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Biblical Exegesis without Authorial Intention?

Interdisciplinary Approaches to Authorship and Meaning

Edited by Clarissa Breu

In Biblical Exegesis without Authorial Intention? Interdisciplinary Approaches to Authorship and Meaning, Clarissa Breu offers interdisciplinary contributions to the question of the author in biblical interpretation with a focus on “death of the author” theory. The wide range of approaches represented in the volume comprises mostly postmodern theory (e. g. Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Paul de Man, Julia Kristeva and Gilles Deleuze), but also the implied author and intentio operis. Furthermore, psychology, choreography, reader-response theories and anthropological studies are reflected. Inasmuch as the contributions demonstrate that biblical studies could utilize significantly more differentiated views on the author than are predominantly presumed within the discipline, it is an invitation to question the importance and place attributed to the author.
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Edited by Cilliers Breytenbach and Christoph Markschies

The chapters in this volume cover all aspects of the work of Adolf Deissmann (1866–1937). Following his main works, the authors highlight crucial aspects and impulses from his philological work on the New Testament, including the interpretation of Paul, Light from the Ancient East, the social status of the first Christians, and the lexicography of the New Testament. His background in the Lutheran Church of Hessen-Nassau, his contribution to the ecumenical movement together with Nathan Söderblom and through the Evangelische Wochenbriefe during World War II, and his role as rector of the Berlin University in 1930/1931 are also discussed. The contributions illustrate that notwithstanding his ecumenical engagement, Deissmann never gave up his scholarly work. The essays trace the influence of his philological and historical work among his students and place contemporary debates on Deissmann as philologist and theologian in their historical context.

Dieser Band widmet sich in neun Einzelbeiträgen der gesamten Breite des Schaffens von Adolf Deissmann (1866–1937). Entlang den Hauptwerken werden wesentliche Aspekte und Impulse aus seiner philologisch orientierten Arbeit am Neuen Testament neu gewürdigt (Interpretation der Paulusbriefe, Licht vom Osten, „Unterschichtenthese“, neutestamentliche Lexikographie etc.). Daneben geht es um seine Herkunft aus der Evangelischen Kirche in Hessen-Nassau, um sein Wirken in der Ökumene am Beispiel der Beziehung zu Nathan Söderblom und der Arbeit an den Evangelischen Wochenbriefen im Ersten Weltkrieg sowie um seine Rolle als Rektor der Berliner Universität von 1930 bis 1931. Die Beiträge zeigen, dass Deissmann trotz seines ökumenischen Engagements seine wissenschaftliche Arbeit nicht aufgegeben hat. Die Aufsätze gehen den Wirkungen seiner philologisch-historischen Arbeit unter seinen Schülern nach und stellen die zeitgenössischen Debatten um den Philologen und Theologen Deissmann in ihren historischen Kontext.
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H.A.G. Houghton, Christina M. Kreinecker, R.F MacLachlan and C.J Smith

The earliest Latin versions of the writings of the New Testament offer important insights into the oldest forms of the biblical text, the use of language in the ancient Church and the foundations from which Christian theology developed in the West. This volume presents a collation of Old Latin evidence for the four principal Pauline Epistles (Romans, 1 and 2 Corinthians and Galatians). The sources comprise twenty-six Vetus Latina manuscripts, ten commentaries written between the fourth and sixth centuries and four early testimonia collections. Their text differs in many ways from the standard Vulgate version. Created using innovative digital editing tools, this collation makes this valuable data available for the first time and is complemented by full electronic transcriptions online.
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Hannah W. Matis

In The Song of Songs in the Early Middle Ages, Hannah W. Matis examines how the Song of Songs, the collection of Hebrew love poetry, was understood in the Latin West as an allegory of Christ and the church. This reading of the biblical text was passed down via the patristic tradition, established by the Venerable Bede, and promoted by the chief architects of the Carolingian reform. Throughout the ninth century, the Song of Songs became a text that Carolingian churchmen used to think about the nature of Christ and to conceptualize their own roles and duties within the church. This study examines the many different ways that the Song of Songs was read within its early medieval historical context.
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Edited by Florian Wilk

Scriptural Interpretation at the Interface between Education and Religion examines prominent texts from Jewish, Christian, and Islamic communities with a view to determining to what extent education ( Bildung) represents the precondition, the central feature and/or the aim of the interpretation of 'Holy Scripture' in antiquity. In particular, consideration is given to the exegetical techniques, the hermeneutical convictions and the contexts of intercultural exchange which determine the process of interpretation. The volume contains a methodological reflection as well as investigations of scriptural interpretation in Jewish texts from the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C.E., in New Testament writings, and in witnesses from late ancient Christianity and in the Qur’an. Finally, it contains a critical appraisal of the scholarly oeuvre of Hans Conzelmann. This work thus fosters scholarly understanding of the function of scriptural interpretation at the interface between education and religion.
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Jörn Kiefer

Bezeichnet תשוקה in der Hebräischen Bibel sexuelles Verlangen (Gen 3,16; Hld 7,11) oder ein aggressives Streben (Gen 4,7)? Der Aufsatz trägt die linguistischen und semantischen Argumente aus allen Bereichen zusammen: Aus dem biblischen Sprachgebrauch, auch dem der wurzelverwandten Verben, von semitischen Parallelen, aus alten Übersetzungen und dem nachbiblischen Hebräisch. Fazit: Wie das Verbum שׁקק zum einen „sich stürzen auf“ zum anderen aber „begierig sein nach“ bedeuten kann, so auch תשוקה. Im „Aussein auf etwas“ liegt der gemeinsame Nenner.

Does the biblical term תשוקה mean sexual desire (Gen 3:16, 7,11) or aggressive pursuit (Gen 4,7)? This essay collects the linguistic and semantic arguments from all areas: biblical usage, root-related verbs, Semitic parallels, ancient translations, and postbiblical Hebrew. Conclusion: Just as the verb שׁקק means on the one hand “rush at” on the other hand “be eager for”, so also תשוקה. The common denominator is “being out for something”.

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Prophet am Ende

Auf den Spuren Jeremias in Jer 19,1–21,10

Johannes Schiller

In the context of the Book of Jeremiah the highly complex texts of Jer 19,1–21,10 serve as an exilic-postexilic reflexion of the catastrophe. At the same time, however, a detailed analysis shows that a lot of text features allow a different interpretation – in view of the approaching war and the current danger of extinction.

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Phönizier und Geldbeutel

Anmerkungen zu Spr 7

Hans-Peter Mathys

Die fremde Frau von Spr 7 ist wie ihr Mann, der mit großer Wahrscheinlichkeit im internationalen Fernhandel tätig ist, eine Phönizierin oder pflegt doch einen phönizischen „way of life“. Dafür sprechen neben der Tatsache, dass in nachexilischer Zeit in Jehud und Samaria der Handel vor allem in der Hand der Phönizier lag, Ausdrücke, die eindeutig in die Levante weisen: marbaddīm, „Decken“, kesä’ „Neumondtag“ sowie zibḥē šelāmīm „Heilsopfer“. Auch der Geldbeutel, den der Mann der fremden Frau bei sich trägt, weist in diese Richtung: Seit dem 4. Jh. v.Chr. – und zum Teil bis in die Gegenwart – gelten die Phönizier als Erfinder des Münzgeldes, was nachweislich falsch ist.

The Strange Woman in Prov 7, like her husband who in all likelihood is involved in international trade, is a Phoenician or at least she leads a Phoenician way of life. This conjecture is substantiated by the fact that trade in Yehud and Samaria in post-exilic times was mainly in the hands of the Phoenicians, but even more by expressions that clearly point to the Levant: marbaddīm “coverings”, kesä’ “full moon”, and zibḥē šelāmīm “peace offerings”. The bag of money that the woman’s husband has taken with him also points to Phoenicia. The Phoenicians have been considered the inventors of coinage ever since the 4th century BC – though this is demonstrably incorrect.

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