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The Ottoman Press (1908-1923) looks at Ottoman periodicals in the period after the Second Constitutional Revolution (1908) and the formation of the Turkish Republic (1923). It analyses the increased activity in the press following the revolution, legislation that was put in place to control the press, the financial aspects of running a publication, preventive censorship and the impact that the press could have on readers. There is also a chapter on the emergence and growth of the Ottoman press from 1831 until 1908, which helps readers to contextualize the post-revolution press.
British literature underwent profound changes in the period 1900-1940. What role did audiences and channels of book distribution play in this? In this wide-ranging collection, the influence of publishers, distributors, librarians and readers come to the foreground to open up new perspectives on literature and print culture. Rooted in original archival research, chapters include studies of the engagement of canonical writers and bestsellers with the literary marketplace; the influence of international and mobile audiences; publishing practices involving genre, promotion, and censorship; and the significance of spaces of reading including bookshops, circulating libraries and on-board passenger ships. Through a series of detailed case-studies that focus on under-explored aspects of distribution and readership, the contributors open up new perspectives on literature and the British book trade.
Questions of survival and loss bedevil the study of early printed books. Many early publications are not particularly rare, but others have disappeared altogether. This is clear not only from the improbably large number of books that survive in only one copy, but from many references in contemporary documents to books that cannot now be located. In this volume leading specialists in the field explore different aspects of this poorly understood aspect of book history: classes of texts particularly impacted by poor rates of survival; lost books revealed in contemporary lists or inventories; the collections of now dispersed libraries; deliberate and accidental destruction. A final section describes modern efforts at salvage and restitution following the devastation of the twentieth century.
Author: Paul Arblaster
Sixteenth-century Brussels and Antwerp in combination formed the northern linchpin of an international communication network that covered Western and Central Europe. In the seventeenth century both cities saw the rise of newspapers that compare revealingly with those produced in Germany, the Dutch Republic, England and France.
In From Ghent to Aix, Paul Arblaster examines the services that carried the news, the types of news publicized, and the relationship of these newspapers to Baroque Europe’s other methods of public communication, from drums and trumpets, ceremonies and sermons, to almanacs, pamphlets, pasquinades and newsletters. The merchant’s need for information and the government’s desire to influence opinion together opened up a space in which a new social force would take root: the media.
The Industrial World is a peer-reviewed series that explores the ways that industrialization has shaped the production, distribution, and reception of books from the beginning of the nineteenth century to the present day. This period is marked by the introduction of new technologies – not just of manufacture, but also of transportation and communication – that have profoundly altered the ways that books are created and circulated and that have, among other things, enabled the rise of international publishing conglomerates that can reach a global mass market. The series investigates every aspect of the book in the industrial world, from the reorganization of the book and publishing trades to the present impact of digital texts and the internet.
Irish Pamphlets, c. 1700-1850
The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C.

Pamphlets documenting the range of popular literature during the early stages of Ireland's Campaign for Parliamentary Reform and the first appearance of the Catholic Question. In addition to sources on the Catholic Question, the collection, by way of personal correspondence, parliamentary proceedings, journalistic and committee reports and creative writing, provides insight into issues such as the connection between the Volunteer movement and the struggle for Catholic emancipation; the significance of land policy and structure in rural Ireland; and the influence of nutritional and educational guidelines stipulated by various societies upon the lifestyles of the Irish poor.
French Revolutionary Pamphlets
Usteri Collection, Zentralbibliothek, Zürich

Compared to other historical events, the French Revolution provides an unusual richness of printed source material. In order to give substance and enduring effect to their epoch-making efforts, the revolutionaries documented all their actions, their controversial opinions, political debates and legislative initiatives in thousands of pamphlets, songs and periodicals.
In the last ten years, international research on the French Revolution has increasingly emphasized the public character of this press revolution. The little-known Usteri Collection of the Zentralbibliothek, Zürich, has been recorded on microfiche. This means that a virtually complete library of about 6,500 revolutionary pamphlets, containing some 200.000 pages, can now be made available to researchers. In a later stage this project will be enlarged with 43 revolutionary pamphlets.

The collection is named after its founder, the Swiss politician, writer and physician, Paulus Usteri (1768-1831). His enthusiasm for the revolution caused Usteri to become an avid collector of original revolutionary literature. He requested various contacts, including Konrad Engelbert Oelsner and Johann Gottfried Ebel (his correspondents in Paris), to supply him with books, pamphlets, affiches and songs.
Usteri collected pamphlets systematically. His purpose was to prepare translations for publication in the various German journals which, together with his friend Ludwig Ferdinand Huber, he had edited since the end of the Jacobine rule.
The journals in question had extremely melodious names, such as Friedens-Präliminarien, Beyträge zur Geschichte der französischen Revolution, Klio. Eine Monatschrift für die französische Zeitgeschichte, as well as Humaniora. They were published in Leipzig, from 1793 until 1797.
Thus, the collection is a fundamental source of information on the reception accorded to the revolution by contemporary German society. As the Usteri Collection is essentially a private library, it shows us what kind of interest the revolution generated outside France.
The Usteri Collection is the third richest anthology of revolutionary pamphlets in the world, surpassed only by the collections of the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris and of the British Library in London.

The pamphlets are mostly originals (in French) which were published between 1788 and 1796. There are also a few manuscripts which were published at earlier or later dates (up to 1798). Revolutionary manuscripts in German, which mainly originated from Strasbourg (the main propaganda centre), form a small but significant part of the collection. Additionally, the collection focuses on the following topics (in chronological order): The political pamphlet literature of the French Pre-revolution, the cahiers de doléances, convocations of the Estates-General, events in Paris and the provinces, the National Assembly, constitutional debates, the civil constitution of the Clergy, foreign policy, fiscal reform, the sale of the biens nationaux, organization of the army, debates on colonialism and slavery, the counter-revolution, the trial of Louis XVI, the National Convention, and the Directory.
Although some pamphlets are anonymous, most give the author's name or were ascribed to a given author at a later date. The collection covers the entire political spectrum, ranging from liberal conservative ideologies to radical Jacobine doctrines. In conclusion, the pamphlet literature of the Usteri Collection is an important and irreplaceable source for historians, linguists and sociologists.

Dr. Erich Pelzer