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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties — 40 Years after, by Mark E. Villiger.
The 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, regulating treaties between States, lies at the heart of international law. This course analyses how the Convention has been applied by States and tribunals in the past 40 years. Particular issues which are examined concern reservations to treaties, interpretation, jus cogens, breach of treaty, the procedural rules under the Convention – and of course the Convention’s relationship to customary international law.

The Public International Law Regime Governing International Investment, by José E. Alvarez.
This course considers the ramifications of the legal regime that governs transborder capital flows. This regime consists principally of a network of some 3,000 investment treaties, as well as a growing body of arbitral decisions. Professor Alvarez contends that the contemporary international investment regime should no longer be described as a
species of territorial “empire” imposed by rich capital exporters on capital importers. He examines the evolution of investment treaties and investor-State jurisprudence constante and identifies the connections between these and general trends within public international law, including the increased resort to treaties (“treatification”), growing risks to the law’s consistency (“fragmentation”), and the proliferation of forms of international adjudication (“judicialization”). Professor Alvarez also considers whether the regime’s efforts to “balance” the needs of non-State investors and sovereigns ought to be characterized as “global administrative law”, as a form of “constitutionalization”, or as an increasingly human-rights-centred enterprise.

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The Influence of the International Sale of Goods Convention on Domestic Law Including Conflict of Laws (with Specific Reference to Russian Law) Valeriy Musin
The course of lectures deals with Russian civil law norms regulating sales contract as compared with relevant rules of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 1980).
The author shows that Russian norms are quite consistent with those of the Convention as well as with the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts.

A Transcivilizational Perspective on International Law. Questioning Prevalent Cognitive Frameworks
in the Emerging Multi-Polar and Multi-Civilizational World of the Twenty-First Century Yasuaki Onuma
The twenty-first century will witness conflicts which may destabilize the international order. These conflicts are likely to arise between emerging Asian States such as China and India whose material power is growing, and the Western nations who wield significant ideational power. A West-centric international society will change to a multi-polar and multi-civilizational global society. This structural change includes, and further needs, changes of understandings and perceptions of the world, including of international law. The perspectives from which we see, understand, appreciate and assess international law must change. We need to interpret international law not only from a prevalent Statecentric international perspective and West-centric transnational perspective. Onuma argues that we must grasp international law from what he calls a trans-civilizational perspective as well. By adopting such three-layered perspectives, international law is shown to be functioning as a tool of politics yet constrained by cultural and civilizational factors. Such complex subjects as global history of international law, concepts of general and customary international law, and human rights could be appreciated in a more nuanced and subtle manner.

Académie de Droit International de la Haye / Hague Academy of International Law

Reflections on the Relevance of Public International Law to Private International Law Treaty Making Paul R. Beaumont
This lecture focuses on treaty interpretation, reservations, declarations, the relationship between international instruments and decision making methods in an international institution. It deals with these public international law issues from the perspective of a private international lawyer who has encountered them when negotiating several treaties at the Hague Conference on Private International Law (the revised Statute of the Conference, the Choice of Court Agreements Convention, and the Maintenance Convention and its Protocol).

Conflits de lois en droit maritime Sergio M. Carbone
La doctrine et la jurisprudence la plus récente relèvent de plus en plu les limites de l’utilisation du critère de la nationalité du navire dans la solution des conflits de loi.
En ce qui concerne les conflits de lois relatifs aux transports maritimes de marchandise, on tient compte des différences des solutions adoptées à propos des charter-parties, des transports tramps et des transports maritimes de ligne documentés par un connaissement.
A propos du contrat de travail maritime, on confirme l’affaiblissement du rôle de la nationalité du navire et l’importance croissante de la négociation collective internationale.
En ce qui concerne la responsabilité extracontractuelle, c’est la lex damni qui s’applique, sauf pour ce qui concerne les événements à l’intérieur du navire.
De cette analyse, enfin, résulte confirmée la tendance à l’internationalisation du droit maritime et la fonction résiduelle confiée à la loi du pavillon dans la solution des conflits de lois.

Unifying and Harmonizing Substantive Law and the Role of Conflict of Laws Katharina Boele Woelki
Traditionally, conflict of law rules designate only national substantive law as the applicable law. Many unifying and harmonizing substantive law instruments of both States and non-State organizations, however, are designed specifically for application to cross-border relationships. Achieving this objective is, generally, hindered by conflict of law rules. The requirements which non-national law needs to fulfil in order to be accepted as the law governing a cross-border relationship deserve clarification. Not only uniform law, such as the CISG and the envisaged European substantive law instrument for the law of obligations, but, particularly, instruments which are aimed at harmonizing substantive law, challenge the established systems of conflict of laws. In seeking a positive approach towards the application of a law other than national law various aspects need to be considered: (1) is the decision taken by a court or an arbitral tribunal; (2) what field of law (contract/delict/tort or family relationships) is involved; and (3) the objective or subjective (choice by the parties) designation of the applicable law.

Académie de Droit International de la Haye / Hague Academy of International Law

La dimension sociale du droit international privé. Cours général par Andreas Bucher.

Ce cours apporte la cohérence au pluralisme des méthodes, dans une perspective qui tient compte des intérêts de la société. Les règles de conflit de lois sont présentées dans une nouvelle structure, exhaustive, permettant de définir la place des règles unilatérales et bilatérales et des lois de police et d’y intégrer le droit communautaire européen. La fonction des tribunaux dans l’ordre international révèle des enjeux rendant indispensables des progrès dans la coopération entre Etats.

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights and the European Court of Justice on the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction by Paul R. Beaumont
The lectures are a thorough analysis of the case law of the European Court of Human Rights on the Hague Convention on International Child Abduction of 1980. They reveal significant areas where the Court has helped to give a srong and uniform interpretation to the Convention, for example robust enforcement, strong obligations on Central Authorities and strict construction of the exceptions to the duty to return a child to the country of his or her habitual residence. The last point is skilfully reconciled with the requirement to do what is in the best interests of the child in each case. The recent decision of the European Court of Justice on child abduction in the Rinau case is scrutinized.

La propriété intellectuelle en droit international privé par Dario Moura Vicente
En dépit des efforts entrepris au long du siècle dernier en vue de l’harmonisation et de l’unification internationales des législations concernant la propriété intellectuelle, des divergences significatives subsistent entre les systèmes juridiques nationaux dans ce domaine. L’idéal d’une protection universelle de contenu unitaire étant dans une large mesure inachevé, la tutelle internationale de la propriété intellectuelle se fonde encore sur les principes de l’indépendance des droits et de la territorialité.
L’évolution contemporaine du droit de la propriété intellectuelle démontre toutefois une tendance très nette dans le sens d’un dépassement de la stricte territorialité qui le caractérisait. Cette évolution est demandée par les besoins de fonctionnement des économies modernes, dans lesquelles l’exploitation des biens intellectuels se fait de plus en plus à l’échelle mondiale. Plutôt qu’une unification des régimes juridiques nationaux en matière de propriété intellectuelle, il faut assurer une coordination de ces régimes par le biais de règles de conflits de lois et de juridictions. Tel est le défi fondamental que le droit international privé doit relever en cette matière.

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Les formes contemporaines de l'esclavage par Emmanuel DECAUX
Depuis près de deux siècles, la question de l’esclavage et de la traite négrière est au coeur des relations internationales. Du Congrès de Vienne de 1815 qui dénonce un commerce « répugnant aux principes d’humanité et de morale universelle » jusqu’à la Cour internationale de Justice qui évoque en 1970 les « principes et [l]es règles concernant les droits fondamentaux de la personne humaine, y compris la protection contre la pratique de l’esclavage » comme source d’obligations erga omnes, le droit international contemporain est caractérisé par la construction progressive d’un régime international relevant de la notion de jus cogens.
Alors que de nombreux travaux récents évoquent l’esclavage sous l’angle historique ou dans une perspective contemporaine, cet ouvrage présente l’originalité de s’inscrire dans une perspective juridique de longue durée, au carrefour des sources formelles et matérielles du droit international public, tout en l’éclairant des débats les plus actuels sur les responsabilités historiques en la matière.

Lis Pendens in International Litigation by Campbell MCLACHLAN
What legal principles apply when courts in different jurisdictions are simultaneously seised with the same dispute ? This question — of international lis pendens — has long been controversial. But it has taken on new and urgent importance in our age. Globalization has driven an unprecedented rise in forum shopping between national courts and a proliferation of new international tribunals. Problems of litispendence have spawned some of the most dramatic litigation of modern times — from anti-suit injunction battles in commercial disputes, to the appeals of prisoners on death row to international human rights tribunals. The way we respond to this challenge has profound theoretical implications for the interaction of legal systems in today’s pluralistic world. In this wide-ranging survey, McLachlan analyses the problems of parallel litigation — in private and public international law and international arbitration. He argues that we need to develop a more sophisticated set of rules of conflict of litigations, guided by a cosmopolitan conception of the rule of law.

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Le droit international ou la dialectique de la rigueur et de la flexibilité par Ahmed MAHIOU.
De manière générale, le droit international est à la recherche permanente d'un équilibre entre des principes, des objectifs et des intérêts plus ou moins contradictoires; comme il est rare qu'un seul terme de l'alternative triomphe complètement, il lui appartient d'arbitrer et de tenter de trouver les conciliations appropriées, souvent instables et temporaires, car le mouvement dialectique entre la rigueur et la flexibilité est à l'œuvre dans la vie internationale comme dans les autres domaines de la vie humaine et sociale. Comment naissent, vivent et évoluent ces tentatives de conciliation dans l'ordre international? Telles sont globalement les idées directrices qui inspirent les développements de ce cours.

Académie de Droit International de la Ha

Edited by Académie de Droit International de la Ha

This volume contains the General Course on Private International Law on Respect for foreign law as a Principle of Private International Law, given by Professor A.V.M. Struycken, Professor emeritus at the University of Nijmegen.The title — Co-ordination and Co-operation in Respectful Disagreement —reflects the leading thought. Each State has its own legal truth, closely related to its culture. In private international law one has to accept this as a datum. This book re-explores the classical approach, in the awareness of international private relations being established under the roof of large bodies of imperative rules. It pays attention to the impact of the EC on private international law and to uniform substantive law. It elaborates on subject matter jurisdiction, not only of courts but of notaries and other office holders.

The Academy is a prestigious international institution for the study and teaching of Public and Private International Law and related subjects. The work of the Hague Academy receives the support and recognition of the UN. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law .