Browse results

Science, (Anti-)Communism and Diplomacy

The Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs in the Early Cold War

Series:

Edited by Alison Kraft and Carola Sachse

From 1957 onwards, the Pugwash Conferences brought together elite scientists from across ideological and political divides to work towards disarmament. Through a series of national case studies - Austria, China, Czechoslovakia, East and West Germany, the US and USSR – this volume offers a critical reassessment of the development and work of “Pugwash” nationally, internationally, and as a transnational forum for Track II diplomacy. This major new collection of work reveals the difficulties that Pugwash scientists encountered as they sought to reach across the blocs, create a channel for East-West dialogue and realize on the project’s founding aim of influencing state actors. Uniquely, the book affords a sense of the contingent and contested process by which the network-like organization took shape around the conferences.

Contributors are Gordon Barrett, Matthew Evangelista, Silke Fengler, Alison Kraft, Fabian Lüscher, Doubravka Olšáková, Geoffrey Roberts, Paul Rubinson, and Carola Sachse.

Series:

David Bramoullé

The Fatimids (10th - 12th centuries C.E) are known to have been the first Shiite caliphal dynasty and to have founded Cairo, the city that became their capital in 973 when they left Tunisia for Egypt. During their reign, the Fatimids built an effective war fleet that inflicted several defeats on Christian navies. This is the first study on the Fatimid naval force and, more generally, on the role of the sea for the Fatimids whose territories touched both the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. The documentation presented in this study demonstrates how, in the course of two centuries, this Ismaeli dynasty set up a maritime policy and developed a communication strategy in which their control of the sea helped legitimize their universalist claims against competing powers. Les Fatimides (10e -12e s. ap. J.-C) sont connus pour avoir été la première dynastie califale chiite et pour avoir fondé Le Caire qui devint leur capitale à partir de 973 lorsque la dynastie quitta la Tunisie actuelle pour s’installer en Egypte et prendre possession d’un empire qui s’étendait de l’Algérie orientale jusqu’à la Syrie en passant par la Sicile et certains territoires de la péninsule arabique. Durant leur règne, ils disposèrent d’une flotte de guerre efficace qui infligea plusieurs défaites aux marines chrétiennes. Au-delà de la chronologie des batailles navales, aucune étude n’existait sur le rôle de cette force navale et plus généralement sur le rôle de la mer pour les Fatimides dont les territoires touchaient à la fois la Méditerranée et la mer Rouge. La documentation met pourtant en évidence que sur durant plus de deux siècles, les Fatimides mirent en place une politique maritime qui dépassait largement les considérations militaires. Ils développèrent ainsi une stratégie de communication dans laquelle la mer jouait un rôle majeur pour à la fois légitimer les prétentions universalistes de cette dynastie ismaélienne face à des pouvoirs concurrents et pour lui permettre de survivre.

Peter von Danzig

The Story of a Great Caravel, 1462-1475

Series:

Beata Możejko

This study traces the chequered history of Peter von Danzig, a French caravel which was inadvertently taken over by Gdańsk (Danzig). Beata Możejko charts the fluctuating and often dramatic fortunes of the caravel, from her arrival in Gdańsk as a merchantman in 1462 to her demise near La Rochelle in 1475. The author examines the caravel’s role as a warship during the Anglo-Hanseatic conflict, and her most famous operation, when she was used by Gdańsk privateer Paul Beneke to capture a Burgundian galley with a rich cargo that included Hans Memling’s Last Judgement triptych.
Using literary and archival sources, Możejko provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of the information available about the caravel and her colourful career.

Rethinking Europe

War and Peace in the Early Modern German Lands

Series:

Edited by Gerhild Scholz Williams, Sigrun Haude and Christian Schneider

The Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648) lies at the intersection of early modern and modern times. Frequently portrayed as the concluding chapter of the Reformation, it also points to the future by precipitating fundamental changes in the military, legal, political, religious, economic, and cultural arenas that came to mark a new, the modern era.
Prompted by the 400th anniversary of the outbreak of the war, the contributors reconsider the event itself and contextualize it within the broader history of the Reformation, military conflicts, peace initiatives, and negotiations of war.

Kapitän zur See Hans Langsdorff

Der letzte Kommandant des Panzerschiffs Admiral Graf Spee. Eine Biographie

Hans-Jürgen Kaack

Im Dezember 1939 verweigerte der Seeoffizier Hans Langsdorff einen letzten, aussichtslosen Kampf, sprengte sein Schiff vor Montevideo, rettete die Besatzung von 1.200 Mann und erschoss sich bald darauf. Um seine Gestalt hat sich ein Mythos gebildet, der eine rationale Auseinandersetzung mit seinen Handlungsmotiven bisher verhinderte.
In seiner Biographie Langsdorffs beschreibt Hans-Jürgen Kaack einen Offizier, der zeitlebens versuchte, seine geistige Unabhängigkeit selbst in der hierarchischen Struktur des Militärs zu bewahren. Die Achtung vor der Würde des Menschen kennzeichnete seinen Wertekanon, den er auch im Kriege einhielt. Seine Unkonventionalität und Offenheit bewies Langsdorff immer wieder. Sogar den Dialog mit revolutionären Matrosen suchte er im Jahr 1918. Indem Kaack bei seiner Darstellung seinen Protagonisten in dessen jeweiligen sozialen Umwelten einbettet, legt der Autor zugleich ein Stück Mentalitätsgeschichte der deutschen Flotte in drei Epochen vor.

Die Reihe „Schriften zur Marinegeschichte“ will ein Forum für neue und kontroverse Forschungsergebnisse zu ausgewählten Themenkreisen der Marinegeschichte bieten. Damit öffnet sich diese Reihe einem weiten inhaltlichen Spektrum und dem Interessentenkreis aktiver und ehemaliger Angehöriger der deutschen Seestreitkräfte sowie militär- oder maritim-historisch interessierter Leser. Die Veröffentlichungspalette soll von der Verschriftlichung von Vortragsreihen über wissenschaftliche Qualifikationsarbeiten bis zur Publikation unbekannter oder seltener Dokumente reichen. Ein besonderes Augenmerk möchten die Herausgeber neben Biographien auch auf Publikationen richten, welche sich der kommentierenden Bearbeitung von Selbstzeugnissen widmen. Steht zwar das erzählende Ich im Mittelpunkt und muss gebührend zu Wort kommen, so soll doch eine umfassende Kommentierung den erklärenden Rahmen bieten. Auf diese Weise soll versucht werden, Ereignisse und Strukturen – vielleicht auch nur die Normalität – vergangener Zeiten aus der personalen Perspektive heraus sichtbar zu machen, wissenschaftlich begründet einzufassen und insgesamt für weitergehende Forschungen zu öffnen. Die „Schriften zur Marinegeschichte“ werden vom Freundeskreis des Wehrgeschichtlichen Ausbildungszentrum der Marineschule Mürwik e.V. und der Stiftung Deutsches Marinemuseum gemeinsam herausgegeben. Beide Einrichtungen wollen mit der Schriftenreihe Kenntnis und Verständnis der politischen, militärstrategischen, technischen, sozialen und kulturellen Aspekte deutscher Militär- und Marinegeschichte erweitern und vertiefen.

War and the City

The Urban Context of Conflict and Mass Destruction

Edited by Tim Keogh

A crucial collection of new insights into a topic too often ignored in military history: the close interrelationship between cities and warfare throughout modern history.
Scenes of Aleppo’s war-torn streets may be shocking to the world’s majority urban population, but such destruction would be familiar to urban dwellers as early as the third millennium BCE. While war is often narrated as a clash of empires, nation-states, and ‘civilizations’, cities have been the strategic targets of military campaigns, to be conquered, destroyed, or occupied. Cities have likewise been shaped by war, whether transformed for the purposes of military production, reconstructed after bombardment, or renewed as sites for remembering the costs of war. This conference volume draws on the latest research in military and urban history to understand the critical intersection between war and cities.

Series:

John L. Friend

Based on the comprehensive study of the epigraphic and literary evidence, this book challenges the almost universally-held assumptions of modern scholarship on the date of origin, the function, and the purpose of the Athenian ephebeia. It offers a detailed reconstruction of the institution, which in the fourth century BCE was a state-organized and -funded system of mandatory national service for ephebes, citizens in their nineteenth and twentieth years, consisting of garrison duty, military training, and civic education. It concludes that the contribution of the ephebeia was vital for the security of Attica and that the ephebes’ non-military activities were moulded by social, economic, and religious influences which reflect the preoccupations of Lycurgus’ administration in the 330s and 320s BCE.

Boiotia in Ancient Times

Some Studies of Its Topography, History, Cults and Myths

John M. Fossey

This is the concluding volume presenting results of the author’s fieldwork spread over more than fifty years concerning the Archaeology and Topography of Ancient Boiotia that includes also discussions of the distribution within the topography of certain ancient cults, especially those of Artemis, Herakles and the Horseman Hero. Within the more purely topographic section there is much discussion of regional defense systems, all set against the history of the Boiotian League, especially its early coinage, its origins and its confrontation with Sparta and the pivotal battle of Leuktra.

Series:

Edited by Alexander Samuel Wilkinson and Graeme Kemp

The early modern European book world was confronted with many crises and controversies. Some conflicts were of such monumental scale that they wrought significant reconfigurations of the trade. Others were more quotidian in nature – evidence of the intensely competitive and at times predatory nature of the industry. How publishing negotiated and responded to the various crises, conflicts and disputes of the age is explored by the rich and varied interdisciplinary contributions in this volume. To succeed in the business of books, printers and publishers needed to seize the advantage in the often complex environments in which they operated. What was required was determination, resilience, and inventiveness, even in the most challenging of times.