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The Frontiers of Mission

Perspectives on Early Modern Missionary Catholicism

Series:

Edited by Alison Forrestal and Seán Alexander Smith

In exploring the shifting realities of missionary experience during the course of imperialist ventures and the Catholic Reformation, The Frontiers of Mission: Perspectives on Early Modern Missionary Catholicism provides a fresh assessment of the challenges that the Catholic church encountered at the frontiers of mission in the early modern era. Bringing together leading international scholars, the volume tests the assumption that uniformity and co-ordination governed early modern missionary enterprise, and examines the effects of distance and de-centering on a variety of missionaries and religious orders. Its essays focus squarely on the experiences of the missionaries themselves to offer a nuanced consideration of the meaning of ‘missionary Catholicism’, and its evolving relationship with newly discovered cultures and political and ecclesiastical authorities.

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Richard J. Serina

Scholarship has recognized fifteenth-century speculative thinker Nicholas of Cusa for his early contributions to conciliar theory, but not his later ecclesiastical career as cardinal, residential bishop, preacher, and reformer. Richard Serina shows that, as bishop in the Tyrolese diocese of Brixen from 1452 to 1458, and later as resident cardinal in Rome, Nicolas of Cusa left a testament to his view of reform in the sermons he preached to monks, clergy, and laity. These 171 sermons, in addition to his Reformatio generalis of 1459, reflect an intellectual coming to terms with the challenge of reform in the late medieval church, and in response creatively incorporating metaphysics, mystical theology, ecclesiology, and personal renewal into his preaching of reform.

Jerónimo Nadal (1507-1580) und der „verschriftlichte“ Ignatius

Die Konstruktion einer individuellen und kollektiven Identität

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Ignacio Ramos Riera

Deutsch
Niemand ist mehr verantwortlich für die Entstehung jenes Denksystems, das auf Ignatius von Loyola (1491-1556) und seinen Exerzitien basiert, als Jerónimo Nadal. Ignacio Ramos legt in seiner Studie Jerónimo Nadal (1507-1580) und der „verschriftlichte“ Ignatius: Die Konstruktion einer individuellen und kollektiven Identität die ursprünglichen Konturen der sogenannten „ignatianischen“ Spiritualität dar. Es wird deutlich, wieviel Einfluss Nadal auf die Herausbildung des „Ignatianischen“ hatte.

Anhand Nadals lange verkannten Selbstzeugnisses (Chronicon Natalis) wird hermeneutisch herausgearbeitet, wie der gequälte Reifeprozess von Nadal originales Denken erzeugte – insbesondere in Bezug auf Ignatius.

An diese europäische Schlüsselgestalt des jungen Jesuitenordens heranzutreten, gewährt einen existentiell vermittelten Einblick in manche der gesellschaftlichen und philosophischen Spannungen (converso-Frage, Rolle der Vermittlungen...) z. Zt. des Humanismus und der großen Reformen.

English
Jerónimo Nadal plays a key role in the creation of the tradition of thought based on the person of Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) and his Spiritual Exercises. Ignacio Ramos’ book Jerónimo Nadal (1507-1580) und der „verschriftlichte“ Ignatius unveils the large percentage of too often overlooked “Nadalian” moments in the origins of “Ignatian” Spirituality.

Leaning on Nadal’s autobiographical account ( Chronicon Natalis, fully translated) the author deploys a hermeneutical method to show how Nadal´s stressful maturation process became a source of original thought, especially regarding Ignatius.

The reader will gain an existentially mediated insight into some of the social and philosophical hot spots (converso question, role of mediations...) of Humanism and the reformation era.

VI-4 Ordinis sexti tomus quartus

Novum Testamentum ab Erasmo Recognitum, IV, Epistolae Apostolicae (secunda pars) et Apocalypsis Iohannis

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Edited by A.J. Brown

In 1516 Erasmus produced the first printed Greek New Testament ever to be published: his series of editions laid the foundation for the “'Textus Receptus'”, which has had an enduring influence. Alongside the Greek text, his new Latin translation marked a radical departure from the medieval Vulgate. This volume edits Erasmus'’ Greek and Latin New Testament text (1 Timothy-Apocalypse), presented in two parallel columns, above a critical apparatus showing the variants of the five folio editions (1516-1535). The accompanying commentary analyses the printed and manuscript sources, and assesses the accuracy and also the defects of Erasmus' work. An extended introduction includes new information and discussion regarding the codex Montfortianus and the famous passage about the '“three heavenly witnesses”'.

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Van der Borght

In this age of globalization, a need for a communicative explanation of personal and group positions also motivates Christians to describe more precisely their identity in relation to other actors in society. What makes a Christian a Christian? What is specifically Christian in social acions or political calling? Is there a difference between Christian justice and justice in general – and the way Christians deal with justice? What is our calling as Christians? The contributions in this volume are the result of the 6th biannual IRTI conference in Seoul 2005 on this theme.

Religions Challenged by Contingency

Theological and Philosophical Approaches to the Problem of Contingency

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Dirk-Martin Grube and Peter Jonkers

In this volume, the relationship between religion and contingency is investigated. Its historical part comprises analyses of important philosophers’ interpretations of this relationship, viz. that of Leibniz, Kant, Lessing, Jaspers, and Heidegger. Its systematic part analyses how this relationship should be currently (re-)interpreted. The upshot of the different interpretations is a re-evaluation of the traditional assumption that accepting contingency is detrimental to the pursuit of religion. It is shown that a number of the philosophers scrutinized are not as critical regarding the acceptance of (certain sorts of) contingency in the religious realm as is often thought, and the systematic contributions show that it may be unavoidable, sometimes even desirable, to accept contingency when dealing with religion.

Contributors include: Lieven Boeve, Wim Drees, Joris Geldhof, Dirk-Martin Grube, Frans Jespers, Peter Jonkers, Donald Loose, Ben Vedder, Henk Vroom.

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Edited by N.F.M. Schreurs, Brinkman, Vroom and Wethmar

STAR - Studies in Theology and Religion 6

Theology between Church, University, and Society includes contributions to the international NOSTER conference “Theology between Church, University and Society,” held in the Netherlands in June 2000.
In the current academic world theologians are often suspected of confessionalism, bias and narrow-mindedness. They in turn try to regain respect by producing specialist historical, empirical and analytical studies that are in line with other academic research.
This retreat into neutrality renders them suspect in the eyes of their religious communities. Some churches react by reformulating their appointment policies, and become more strict in order to secure the full loyalty of the theological staff of their institutions. Therefore, many theologians feel a conflict between loyalty to their tradition and loyalty to the academic world.
Student populations have also changed considerably during the last few decades. Quite a number of students have a lively interest in religion but no religious affiliation at all. University teachers have to adapt to these new audiences and faculties need to reorient themselves to reestablish their goals.
This volume is concerned with these three challenges: academic, religious and societal. In all of the contributions the tension between descriptive research and normative theses or the relation between theology and society at large is discussed. Not only are there descriptions of the structures of theological institutions in the Netherlands, the USA, and South Africa but also of the relations between churches and theological institutions, and Vatican policy regarding theological faculties.

Religious Identity and the Invention of Tradition

Papers read at a NOSTER conference, Soesterberg, January 4-6, 1999

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Edited by A.W.J. Houtepen and Jan Willem van Henten

STAR - Studies in Theology and Religion, 3

This book contains the contributions to the first international conference organised by the Netherlands School for Advanced Studies in Theology and Religion (NOSTER), held in the Netherlands in January 1999.
The conference theme was inspired by Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger’s influentual volume, The Invention of Tradition. Their work provided a starting point for discussing formations and changes of religious traditions on the one hand, and the interaction of religious identities and the transformation of traditions on the other.
After an introductory section discussing Hobsbawm’s definitions and his theoretical framework, and offering several critical applications of his framework to Christian traditions, the main part of this volume consists of three thematic sections: the theme of the Exodus, the earliest traditions about the Lord’s supper, and the modern “myth of Fundamentalism”.

This volume will be of interest to all those engaged in the study of religious traditions and identities, and the way in which these interact.

From the Contents

The Invention of Religious Traditions

Counterfactuals and the Invention of Religious Traditions - Marcel Sarot
The Creation of Tradition: Rereading and Reading beyond Hobsbawm - Paul Post
Early Christianity between Divine Promise and Earthly Politics - Willemien Otten
Challenging the Tradition of the Bodiless God: A Way to Inclusive Monotheism? - Kune E. Biezeveld
Invention of Tradition? Trinity as Test - Herwi Rikhof

Inventing and Re-inventing the Exodus

The Exodus as Charter Myth - Karel van der Toorn
Exodus: Liberation History against Charter Myth - Rainer Albertz
The Development of the Exodus Tradition - John Collins
History-oriented Foundation Myths in Israel and its Environment - Hans-Peter Müller
The Exodus Motif in the Theologies of Liberation: Changes of Perspective - Georges De Schrijver
Exodus in the African-American Experience - Theo Witvliet

The Invention of the Eucharist and its Aftermath

The Early History of the Lord’s Supper - Henk Jan de Jonge
The Early History of the Lord’s Supper: Response to Henk Jan de Jonge - Dietrich-Alex Koch
The Lord’s Supper and the Holy Communion in the Middle Ages: Sources, Significance, Remains and Confusion - Charles Caspers
Meal and Sacrament: How Do We Encounter the Lord at the Table - Gerrit Immink

Religious Fundamentalism: Facts and Fiction

The Borderline between Muslim Fundamentalism and Muslim Modernism: An Indonesian Example - Herman Beck
The Roaring Lion Strikes Again: Modernity vs. Dutch Orthodox Protestantism - Hijme Stoffels
Fundamentalism: The Possibilities and Limitations of a Social-Psychological Approach - Jacques Janssen, Jan van der Lans and Mark Dechesne

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Edited by A. van Egmond and Dirk van Keulen

The International Reformed Theological Institute (IRTI) was founded in 1995. Its purpose is to create a platform where Reformed theologians from all over the world can meet each other, become acquainted with each other's work, discuss theological issues and stimulate each other in scholarly theological research. The members of IRTI present their work in the series Studies in Reformed Theology. Thus, the volumes of this series offer a perspective on the theological insights and spirituality of Reformed theologians all over the world.

The third volume of Studies in Reformed Theology contains the contributions to the second international conference of the IRTI. Leading theme of the conference was 'Church and Ministery'. Thoughts and experiences, problems and solutions were shared concerning the position of the church and the training of ministers in Reformed churches. Most of the devotional contributions to the conference have been included in this volume as well.

Various Authors & Editors

Methodist Missionary Society Archives, 1791-1948

Minutes, correspondence, reports, finance ledgers, journals, diaries, and papers relating chiefly to the activities of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society (incorporating the Women's Work organization and the Primitive Methodist Missionary Society) in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, the Caribbean, and North America. The period covered is 1791-1948. Includes extensive material on Thomas Coke (1747-1814), founder of the Methodist missions and Wesley's right-hand man.

This collection is also included in the Missionary Archives collection.