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A How-to Manual in Eight Essays
Author: Brien Hallett
Wishing to be helpful, Nurturing the Imperial Presidency by Brien Hallett illuminates the 5,000-year-old invariant practice of executive war-making. Why has the nation's war leader always decided and declared war?

Substituting a speech act approach for the traditional "separation of powers" approach, Hallett argues that he who controls the drafting of the declaration of war also controls the decision to go to war.

Since legislated "authorization to use force" are based upon "a collective judgement and agreement" between executive and legislative branches, such legislative vetoes in no way hinder executive control of either the drafting of the declaration or the decision. Innovative ways to deny the executive its ability to draft the declaration and, hence, to decide are proposed.
In Naval Warfare and Maritime Conflict in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age Mediterranean, Jeffrey P. Emanuel examines the evidence for maritime violence in the Mediterranean region during both the Late Bronze Age and the tumultuous transition to the Early Iron Age in the years surrounding the turn of the 12th century BCE.

There has traditionally been little differentiation between the methods of armed conflict engaged in during the Late Bronze and Early Iron Ages, on both the coasts and the open seas, while polities have been alternately characterized as legitimate martial actors and as state sponsors of piracy. By utilizing material, documentary, and iconographic evidence and delineating between the many forms of armed conflict, Emanuel provides an up-to-date assessment not only of the nature and frequency of warfare, raiding, piracy, and other forms of maritime conflict in the Late Bronze Age and Late Bronze-Early Iron Age transition, but also of the extent to which modern views about this activity remain the product of inference and speculation.
In People and Institutions in the Roman Empire colleagues honor Garrett Fagan for his contributions to our understanding and appreciation of Roman history and culture. In addition to reviewing and contextualizing Fagan’s works and legacy, contributing authors pursue in their chapters topics and methodologies that interested Fagan - the experiences of individuals within Roman state and social institutions from the end of the Republic through the Empire and into Late Antiquity.
Part One contextualizes Fagan’s scholarship, demonstrating the diversity of his interests and his impact. Part Two considers the intersection between people and core state institutions: army, law, and religion. Part Three examines Roman social and cultural institutions such as the baths, arena, historiography, and provincial elite society.
Der Kampf um Rom und seine Inszenierung
Author: Magnus Pahl
Am 18. Mai 1944 war die Schlacht um den Monte Cassino für die Wehrmacht verloren. Die Alliierten hatten den umkämpften „Wellenbrecher Cassino“, wie ihn die deutsche Propaganda nannte, nach knapp einem halben Jahr schwerer Kämpfe eingenommen und drangen auf Rom vor. Goebbels Propaganda aber agierte so geschickt und nachhaltig, dass viele Deutsche bis auf den heutigen Tag mit den Namen „Monte Cassino“ in erster Linie einen letzten deutschen Abwehrsieg und keine verlorene Schlacht verbinden. Insbesondere das Bild unbesiegter deutscher Fallschirmjäger prägt oft das Klischee bei militärgeschichtlich Interessierten. Aber sogar die wissenschaftliche Literatur übernahm diese Propagandainhalte.
Magnus Pahl hinterfragt in seinem Buch den Mythos der deutschen Kampfkraft bei Cassino. Er wirft dabei den Blick aber ebenso auf die multinationalen Streitkräfte der Alliierten, unter denen das neuseeländische wie auch das polnische Kontingent eine besondere Rolle spielte. Monte Cassino ist auf seine Weise auch ein europäischer, ja globaler Erinnerungsort des Zweiten Weltkriegs. In diesem Sinne ist dem Band ein Geleitwort des polnischen Militärhistorikers Zbigniew Wawer beigegeben.
Die „heldenhafte Verteidigung der Brester Festung“ vom Sommer 1941 gehörte in der Sowjetunion zu den zentralen Staatsmythen und zu den wichtigsten Erinnerungsorten. Hier soll der Krieg begonnen haben, hier sollen die „ersten Ziegel im Fundament des Großen Sieges“ gelegt worden sein.
Die Dauer der Kämpfe wurde von realen acht auf 32 Tage aufgebauscht, für Kriegsgefangene war im Narrativ kein Raum. In diesem Buch wird die Militärgeschichte des Ereignisses neu geschrieben. Dabei werden Topoi des offiziellen sowjetischen Narrativs mit Quellenbefunden kontrastiert und dessen Entstehung und Entwicklung nachgezeichnet. Ein Schwerpunkt liegt auf dem Umgang mit den in deutsche Gefangenschaft geratenen Festungsverteidigern. Schließlich werden Geschichte und Formen der Erinnerung untersucht. Im Zentrum steht dabei die Gedenkstätte „Brester Heldenfestung“ mit ihren Museen.
Verdeckte deutsch-niederländische Rüstungsproduktion und die Firma IvS 1922-1945
Author: S.J. de Groot
1922 wurde das Ingenieurbüro für Schiffbau (IvS/ Inkavos A.G.) unter der Leitung von Dr. Hans Techel in Den Haag gegründet. Auf diesem Wege sollten durch eine geheime Kooperation mit den Niederlanden die technische Erfahrung und der Technologievorsprung des Deutschen Reiches im U-Bootbau erhalten bleiben – obwohl der Versailler Vertrag dem Deutschen Reich die U-Bootrüstung untersagte.
Kurz nach seiner Gründung bezog das IvS seine Büros im selben Gebäude wie die Schiffbauliche Abteilung der niederländischen Marine. Hieraus ergab sich eine enge Zusammenarbeit in der U-Boot-Konstruktion. So im Bereich des Rumpfdesigns, der Torpedoausstoßvorrichtungen und der Torpedos, Sehrohre, Echolote, Schallortungsgeräte und des Schweißens von hochfestem Stahl. Die Ergebnisse der Kooperation beeinflussten sowohl die U-Booteigenbauten der Niederländischen Marine wie jene des IvS für seine ausländischen Kunden. Gegenüber diesen erfüllten beide Parteien ihre vertraglichen Verpflichtungen zwischen 1922 und 1940. 1945 übernahm die niederländische Regierung das IVS. Es wurde erst 1957 geschlossen.
Carl von Clausewitz is still considered one of the most important writers on military strategy. In Prussian Military Thought 1815-1830: Beyond Clausewitz , Jacek Jędrysiak offers a new perspective on the context of his legacy, with a detailed analysis of Prussian military thought after the Napoleonic wars and an examination of the development of certain institutions, such as the General Staff, leading to a more nuanced understanding of Clausewitz’s work. The dominance of the famous figures of Clausewitz and Helmuth von Moltke the Elder has obscured much about the Prussian army in the 19th century. In this study, Jacek Jędrysiak reveals the forgotten face of the Prussian army.
Author: Julian Baker
Coinage and Money in Medieval Greece 1200-1430, by Julian Baker, is a monetary history of medieval Thessaly, mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, Epiros, and adjacent islands. The central focus of the book is the record of coin finds and coin types, which this study presents in a fully developed political, socio-economic, military, and archaeological/topographical context.
In medieval Greece there is a strong symbiosis between monetary and historical developments. The general level of documentation is also vastly superior to the preceding middle Byzantine period. Volume Two presents and evaluates these data. Volume One offers analyses on major historical themes, which demonstrate that the monetary sources can hold narratives in their own rights, complementing and at times contradicting the established accounts.
The Portrayal of Destruction and Mass Violence
Editors: Frank Jacob and Mor Presiado
The present volume provides a critical insight into the relationship of art and war. It shows how artists perceive war and how they depict it, to warn the spectator but to cure their own trauma at the same time.
War causes destruction, loss, and trauma. Many artists have used their art to express feelings and memories related to these losses and their own traumatic experiences. The artwork that came into existence due to such processes reflects on events of our past, but should be considered a warning at the same time. To deal with human suffering means to fully engage with the artist remains of human war experiences. The present volume aims to provide a first critical insight into the relationship between art and war, showing how artists dealt with human losses, destruction, and personal trauma.
Treatment and Reintegration of Soldiers in Post War Societies
Editors: Stefan Karner and Frank Jacob
War creates veterans and societies are reminded by their existence that violent conflicts had been waged in the past. Even when the wars have been long forgotten by many, veterans are the ones whose fate has been tied to war and destruction.
Societies often struggle with their veterans, especially when they have to address the former soldiers’ traumatic experiences and acknowledge the wounds that hurt beyond the body. While veterans are often a steady reminder of violent conflicts of the past, they are often ignored by their societies, once peace is achieved. Nevertheless, veterans play an important role in postwar contexts as well and their role, their possible influence and impact in the supposedly non-violent world need to be addressed. The present volume discusses the role of veterans in the aftermath of war and shows how they had been treated by and how societies tried to reintegrate them in narratives of the past.