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Understanding the realities of protection in a Europe that had failed to manage the crisis in asylum that unfolded in 2015 and 2016 requires a comprehension of how law shapes and distorts refugee protection practices in frontline states. In this collection Vladislava Stoyanova and Eleni Karageorgiou provide an essential cartography of the state of asylum during the crisis. The volume captures four dynamics: the absorption of EU norms in Central and South Eastern Europe; the reaction in this region to the massive movement of asylum seekers in 2015 and 2016; the initiation of normative developments in the area of asylum during and beyond the crisis by the countries in this region; and the question of solidarity.
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The International Protection Alternative in Refugee Law

Treaty Basis and Scope of Application under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and Its 1967 Protocol

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Jessica Leigh Schultz

Under what circumstances can a state refuse refugee status to a person whose risk of persecution exists in only part of her country of origin? In this book, Jessica Schultz examines the treaty basis and criteria for the ‘internal protection alternative’ (IPA), a commonly invoked limit on the right to refugee status. She finds that the scope for applying the IPA under the Refugee Convention is narrower than is usually conceived in contemporary state practice and legal theory.
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This collective volume draws on the themes of intersectionality and overlapping policy universes to examine and evaluate the shifting functions, frames and multiple actors and instruments of an ongoing and revitalized cooperation in EU external migration and asylum policies with third states. The contributions are characterized by a problem-driven research and seek to develop bottom-up policy-oriented solutions, while taking into account global, EU-based and local perspectives and the shifting universes of EU migration, border and asylum policies. In 15 chapters, we explore the multifaceted dimensions of the EU external migration policy and its evolution in post-crisis geopolitical environment of the Global Compacts.
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Protecting Stateless Persons

The Implementation of the Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons across EU States

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Katia Bianchini

In Protecting Stateless Persons: The Implementation of the Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons across EU States, Katia Bianchini offers an in-depth comparative study of legislation, case-law and decision-making concerning the treatment of stateless persons in ten EU States. Focusing on whether and why statelessness determination procedures are needed, what their constituent elements should be, how the definition of "stateless person" is interpreted and applied, and what rights are attached to the granting of status, Katia Bianchini critically examines current national legal frameworks, and points a way forward for more effective legislation and practice in the area of statelessness. Against this backdrop, she adds insights into the wider debate on how human rights treaties should be implemented.

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Katia Bianchini