The Impact of the Presbyterian Church in the Caribbean
Una topología cultural del exilio
Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, Jato contends that the experience of space in exile is relational, and that the staging posts described in each chapter have no meaning unless they are interconnected as integral parts of a cultural topology.
En El éxodo español de 1939: una topología cultural del exilio Mónica Jato da cuenta de las variadas estrategias culturales empleadas por los refugiados republicanos españoles para adaptarse a las condiciones de sus nuevos entornos con el fin de transformarlos en lugares habitables. El libro indaga así la centralidad del concepto de lugar en la reconstrucción del hogar perdido y lo hace a través de sus diferentes etapas: en los campos de internamiento franceses, en los barcos rumbo a América y durante el asentamiento en tierras mexicanas.
La experiencia del exilio es abordada aquí desde una perspectiva interdisciplinaria que pone de manifiesto el aspecto relacional de estas pausas espaciales cuya interconexión define esta particular topología cultural.
The Geopolitics of Precarious Work and Super-Exploitation
Adrián Sotelo Valencia
Daniela Spenser's is the first biography of Lombardo Toledano based on his extensive private papers, on primary sources from European, Mexican and American archives, and on personal interviews. Her even-keeled portrayal of the man counters previous hagiographies and/or vilifications.
José Aricó and the New Latin American Marxism
Guided by an interest in Marxism’s renovation, Cortés explores Aricó’s vital contributions to key topics in political theory, such as the nation, the state, the political subject, and hegemony.
Contesting Neo-Liberalism by Occupying Companies, Creating Cooperatives, and Recuperating Autogestión
The late pre-Columbian period in the region of Lima has mainly been studied and described thanks to the help of ethnohistorical sources. Urban development has destroyed many pre-hispanic ruins, but nevertheless a growing amount of archaeological data is now available. It is especially since 2008 that renewed interest in the pre-hispanic past of Lima has emerged, including through the development of rescue archeology and heritage management. In this chapter, I propose to use these different types of sources to develop a synthetic picture of the sociopolitical organization of the area under the Inca Empire.
Carlos Alberto González Sánchez
In the Iberoamerican world, printing and written culture in general, proliferated in episcopal and university venues, enclaves which also had institutional, economic, and political equipment in tune with the typographic developments of the time. In 16th-century Spanish America, Lima was an important center of administrative and governmental infrastructure. Additionally, it was a center of learning and research, home to convent libraries, research centers, and even a royally sanctioned university, the Universidad de San Marcos. Lima, therefore, was home to a wide-ranging literary public made up of the clergy, professors, scholars, students, employees, and liberal professionals. At the end of the 16th century, Lima could boast of being the most dynamic cultural enclave in the South America, equipped with material far superior to that of many Spanish and European medium-sized cities.
María Gracia Ríos
This chapter argues that British piracy in Spanish American territories impacted the Peruvian viceroyalty both politically and culturally, inspiring new ways of reflecting on challenges to the Spanish Empire from within its colonies. At first, maritime predation became a rhetorical tool for Spaniards to claim sovereignty and possession over the New World. Later on, it helped to justify the need of a well-organized and trained American army that could defend the American coasts from English maritime forces and the inland region from rebellious indigenous groups. As I conclude, the presence of European enemies in the Viceroyalty of Peru fostered a new literary voice that sought to represent Lima as its distinctive place of enunciation.
In rediscovering a business contract drawn up in 16th-century Callao, an entire culture of secular, professional theater in 16th-century Lima is revealed. Inarguably creating the first theater company in the Western Hemisphere, the contract has male and female signatories, a democratic structure, business sophistication, and synchronicity with theater practices in Shakespeare’s London. Asking what motivated the profession’s movement west, I argue the causes included restrictions on women (and all) actors and the zeitgeist of colonial fervor. Players were onstage in Spanish America 100 years earlier than current hegemonic narratives have suggested; the contract’s neglect reveals pervasive biases in historiography. Theater culture makes a case for Lima as an underappreciated, diverse, modernizing early center of artistic development, cultural mixing, and women’s independent agency. Embodied cultural texts contain evidence of artistic continuity and evolution, but an archival discovery such as this contract demands new perspectives on the genealogy of American theater history.