Edited by John Bowen and Arskal Salim
The Politics of Divine Intervention
National and Regional Approaches
Edited by Ronald Holzhacker and Dafri Agussalim
This volume studies the governance and implementation of these goals in Southeast Asia, in particular the difficulties in the shift from the international to the national, the multi-level challenges of implementation, and the involvement of stakeholders, civil society, and citizens in the process. Contributors to this volume are scholars from across Southeast Asia who research these issues in developing (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar), middle-income (Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam), and developed countries (Brunei, Singapore) in the region. The perspectives on governance and the SDGs emerge from the fields of political science, international relations, geography, economics, law, health, and the natural sciences.
Using the UNGPs on Business and Human Rights in Mainstreaming Indigenous Land Rights in the Tourism Industry
Mary Kristerie A. Baleva
Edited by Julien Chaisse and Luke Nottage
Nguyen Manh Dzung and Nguyen Thi Thu Trang
Integration into the global market brings both challenges and opportunities for the Vietnamese legal system. As investment dispute prevention and settlement has not received much attention from the Vietnamese government, Vietnam experienced difficulties in dispute resolution when faced with investment claims. The reluctance to recognise and enforce foreign arbitral awards in Vietnam to protect local parties has resulted in a number of commercial disputes escalating into investment treaty claims. These experiences have, however, allowed Vietnam to identify defects in its legal framework, human resources and governance, and prompted the government to take measures to reduce the risk of being sued by foreign investors. Even though the effectiveness of these measures has not yet been proven, investment disputes have brought opportunities as well as challenges for Vietnam.
Recent trends in Philippine growth and fdi reveal only modest achievements, when compared with other asean countries, and little impact on income inequality. These outcomes are attributed to the policy of economic nationalism in the Philippines’ constitutional and legislative framework for fdi, whereby government reserves ‘strategic’ fields to Filipinos, while foreigners face hurdles in making investments. The account doubts whether foreign nationals can safeguard investments by recourse to Philippine bits as those reinforce economic nationalism by requiring fdi to comply with Philippine law. Poulsen’s observation that developing countries entered into bits oblivious of the risks does not seem applicable to the Philippines, which has deftly used bits to advance economic nationalism. Litigation before domestic courts is not an alternative for protecting investor rights, but international commercial arbitration may become so in due course. The account concludes with proposals for future policy.