Extradition Law, Miguel João Costa offers not only an exhaustive review of this legal area and of transnational criminal law more generally, but also innovative solutions for their reform.
The book critically analyses numerous themes – from international cooperation in criminal matters to substantive criminal law and procedure, from human rights to nationality and refugee law, from public to private international law – at the national, European and global levels. Moreover, while it is a fundamentally normative study, it does not disregard the political and diplomatic dimensions of extradition either.
The result is a new model based on mutual respect, enabling States to increase cooporation whilst preserving the integrity of their own criminal justice values and enhancing the respect for human rights.
The Rome Statute of the ICC at its Twentieth Anniversary (Achievements and Perspectives) is an edited book comprising of 13 chapters written by contributors to a conference dedicated to discuss the development, achievements and possible future evolution of the Rome Statute and international criminal law. The authors include academics from various legal systems, practitioners from the ICC and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon, attorneys and other law experts.
The International Criminal Court is the first universal international criminal tribunal. Though quite new, as the Rome Statute was adopted 20 years ago (1998) and only 16 years have passed since its entry into force, it has already developed interesting case-law and continues to elaborate on both substantive and procedural international criminal law.
Contributors are Ivana Hrdličková, Claus Kreß, Tamás Lattmann, Jan Lhotský, Milan Lipovský, Iryna Marchuk, Josef Mrázek, Anna Richterová, Simon De Smet, Ondřej Svaček, Pavel Šturma, Kateřina Uhlířová, Kristýna Urbanová, Aloka Wanigasuriya.
Since the 1980’s, States have been increasingly concerned with ensuring appropriate protection of underwater cultural heritage, endangered by anthropogenic activities reaching ever deeper ocean waters. The localisation of certain sites in the high seas has raised jurisdictional claims, sometimes grounded on an extension of connected factors (spatial and “extra-spatial”) already recognized in general international law and in the law of the sea, while other cases are based on hitherto purely factual links. But conventional and customary rules remain insufficient, either for a real delimitation of state’s competences or for regulating the exercise of jurisdiction once authorized in a certain sphere. In
La protection internationale du patrimoine culturel de la mer, Marine They provides a details analysis of these critical issues.
Depuis les années 1980, les États se montrent de plus en plus soucieux d’assurer une protection adéquate au patrimoine culturel submergé en mer, menacé par les activités anthropiques jusque dans les grands fonds marins. La localisation de certains sites en haute mer a fait naître des revendications de compétence tantôt fondées sur l’extension des rattachements légaux (spatiaux et « extra-spatiaux ») reconnus par le droit international général et par le droit de la mer, tantôt sur des facteurs de rattachement jusqu’ici purement factuels. Insuffisantes aux fins de procéder à une véritable délimitation des compétences en la matière, les règles conventionnelles et coutumières le sont tout autant lorsqu’il s’agit d’encadrer l’exercice des fonctions étatiques dans une sphère de compétence déjà reconnue.
Drafting Successful Access and Benefit-sharing Contracts, Young and Tvedt offer an insightful and profound analysis of how ABS can be made truly functional through the use of legally binding and enforceable contracts. Contracts are foreseen as the main legal tool for making access and benefit sharing work, thus realizing the third objective of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Many years have gone by since contracts were first suggested as a solution to resolve the challenges of ABS, but so far few successful benefit-sharing cases have been presented. This volume explores the possibilities and limits of contract law which both practitioners and stakeholders need in order for ABS contracts to become an effective solution for sustainable use of biological diversity.
Towards a New CISG, Leandro Tripodi discusses the aging and need for renovation of the 1980 Vienna Sales Convention. Changes in global political circumstances and to the economy of international sales of goods have rendered the 1980 CISG a dated legal instrument. Its recognized flexibility is not sufficient to cope with past and, especially, with future changes brought about by the introduction of new technologies affecting all kinds of goods subject to trade.
In light of the challenges posed by 21st-century commerce, Dr. Tripodi proposes the adoption of a Convention on the International Sale of Goods and Services (CISGS). The idea of a new convention is based on the following facts: 1) goods and services are no longer as distinguishable as they were in 1980; 2) sales of goods and sales (i.e., the provision) of services are not as easy to apportion as the CISG supposes and can hardly continue to be treated separately by the legal sources of international trade.
The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — 40 Years after, by
Mark E. Villiger.
The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law. This course analyses how the Convention has been applied by States and tribunals in the past 40 years. Particular issues which are examined concern reservations to treaties, interpretation,
jus cogens, breach of treaty, the procedural rules under the Convention – and of course the Convention’s relationship to customary international law.
The Public International Law Regime Governing International Investment, by
José E. Alvarez.
This course considers the ramifications of the legal regime that governs transborder capital flows. This regime consists principally of a network of some 3,000 investment treaties, as well as a growing body of arbitral decisions. Professor Alvarez contends that the contemporary international investment regime should no longer be described as a
species of territorial “empire” imposed by rich capital exporters on capital importers. He examines the evolution of investment treaties and investor-State jurisprudence constante and identifies the connections between these and general trends within public international law, including the increased resort to treaties (“treatification”), growing risks to the law’s consistency (“fragmentation”), and the proliferation of forms of international adjudication (“judicialization”). Professor Alvarez also considers whether the regime’s efforts to “balance” the needs of non-State investors and sovereigns ought to be characterized as “global administrative law”, as a form of “constitutionalization”, or as an increasingly human-rights-centred enterprise.
The Influence of the International Sale of Goods Convention on Domestic Law Including Conflict of Laws (with Specific Reference to Russian Law)
Valeriy Musin The course of lectures deals with Russian civil law norms regulating sales contract as compared with relevant rules of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 1980).
The author shows that Russian norms are quite consistent with those of the Convention as well as with the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts.
A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law. Questioning Prevalent Cognitive Frameworks
in the Emerging Multi-Polar and Multi-Civilizational World of the Twenty-First Century
Yasuaki Onuma The twenty-first century will witness conflicts which may destabilize the international order. These conflicts are likely to arise between emerging Asian States such as China and India whose material power is growing, and the Western nations who wield significant ideational power. A West-centric international society will change to a multi-polar and multi-civilizational global society. This structural change includes, and further needs, changes of understandings and perceptions of the world, including of international law. The perspectives from which we see, understand, appreciate and assess international law must change. We need to interpret international law not only from a prevalent Statecentric international perspective and West-centric transnational perspective. Onuma argues that we must grasp international law from what he calls a trans-civilizational perspective as well. By adopting such three-layered perspectives, international law is shown to be functioning as a tool of politics yet constrained by cultural and civilizational factors. Such complex subjects as global history of international law, concepts of general and customary international law, and human rights could be appreciated in a more nuanced and subtle manner.
Reflections on the Relevance of Public International Law to Private International Law Treaty Making
Paul R. Beaumont This lecture focuses on treaty interpretation, reservations, declarations, the relationship between international instruments and decision making methods in an international institution. It deals with these public international law issues from the perspective of a private international lawyer who has encountered them when negotiating several treaties at the Hague Conference on Private International Law (the revised Statute of the Conference, the Choice of Court Agreements Convention, and the Maintenance Convention and its Protocol).
Conflits de lois en droit maritime
Sergio M. Carbone La doctrine et la jurisprudence la plus récente relèvent de plus en plu les limites de l’utilisation du critère de la nationalité du navire dans la solution des conflits de loi.
En ce qui concerne les conflits de lois relatifs aux transports maritimes de marchandise, on tient compte des différences des solutions adoptées à propos des charter-parties, des transports tramps et des transports maritimes de ligne documentés par un connaissement.
A propos du contrat de travail maritime, on confirme l’affaiblissement du rôle de la nationalité du navire et l’importance croissante de la négociation collective internationale.
En ce qui concerne la responsabilité extracontractuelle, c’est la lex damni qui s’applique, sauf pour ce qui concerne les événements à l’intérieur du navire.
De cette analyse, enfin, résulte confirmée la tendance à l’internationalisation du droit maritime et la fonction résiduelle confiée à la loi du pavillon dans la solution des conflits de lois.
Unifying and Harmonizing Substantive Law and the Role of Conflict of Laws
Katharina Boele Woelki Traditionally, conflict of law rules designate only national substantive law as the applicable law. Many unifying and harmonizing substantive law instruments of both States and non-State organizations, however, are designed specifically for application to cross-border relationships. Achieving this objective is, generally, hindered by conflict of law rules. The requirements which non-national law needs to fulfil in order to be accepted as the law governing a cross-border relationship deserve clarification. Not only uniform law, such as the CISG and the envisaged European substantive law instrument for the law of obligations, but, particularly, instruments which are aimed at harmonizing substantive law, challenge the established systems of conflict of laws. In seeking a positive approach towards the application of a law other than national law various aspects need to be considered: (1) is the decision taken by a court or an arbitral tribunal; (2) what field of law (contract/delict/tort or family relationships) is involved; and (3) the objective or subjective (choice by the parties) designation of the applicable law.
The Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice on the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction by
Paul R. Beaumont The lectures are a thorough analysis of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights on the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction of 1980. They reveal significant areas where the Court has helped to give a srong and uniform interpretation to the Convention, for example robust enforcement, strong obligations on Central Authorities and strict construction of the exceptions to the duty to return a child to the country of his or her habitual residence. The last point is skilfully reconciled with the requirement to do what is in the best interests of the child in each case. The recent decision of the European Court of Justice on child abduction in the Rinau case is scrutinized.
La propriété intellectuelle en droit international privé par
Dario Moura Vicente En dépit des efforts entrepris au long du siècle dernier en vue de l’harmonisation et de l’unification internationales des législations concernant la propriété intellectuelle, des divergences significatives subsistent entre les systèmes juridiques nationaux dans ce domaine. L’idéal d’une protection universelle de contenu unitaire étant dans une large mesure inachevé, la tutelle internationale de la propriété intellectuelle se fonde encore sur les principes de l’indépendance des droits et de la territorialité.
L’évolution contemporaine du droit de la propriété intellectuelle démontre toutefois une tendance très nette dans le sens d’un dépassement de la stricte territorialité qui le caractérisait. Cette évolution est demandée par les besoins de fonctionnement des économies modernes, dans lesquelles l’exploitation des biens intellectuels se fait de plus en plus à l’échelle mondiale. Plutôt qu’une unification des régimes juridiques nationaux en matière de propriété intellectuelle, il faut assurer une coordination de ces régimes par le biais de règles de conflits de lois et de juridictions. Tel est le défi fondamental que le droit international privé doit relever en cette matière.