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Edited by Robert McChesney and Mohammad Mehdi Khorrami

This book comprises English translations of Nizhādnāmah-i Afghān (Afghan Genealogy) and Tazakkur al-Inqilāb (Memoir of the Revolution), the culminating works of Fayż Muḥammad Kātib Hazārah’s monumental history of Afghanistan, Sirāj al-tawārīkh (The History of Afghanistan). Nizhādnāmah-i Afghān, a detailed guide to all the ethnic and religious communities in Afghanistan in the first third of the 20th century, is the first locally-produced ethnography by a modern Afghan scholar. The Tazakkur al-Inqilāb is Fayz Muhammad’s journalistic record of seven of the nine months of Amīr Ḥabīb Allāh Kalakānī’s reign in 1929. Together with the History of Afghanistan these works offer an incomparable resource for the history of Afghanistan from the mid-18th to the mid-20th centuries.
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Edited by Anthony Axon and Susan Hewitt

The first of a new series, the Contemporary Archive of the Islamic World, this title draws on the resources of World of Information, a British publisher that since 1975 has published analyses of the politics and economics of all the Middle East countries.

For decades Syria lay at the heart of Middle Eastern affairs. Under Assad rulers, and sharing a border with Israel, Syria’s fortunes have been complex. Strategic alliances were formed and fell apart. Domestic rebellions were quelled, often violently. Since 2011, Syria has been in the world’s headlines every day, riven by a civil war that has risked bringing the world’s major powers into open conflict.

The CAIW provides an essential background to a complex international problem.
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Edited by Gregor Schwarb, Heather Bleaney and Pablo García Suárez

A bibliography of books, articles and reviews on Islam and the Muslim world which were published in the year 2017 with additions from 2001-2016. This annual volume is published as part of the 2018 subscription. It supersedes the advance issues published in 2018, as well as containing much data not previously published in Index Islamicus.

Index Islamicus is the most important international classified bibliography of publications in European languages on all aspects of Islam and the Muslim world from 1906 onwards until present day. Material cited in the Index Islamicus includes not only work written about the Middle East, but also about the other main Muslim areas of Asia and Africa, plus Muslim minorities elsewhere. The Index Islamicus is edited by Gregor Schwarb, Heather Bleaney, Pablo García Suarez and others.
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Edited by Kate Fleet, Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas and Everett Rowson

The Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam appears in substantial segments each year, both online and in print. The new scope includes comprehensive coverage of Islam in the twentieth century and of Muslim minorities all over the world.
This Part 2018-6 of the Third Edition of Brill’s Encyclopaedia of Islam will contain 63 new articles, reflecting the great diversity of current scholarship in the fields of Islamic Studies.
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Various Authors & Editors

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Kātib Çelebi

The Ottoman biographer, historian and former career military officer Kātib Çelebi (d. 1067/1657), better known as Ḥājjī Khalīfa, completed his Taqwīm al-tawārīkh in Istanbul in 1058/1648. Begun as an excerpt of his earlier history Fadhlakat aqwāl al-akhyār, he expanded it to cover personalities and events up to the days in which it was written. Composed in a mixture of Ottoman Turkish and Persian, it became a popular ‘desk reference’ that received various upgrades by different eighteenth-century authors. It was printed for the first time in Istanbul by İbrahim Müteferriqa in 1146/1733. The Taqwīm al-tawārīkh was translated into Latin, Italian and French, besides the anonymous Persian translation contained in this volume, completed in 1075/1664, well before any of the other translations. It is one of the rare historical works in Persian to have the form of a chronology, most of them being histories of dynasties or general histories.
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Abu ʼl-Faḍl Muḥammad Muḥammad

Muḥammad Abu ʼl-Faḍl Muḥammad’s (fl. ca. 800/1400) Persian Qāmūs al-baḥrayn was written in 814/1411. About the author’s life and times nothing is known other than that his nickname ‘Ḥamīd Muftī’ points at a certain level of expertise in the legal profession. Being a theological summa, the Qāmūs al-baḥrayn stands in a long tradition. The author used numerous theological and philosophical sources, referring explicitly to such authorities as Avicenna (d. 427/1036), Suhrawardī (d. 587/1191), Fakhr al-Dīn Rāzī (d. 606/1210), and Naṣīr al-Dīn Ṭūsī (d. 672/1274). The work contains so many obvious borrowings from Rāzī that the Qāmūs al-baḥrayn is factually an exposition of his thought. In the edition, a special effort was made to point this out in each case where a concrete reference could be given. There are few theological summae in Persian; readers of Persian will therefore be delighted to discover this comprehensive work and its mellifluous style of composition.
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Together with Shaykh-i Ṭūsī’s (d. 460/1067) Miṣbāḥ al-mutahajjid and ʿAlī al-Tamīmī’s (early 6th/12th cent.) Dhakhīrat al-ākhira, the anonymous Nuzhat al-zāhid (ca. 600/1200) is among the oldest surviving testimomies of Duʿāʾ literature among the Shīʿa. As such, it can be regarded as a connecting link between Ṭūsī and the later tradition of Shīʿī Duʿāʾ literature, after Ibn Ṭāwūs (d. 664/1266). The Nuzhat al-zāhid is important because besides Ṭūsī’s Miṣbāḥ it also uses other older sources, which often allows the author to provide much more detail than him, adding new material as well. In this sense, the Nuzhat al-zāhid can truly be regarded as a major reference in its field. It is a complete work, covering all the aspects of petitionary prayer in the life of the believer. Written in the sweet kind of language of its times, its explanations constitute a fine example of medieval Persian spiritual prose.
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Aḥmad Ḥusaynī Ardakānī’

Aḥmad Ḥusaynī Ardakānī’s (d. 1242/1826–7) Mirʾāt al-akwān is a Persian adaptation of Ṣadr al-Dīn Shīrāzī’s (d. 1050/1640) Sharḥ al-Hidāya, a commentary on Athīr al-Dīn al-Abharī’s (d. ca 663/1264) seminal philosophical summa the Hidāyat al-ḥikma. The Hidāya has been of tremendous influence in the Islamic world, producing a huge commentary tradition. Ṣadr al-Dīn Shīrāzī’s commentary yielded its own series of glosses and commentaries, and in India it even became a foundational text in the madrasas. Ardakānī is mostly known as a translator of religious and philosophical works. He wrote the present adaptation at the request of Muḥammad Walī Mīrzā (d. 1285/1869), a son of Fatḥ ʿAlī Shāh Qājār (d. 1249/1834). The Mirʾāt al-akwān covers just the physics and the metaphysics, leaving out the logic after the example of Shīrāzī. The metaphysics part being lost, the editor added the section on metaphysics of Ardakānī’s translation of Shīrāzī’s al-Mabdaʾ wal-maʿād, published earlier by him.
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Sayyid Aḥmad ʿAlawī al-ʿĀmilī

The Sharḥ al-Qabasāt is a commentary on Mīr Dāmād’s (d. 1040/1630–31) last and famous philosophical work al-Qabasāt, short for Qabasāt ḥaqq al-yaqīn fī ḥudūth al-ʿālam. Founder of the so-called Ḥikmat-i Yamānī approach in philosophy, Mīr Dāmād is one of the prominent representatives of a group of thinkers that is usually referred to as the ‘School of Isfahan’. The author of the commentary, Sayyid Aḥmad ʿAlawī al-ʿĀmilī (d. 1054–60/1644–1650), was a son-in-law and former student of Mīr Dāmād, as well as of Shaykh Bahāʾ al-Dīn ʿĀmilī (d. 1030/1621). With around fifty titles to his name in various disciplines, rational and traditional sciences alike, Sayyid Aḥmad wrote the commentary at the request of Mīr Dāmād himself, but only completed it when the latter had passed away. A collection of glosses rather than a running commentary, this Arabic work bears testimony to the commentator’s extensive knowledge of the entire Islamic philosophical tradition.