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In Wartime Sexual Violence at the International Level: A Legal Perspective Dr. Caterina E. Arrabal Ward discusses the understanding of wartime sexual violence by the international tribunals and argues that wartime sexual violence often takes place without the explicit purpose to destroy a community or population and is not necessarily a strategic choice. This research suggests that a more focused approach based on a much clearer definition of these crimes would help to remedy deficiencies at the different stages of international justice in relation to these crimes.

Author: Emmanuel Decaux
Depuis près de deux siècles, la question de l’esclavage et de la traite négrière est au coeur des relations internationales. Du Congrès de Vienne de 1815 qui dénonce un commerce « répugnant aux principes d’humanité et de morale universelle » jusqu’à la Cour internationale de Justice qui évoque en 1970 les « principes et [l]es règles concernant les droits fondamentaux de la personne humaine, y compris la protection contre la pratique de l’esclavage » comme source d’obligations erga omnes, le droit international contemporain est caractérisé par la construction progressive d’un régime international relevant de la notion de jus cogens.
Alors que de nombreux travaux récents évoquent l’esclavage sous l’angle historique ou dans une perspective contemporaine, cet ouvrage présente l’originalité de s’inscrire dans une perspective juridique de longue durée, au carrefour des sources formelles et matérielles du droit international public, tout en l’éclairant des débats les plus actuels sur les responsabilités historiques en la matière.
It is evident that the need to protect cultural objects exceeds the interest of a single owner or a bona fide purchaser, the State of an object's origin or the State where an object is located. Despite the complexity of weighing the contending interests and selecting appropriate rules from a welter of norms and customs, why can't we envisage a truly comprehensive set of international principles, practices and procedures, to protect the cultural heritage of mankind? Toward this end, the Centre for Studies and Research of The Hague Academy of International Law's programme provided a unique opportunity for organized exploration and analysis. This volume presents the resulting studies prepared by the Directors of Research, together with the more specific reports by the researchers working within the Centre. Together they offer an insightful analysis of the importance of fashioning durable rules and institutions for protecting the cultural heritage of mankind from the risks of armed conflict or illegal trafficking.


Il est évident que le besoin de protéger les objets culturels prévaut sur l’intérêt d’un quelconque propriétaire ou acheteur, ainsi que sur son pays d’origine ou encore sur celui où il se trouve. Or, le fait de devoir ménager différents intérêts conflictuels et sélectionner les règles appropriées dans une pléthore de normes et de coutumes apparaît comme une tâche extrêmement complexe. Par conséquent, pourquoi ne pas envisager de définir un ensemble complet de principes, pratiques et procédures à mettre en oeuvre sur le plan international dans le but de protéger le patrimoine culturel de l’humanité ? Le Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye a précisément conçu un programme dont le but est d’explorer et d’analyser cette démarche. Ce volume présente le résultat des études préparées par les directeurs de recherche et les rapports plus spécifiques produits par les chercheurs dans le cadre de ce programme. Utilisés ensemble, ces documents permettent d’analyser de façon approfondie l’importance qu’il y a à établir des règles et les institutions durables visant à protéger le patrimoine culturel de l’humanité contre les risques liés aux conflits armés et autres trafics illégaux.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 28.
The international community today confronts a dramatic paradox: we continue to produce more and more food, yet malnutrition, hunger and famine continue and even increase, placing millions of people in peril. At the same time, the more food is produced, the more risks of unsafe food are increasingly apparent and call to be addressed, partly through law.
We hope that this work may contribute to fill a major gap in the field: although food security constitutes a serious challenge on the world scale, one with many consequences, it has so far hardly been a subject of serious attention by scholars and researchers specialized in international law.


La communauté internationale est aujourd’hui confrontée à un grave paradoxe : alors que les quantités de denrées alimentaires produites ne cessent d’augmenter, la malnutrition, la faim et la famine gagnent du terrain et menacent la vie de millions de personnes. Plus la production s’intensifie, plus les risques liés à la sécurité des aliments s’aggravent et exigent d’être pris en charge (notamment) sur le plan juridique. En effet, bien que la sécurité alimentaire soit un problème lourd de conséquencesà l’échelle mondiale, elle n’a jusqu’à présent reçu que peu d’attention de la part des chercheurs et spécialistes du droit international. Nous espérons que ce travail contribuera à combler cette importante lacune.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 25.
The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of Public and Private International Law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
The contents of this volume consist of:
• The Perplexities of Modern International Law. General Course on Public International Law by Sh. ROSENNE, former Ambassador of Israel, Jerusalem.

To access the abstract texts for this volume please click here
The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of public and private international law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
This volume contains: - La famille en droit international privé, par A. BUCHER, professeur à l'Université de Genève; - Evolution of Principles for Resolving Conflicts in the Field of Contracts and Torts by J. DOLINGER, Professor at the State University of Rio de Janeiro.
The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of public and private international law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
This volume contains:
• Le rôle de l'Union européenne en matière de protection des droits de l'homme par J. RIDEAU, professeur à l'Université Sophia-Antipolis, Nice.

To access the abstract texts for this volume please click here
The practical importance of the subject of `The External Debt' in contemporary international life goes without saying.
On the analytical level, the interest and indeed the difficulty of the subject lies in the need for a multidisciplinary approach, where political, financial and legal aspects are closely linked and require a clear understanding. From the purely legal point of view, the traditional and largely artificial boundaries between private and public law, between private international law and public international law and even, more generally, between municipal and international law are clearly marked here. In this respect any analyst has to be a complete jurist, and this collection of essays (in English and French) is an illustration of this fact.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 17.
Any dreams that Europe had at last become too mature a society of states for the continent to be afficted by bloody international disputes have been shattered in recent months. This unique book examines both the sources of disputes -- the delimination of boundaries, ethnic differences, human rights violations, environmental damage, drug control, etc. -- and the most appropriate methods for settling them. The examination is thorough and detailed, and the result is a substantial work, authored by leading authorities, many of whom have played major roles in devising and operating dispute settlement procedures.
This bilingual (English and French) volume is destined to become an important vade-mecum for diplomats and officials, and a reference work of permanent significance for students, academics and all those interested in international law and relations.