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In The Pechenegs: Nomads in the Political and Cultural Landscape of Medieval Europe Aleksander Paroń offers a reflection on the history of the Pechenegs, a nomadic people which came to control the Black Sea steppe by the end of the ninth century. Nomadic peoples have often been presented in European historiography as aggressors and destroyers whose appearance led to only chaotic decline and economic stagnation. Making use of historical and archaeological sources along with abundant comparative material, Aleksander Paroń offers here a multifaceted and cogent image of the nomads’ relations with neighboring political and cultural communities in the tenth and eleventh centuries.
Volume Editors: Susana Zapke and Elisabeth Gruber
This volume offers a comprehensive introduction to the major political, social, economic, and cultural developments in Vienna from c. 1100 to c. 1500. It provides a multidisciplinary view of the complexity of the vibrant city on the Danube. The volume is divided into four sections: Vienna, the city and urban design, politics, economy and sovereignty, social groups and communities, and spaces of knowledge, arts, and performance. An international team of eighteen scholars examines issues ranging from the city’s urban environment and art history, to economic and social concerns, using a range of sources and reflecting the wide array of possible approaches to the study of medieval Vienna today.

Contributors are: Peter Csendes, Ulrike Denk, Thomas Ertl, Christian Gastgeber, Thomas Haffner, Martha Keil, Franz Kirchweger, Heike Krause, Christina Lutter, Paul Mitchell, Kurt Mühlberger, Zoë Opačić, Ferdinand Opll, Barbara Schedl, Christoph Sonnlechner, and Peter Wright.
[Mamluk Palaces and Houses in Cairo: An Archaeological and Civilizational Study]
Author: Ghazwan Yaghi
Mamluk Palaces and Houses in Cairo studies the types of extant residential buildings in Cairo from the Mamluk era (1250-1517 C.E.) and the factors affecting their design, architectural and decorative elements, and building materials. It provides an archaeological, architectural, historical, and documentary study of all the surviving palaces and houses, focussing on the structural and architectural status of its various parts. The author also discusses its present-day restoration and rehabilitation projects.
In this book, Ghazwan Yaghi presents a variety of empirical material that sheds more light on the social and economic history of the Mamluk era, as well as a glossary of archaeological and documentary terminology that could serve as a tool for further research in Islamic architecture.

القصور والبيوت المملوكية في القاهرة يدرس أنواع المباني السكنية الموجودة في القاهرة من العصر المملوكي (1250-1517 م) والعوامل المؤثرة في تصميمها، وعناصرها المعمارية والزخرفية، ومواد بناءها، إضافة لتقديم دراسة أثرية ومعمارية وتاريخية ووثائقية لكل القصور والبيوت الباقية، مع التركيز على الحالة الإنشائية والمعمارية لكافة أجزاءها، وملقية الضوء على مشاريع ترميمها وإعادة تأهيلها حتى الوقت الحالي.
في هذا الكتاب، يقدم غزوان ياغي مادة ثرية تساهم في زيادة فهمنا للتاريخ الاجتماعي والاقتصادي للعصر المملوكي، كما يوفر مسرد المصطلحات الأثرية والوثائقية مادة علمية تزيد من فهمنا للعمارة السكنية الإسلامية التي يأتي المنتج المعماري فيها معبراً بصورة دقيقة عن أصحابه سواء منهم من أمر به أو من قام بتنفيذه.
25 Jahre Stadtarchäologie Paderborn
Editors: Martin Kroker and Sven Spiong
Seit über 25 Jahren erforscht die Paderborner Stadtarchäologie die Frühgeschichte der Stadt. Mit dem inzwischen vierten Stadtarchäologieband in der Reihe der MittelalterStudien zieht sie erneut Bilanz und berichtet über neue Forschungsergebnisse.
Ein Schwerpunkt des Buches sind die Ausgrabungen der Jahre 2004 bis 2008 im Domkloster und in einem Areal des Busdorfstiftes. Dabei konnten erstmals die Überreste früher Kurien der Dom- und Stiftsherren identifiziert und untersucht werden. Ferner beleuchten vertiefende Untersuchungen das frühstädtische Umfeld des Bischofssitzes und seine Entwicklung zu einer befestigten mittelalterlichen Stadt mit festgefügten Hausstätten.
Antike Herrschergräber in transkultureller Perspektive
Zu den Leitformen der alten Reiche Ostasiens und der westlichen Antike gehören exponierte Gräber der führenden Persönlichkeiten. Die Beiträge untersuchen, wie die Grabanlagen die Erinnerung an den Toten formten, zugleich die Wertvorstellungen ihrer Zeit spiegeln und zur Stabilisierung der geltenden Ordnung beitrugen.
Dabei interessiert die Funktion der Gräber als Mittel der Selbstdarstellung und als Selbstbeschreibung des Herrschers. Aufschluss geben vor allem jene Monumente, die vom Regenten selber zu Lebzeiten geplant und errichtet worden sind. Ein zweiter Aspekt ist die Bedeutung des Grabs als Manifestation von Vorstellungen über Herrschaft. So kann die Wahl der Bauform den Bezug auf frühere Denkmäler herstellen und damit den Verstorbenen in eine bestimmte Tradition stellen oder aber grundlegende neue Formen finden und so seine besondere Position betonen. . Ebenso untersucht wird der Einfluss der Gräber auf das Bild der Nachwelt von der Person des Herrschers und ihre Instrumentalisierung durch die Nachfolger zur Stabilisierung der eigenen Macht.
Volume Editor: Salvatore Cosentino
This book offers a collection of essays on Byzantine Italy, the area from which we have inherited the richest and best-preserved historical evidence among all of the regions of the former Eastern Roman Empire up to the 11th century. The collection aims to provide readers with a critical overview of current research as well as new insights concerning political, institutional, economic, social, cultural and environmental aspects of the Italian regions under Byzantine rule. The methodological approach of the volume combines history with archaeology and art history, while remaining focused on the general framework of the early medieval Mediterranean. The result is a fresh and up-to-date synthesis that can be useful both for specialists and students.

Contributors are: Lucia Arcifa, Paul Arthur, Isabella Baldini, Massimo Bernabò, Brunella Bruno, Salvatore Cosentino, Nathaniel Cutajar, Francesco D’Aiuto, Paola Degni, Deborah Deliyannis, Vera von Falkenhausen, Sauro Gelichi, Federico Marazzi, Jean-Marie Martin, Alessandra Molinari, Enrico Morini, Annliese Nef, Ghislaine Noye, Annick Peters-Custot, Vivien Prigent, Mario Re, Denis Sami, Pier Giorgio Spanu, and Enrico Zanini.
Author: Inna Islanova
This is a book about the archaeological sites of the 5th to 8th century of the Volga-Baltic watershed in the forest zone of Eastern Europe. The region has long been known for burial assemblages of the so-called culture of the Pskov long barrows, but the book brings to light a different group of sites. The population living on those sites co-existed with those who buried their dead under the Pskov long barrows, but within a different landscape. This polarity suggests that the local population was behind the culture of Pskov long barrows, while the new category of site point to immigrants from the southwest. The book suggests that the "new" archaeological sites were inhabited by a Slavic-speaking population from the periphery of the Kiev and Kolochin cultures.
Author: Timothy Insoll

Abstract

Twelve species of marine shell were transported in significant quantities from the Red Sea to the trade centre of Harlaa in eastern Ethiopia between the eleventh and early fifteenth centuries AD. Initially, it was thought that species such as the cowries were imported from the Indian Ocean. Subsequent research has found that all were available from the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden, c. 120 km east of Harlaa. This suggests that a hitherto largely unrecognised source of marine shells was available, and the Red Sea might have supplied not only the Horn of Africa, but other markets, potentially including Egypt, and from there, elsewhere in North Africa and ultimately West Africa via trans-Saharan routes, as well as Nubia and further south on the Nile in the Sudan, the Arabian Peninsula, and the Arabian/Persian Gulf. This is explored with reference to the shell assemblage from Harlaa, and selected shell assemblages from elsewhere in the Horn of Africa, and trading centres on the Red Sea.

In: Journal of African Archaeology
In: The Region of the Upper Msta River in the Early Middle Ages

Abstract

In what ways were bishops publicly commemorated in historical and other texts, in inscriptions and/or architectural patronage, etc. in Byzantine Italy? When did the veneration of certain bishops as saints manifest itself, and in what ways (hagiography, churches)? Finally, what can this tell us about the role of the bishop in these cities? We will see that in several cities during the time of the Byzantine reconquest of Italy, including Rome, Ravenna, Naples, Canosa, and Poreč, bishops actively promoted their predecessors through church-building and the creation of lists of bishops in both text and portraiture. However, after the year 600, aside from Rome and Ravenna (for specific political reasons), most sees did not pay much attention to their episcopal heritage until the 9th and 10th centuries, when new political and ecclesiastical configurations were reshaping the roles of bishops within the peninsula.

In: A Companion to Byzantine Italy