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Author: Dan Sarooshi
The law of international organizations is undergoing profound changes. This has been caused in large part by the increasingly important role that international organizations have played in exercising powers conferred on them by national Governments. This phenomenon has led to concerted attempts by States, international courts and tribunals, and domestic courts to seek to ensure accountability for these exercises of power by
imposing corresponding limits on international organizations.
This volume is focused on several key aspects of this accountability process: the content of the rules of international law relating to when an international organization can be held responsible for its breach of a primary rule of international law (the law codified in the UN draft Articles on the Responsibility of International Organizations), when an international organization can plead immunity from jurisdiction of national and possibly international tribunals, and what remedies can be taken against an international organization.
The chapters in this volume are the result of research conducted by outstanding junior academics who were participants in the 2011 Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations of the Hague Academy of International Law.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 34.
With the increasing sophistication of transnational criminal organization, coupled with globalization and its heavy dependence on maritime transport, the suppression of criminality at sea has again become a priority on the international community’s agenda. The theme at the heart of this volume is therefore Crimes at Sea — an issue of both great practical importance and academic interest. This work is the fruit of the 2012 session of the Hague Academy Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations — collectively, the fourteen chapters in this volume underscore the common challenges in international co-operation at the legal level with respect to crimes at sea and identify a number of the potential strengths and shortcomings of the applicable international law. There is a wide breadth of subject matters addressed in this volume, some focusing on particular crimes at sea, others on the general international legal framework within which responses to criminality at sea operate. Throughout the volume, there is a common theme of regime interaction — exploring the limits and efficiencies resulting from the overlapping applicability of human rights law, international criminal law, the law of State responsibility and the UN Charter regime. The contributions both illustrate and clarify the significant links between these legal regimes which support the fight against crimes at sea.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 35.
The central theme of the volume is cultural diversity, a vast subject that is highly relevant today. The particular focus here is on the many ways in which this diversity is managed within the framework of State law. The twelve contributors to this book have a special interest in how cultural traditions and their various forms of expression are handled by the law. They were all participants in the 2009 Research Programme of the Centre for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law. The breadth of the subject is reflected in the wide spectrum of perspectives from which the topic has been explored. Starting in each case from the existing State and international legal frameworks, the contributors explore how the interactions between positive law and other normative orders can be placed at the service of a legal system that is as fair as possible within a plural context. Contributors were asked to choose from two alternative approaches: either they could look at cultural diversity issues in the field of private (international) law, a fairly traditional field that is especially relevant to the legal treatment of cultural diversity ; or they could situate cultural diversity within the wider and more theoretical area of “legal pluralism”, whether on a local or regional level or at the international (United Nations) level.

Edited by Marie-Claire Foblets and Nadjma Yassari
With the contribution of:
M. Ben Lamine; N. Bialostozky; R. Colavitti; L.-M. Crăciunean; I. Gallala-Arndt; P. Kruiniger; V. Mainetti; S. Ouechtati; J. Ringelheim; B. Truffin; J. Verhellen; A. Vigorito.

Le thème au coeur de ce volume est la diversité culturelle, vaste sujet de grande actualité. L’intérêt porte ici plus particulièrement sur les manières disparates dont cette diversité est agencée dans le droit (formel) des Etats. Les douze auteurs portent tous un intérêt particulier pour la question du sort qui est réservé, en droit, aux traditions culturelles et à leurs diverses formes d’expression. L’ouvrage est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye en 2009. Le choix des sujets abordés dans ce volume est vaste. Le point de départ de
chaque contribution toutefois est le cadre normatif existant, tant le cadre étatique que les instruments internationaux, pour ensuite explorer les diverses manières dont ceuxci se positionnent par rapport à d’autres logiques normatives perceptibles dans la société et qui tendent, chacune à sa manière, à obtenir une forme de reconnaissance de la part du droit étatique. Plusieurs pistes s’offraient aux auteurs: une première piste consistait à s’intéresser surtout aux questions de droit international privé, un domaine traditionnel du droit qui regorge d’intérêt pour la question du traitement juridique de la diversité culturelle. Une autre piste était de faire le jour sur les mécanismes de protection juridique de la diversité culturelle à travers le prisme du pluralisme juridique et de voir jouer celui-ci à divers niveaux : local, régional, national et international. Les contributions illustrent les liens signifiants existant entre l’ordre juridique d’un Etat et les multiples ordres juridiques parallèles (religieux, philosophiques, ethniques, ou autres) présents sur son territoire.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 33.
his book, published in 2011, is a product of the research conducted at the Center for Studies and Research of the Hague Academy of International Law in the summer of 2008. The Centre, devoted to the “implementation of international environmental law”, attracted twenty talented young scholars from nine different countries. This volume
contains the introductory report of the two directors of studies, in English and in French, a selection of the best papers prepared by the participants, as well as a general index and a comprehensive bibliography. The topic of the 2008 session is of both practical and theoretical interest. International environmental law, despite the rapid proliferation of treaty instruments in the area, is plagued by difficulties in implementation.
The search for enhanced effectiveness of international environmental law has yielded many innovations at the institutional and normative levels. In seeking to better understand these innovations, their emergence, deepening and diffusion, this volume highlights the major shifts in and challenges faced by international environmental law and, indeed, international law itself.

Cet ouvrage, publié en 2011, est le fruit des travaux du Centre d’étude et de recherche de l’Académie de droit international de La Haye tenu en 2008. Un total de vingt jeunes enseignants et praticiens provenant de neuf pays différents ont participé à la session d’été du Centre, consacrée à « la mise en oeuvre du droit international de l’environnement ». Ce volume comporte le rapport introductif des deux directrices d’études, en anglais et en français, ainsi qu’une sélection des meilleures contributions des participants, accompagnés d’un index général et d’une bibliographie très complète. Le choix du sujet des travaux de ce Centre répond à un intérêt aussi bien pratique que théorique. Le droit international de l’environnement, en dépit de sa profusion, souffre en effet de profondes difficultés de mise en oeuvre. Le tableau d’ensemble doit pourtant être nuancé. La recherche d’une amélioration de l’effectivité du droit international de l’environnement a produit de nombreuses et intéressantes innovations aussi bien sur le plan
institutionnel que normatif. En tentant de mieux comprendre ces mécanismes tout en réfléchissant à leur approfondissement et à leur diffusion, ce volume rend compte des mutations profondes du droit international de l’environnement et, au-delà, du droit international lui-même.
In a relatively short time the concept of “sustainable development” has become firmly established in the field of international law. The World Commission on Environment and Development concisely defined sustainable development as follows: “development that meets the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs”. This definition takes into account the needs of both the present and future generations as well as the capacity of the earth and its natural resources which by clear implication should not be depleted by a small group of people (in industrialized countries).
The aim of this book is threefold : to review the genesis and to clarify the meaning of the concept of sustainable development, as well as to assess its status within public international law. Furthermore, it examines the legal principles that have emerged in the pursuit of sustainable development. Lastly, it assesses to what extent the actual evolution of law demonstrates the balance and integration with all pertinent fields of international law as urged by the Rio, Johannesburg, and World Summit documents. This is the second volume in the Hague Academy of International Law Pocket Book series; it contains the text of the course given at the Hague Academy by Professor Schrijver.

Cet ouvrage répond à trois objectifs : examiner la naissance du concept de développement durable, clarifier sa signification et évaluer son statut dans le droit international public. Il examine également les principes juridiques nés de la poursuite du développement durable. Enfin, il examine l’évolution actuelle du droit par rapport aux exigences énoncées à Rio, à Johannesburg et au cours du dernier sommet mondial en ce qui concerne l’intégration du concept de développement durable dans tous les domaines pertinents du droit international.
The regulation of shared water resources has emerged as one of the most fundamental elements for ensuring international stability and assisting in socio-economic and sustainable development. Major developments have taken place in the last decade in international water law, providing both opportunities and challenges to lawyers concerned with this field of international law. Yet a large number of international watercourses remain without agreements regulating their sharing, management or protection. Moreover, a large portion of the existing agreements are not inclusive; and for one reason or the other, they exclude some of the riparians. And with water being a limited and finite resource, and with the steady increase in population, urbanization and environmental degradation, the competing demands of the riparian States will continue to grow sharper and more complex. This book aims to offer a contribution to the understanding and further elaboration and development of the basic principles of international water law.

Originally published as Colloques / Workshops – Law Books of the Academy, Volume 24.