice and by investigating the social dynamics behind them. Prejudices against private Bacchantic groups are regarded as part of the process of buttressing the religious authority of certain elite quarters in situations where they perceive that their position is being threatened by rival claims. It is suggested that both the accentuation and alleviation of prejudice is best understood in relation to the relative stability of the elite and the religious control it exerted.

Anne Fawcett

Abstract

Animal shelters, pounds and rescue organisations have evolved over time. Today they serve three purposes: to reduce animal welfare harms, to reduce harms to the community associated with free-roaming, stray or unwanted companion animals, and to reduce their associated environmental harms. This discussion explores the evolution of animal shelters, and argues that they are justified on utilitarian grounds. It explores unintended harms of shelters on animal welfare, including humane killing for the purposes of population control and shelter population management, as well as risks associated with confinement including behavioural deterioration and infectious diseases. It also explores harms to non-human animals, including moral distress and compassion fatigue. Finally, it explores potential environmental harms of shelters. The One Welfare concept, utilised in the World Animal Health Organisation (OIE) Global Animal Welfare Strategy, acknowledges the interplay between animal welfare, human well-being and environmental sustainability. It is argued that the One Welfare framework is critical in minimising harms and maximising benefits associated with animal shelters.