Thomas E. Hunt
This article analyses the place of Hebrew in Jerome’s work by situating it in wider patterns of late antique masculinity and shame. Drawing on Sedgwick and Fanon, it shows how shame is a spatial affect. Discussions of Hebrew in Jerome’s work emphasise the particular spaces in which Hebrew is written, read, or transported. One space is particularly important for Jerome’s translations of Hebrew: the space of the mouth as it inhales and exhales language. Focussing on space, language, and breath reveals why Hebrew is particularly shameful for Jerome and explains some of the apparent ambiguities in his discussions of translation.
David K. Bernard
There is a substantial consensus for the emergence of a high or divine Christology very early and from a Jewish context. Based on insights from Oneness Pentecostalism, the New Testament evidence for early high Christology is best explained within the context of exclusive monotheism by a robust concept of incarnation and a duality of divine transcendence and immanence rather than incipient binitarianism or trinitarianism.
Why Focus on Hermeneutics?
There is an institutional hiatus in South Africa regarding comparative hermeneutics, in that no dedicated attention is given to studying the scriptures of the three monotheistic traditions together. Although these three traditions are studied in isolation or as religious phenomena in various institutions, there is presently no institution focusing on the hermeneutic aspects that brought these scriptures about, that rendered them authoritative through their respective histories, that determined their interpretations through the ages, and that inform their interpretations in modern-day societies. This contribution describes a project in which a Centre for the Interpretation of Authoritative Scriptures (CIAS) is presently being established at Stellenbosch University.
The Analogies of “Father,” “Son,” and “Begetting” in Against Eunomius
This essay explores what Gregory of Nyssa is doing when he claims in Against Eunomius that his use of the language of “father,” “son” and “begetting” for the divine is supported by the “apprehension of ordinary people” and by the “judgement of nature.” It uses conceptual metaphor theory in order to show that while Gregory recognised the role of ordinary human language in comprehending the divine, and so engaged with normal conceptual mappings from the domain of kinship, he also sought to transform those mappings in order to transform peoples’ thought processes and thus how they conceptualised the divine.
Reflections on the Ampersand: A Manifesto of Sorts, Etc. Etc.
Gerhard A. van den Heever
The essay is a theoretical manifesto that sets out the framework for the kind of discourses that are particularly promoted in the journal. The influence of contexts of social, cultural, and political changes in society on the formation of disciplines is highlighted, particularly with regard to South Africa and current debates on the decolonialisation of science and knowledge regimes. It is argued that what is at issue here is the juxtaposition of two discourses, the discourses of the study of religion and that of theology. Theorising this juxtaposition is a way to move beyond the insider–outsider perspective on the study of religion and theology. This paves the path to a metatheoretical and transdisciplinary stance that understands the study of religion and theology as a subset of a larger project, namely the general study of discourse production. This approach situates such studies squarely within humanistic studies, the study of how humans imaginatively create their world to live in.
Marius J. Nel
In studying the interaction between the three monotheistic religions in South Africa it is important to note that each of them functions as a metanarrative in that they all attempt to provide a more-or-less coherent perspective on reality. The different, but also overlapping, metanarratives of Islam, Judaism and Christianity furthermore each has a complex relationship with their respective authoritative Scriptures, communities of faith, contemporary societies and each other. It is therefore necessary to investigate the manner in which each religion’s metanarrative functions within the spheres of the academy, faith community and broader society. This contribution describes one of the projects of the envisioned Centre for the Interpretation of Authoritative Scriptures (CIAS) that is in the process of being established at Stellenbosch University. The focus of this project will be on the relationship between the metanarrative contained in the Christian canon, a specific faith community (the Dutch Reformed Church) within South African society in the period 2009–2019.
The understanding of scriptures has shifted away from static and stable repositories of word, to emphasise scriptures’ dynamic, active and relational qualities. Neither are authoritative ascriptions denied nor comparative work excluded, but in both cases different perceptions are now at work, rendering different results than in the past.