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Author: Yair Neuman
The old practices of interpretation have been exhausted, and the humanities and social sciences are facing a crisis. Is there a way out of the labyrinth of reading? In this book, Professor Neuman presents a challenging approach to interpreting texts and reading literature through the spectacles of conceptual mathematics. This approach strives to avoid the simplicity of a quantitative approach to the analysis of literature as well as both the relativistic and the ideological dangers facing a qualitative reading of a text. The approach is introduced in a rigorous and accessible manner and woven with insights gained from various fields. Taking us on a challenging journey from Ovid’s Metamorphoses to Nick Cave’s The Death of Bunny Munro, the book shows how we may gain a deeper understanding of literature and the aesthetic experience of reading.
Dynamiken zweckrationaler Passion
Author: Eckart Goebel
Welche Funktion hat ein Ehrgeiz, der auch dann nicht erlischt, sobald Selbsterhaltung sichergestellt ist? Lässt sich überhaupt trennscharf zwischen ›gesundem‹ und ›krankhaftem‹ Ehrgeiz unterscheiden? Diese Fragen stellen sich, seit Hesiod zwischen der guten und der bösen Eris differenzierte, und seit Aristoteles –der Lehrer Alexanders des Großen – feststellte, dass die gute Mitte zwischen fehlendem undexzessivem Ehrgeiz ›keinen Namen hat‹. Der über die Selbsterhaltung hinausschießende, ›brennende Ehrgeiz‹ wurde in der Philosophie nur gelegentlich reflektiert, in der Weltliteratur, der Erfolgssoziologie, der Spieltheorie und der Psychoanalyse hingegen eindringlich beschrieben. Er erscheint in evolutionsbiologischer Perspektive sinnlos, latent feindselig bzw. autodestruktiv. Die Alltagssprache registriert den destruktiven Aspekt, wenn sie in einer drastischen Wendung davon spricht, jemand sei ›von Ehrgeiz zerfressen‹ wie von einem Raubtier, einer Säure oder einem unkontrollierbar gewordenen Feuer. Diesem ›brennenden‹, potentiell ›zerfressenden‹ Ehrgeiz, der als das Verlangen nach Unsterblichkeit exklusiv menschlich zu sein scheint, wird seit der Antike mit Ambivalenz und Scheu begegnet. Ihm gilt das primäre Interesse des vorliegenden Buches.
In: Ehrgeiz
In: Ehrgeiz
In: Ehrgeiz
In: Ehrgeiz
In: Ehrgeiz

Abstract

China’s ancient tributary system not only served the vanity of the dynasty but had multiple political implications, closely tied to the dynasty’s national security. The Song dynasty’s [960-1279] notion of security followed an overall policy of guarding the dynasty against external threats, surrounding barbarian nations, and maintaining domestic order. The stability and eventual collapse of the tributary system were closely tied to the domestic security of the Song dynasty and to the security of all the countries that participated in the system. The system constituted a dynamic and interactive security community.

In: Journal of Chinese Humanities

Abstract

Throughout the history of East Asia, various polities in modern-day Korea, Japan, and Vietnam accepted investitures bestowed by the Chinese royal court. Many of these states also established their own vassal structures based on this tributary system. In light of this, it would be more accurate to describe the traditional international order of East Asia as a system of investitures and tributes, an “investiture-tribute system.” The significance of this system is the royal court being revered by its tributaries, which acknowledge it as the superior power. Looking at the vassal relationship between the Ming [1368-1644] and Qing [1644-1911] courts and the states of Joseon 朝鮮, Ryukyu 琉球, and Vietnam under various names, it is clear that the tributary system was a basic mechanism that facilitated bilateral trade, cultural exchange, border control, and judicial cooperation. Moreover, when vassal states encountered threats to their national security, the Chinese government assisted them with diplomatic and military resources befitting its position as the imperial court. Yet, although the tributary system enabled a relationship in which the royal court enjoyed a position of superiority and its vassal states an inferior one, none of the vassal states formed an alliance that revolved around the Chinese empire. Hence, in the near-modern period, the system struggled to contend with both the great world powers that made use of the treaty system and the expansion of Japan in East Asia.

In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
In: Journal of Chinese Humanities