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Frank Achtenhagen, Fritz K. Oser and Ursula Renold


Sandra Grace, Joy Higgs and Debbie Horsfall


Investigating Teachers in Relation


Monica Taylor and Lesley Coia

Matthias Baer, Günter Dörr, Urban Fraefel, Mirjam Kocher, Oliver Küster, Susanna Larcher, Peter Müller, Waltraud Sempert and Corinne Wyss

The article presents aims, methods and first results of a project involving three educational universities in Switzerland and Germany. Our focus of interest is the longitudinal analysis of teaching competences from the beginning up to the end of teacher training. We test the teaching competences of a sample of student teachers at the beginning of the training and trace the development of their competences over the three-year period of their study. Methodologically, our study is based on Oser’s professional standards, as well as on the four dimensions ‘subject knowledge’, ‘diagnostic knowledge’, ‘didactical knowledge’, and ‘classroom management knowledge’, which have been framed as crucial competences for teachers. A combination of the following different instruments was used to investigate how teaching competences develop during teacher training: (1) questionnaires for teacher students and expert teachers, (2) vignettes, (3) a so-called «video test», and (4) video analyses of school lessons. According to this goal, the relationship between students’ subjective ratings of their competences and standardized data from observations and tests are compared to investigate the relationship between subjective rating data from students and standardized data from observations and tests. Our study aims at the development of complex teacher knowledge in order to foster the acquisition of professional teacher competences in pre-service teacher training.


Joy Higgs, Debbie Horsfall and Sandra Grace

Teachers' Professional Development

Aims, Modules, Evaluation

Edited by Frank Achtenhagen, Fritz K. Oser and Ursula Renold

Within the central topics of the debate on teachers’ professionalism are the problems of research-based and evidence-based initial and lifelong teacher behavior. Although the statements on professional similarities of teacher actions with those of other (academic) professionals are very plausible, there remains a central task for teacher education programs: How to develop towards such expertise—which is equal to evidence convictions—effectively and efficiently. Which role do scientific research and its results play in this context? How can research results be converted into recommendations for teacher actions?
The contributions to this book focus on central problems of the conversion process: In the first part the goal dimension is treated: Maiello & Oser emphasize the relationship of central variables of teacher behaviour as identity, professional satisfaction or self-efficacy to teachers’ professional behaviour; Blömeke, Felbrich & Müller discuss the role of future teachers’ beliefs on the nature of mathematics; Stevenson uses cultural historical activity theory to work out cognitive schemas that can be targeted in vocational teacher education; Gruber tackles the problem of how vocational teachers can be supported to become experts by discussing especially four major possible research strategies.
The second part of this book is dedicated to possible intervention approaches by which the gap of theory and practice shall be bridged. Steiner & Steiner report on critical learning incidents which heavily influence the micro-processes which characterize teachers’ instructional measures; Winther differentiates the trait and state perspective of motivation with regard to their consequences for the learning process; Boekaerts focuses on aspects of collaborative learning; Weber sharpens her deliberations explicitly to a design experiment on the problem of initiating intercultural learning.
The third part of this book is a report of the use and the consequences of Oser’s model of teaching standards. Baer, Dörr, Fraefel, Kocher, Kiester, Larcher, Müller, Sempert & Wyss show results of a large study on the development of teacher competences run in Switzerland and Germany. The study observes the competence development of prospective teachers from the beginning of their teaching training up to the job entry phase. This book is published under the auspices of the Swiss Federal Office for Professional Education and Technology.

Framing Research Questions and Writing Philosophically

The role of framing research questions


Franziska Trede and Joy Higgs