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In Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, Matthew V. Novenson brings together thirteen state-of-the-art essays by leading scholars on the various ways ancient Jewish, Christian, and classical writers conceive of God, Christ, Wisdom, the demiurge, angels, foreign gods, and other divine beings. In particular, the book revisits the “early high Christology” debates of the 1990s, identifying the lasting contributions thereof as well as the lingering difficulties and new, emerging questions from the last thirty years of research. The essays in this book probe the much-touted but under-theorized distinctions between monotheism and polytheism, Judaism and Hellenism, Christianity and paganism. They show how what we call monotheism and Christology fit within the Greco-Roman world of which they are part.
Die Biblische Zeitschrift, eine der führenden internationalen Zeitschriften für biblische Studien, lädt Forscher dazu ein, herausragende Monographien und Tagungsbände in deutscher, englischer und französischer Sprache für ihre neu gegründete Reihe „Biblische Zeitschrift Supplements“ (BZ Sup) einzureichen. Diese dem Peer-Review-Verfahren unterliegende Buchreihe beabsichtigt, das Verständnis der biblischen Texte des alten und Neuen Testamentes zu vertiefen. Auch Manuskripte zu philologischen oder textkritischen Fragestellungen und zu Fragen der historischen und kulturellen Kontextualisierung einschließlich der Analyse der zwischentestamentlichen und deuterokanonischen Literatur sowie zu literarischen, hermeneutischen und theologischen Fragestelllungen sind ebenso willkommen wie Untersuchungen zur Wirkungsgeschichte biblischer Texte. BZ Sup steht den Beiträgen etablierter Forscher ebenso wie innovativen Arbeiten jüngerer Forscher im spannenden und sich dauerhaft fortentwickelnden Feld der biblischen Studien offen. Biblische Zeitschrift, one of the leading international journals in Biblical Studies, calls researchers to submit excellent monographs and conference volumes in German, English and French for its newly founded series "Biblische Zeitschrift Supplements" (BZ Sup). This new peer-reviewed series aims to further the understanding of the Biblical texts of the Old and the New Testament. Subjects may include philological or text-critical issues, questions of historical and cultural contextualization including the analysis of intertestamental and deutero-canonical literature, or develop literary, hermeneutical or theological issues. Studies in the history of reception of Bible texts are also welcome. BZ Sup is open both to contributions from established researchers and to innovative hiqh-quality work of younger colleagues in the exciting, ever-developing field of Biblical Studies.
Die beiden ältesten erhaltenen literarischen Werke und theologischen Entwürfe des Urchristentums im Vergleich
In welcher Beziehung stehen das früheste Evangelium, das des Markus, und die ersten Gemeindebriefe des Apostels Paulus zueinander?
Heidrun E. Mader gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die Beziehung zwischen den Paulusbriefen und dem Markusevangelium. Sie integriert mehrere Themen, die Paulus und Markus in ähnlicher Weise behandeln, zu einem konsistenten Gesamtbild. Dabei kommen zur Sprache: der universalistische Begriff Evangelium; die Integration paganer Christusgläubiger; die Stellung der Tora im frühchristlichen Gemeinschaftsleben; die zentrale Rolle des Kreuzes. Mader zeigt, dass es spezifische und exklusive Übereinstimmungen zwischen Paulus und Markus gibt, die über Gemeinsamkeiten mit anderen antiken Schriften hinausgehen.
Die Ergebnisse lassen jedoch nicht zwingend auf eine direkte literarische Abhängigkeit schließen. Die paulinische Theologie könnte auch mündlich übermittelt worden sein, insbesondere wenn die Hypothese zutrifft, dass Markus in Rom lebte, so dass er Anfang der 60er Jahre Paulus selbst in Rom hören konnte.
In Argument is War: Relevance-Theoretic Comprehension of the Conceptual Metaphor of War in the Apocalypse, Clifford T. Winters demonstrates that the apparent war in the Apocalypse is rather telling the story of the gospel: how Christ will restore Israel and, through them, the rest of the world. When Revelation is viewed through the corrective lens of cognitive linguistics, its violence becomes victory, its violent characters become Christ, and its bloody end becomes the blessed beginning of the New Jerusalem. Revelation is simply telling the story of the early church (the Gospels and Acts) to the early church, and it is using a conceptual metaphor (‘ARGUMENT IS WAR’) to do it.
Author: Xander van Eck
The Gouda Windows (1552-1572): Art and Catholic Renewal on the Eve of the Dutch Revolt offers the first complete analysis of the cycle of monumental Renaissance stained-glass windows donated to the Sint Janskerk in Gouda, after a fire gutted it in 1552. Central among the donors were king Philip II of Spain and bishop of Utrecht Joris van Egmond, who worked together to reform the Church. The inventor of the iconographic program, a close associate to the bishop as well as the king, strove to renew Catholic art by taking the words of Jesus as a starting point. Defining Catholic religion based on widely accepted biblical truths, the ensemble shows that the Mother Church can accommodate all true Christians.
Johannine Christology provides a snapshot of the foremost investigations of this important topic by a selection of scholars representing a range of expertise in this field. The volume is organized into four major parts, which are concerned with the formation of Johannine Christology, Johannine Christology in Hellenistic and Jewish contexts, Christology and the literary character of the Johannine writings, and the application of Christology for the Johannine audience and beyond.

The fifteen contributors to this volume comprise an international set of Johannine scholars who explore various ways of both describing and then pursuing the implications of Johannine Christology. Their contributions focus primarily upon the Gospel, but involve other key texts as well.
In Violence in the Hebrew Bible scholars reflect on texts of violence in the Hebrew Bible, as well as their often problematic reception history. Authoritative texts and traditions can be rewritten and adapted to new circumstances and insights. Texts are subject to a process of change. The study of the ways in which these (authoritative) biblical texts are produced and/or received in various socio-historical circumstances discloses a range of theological and ideological perspectives. In reflecting on these issues, the central question is how to allow for a given text’s plurality of possible and realised meanings while also retaining the ability to form critical judgments regarding biblical exegesis. This volume highlight that violence in particular is a fruitful area to explore this tension.
Author: Anthony Meyer
This study brings together all ancient evidence to tell the story of the divine name, YHWH, as it travels in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek through the Second Temple period, the most formative era of Judaism.
During the Second Temple period (516 BCE–70 CE), Jews became reticent to speak and write the divine name, YHWH, also known by its four letters in Greek as the tetragrammaton. Priestly, pious, and scribal circles limitted the use of God’s name, and then it disappeared. The variables are poorly understood and the evidence is scattered. This study brings together all ancient Jewish literary and epigraphic evidence in Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek to describe how, when, and in what sources Jews either used or avoided the divine name. Instead of a diachronic contrast from use to avoidance, as is often the scholarly assumption, the evidence suggests diverse and overlapping naming practices that draw specific meaning from linguistic, geographic, and social contexts.

Abstract

While the majority of previous scholarship on Augustine’s theology has treated his references to rhetorical concepts as incidental, Robert Dodaro (2004), Michael Cameron (2010), Mark Clavier (2014) and Adam Ployd (2017), have recognized recently that Augustine incorporated sundry aspects of rhetorical theory into his theology in a consequential manner. In this article I advance this new scholarly movement in two ways. First, I show that Augustine also used rhetorical theory in a consequential manner in his early theology of creation; I argue that Augustine utilized the rhetorical concept of economy (oeconomia) as the logic justifying God’s declaration that the completed creation was “very good” (Gen 1.31) by means of a close reading of De Genesi aduersus Manichaeos 1.21.32. Secondly, I combine my findings in this article with previous research to contend that future scholarship on Augustine’s theology should treat his references to rhetorical concepts as potentially consequential.

In: Vigiliae Christianae

Abstract

Brent D. Shaw has questioned the historicity of the Neronian persecution based on two arguments from silence: Tacitus’s use of the term “Christians” is an anachronism; and Suetonius knows of no connection between the fire in Rome and Nero’s police actions against the Christians. Both of these untestable arguments from silence are inherently weak logically. One can make a good case for the claim that Chrestianus, Christianus, and Χριστιανός are not creations of the second century and that Roman officials were probably aware of the Chrestiani in the 60s. Tacitus’s and Suetonius’s accounts of the persecution are fundamentally reliable.

In: Vigiliae Christianae