The article describes one individual's journey with analytical psychology from the time that Jung was still alive until the present. The author began his career in psychiatry one year after Jung's death, having met Jung prior to his death. He has experienced what it has meant to be Jungian for the past 49 years, and how the image of Jung has changed over that period of time. His experience is mainly in the English-speaking world but also as president of the International Association for Analytical Psychology (IAAP) he has experienced the growth of analytical psychology around the world.
In The Lament of the Dead, James Hillman quotes Foucault as saying there are two ways to escape ‘the box of contemporary thinking’. One path lies through erudition, the other through the indigenous experience. While the history of Jung's ideas has been thoroughly explored, we understand little about his encounters with indigenous people in the American Southwest. For example, the literature on his visit to Taos Pueblo is riddled with misleading information. Part of the problem begins with Jung's own confusion regarding his contact at Taos with Antonio Mirabal. Not only did Jung wrongly believe that Mirabal was an ‘Indian chief’; he misspelled and mistranslated his Tiwa name, Ochwiay Biano. Although the encounter could be described (at one level) as superficial, Jung refers to it as one of the most important experiences of his life. This paper will explore what Jung seems to have encountered in Taos, and the ways his experience were orchestrated by the unseen presence of others (including Mabel Dodge Lujan, D.H. Lawrence, and Jaime de Angulo). Archival records and news accounts from the 1920s show that although Jung imagined he was meeting face to face with a ‘primitive' who still lived in the world of ‘participation mystique’, Mirabal was a gifted Native American impresario who later visited one American president and turned down an invitation to visit a second. I argue that the complex of colonialism surrounding Jung's relationship with Mirabal has infected subsequent encounters between the Jungian tradition and indigenous people.
‘What Jung called “complex” was originally nothing but the equivalent of Janet's “subconscious fixed idea”’, says Henri Ellenberger in his magisterial book The discovery of the unconscious, the work which first resurrected Pierre Janet's memory after decades of virtual oblivion. My purpose in this article will be to discuss the influence of Janet, with whom Jung studied in Paris in the winter semester of 1902–1903, upon the overall development of Jung's thought, and in particular upon his complex theory. Whilst the groundbreaking work of John Haule has gone some way to highlighting the importance of Janet's influence upon Jung, I hope to demonstrate that a further analysis of Janet's thought in the Jungian corpus gives promise of yielding many more insights into Jung's own thought, insights which might also contribute to the burgeoning research into dissociative disorders that has been taking place in recent decades.