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David Lincicum


This short article presents two late Greek manuscripts that partially preserve the text of 1 Clement. The first, BNF Suppl. gr. 64, fols. 105-112v (‘P’) is a 15th century manuscript containing 1 Clem. 40.5-60.4a, in a textual form affiliated with Codex Hierosolymitanus (Taphou 54). The second, EBE 1896, fols. 205-223 (‘E’), contains 1 Clement from the incipit through 31.3, and appears to be an apograph of Codex Alexandrinus.

Tim Denecker


This note identifies Jerome’s commentary on Paul’s Epistle to Titus 3:9 as a source for §4 of Isidore of Seville’s De ecclesiasticis officiis 2.11, i.e. the chapter De lectoribus, which forms an important document in the history of linguistic education and the historical (socio)linguistics of early 7th-century Visigothic Spain. This source identification provides the basis for a suggestion of textual criticism and for two more general observations.

Johannes van Oort

Matthias Becker


Making use of Beatrice Wyss’ “pattern of the disparagement of sophists” for heuristic purposes, this paper argues that the depictions of Christian exegetes and scholars in a fragment of Porphyry’s lost work Contra Christianos (fr. 39 Harnack/fr. 6F. Becker) contain literary elements of ad hominem attacks which were used in Greek anti-sophistic polemic. Porphyry’s allusive language allows for the conclusion that he aimed specifically at casting Origen in the role of a sophist. This hitherto unnoticed component of Porphyry’s polemic against the Christians sheds light on how Platonists in the third century viewed Christian intellectuals through a Platonic lens in order to secure their identity against a stereotypical opponent which had ultimately been created by Plato himself. Thus, in Porphyry’s view, Christians are, as it were, new foes with old familiar faces.

Andrew Blaski


This article seeks to demonstrate the underlying theological and structural sophistication of the fourth-century Philocalia of Origen, despite its apparent lack of thematic and editorial coherence. In the past, chapter fifteen has been singled out as a particular example of disorder, as it consists of two seemingly unrelated topics: the language of scripture and the flesh of Christ. In response, this article carefully examines chapter fifteen, arguing that the editors of the Philocalia intentionally and carefully placed these topics beside one another in order to reveal that they are both manifestations of one and the same subject: the Word of God.

Dirk Krausmüller


This brief article discusses one particular aspect of John Philoponus’ Christology, his understanding of nature or substance. It makes the case that Philoponus adapted Plotinus’ definition of sensible substance because it helped him defend the notion that the incarnated Word is one single nature but nevertheless has two sets of natural qualities.