is a defense of women as faithful wives and good governors. It was first published in 1540 and is dedicated to Queen Anne, who married Henry in January of that year. The dialogue pits the currish Caninius as misogynist against the open, innocent Candidus, a defender of women. Elyot makes clear that he stands with Candidus. The dialogue is set in Rome under the Emperor Aurelian, whose relatively brief rule from 270–275 included the time when Zenobia, the queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, was held in house arrest in Rome. In the climatic third section of the dialogue, Zenobia joins Candidus and Caninius’ discussion. She describes an education that is modelled after that which Elyot set forth for governors in the Governor. As a result, she was well-prepared to governor, and her governing style conforms to Elyot’s ideals: she reformed the laws, being sure to set an example by observing them first in her own household; she took pains to meet with her subjects by traveling throughout the realm; in the council chamber, she deferred speaking until others expressed their views—all points that resonant with the Elyot’s formation of the ideal governor. In publishing a defense of women as governors, Elyot appears to be advising England that a woman governor may be an eventuality and should not be feared.