This chapter revisits varying trends of Euroskepticism in Central and Eastern Europe (cee), as the scope of public reluctance to uncritically accept the benefits of eu membership in these countries remains poorly understood.1 The chapter examines key aspects of cee Euroskepticism as a component of the institutional history of the 2004 eu enlargement. The organizing perspective is that of the unexpected emergence and intensity of Euroskepticism in the countries of the eu’s eastward enlargement. By combining a variety of utilitarian, ideational, and attitudinal predispositions, significantly shaped by the national context, this evolving variety of Euroskepticism represents a valid measure of the public reaction to the purpose and policies of European integration.
cee Euroskepticism is reflected in ambiguous and unsettled levels of public trust in the eu against the background of general dissatisfaction with the workings of national democracy. The cee publics have become increasingly skeptical of their representation as citizens whose voice “counts” in the eu. They perceive the eu as less relevant to their personal situation although it represents well the interests of the Member States. Such contradictory dynamics suggests that the conventional measures of Euroskepticism as a pan-European phenomenon need to be re-examined by exploring trends of continuity and change in public support for the eu in cee with a special focus on political variables.