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Author: Farabi Fakih
This translated volume is based on the Chinese publication Green Book of Population and Labor (No. 18). It focuses on the new era of economic growth fueled primarily by innovation and entrepreneurship, and corresponding developments in China’s employment landscape. Chapter one offers an overview of China’s new economy. Chapter two examines emerging trends in both the labor and the job markets. Changes to labor relations under the new economy are discussed in chapter three, followed by two chapters that look closely at the role China’s largest online ride-hailing service provider has played in shaping the workforce and in job creation. The final chapter reports on current policy support for innovative industries, and makes recommendations.
In: Asian Journal of Social Science

Abstract

This paper is based on an ethnographic study conducted in a public hospital in Bangladesh. The study shows how the social dynamics necessary to deal with the structural realities of the hospital give this cosmopolitan institution a local character. In this paper, we describe this local character by focusing on the lower-level hospital staff, such as ward boys, cleaners, and gatemen. Social inequality and exclusion are rampant in Bangladeshi public hospitals. Doctors and nurses are unwilling to communicate with patients and their relatives, while the latter are unable to approach the former for specific help or information. Our research, shows how low-level support workers fill the void between the two “factions” and act as brokers transporting information and activities between these factions. By doing so they do not only make a crucial contribution to the functioning of the ward, but also gain considerable influence in spite of their low position.

In: Asian Journal of Social Science
Author: Hasan Sankır

Abstract

This study explores how the sexual identity and practices of the köçeks, who were positioned in the entertainment field in 17th Century Ottoman Istanbul, were socially constructed and how these practices had been well understood in the social sphere of the era. For this purpose, gender roles and practices of Köçeks’ in this period are discussed in instrumentalised body concept and dance field. The field and habitus approach of Bourdieu has been used to understand the relationship between the gender roles of the köçeks and the appreciation of this style by different social positions/classes/groups. As a result, their body and sexual identities had been accepted, and their dances had enabled köçeks to have an important position in the entertainment field by being among the tastes and preferences of the different social groups in the social space. In this sense, gender roles of köçeks had multi-component structure and cannot be easily understood over the male and female duality.

In: Asian Journal of Social Science
In: Asian Journal of Social Science
Author: Jiangyu Li

Abstract

The Confucius Institute (CI), one vehicle for promoting a new narrative of Chinese national identity, has been controversial since its establishment. In contrast with political scientists who discuss the CI from a macro-perspective and argue that it is a state apparatus, this article focuses on micro- and meso-aspects of CI teachers’ everyday lives and social engagement in their locality, Thailand. When Chinese nationness meets Thainess, CI teachers made their own calculations as to how much Chineseness and Thainess they should dip in and out of to accomplish their nation-work. Nation-work is a synthesised concept that includes the way CI teachers are “saying,” “doing,” and “otherising” the nations. By employing “Chinese and Thais are like one family,” CI teachers reproduced the Sino-Thai “brotherhood.” For staying in Thailand “peacefully,” they invented their own “tradition.” Cultural activities become a nuanced way to “overcommunicate” Chineseness on the stage, with uneven quality.

In: Asian Journal of Social Science