This book provides philosophical insight into the nature of reality by reflecting on its ontological qualities through the medium of film. The main question thereby is whether we have access to reality through film that is not based on visual representation or narrations: Is film—in spite of its immateriality—a way to directly grasp and reproduce reality? Why do we perceive film as “real” at all? What does it mean to define its own reproducibility as an ontological feature of reality? And what does film as a medium exactly show? The contributions in this book provide, from a cinematic perspective, diverse philosophical analyses to the understanding of the challenging concept of “the real of reality”.
Jean-Baptiste Du Bos’ is one of the seminal works of modern aesthetics. Du Bos rejected the seventeenth-century view that works of art assessed by reason. Instead, he believed, audience members have sentiments in response to artworks. Their sentiments are fainter versions of those they would feel in response to actually seeing what the work of art imitates. Du Bos was influenced by John Locke’s empiricism and, in turn, had a major impact on virtually every major eighteenth-century contributor to philosophy of art, including Voltaire, Montesquieu, Diderot, Rousseau, Herder, Lessing, Mendelssohn, Kames, Gerard, and Hume. This is the first modern, annotated and scholarly edition of the Critical Reflections in any language.
Art in New York in the Late 1960s
Author: Dominic Rahtz
In Metaphorical Materialism: Art in New York in the Late 1960s, Dominic Rahtz returns to a period when the materiality of art was thematized and theorized according to varying conceptions of matter and form, and consciously related to materialisms held as wider philosophical and political positions and attitudes. The book consists of a volume of essays on the relationships between materiality and materialism, informed by definitions of labour, process, corporeality, and language, in the work of Carl Andre, Robert Smithson, Richard Serra, Eva Hesse and Lawrence Weiner.
Kunstgeschichte in eigener Sache
Wer PRO DOMO redet, spricht ‚für das eigene Haus‘, das heißt in eigener Sache. Auf welche Weise Vertraute von KünstlerInnen aktiv und nachhaltig Kunstgeschichte gestalten, untersucht dieser Band.
Aus dem direkten Umfeld von KünstlerInnen versuchen sich immer wieder Personen an einer PRO DOMO-Kunstgeschichte: als Text, Fotoreportage oder Film. Solche Formen einer oft dezidiert parteiischen Kunstgeschichtsschreibung werden hier erstmals umfassend analysiert. Den Ausgangspunkt bilden Schriften, die meist im unmittelbaren Umfeld von KünstlerInnen ‒ zuweilen auch in direkter Kooperation ‒ entstanden sind und die somit gleichsam für diese das Wort ergreifen. Thematisch spannt das Buch einen Bogen von den Anfängen im 15. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart und fragt auch danach, was dieses PRO DOMO-Prinzip für die Kunstgeschichte insgesamt bedeutet und wie heute mit einer solchen Involvierung umzugehen ist.
Expérimentation et sémentation au XXIe siècle
Author: Claire Olivier
Dans Les écritures de l'image par Jean-Philippe Toussaint Claire Olivier s’intéresse à la manière dont l’écrivain, cinéaste, photographe et plasticien Jean-Philippe Toussaint, expérimente la puissance des images pour composer en ce début du XXIe siècle une œuvre singulière fondée sur des relations transesthétiques. Elle s’attache à montrer que les écritures toussaintiennes, quel que soit le médium choisi, sont visuelles. Elles donnent à voir, à penser, à rêver et composent un « essai-image ». Ce dernier constitue une forme toujours en devenir qui s’appuie sur un processus de « sémentation », néologisme qui désigne une véritable alchimie du signe où le sens est continuellement réactivé par des contextualisations différentes. Sur le mode de l’opera operta, cet « essai-image » toussaintien déploie ses séductions réflexives comme romanesques.

In Les écritures de l'image par Jean-Philippe Toussaint, Claire Olivier is concerned with the way the writer, filmmaker, photographer and plastic artist Jean-Philippe Toussaint experiments with the power of images to create, in the 21st century, a singular work based on transaesthetic relationships. She endeavours to demonstrate that toussaintian writings are visual, independently from the chosen medium. They allow to see, think, dream and compose an “image-essay”. The latter forms a shape always in the making, relying on a “sémentation” process, neologism designating a true sign alchemy where the meaning is constantly revived through different contextualisations. On the model of the opera operta, this toussaintian “image-essay” deploys its reflective seductions as novelistic.
Sculpture in Print, 1480-1600 is the first monograph dedicated to the intriguing history of the translation of statues and reliefs into print. The multitude of engravings, woodcuts and etchings show a highly creative handling of the ‘original’ antique or contemporary work of art.
The essays in this volume reflect these various approaches to and challenges of translating sculpture in print. They analyze foremost the beginnings of the phenomenon in Italian and Northern Renaissance prints and they highlight by means of case studies amongst many other topics the interrelated terminology between sculpture and print, lost models in print, the inventive handling of fragments, as well as the transformation of statues into narrative contexts.
Die Bedeutung von materiellen Artefakten, die in ihrer Form unverändert bleiben, kann sich durch räumliche Bezüge und durch den Wechsel des Kontexts verändern. In diesem Band werden räumliche, historische, topographische und diskursive Kontextwechsel in Fallbeispielen analysiert und deren Bedeutungen und Überschneidungen kritisch reflektiert. So zeigen Artefakte der Antike, wie Bildwerke gezielt aus ihren ursprünglichen Aufstellungskontexten herausgelöst und neu integriert worden sind, wobei dies entsprechend oder entgegen der älteren Verwendung geschehen konnte. Für die Neuzeit lässt sich zeigen, dass sich durch die Sammlung und die Anordnung von Artefakten Wissenssysteme etablieren und stabilisieren lassen.
Author: Gino Zaccaria
In this book, Gino Zaccaria offers a philosophical meditation on the issue of art in light of its originary sense. He shows how this sense can be fully understood provided that our thinking, on the one hand, returns to the ancient Greek world where it must heed the voice and hints of the goddess Athena, and, on the other hand, listens to “artist-thinkers” close to our current epoch, such as Cézanne, van Gogh and Boccioni. Indeed, the path of this meditation has as its guide the well-known sentence by the painter from Aix-en-Provence, which reads: “Je vous dois la vérité en peinture, et je vous la dirai !”. What will finally appear in this way will not be an abstract or historical notion of art, but its enigma; that is to say, the promise of “another initiation” of art itself.
The essays in Visualizing the Past in Italian Renaissance Art address a foundational concept that was as central to early modern thinking as it is to our own: that the past is always an important part of the present. Written by the friends, students, and colleagues of Dr. Brian Curran, former professor of Art History at the Pennsylvania State University, these authors demonstrate how reverberations of the past within the present are intrinsic to the ways in which we think about the history of art. Examinations of sculpture, painting, and architecture reveal the myriad ways that history has been appropriated, reinvented, and rewritten as subsequent generations—including the authors collected here—have attained new insight into the past and present.

Contributors: Denise Costanzo, William E. Wallace, Theresa A. Kutasz Christensen, Ingrid Rowland, Anthony Cutler, Marilyn Aronberg Lavin, Louis Alexander Waldman, Elizabeth Petersen Cyron, Stuart Lingo, Jessica Boehman, Katherine M. Bentz, Robin L. Thomas, and John Pinto.

Abstract

This essay examines Queen Christina of Sweden’s material response to accusations of barbarism by establishing that her collections of antique sculpture acted as artistic and intellectual foils to her detractors. The goal is to situate Christina’s development of a classicized persona within existing scholarship about the queen as a collector and patron, thereby illustrating its impact on her decision to build one of the largest collections of ancient Roman antiquities amassed by an early modern woman. This is accomplished by identifying key themes such as knowledge and rulership that formed the queen’s public persona and were projected to visitors through her display-spaces. To help understand why specific imagery related to these themes appears repeatedly in her suite of antiquities, allegorical emblems associated with Christina are contextualized as reflections of early modern intellectual movements that entwined Gothicism with Swedish history. Like her sculptural displays, these movements creatively inserted Scandinavia, and by extension Christina, into the Greco-Roman tradition.

In: Visualizing the Past in Italian Renaissance Art