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In: L'article 103 de la Charte des Nations Unies
In: L'article 103 de la Charte des Nations Unies
Pan-Africanism offers a unique vantage point to study Africa’s encounters with international law : first, as a continent whose political entities were excluded from the scope of application of the Eurocentric version of international law that was applied among the self-styled club of “civilized nations” ; second, through the emergence of African States as subjects of international law willing to contribute to the reform and further development of the law as a universal interstate normative system; and third, as members of the OAU and the AU acting collectively to generate innovative principles and rules, which, though applicable only in the context of intra-African relations, either go beyond those existing at the universal level or complement them by broadening their scope. This study examines those encounters through the various stages in the evolution of Pan-Africanism from a diaspora-based movement, engaged in the struggle for the emancipation of the peoples of the continent, to groupings of independent States and intergovernmental organizations which continue to promote African unity and influence the development of international law to make it more reflective of diverse legal traditions and values.
In: L'article 103 de la Charte des Nations Unies
Transaction Planning Using Rules on Jurisdiction and the Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments by Ronald A. Brand, Professor at the
University of Pittsburgh:
Private international law is normally discussed in terms of rules applied in litigation involving parties from more than one State. Those same rules are fundamentally important, however, to those who plan crossborder commercial transactions with a desire to avoid having a dispute arise — or at least to place a party in the best position possible if a dispute does arise. This makes rules regarding jurisdiction, applicable law, and the recognition and enforcement of judgments vitally important contract negotiations. It also makes the consideration of transactional interests important when developing new rules of private international law. These lectures examine rules of jurisdiction and rules of recognition and enforcement of judgments in the United States and the European Union, considering their similarities, their differences, and how they affect the transaction planning process.

The Emancipation of the Individual from the State under International Law by G. Hafner, Professor at the University of Vienna:
Present international law is marked by two different tendencies: a State oriented and an individual oriented one. Due to these two orientations, the international legal status of the individual is not unequivocally defined. The legal status of individuals widely differs depending on the particular legal order, regional, sub-regional or universal. Hence, the assertion that present international law has already endowed individuals with the status as subjects of international law must be replaced by the acknowledgement that the personality of individuals as a reflection of their emancipation from the States under international law is a relative one, depending on the particular applicable legal regime.
Chance, Order, Change: The Course of International Law, General Course on Public International Law by J. Crawford

The course of international law over time needs to be understood if international law is to be understood. This work aims to provide such an understanding. It is directed not at topics or subject headings — sources, treaties, states, human rights and so on — but at some of the key unresolved problems of the discipline.
Unresolved, they call into question its status as a discipline. Is international law “law” properly so-called ? In what respects is it systematic ? Does it — can it — respect the rule of law ? These problems can be resolved, or at least reduced, by an imaginative reading of our shared practices and our increasingly shared history, with an emphasis on process. In this sense the practice of the institutions of international law is to be understood as the law itself. They are in a dialectical relationship with the law, shaping it and being shaped by it. This is explained by reference to actual cases and examples, providing a course of international law in some standard sense as well.
Competence-competence and corruption have, for different reasons, been mainstays of international dispute resolution thought and practice for the longest time. In the last few years, their intersection has become increasingly important and problematic. These lectures seek to define the problem and to provide acceptable solutions where possible. They attempt to derive support from both a stringent dogmatic approach and pragmatic attention to real-life expectations and conduct. More so than in other areas of private international law, the intersection between the powers of the arbitrator and the illegality of the subject matter or the parties’ conduct poses a particular challenge. That challenge is to postulate proper solutions under the law, including principles of transnational or international law, to conduct which can take on a multiplicity of appearances owing to conflicting cultural understandings of what is and is not legal in commercial life. The statement that bribery and corruption offend transnational or international public policy does not relieve the arbitrator from the burden of scrutinizing that statement doctrinally and exploring its consequences in a period of ever-increasing globalization of economic activity and investment.
Depuis le début du XXIe siècle, l’autonomie de la volonté, reconnue comme l’un des principes de base du droit international privé, est sous l’influence de tendances opposées qui reflètent la dialectique entre la loi et la liberté. Dans cette perspective, l’auteur discute la place et les onctions du principe d’autonomie dans les systèmes contemporains de conflits de lois et de juridictions. Sont notamment abordées les limites auxquelles le principe est confronté en matière de contrats internationaux, du fait de dispositions impératives protégeant la partie faible et de lois de police sauvegardant les politiques essentielles des Etats concernés. En revanche, dans le droit de la famille et des successions, le principe d’autonomie connaît des extensions inédites. Dans ce domaine, sa fonction est bien différente dans la mesure où il sert à mettre en oeuvre l’autodétermination de l’individu et à maintenir la stabilité des relations interindividuelles. Sont également évoqués, dans les différents contextes où le principe est admis, les conditions de validité ainsi que le contrôle du contenu du contrat d’ electio juris.
Author: Léna Gannagé
Cet ouvrage est consacré à l’étude des relations qui se nouent entre les systèmes européens et les systèmes de tradition musulmane dans le domaine sensible du droit de la famille. Ces relations mettent à l’épreuve la théorie générale du droit international privé qui, construite en contemplation d’ordres juridiques unis par une communauté de droit, se révèle inadaptée au traitement des différences culturelles. Au moins dans le domaine du statut personnel, cette théorie n’est pas reçue dans les systèmes de tradition musulmane et, au sein même des systèmes européens, elle peine à atteindre ses objectifs dans les relations avec les ordres juridiques relevant de cultures différentes. Prenant acte des transformations récentes qui affectent la discipline, tant sur le terrain des méthodes que sur celui des valeurs, l’étude invite à dépasser l’impasse actuelle par la promotion d’un pluralisme des méthodes de réglementation adapté aux conflits de cultures.