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Practical and Theoretical Challenges to 21st Century Federalism
Beyond Autonomy forces us to rethink the meaning of autonomy as a central organising pillar of federalism. Can federations exist beyond the autonomy realm designed to promote territorial self-governance and direct representation among various levels of government? How do governments of federal systems interact over the design and implementation of policy in highly topical areas such as security, where the optimal distribution of authority is blurred? Which mechanisms promote the compromise necessary in many of today’s democratic federal systems? How do newly emerging federations in Africa and Asia design federal institutions in order to decrease conflict while promoting national solidarity? How can federal systems protect the rights of non-territorial minorities such as many indigenous peoples?
Legal Challenges in the New Digital Age addresses a wide range of legal issues related to emerging technologies. These technologies pose prominent legal challenges, in particular, how to wedge new phenomena into old frameworks; whether we can and should delegate responsibilities to technologies and how to cope with newly created powers of manipulation. Edited by Ana Mercedes Lopez Rodriguez, Michael D. Green and Maria Lubomira Kubica, the book’s sixteen chapters are written by highly qualified international practitioners and academics from different jurisdictions. Familiarity with the intricacies of emerging technologies is essential for judges, practitioners, legal staff, business people and scholars. This book’s combination of highly thought-provoking topics and in-depth analysis will prove indispensable to all interested parties.
A Twenty-Year Report from the Trenches (Set of 3)
This book is a true treasure trove of original research, incisive observations, and useful practical pointers. Written by an author who has read more than sixty thousand conflicts cases in the last thirty years, the book skillfully guides American and foreign readers through the labyrinthine alleys of American choice-of-law litigation and distills the resulting lessons for attorneys, academics, and lawmakers. This is a book about law in action. The author reviews the decisions of all American appellate courts in the last twenty years and discusses those that add something new to the development or understanding of conflicts law, particularly choice of law.

“It is a daunting task to find an answer to a choice-of-law question in American law. In all states, except two and Puerto Rico, the answer must be found in the particular state’s case law. How to find it? To evaluate it, to compare it with other states’ law, with one’s own? For over 33 years, Professor Symeonides has rendered an enormous service to all segments of the profession – courts, practitioners, academics – with his annual survey of virtually all choice-of-law decisions of American courts, most of them thoughtfully annotated and evaluated. His surveys proved to be an extraordinary help. The present volume consolidates most of these contributions. It is enhanced by a new Introduction and a comprehensive Index. This consolidated presentation of his expert reviews and commentary is an extraordinary contribution."
Peter Hay, L.Q.C. Lamar Professor of Law Emeritus, Emory University School of Law.

"It is impossible to overstate the value and significance of the Choice-of-Law Surveys written by Dean Symeon C. Symeonides over thirty years. These surveys have not only educated law professors and lawyers about changing dynamics in the field of choice of law, but they have been instrumental in refining the modern method of analyzing and resolving these cases . . . [and] have formed the basis for the emerging Third Restatement of Conflict of Laws. . . . [I]n all the ways that count, Symeonides is the father of choice of law in the twenty-first century. . . . He deserves our gratitude and respect and our recognition of his pivotal place in the choice of law field."
Joseph W. Singer, Harvard Law School.
Colonial Adventures: Commercial Law and Practice in the Making addresses the question how and to what extend the development of commercial law and practice, from Ancient Greece to the colonial empires of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, were indebted to colonial expansion and maritime trade. Illustrated by experiences in Ancient Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia, the book examines how colonial powers, whether consciously or not, reshaped the law in order to foster the prosperity of homeland manufacturers and entrepreneurs or how local authorities and settlers brought the transplanted law in line with the colonial objectives and the local constraints amid shifting economic, commercial and political realities.

Contributors are: Alain Clément (†), Alexander Claver, Oscar Cruz-Barney, Bas De Roo, Paul du Plessis, Bernard Durand, David Gilles, Petra Mahy, David Mirhady, M. C. Mirow, Luigi Nuzzo, Phillip Lipton, Umakanth Varottil, and Jakob Zollmann.
Sino-European Dialogue between Judges and Academics
Volume Editors: Ragna Aarli and Anne Sanders
The challenges courts face today all over the world can only be solved in close cooperation between judges and academics which crosses national borders. The anthology brings judges and academics together for a dialogue on judicial reforms. The book presents contributions by the judges on their judicial systems (China, Germany, Slovenia, England and Wales and Norway). The contributions by the academics take up different themes which have emerged in the country reports: The topics include comparative, normative and organisational perspectives on national court systems as well as international perspectives on courts as guarantors of individual rights in an increasingly globalised rule-of-law framework.
Author: Julia Schmidt
In The European Union and the Use of Force, Julia Schmidt examines the development and activities of the EU as an emerging international military actor. The author offers a comprehensive analysis of the conditions under which the EU can engage in military crisis management operations from the perspective of EU law as well as from the perspective of public international law, with a particular emphasis on the EU’s relationship with the United Nations and the EU’s relationship with its Member States in the context of the use of force.
Throughout the monograph, questions of European integration in the sphere of the common security and defence policy as well as the EU’s place and role within the international community are put into focus.
Author: Ciarán Burke

Abstract

Legal responses to the covid-19 pandemic have varied widely. Korea represents an interesting case study, as it seemed particularly well prepared, having enacted legislation in the wake of the mers outbreak, in 2015, to tackle future pandemics. This obviated recourse to emergency powers legislation, and couched Korea’s response in normal legislation, which tends to raise fewer human rights concerns than may arise under emergency measures. Despite this, however, Korea’s response to covid-19 raises significant questions about its compliance with core human rights norms under the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, including freedom of religion and non-discrimination. These arose with regard to the state’s treatmennt of members of the Shincheonji Church of Jesus (scj), a relatively small, occasionally controversial, religious group. The treatment of the scj by the Korean state raises questions about whether its legal approach to tackling covid-19 was fit for purpose.

In: Journal of Law, Religion and State

Abstract

This article studies the fate of a contradiction between practice and prescriptive text in 16th-century Ashkenaz. The practice was fleeing a plagued city, which contradicted a Talmudic passage requiring self-isolation at home when plague strikes. The emergence of this contradiction as a halakhic problem and its various forms of resolution are analyzed as a case study for the development of halakhic literature in early modern Ashkenaz.

The Talmudic text was not considered a challenge to the accepted practice prior to the early modern period. The conflict between practice and Talmud gradually emerged as a halakhic problem in 15th-century rabbinic sources. These sources mixed legal and non-legal material, leaving the status of this contradiction ambiguous. The 16th century saw a variety of solutions to the problem in different halakhic writings, each with their own dynamics, type of authority, possibilities, and limitations. This variety reflects the crystallization of separate genres of halakhic literature.

In: Journal of Law, Religion and State
Author: Imran Ahmed

Abstract

Religious authorities in many Muslim-majority countries have argued that the suspension of communal prayers during an epidemic does not contravene Islamic law. In Pakistan, such measures have proven difficult to enforce, in part because many religious leaders in the country have opposed the closure of places of worship and the limits placed on public religious gatherings. The question is why? This paper suggests that the distrust of the state in matters of religion in Pakistan can be traced back to the colonial era, and that the political developments following independence have amplified frustration and mistrust between political and religious authorities in the country. Significant sources of contention in matters of religion and state remain unresolved under the prime ministership of Imran Khan. At the same time, the pandemic has thrust earlier conflicts into the spotlight and exposed contests over opinion, expertise, and authority in matters of religion and public health.

In: Journal of Law, Religion and State