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Performing Splendour in Catholic and Protestant Contexts
A multidisciplinary international group of leading scholars study the concept of magnificence as a social construction in seventeenth-century Europe. Although this period is previously described as the ‘Age of Magnificence’, thus far no attempts have been made to look how the term and the concept of magnificence functioned. The authors focus on the way crucial ethical, religious, political, aesthetic, and cultural developments interacted with thought on magnificence in Catholic and Protestant contexts, analysing spectacular civic and courtly festivities and theatre, impressive displays of painting and sculpture in rich architectural settings, splendid gardens, exclusive etiquette, grand households, and learned treatises of moral philosophy.
Contributors are: Lindsay Alberts, Stijn Bussels, Jorge Fernández-Santos, Anne-Madeleine Goulet, Elizabeth den Hartog, Michèle-Caroline Heck, Miguel Hermoso Cuesta, José Eloy Hortal Muñoz, Félix Labrador Arroyo, Victoire Malenfer, Alessandro Metlica, Alessandra Mignatti, Anne-Françoise Morel, Matthias Roick, Kathrin Stocker, Klaas Tindemans, and Gijs Versteegen.
From the 16th through to the 18th century, printed disputations were the main academic output of universities. This genre is especially attractive as it deals with the most significant cultural and scientific innovations of the early modern period, such as the printing revolution, and the development of new methods in philosophy, education and scholarly exchange (via personal networks).
Until recently, academic disputations have attracted comparatively little scholarly attention. This volume provides for the first time a comprehensive study of the early modern disputation culture, both through theoretical discussions and overviews, and numerous case studies that analyze particular features of disputations in various European regions.
Das Bild vom glaubwürdigen Wissenschaftler – vom Universalgelehrten der Renaissance zu modernen Laborspezialist*innen - ist ein kulturelles Konstrukt, das die Ansprüche seiner Zeit widerspiegelt. Wie es entsteht, wird im Galvanismusdiskurs um 1800 deutlich.
Dieser Band beschäftigt sich mit den Fragen: Wer gilt um 1800 als Naturwissenschaftler? Wie findet man als junger Forscher Aufnahme in die wissenschaftliche Gemeinschaft? Und worin manifestieren sich die wissenschaftskulturellen Unterschiede in Deutschland und Großbritannien zu Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts? Anhand der frühen Publikationen der jungen aufstrebenden Naturforscher Alexander von Humboldt, Johann Wilhelm Ritter und Christian Heinrich Pfaff sowie ihrer britischen Kollegen untersucht der Autor die Konstruktion vom modernen Naturwissenschaftler durch die wissenschaftliche Gemeinschaft.
Analogisches Denken, Kreativität und Leibniz' Idee der Erfindung
Editor: Constanze Peres
Ob Neues erschaffen, erfunden oder entdeckt wird, stellt das Denken immer wieder vor ein Rätsel. Was ist das Neue? Kann es Neues in Kunst und Wissenschaft geben? Und was heißt es überhaupt, von „neu“ und „alt“, von „erfinden“ und „hervorbringen“ zu sprechen?
Analogiebildungen sind nach Douglas Hofstadter und Emmanuel Sanders konstitutiv für die Hervorbringung des Neuen und durchziehen die gesamte Erkenntnis in Alltagserfahrung, Wissenschaft und Kunst. Bei Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz spielen Analogie und Kombination für die Erfindung neuer „möglicher Welten“ eine ebenso zentrale Rolle wie die Schöpfung der Welt für die Idee des radikal Neuen. Im Sinne seiner Multiperspektivik werden in diesem Buch Kreativität, Erfindungskraft und analogisches Denken interdiziplinär analysiert, um aus verschiedenen Blickwinkeln die Entstehung des Neuen in Wissenschaft und Kunst auszuleuchten.
Why does a magnet attract iron? Why does a compass needle point north? Although the magnet or lodestone was known since antiquity, magnetism only became an important topic in natural science and technology in the early modern period. In Magnes Christoph Sander explores this fascinating subject and draws, for the first time, a comprehensive picture of early modern research on magnetism (c. 1500–1650). Covering all disciplines of this period, Magnes examines what scholars understood by ‘magnet’ and ‘magnetism,’ which properties they ascribed to it, in which instruments and practices magnetism was employed, and how they tried to explain this exciting phenomenon. This historical panorama is based on circa 1500 historical sources, including over 100 manuscripts.
Introduction to the Spanish Universalist School presents the most significant authors, works, and concepts of a distinctive humanistic and scientific intellectual community, one mostly comprised of ex-Jesuits exiled to Italy at the end of the 18th century. The study of this corner of the Hispanic Enlightenment, marked especially by the work of Juan Andrés, Lorenzo Hervás, and Antonio Eximeno, offers contributions to the history of European sciences and letters, to the history of ideas, and to the concepts of universality and globalization.
Poetry and Politics at the Court of Mary Tudor
Author: Matthew Tibble
In Nicolaus Mameranus, Matthew Tibble recovers an obscure but revealing body of poetry and political commentary that the Imperial poet laureate Nicolaus Mameranus produced for the court of Mary I of England during the visit of her husband, Philip II of Spain, in 1557.
Where most studies portray this period as one of decline and decay, Tibble argues instead that, for many Catholics, 1557 was characterised by hope and a sense of progression. He argues that the royal couple successfully re-forged their image as the embodiment of a political union that many considered the foundation of a new Anglo-Habsburg dynasty, and, equally successfully, represented their dual monarchy as a bastion in the fight to reform Catholic Christianity in response to the Protestant Reformation.
Denkmuster und Repräsentationsformen vom Alten Testament bis in die Neuzeit
Die Naturalisierung der Geschlechterordnung hat eine eminent politische Bedeutung. Dies lässt sich an der Geschichte der Geschlechter in vormodernen Gesellschaften beobachten, gewinnt aber auch in unseren Tagen erneut unerwartete Aktualität.
Die vermeintliche „Natur“-Ordnung der Geschlechter, die teils explizit behauptet, teils aber auch begründungslos vorausgesetzt wird, demonstriert die Wirkungsmacht von Naturalisierung in besonderem Maße. Gerade hier wird die Umwandlung gesellschaftlich-kulturell bedingter und historisch variabler Verhältnisse in vermeintlich ahistorische und invariable Naturgegebenheit und Naturnotwendigkeit exemplarisch deutlich. Der Band zeigt Strategien und Modelle der Naturalisierung der Geschlechterordnung sowie die Breite und Varianz der Geschlechterrollen vom Alten Testament und der klassischen Antike über naturphilosophische Spekulationen im Mittelalter bis in die Literaturen und die Kunst der Neuzeit.
Author: Blake D. Dutton

Abstract

In The Quantity of the Soul, Augustine puts forward the view that the soul is immaterial and that its quantity (quantitas) must be understood in terms of power rather than spatial extension. Against this view, his friend and interlocutor Evodius raises an important objection, The Objection from Touch, which argues that the soul’s exercise of tactile sensation requires that it be extended through the parts of the body. This paper examines Evodius’s objection and Augustine’s response to it. Particular attention is given to certain features of Augustine’s theory of sensation that this exchange reveals, especially his view that the eyes undergo passion-at-a-distance or are acted on at a place where they are not present.

In: History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis
Editors: Ayman Shihadeh and Jan Thiele
Philosophical Theology in Islam studies the later history of the Ashʿarī school of theology through in-depth probings of its thought, sources, scholarly networks and contexts. Starting with a review of al-Ghazālī’s role in the emergence of post-Avicennan philosophical theology, the book offers a series of case studies on hitherto unstudied texts by the towering thinker Fakhr al-Dīn al-Rāzī as well as specific philosophical and theological topics treated in his works. Studies furthermore shed light on the transmission and reception of later Ashʿarī doctrines in periods and regions that have so far received little scholarly attention. This book is the first exploration of the later Ashʿarī tradition across the medieval and early-modern period through a trans-regional perspective.

Contributors: Peter Adamson, Asad Q. Ahmed, Fedor Benevich, Xavier Casassas Canals, Jon Hoover, Bilal Ibrahim, Andreas Lammer, Reza Pourjavady, Harith Ramli, Ulrich Rudolph, Meryem Sebti, Delfina Serrano-Ruano, Ayman Shihadeh, Aaron Spevack, and Jan Thiele.