Negotiating Urban Identities: Race, Class, and Gender
The contributions collected in the second volume of Resistance and the City are devoted to the three markers of identity that cultural studies has recognised as paramount for our understanding of difference, inequality, and solidarity in modern societies: race, class, and gender. These categories, tightly linked to the mechanics of power, domination and subordination, have often played an eminent role in contemporary struggles and clashes in urban space. The confluence of people from diverse ethnic, social, and sexual backgrounds in the city has not only raised their awareness of a variety of life concepts and motivated them to negotiate their own positions, but has also encouraged them to develop strategies of resistance against patterns of social and spatial exclusion. Contributors: Christoph Ehland, Pascal Fischer, Oliver von Knebel Doeberitz, Barbara Korte, Anna Lienen, Gill Plain, Frank Erik Pointner, Katrin Röder, Ingrid von Rosenberg, Mark Schmitt, Ralf Schneider, Christoph Singer, Sabine Smith, Merle Tönnies, Ger Zielinski
Challenging Urban Space
The essays collected in this volume unfold a panorama of urban phenomena of resistance that reach from the seventeenth to the twenty-first centuries, thus revealing the essential vulnerability of urban space to all forms of subversion. Taking their readers to diverse places and moments in history, the contributions remind us of the struggles over the concrete as well as the imaginary space we call the city. The collection maps the various challenges experienced by urban communities, ranging from the unmistakably hegemonic claim of civic festivities in early modern London to the perceived threat posed by newly created parks in the Restoration period and from the dangers of criminality and riots in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to the transformation of the Berlin Wall into souvenirs scattered around the globe. Contributors: Ingo Berensmeyer, Blake Fitzpatrick, Kerstin Frank, Jens Martin Gurr, Bernd Hirsch, Marie Hologa, Mihaela Irimia, Stephan Kohl, Norbert Lennartz, Catharina Löffler, Margaret Olin, István Rácz, Gerd Stratmann.
Dirigé par Roussel-Gillet et Evelyne Thoizet, La miniature, dispositif artistique et modèle épistémologique s’interroge sur les nouvelles fonctions de la miniature à la croisée des arts, de l’architecture, de la littérature, des sciences et des techniques, depuis le début des années 1960. Ludique, cognitive, didactique, la miniature permet d’abord d’approcher, de comprendre et de dominer la complexité du réel (maquette, modèle réduit, maison de poupée, diorama, aquarium, etc.) mais elle constitue aussi une œuvre d’art à part entière qui change notre rapport au monde et modifie notre regard. Contrairement au fragment et au détail, souvent étudiés, elle représente l’objet dans sa totalité en changeant d’échelle, et ouvre la connaissance et l’imagination à de nouveaux mondes. Co-edited by Isabelle Roussel-Gillet and Evelyne Thoizet, La miniature, dispositif artistique et modèle épistémologique focuses on the new functions of the miniature at the crossroads of visual arts, architecture, literature, technology and sciences since the early 1960s. Playful, cognitive or didactic, the miniature (as model, dollhouse, aquarium, diorama…) allows us to approach, understand and perhaps dominate a complex reality. Many contemporary artists consider the miniature as a fully-fledged work of art which changes our relationships with the world and modifies our perception. Contrary to the often-studied detail, ornament or fragment, the miniature provides a complete vision of the depicted object in a different scale, and opens knowledge and imagination to new worlds.
Motifs and Meanings
Emblems in the visual arts use motifs which have meanings, and in Emblems in Scotland Michael Bath, leading authority on Renaissance emblem books, shows how such symbolic motifs address major historical issues of Anglo-Scottish relations, the Reformation of the Church and the Union of the Crowns. Emblems are enigmas, and successive chapters ask for instance: Why does a late-medieval rood-screen show a jester at the Crucifixion? Why did Elizabeth I send Mary Queen of Scots tapestries showing the power of women to build a feminist City of God? Why did a presbyterian minister of Stirling decorate his manse with hieroglyphics? And why in the twentieth-century did Ian Hamilton Finlay publish a collection of Heroic Emblems?
Historical and Anthropological Perspectives
This edited volume follows the panel “Earth in Islamic Architecture” organised for the World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES) in Ankara, on the 19th of August 2014. Earthen architecture is well-known among archaeologists and anthropologists whose work extends from Central Asia to Spain. However, little collective attention has been paid to earthen architecture within Muslim cultures. This book endeavours to share knowledge and methods of different disciplines such as history, anthropology, archaeology and architecture. Its objective is to establish a link between historical and archaeological studies given that Muslim cultures cannot be dissociated from social history. Contributors: Marinella Arena; Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya; Christian Darles; François-Xavier Fauvelle; Elizabeth Golden; Moritz Kinzel; Rolando Melo da Rosa; Atri Hatef Naiemi; Bertrand Poissonnier; Stéphane Pradines; Paola Raffa and Paul D. Wordsworth.