Browse results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 103 items for :

  • Historical and Comparative Linguistics & Linguistic Typology x
  • History of Linguistics & Philosophy of Language x
Clear All
Restricted Access

Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers

New Issues in the Study of Language Change

Series:

Edited by Salvador Pons Bordería and Óscar Loureda Lamas

Beyond Grammaticalization and Discourse Markers offers a comprehensive account of the most promising new directions in the vast field of grammaticalization studies. From major theoretical issues to hardly addressed experimental questions, this volume explores new ways to expand, refine or even challenge current ideas on grammaticalization.

All contributions, written by leading experts in the fields of grammaticalization and discourse markers, explore issues such as: the impact of Construction Grammar into language change; cyclicity as a driving force of change; the importance of positions and discourse units as predictors of grammaticalization; a renewed way of thinking about philological considerations, or the role of Experimental Pragmatics for hypothesis checking.
Restricted Access

Series:

Salvador Pons Bordería

Abstract

This paper performs a meta-analysis of the evolution of more than thirty Spanish DMs to show that the left periphery-right periphery debate is not the most appropriate framework to capture the evolution of DMs. The reason for this is that the peripheries debate is one-dimensional (all markers move to the left or to the right of a reference unit, be it a sentence, an utterance or a turn), whereas what is needed is a two-dimensional model with a set of smaller and wider scope discourse units, and a set of positions associated with each unit. The model used for this analysis is the one developed by the Val.Es.Co. research group. When this two-dimensional model is applied to a number of historical developments of DMs, a variety of movements appears, and these movements reflect different ways to acquire pragmatic meanings.

Restricted Access

Series:

Mar Garachana

Abstract

This paper deals with some challenges of Theory of Grammaticalization, as it argues for the importance of the writer and of rhetorical rules in the evolution of grammar. By studying the evolution of the Spanish markers no obstante, no contrastante and no embargante ‘in spite of, although, however’, data reveals that their rise in Old Spanish is not connected to an evolution in terms of grammaticalization from an absolute clause into a counter-argumentative particle. On the contrary, no obstante was introduced in fourteenth century Spanish as a consequence of syntactic borrowing from Medieval Latin. More specifically, this borrowing entered into Spanish through Aragonese and Catalan (languages spoken in the east of the Iberian Peninsula).

This new form created a new pattern of expressing counter-argumentation that was then analogically copied in the Romance Languages using no contrastante and no embargante. These elements were introduced also into Old Spanish under the influence of Catalan and Aragonese. No obstante, no embargante and no contrastante were the reflection of a rhetorical fashion: the forms obstante, embargante and contrastante had the same form for present participles, which gave the text a cultured and Latinising air that was well-suited to the rhetorical guidelines of pre-Renaissance and European Renaissance. Thus, the diachrony of no obstante, no contrastante and no embargante has much to do with the socio-cultural and linguistic situation of Europe in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

Restricted Access

Series:

Elizabeth Closs Traugott

Abstract

A constructionalist approach to the study of grammar conceptualizes a grammar as an account of the “network of constructions [that] captures our grammatical knowledge of language in toto” (Goldberg 2006: 18). There are currently three main models of constructional networks. Goldberg’s is a model of the network of sign categories and their inheritance relations; it is “vertical” in that members of lower levels have the properties of higher level ones by default unless they are overridden. Van de Velde (2014) enriches the inheritance model with “horizontal” links that show relationships among and across schemas and subschemas. Both models focus on single linguistic domains. For Fried and Östman (2005), a network is a multidimensional set of related linguistic functions and sociocultural norms. I explore the question which network is theoretically and methodologically most useful in doing historical work, given that networks come into being, grow, and their nodes may be reconfigured (see e.g. Colleman 2011, Traugott and Trousdale 2013). I illustrate by recasting earlier comments on the history of the discourse marker after all (Lewis 2000, Traugott 2004) in terms of constructional networks and suggest that combining the three models can give the researcher a rich perspective on the kinds of contexts that enable change.

Restricted Access

Series:

Salvador Pons Bordería

Restricted Access

Series:

Ulrich Detges and Paul Gévaudan

Abstract

Main-clause-initial puisque ‘but’ (?) is an insubordinated erstwhile causal conjunction. It signals that the information introduced by it should be known to the addressee. By doing so, puisque conveys an act of refutation directed against the immediately preceding utterance. As has been noted in the literature, insubordinated erstwhile conjunctions bear a close functional resemblance to German modal particles in that they integrate speech acts into the common ground—a function which we term abtönung. However, in spite of being eligible for abtönung, main-clause-initial puisque is basically a discourse marker rather than a modal particle; as we will show, its usage depends heavily on the sequential ordering of the discourse, whereas constraints of this kind play no role for modal particles. It has often been assumed that the diachronic mechanism behind insubordination is main-clause-ellipsis. However, based on Ford (1993) and Diessel & Hetterle (2011) we will argue that insubordinated puisque was brought about by a reanalysis in elaborative contexts. In the terms proposed by Detges & Waltereit (2016: 653), main-clause-initial puisque emerged from contexts where it served to negotiate the next move in the joint construction of discourse. It is this function that ultimately makes it a discourse-marker, despite its suitability for abtönung.

Restricted Access

Series:

David Paul Gerards and Johannes Kabatek

Abstract

This paper investigates the emergence and evolution of Portuguese caso (< Lat. CASUS) in conditional contexts. As in similar cases in other European languages, conditional constructions involving caso emerged in medieval language in juridical texts. The paper examines the first attestations of such constructions and shows how they allow the further evolution of caso in Portuguese into a conditional conjunction. This evolution can be initially identified in Brazilian Portuguese from where it possibly spread to the European variety. Other evolutions such as the emergence of a noun acaso ‘coincidence’ or ‘fate’ and a modal particle acaso (in both Portuguese and Spanish) are also considered. The theoretical aim of the paper is to show the interrelation between grammaticalization and discourse traditions in the sense of Koch (1987, 1997): innovations emerge in particular textual environments, not only in the language as an abstract entity, and they may spread from their original textual tradition to others. The main claim of the paper is thus that the widening of the scope of discourse traditions should be considered as a general parameter of grammaticalization processes.