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International law and the Hague, the city where so many institutions of international law are established, are intimately connected. This book presents the views developed by some of the active players in the legal capital of the world on a number of the current challenges faced by international law. The starting point was a seminar held in the Peace Palace, reviewing some of the legal policy questions of today, such as the acceptance of the jurisdiction of the ICJ as a prerequisite to dispute settlement. Supplementing these articles on classical international law are essays dealing with the younger discipline of international criminal law, as practiced by the ICC and other Tribunals, offering ideas on, among other things. how to speed up the lengthy procedures of international criminal tribunals. Other contributions debate the universality of human rights and their legal protection.
In Wartime Sexual Violence at the International Level: A Legal Perspective Dr. Caterina E. Arrabal Ward discusses the understanding of wartime sexual violence by the international tribunals and argues that wartime sexual violence often takes place without the explicit purpose to destroy a community or population and is not necessarily a strategic choice. This research suggests that a more focused approach based on a much clearer definition of these crimes would help to remedy deficiencies at the different stages of international justice in relation to these crimes.

Editors: Michael Glennon and Serge Sur
This volume of essays, drawn from a Hague Academy of International Law' Research Centre session, tackles one of the major challenges with regard to contemporary international law. Terrorism hits at the very nature of interstate relationships since it is defined by the action of non-State actors against States, and since it gives rise in return to reactions which go through multiple channels some of which were previously unused. The sheer mobility of terrorist activity, its capacity to provoke asymmetrical confrontations, creates yet another difficulty. This collection attempts to deal with some of the complicated questions that arise from the fact that terrorism challenges and puts into question peaceful international relations in all their different dimensions.

Ce volume regroupe des études résultant d’une session du Centre de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye et traite de l’un des principaux problèmes du droit international contemporain, à savoir le terrorisme. Le terrorisme frappe la nature même des relations entre les états. Il est le résultat des agissements d’acteurs non étatiques à l’encontre des états, et les réactions qu’il entraîne se manifestent par le biais de canaux dont certains n’avaient jusqu’à présent jamais été utilisés. A ces difficultés viennent s’ajouter la mobilité des activités terroristes et leur capacité à provoquer des confrontations inégales. Cette collection d’études traite de certaines des problématiques liées à la façon dont le terrorisme compromet la paix des relations internationales, et ce sur plusieurs plans.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 27.
The Academy is an institution for the study and teaching of Public and Private International Law and related subjects. Its purpose is to encourage a thorough and impartial examination of the problems arising from international relations in the field of law. The courses deal with the theoretical and practical aspects of the subject, including legislation and case law.
All courses at the Academy are, in principle, published in the language in which they were delivered in the Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law.
J. Barboza, Professor at the Catholic University of Buenos Aires
International Criminal Law
Since the Nuremberg and Tokyo judgments, criminal responsibility has played an increasing role in international law. This article gives a general view of the field, including recent developments such as the Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind, submitted by the International Law Commission to the General Assembly; the Courts for the ex-Yugoslavia and Rwanda and the Statute for an International Criminal Court considered by the Rome Conference. `International Crimes of the State' are also considered, in the light of the developments in the ILC and of their likely projections.
F. Maupain, Special Adviser of the International Labour Office, Geneva
The ILO, Social Justice and the Global Economy
The Creation of the ILO was premised upon the idea that the activities of States to promote social justice must, if they are to be effective, be supported by international action. However, international action is supposed to be limited to activities of co-ordination and emulation, while initiatives for progress and the determination of the contents of such progress remain the business of each State individually. The globalization of the economy seems to create a dual challenge to this interpretation: first, by weakening States' capacity and desire to engage in individual actions: and second, by provoking a growing demand, in particular on the part of workers, for the definition of a universal common denominator of protection. This article examines the various implications of these new problems, in particular with regard to ILO's constitutional means of action.