Laura Caso Barrera and Mario M. Aliphat F.
Translator Quentin Pope
Books, Maps and Encounters in the Atlantic World
Michiel van Groesen
Edited by Emily A. Engel
The late pre-Columbian period in the region of Lima has mainly been studied and described thanks to the help of ethnohistorical sources. Urban development has destroyed many pre-hispanic ruins, but nevertheless a growing amount of archaeological data is now available. It is especially since 2008 that renewed interest in the pre-hispanic past of Lima has emerged, including through the development of rescue archeology and heritage management. In this chapter, I propose to use these different types of sources to develop a synthetic picture of the sociopolitical organization of the area under the Inca Empire.
Giancarlo Marcone Flores
The founding of the city of Lima was made in a territory of geopolitical importance and with a long trajectory of occupation of powerful social formations. Its founding corresponds to another stage in the long cultural trajectory of the Peruvian central coast as a result of 2000 years of interaction between man and the environment. This interaction shaped the territory, so the cultural manifestations present in it must be contextualized in a longer time frame. In this chapter, we introduce the concept of territory and we make a brief review of the cultural manifestations that shaped the territory where contemporary Lima was founded. In addition, we want to broaden the historical vision of the city – by incorporating the social processes of the region into a single long-term historical trajectory that exemplifies the relationship between man, history, and the environment.