African-Asian interactions contribute to the emergence of a decentred, multi-polar world in which different actors need to redefine themselves and their relations to each other.
Afrasian Transformations explores these changes to map out several arenas where these transformations have already produced startling results: development politics, South-South cooperation, cultural memory, mobile lifeworlds and transcultural connectivity. The contributions in this volume neither celebrate these shifting dynamics as felicitous proof of a new age of South-South solidarity, nor do they debunk them as yet another instance of burgeoning geopolitical hegemony. Instead, they seek to come to terms with the ambivalences, contradictions and potential benefits entailed in these transformations – that are also altering our understanding of (trans)area in an increasingly globalized world.
Contributors include: Seifudein Adem, Nafeesah Allen, Hanna Getachew Amare, Tom De Bruyn, Casper Hendrik Claassen, Astrid Erll, John Njenga Karugia, Guive Khan-Mohammad, Vinay Lal, Pavan Kumar Malreddy, Jamie Monson, Diderot Nguepjouo, Satwinder Rehal, Ute Röschenthaler, Alexandra Samokhvalova, and Sophia Thubauville.
What history and motivations make up the discourses we are taught to hold, and spread, as common sense? As a member of Brazil's upper middle class, Ana Beatriz Ribeiro grew up with the image that to be developed was to be as European as possible. However, as a researcher in Europe during her country's Workers' Party era, she kept reading that Africans should be repaid for developing Brazilian society – via Brazil's "bestowal" of development upon Africa as an "emerging power." In
Modernization Dreams, Lusotropical Promises, the researcher investigates where these two worldviews might intersect, diverge and date back to, gauging relations between representatives and projects of the Brazilian and Mozambican states, said to be joined in cooperation more than others.
Quel est le point commun entre un chérif musulman (descendant du prophète Mohammed) de la confédération Aït Ba’amran des tribus du Sud-Ouest marocain et un Indigène animiste d’Amazonie brésilienne ? À la surprise de l’ethnologue, tous deux sont affiliés à une ascendance juive. Cette judaïté, conçue davantage comme une origine que comme une pratique religieuse, participe à préciser le lien au sol des générations actuelles. La mise en regard de deux cas ethnographiques permet une discussion plus large sur la multiplicité des origines en contexte migratoire dans le temps long. La judaïté des origines participe à asseoir pleinement l’inscription actuelle des populations au sein d’un espace marqué par l’histoire de la construction des Etats empires portugais et espagnols.
Neste artigo reflicto sobre as repercussões da “descoberta” dos Marranos em Portugal, no princípio do século XX, na questão do resgate da identidade brasileira pelos judeus do Brasil. Esta “descoberta” despertou grande interesse de especialistas da História dos Judeus, de cientistas sociais, e também da Média europeia. Mas foi igualmente alvo do interesse de pessoas que, no outro lado do Atlântico, tentavam comprovar a presença de uma população de origem judaica desde os tempos coloniais em Terra de Santa Cruz e, portanto, o seu papel fundamental para a construção da colónia que se tornaria o país Brasil.
The relations between Iberia and its Sephardic diasporas have undergone innumerable reversals and revivals as Spain and Portugal experienced processes of nation-state building. These relations reached a climax with the 2015 New Nationality Laws for Sephardic Jews, that allow them to become Portuguese or Spanish citizens. Given an unexcepted worldwide interest, the governments provided different redefinitions of the criteria of the process. Initially seen as a symbolic act, the attribution of nationality to Sephardic Jews raises questions not just about culture and collective memory, but, above all, about economy, diplomacy and realpolitik in the Iberian countries as much as in the Israeli society itself.