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Ein Wiederaufbau, der vor dem Krieg begann


Małgorzata Popiołek-Roßkamp

Das Wiederaufbauprogramm des historischen Stadtzentrums von Warschau, in der Kunstgeschichte als ein einmaliges und einzigartiges Projekt wahrgenommen, war eine Collage europäischer Ideen der Architektur, Stadtplanung, Denkmalpflege, Moderne und Hygiene.
Der Wiederaufbau des gesamten historischen Viertels, wie er in Warschau nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg erfolgte, wurde von einem bis dato beispiellosen Ausmaß der Zerstörung erzwungen und bildete eine Ausnahmeerscheinung im europäischen Vergleich. Sucht man nach den ideologischen Wurzeln des Wiederaufbauprogramms der Warschauer Baudenkmale, wird ein deutlicher Fortbestand des städtebaulichen und architektonischen Gedankenguts aus der Vorkriegszeit sichtbar, welches insbesondere in den ersten Nachkriegsjahren zum Ausdruck kam. Die Idee der Kontinuität der Vorkriegstheorie und -praxis polnischer Architekten, die das Zentrum Warschaus wiederaufbauten, bildet die Hauptthese der vorliegenden Dissertation.

New Directions and Paradigms for the Study of Greek Architecture

Interdisciplinary Dialogues in the Field


Edited by Philip Sapirstein and David Scahill

New Directions and Paradigms for the Study of Greek Architecture comprises 20 chapters by nearly three dozen scholars who describe recent discoveries, new theoretical frameworks, and applications of cutting-edge techniques in their architectural research. The contributions are united by several broad themes that represent the current directions of study in the field, i.e.: the organization and techniques used by ancient Greek builders and designers; the use and life history of Greek monuments over time; the communication of ancient monuments with their intended audiences together with their reception by later viewers; the mining of large sets of architectural data for socio-economic inference; and the recreation and simulation of audio-visual experiences of ancient monuments and sites by means of digital technologies.

Medieval Fortifications in Cilicia

The Armenian Contribution to Military Architecture in the Middle Ages


Dweezil Vandekerckhove

In Medieval Fortifications in Cilicia Dweezil Vandekerckhove offers an account of the origins, development and spatial distribution of fortified sites in the Armenian Kingdom (1198-1375). Despite the abundance of archaeological remains, the Armenian heritage had previously not been closely studied. However, through the examination of known and newly identified castles, this work has now increased the number of sites and features associated with the Armenian Kingdom.
By the construction of numerous powerful castles, the Armenians succeeded in establishing an independent kingdom, which lasted until the Mamluk conquest in 1375. Dweezil Vandekerckhove convincingly proves that the medieval castles in Cilicia are of outstanding architectural interest, with a significant place in the history of military architecture.

Jewish Religious Architecture

From Biblical Israel to Modern Judaism


Edited by Steven Fine

Jewish Religious Architecture explores ways that Jews have expressed their tradition in brick and mortar and wood, in stone and word and spirit. This volume stretches from the biblical Tabernacle to Roman Jerusalem, synagogues spanning two millenia and on to contemporary Judaism. Social historians, cultural historians, art historians and philologists have come together here to present this extraordinary architectural tradition. The multidisciplinary approach employed in Jewish Religious Architecture reveals deep continuities over time, together with the distinctly local— sometimes in surprising ways.

Ambitious Antiquities, Famous Forebears

Constructions of a Glorious Past in the Early Modern Netherlands and in Europe


Karl A.E. Enenkel and Konrad Adriaan Ottenheym

This monograph studies the constructions of ‘impressive’ historical descent manufactured to create ‘national’, regional, or local antiquities in early modern Europe (1500-1700), especially the Netherlands. This was a period characterised by important political changes and therefore by an increased need for legitimation; a need which was met using historical claims. Literature, scholarship, art and architecture were pivotal media that were used to furnish evidence of the impressively old lineage of states, regions or families. These claims related not only to Classical antiquity (in the generally-known sense) but also to other periods that were regarded as periods of antiquity, such as the chivalric age. The authors of this volume analyse these intriguing early modern constructions of appropriate “antiquities” and investigate the ways in which they were applied in political, intellectual and artistic contexts in Europe, especially in the Northern Low Countries.

This book is a revised and augmented translation of Oudheid als ambitie: De zoektocht naar een passend verleden, 1400–1700 (Nijmegen: Vantilt, 2017).

Timescapes of Waiting

Spaces of Stasis, Delay and Deferral


Edited by Christoph Singer, Robert Wirth and Olaf Berwald

Timescapes of Waiting explores the intersections of temporality and space by examining various manifestations of spatial (im-)mobility. The individual articles approach these spaces from a variety of academic perspectives – including the realms of history, architecture, law and literary and cultural studies – in order to probe the fluid relationships between power, time and space.
The contributors offer discussion and analysis of waiting spaces like ante-chambers, prisons, hospitals, and refugee camps, and also of more elusive spaces such as communities and nation-states.

Contributors: Olaf Berwald, Elise Brault-Dreux, Richard Hardack, Kerstin Howaldt, Robin Kellermann, Amanda Lagji, Margaret Olin, Helmut Puff, Katrin Röder, Christoph Singer, Cornelia Wächter, Robert Wirth.

The Church of the Holy Cross of Ałt‘amar

Politics, Art, Spirituality in the Kingdom of Vaspurakan


Edited by Zaroui Pogossian and Edda Vardanyan

This book is dedicated to an outstanding architectural monument of medieval Armenia – the church of the Holy Cross, built in the tenth century on the island of Ałt‘amar on Lake Van, and a UNESCO world heritage site. This jewel of architecture has been researched mainly from an art historical perspective. The current multi-author volume offers diverse studies aimed at placing the construction of the church in its proper historical, political, religious, and spiritual context. It explores the intellectual climate in the Kingdom of Vaspurakan during the reign of its founder, King Gagik Arcruni, the Kingdom’s relations with Byzantium and the Abbasids, analyzes local historiography, biblical exegesis, hagiography, veneration of the True Cross, and royal ideology. Novel interpretations of architectural features and sculptural decorations close the volume.
Le livre est consacré à l'un des plus importants monuments architecturaux de l'Arménie médiévale, l'église de la Sainte-Croix construite au Xe siècle sur l'île d’Ałt‘amar sur le lac de Van. Elle est inscrite sur la liste du patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO. Ce joyau de l'architecture arménienne a été étudié principalement dans la perspective de l’histoire de l’art. Le présent volume multi-auteurs propose une diversité d’approches qui placent la construction de cette église dans le contexte historique, politique, religieux et spirituel. Il étudie l’ambiance intellectuelle du Royaume du Vaspurakan durant le règne de son fondateur, le roi Gagik Arcruni, les relations du Royaume avec Byzance et les Abbassides, il analyse l’historiographie locale, l’exégèse biblique, l’hagiographie, le culte de la Vraie Croix et l’idéologie royale. De nouvelles interprétations des particularités architecturales et des décors sculptés achèvent le volume.
Contributors are Krikor Bélédian, Jean-Claude Cheynet, Patrick Donabédian, Bernard Flusin, Tim Greenwood, Gohar Grigoryan, Armen Kazaryan, Davit Kertmenjyan, Sergio La Porta, Jean-Pierre Mahé, Zaroui Pogossian, Robert Thomson (†), Alison Vacca, Edda Vardanyan.


Florin Curta

This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of scholarship on Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages. The goal is to offer an overview of the current state of research and a basic route map for navigating an abundant historiography available in more than 10 different languages. The literature published in English on the medieval history of Eastern Europe—books, chapters, and articles—represents a little more than 11 percent of the historiography. The companion is therefore meant to provide an orientation into the existing literature that may not be available because of linguistic barriers and, in addition, an introductory bibliography in English.


Edited by Constance Moffatt and Sara Taglialagamba

The second volume of Leonardo Studies explores a dual theme of nature and architecture, offering a wide-ranging overview of current Leonardo scholarship on these two abundant subjects. While Leonardo worked on his Treatise on Painting, he noted that understanding the physical properties of nature must precede individual projects of painting or designing buildings. The volume begins with the Trattato, and follows with physics, geology, painting that imitates architectural structure and vice-versa, and proceeds to architectural projects, questions of attribution, urban planning, and and the dissemination of Leonardo’s writings in the Trattato and its historiography. This impressive group of articles constitutes not only new research, but also a departure point for future studies on these topics.

Contributors are: Janis Bell, Andrea Bernardoni, Marco Carpiceci, Paolo Cavagnero, Fabio Colonnese, Kay Etheridge, Diane Ghirardo, Claudio Giorgione, Domenico Laurenza, Catherine Lucheck, Silvio Mara, Jill Pederson, Richard Schofield, Sara Taglialagamba, Cristiano Tessari, Marco Versiero, and Raffaella Zama.

Glorious Temples or Babylonic Whores

The Culture of Church Building in Stuart England through the Lens of Consecration Sermons


Anne-Françoise Morel

In Glorious Temples or Babylonic Whores, Anne-Françoise Morel offers an account of the intellectual and cultural history of places of worship in Stuart England. Official documents issued by the Church of England rarely addressed issues regarding the status, function, use, and design of churches; but consecration sermons turn time and again to the conditions and qualities befitting a place of worship in Post-Reformation England. Placing the church building directly in the midst of the heated discussions on the polity and ceremonies of the Church of England, this book recovers a vital lost area of architectural discourse. It demonstrates that the religious principles of church building were enhanced by, and contributed to, scientific developments in fields outside the realm of religion, such as epistemology, the theory of sense perception, aesthetics, rhetoric, antiquarianism, and architecture.

Investigations in Medieval Stained Glass

Materials, Methods, and Expressions


Edited by Brigitte Kurmann-Schwarz and Elizabeth Pastan

With many excellent books on medieval stained glass available, the reader of this anthology may well ask: “what is the contribution of this collection?” In this book, we have chosen to step away from national, chronological, and regional models. Instead, we started with scholars doing interesting work in stained glass, and called upon colleagues to contribute studies that represent the diversity of approaches to the medium, as well as up-to-date bibliographies for work in the field.

Contributors are: Wojciech Balus, Karine Boulanger, Sarah Brown, Elizabeth Carson Pastan, Madeline H. Caviness, Michael W. Cothren, Francesca Dell’Acqua, Uwe Gast, Françoise Gatouillat, Anne Granboulan, Anne F. Harris, Christine Hediger, Michel Hérold, Timothy B. Husband, Alyce A. Jordan, Herbert L. Kessler, David King, Brigitte Kurmann-Schwarz, Claudine Lautier, Ashley J. Laverock, Meredith P. Lillich, Isabelle Pallot-Frossard, Hartmut Scholz, Mary B. Shepard, Ellen M. Shortell, Nancy M. Thompson.

From Mythos to Logos 

Andrea Palladio, Freemasonry, and the Triumph of Minerva


Michael Trevor Coughlin

From Mythos to Logos : Andrea Palladio, Freemasonry and the Triumph of Minerva explores how myth was used to encode architecture and frescoed interiors with insights that promote peace, freedom and kindness as ways of being in the world. The author, Michael Trevor Coughlin argues that Freemasonry took root in the Italian city of Vicenza as early as 1546, and that its precepts, conveyed through the intersection of myth and philosophy, were disseminated widely in buildings and images, as well as texts, prescribing tolerance and an understanding of the divine that exists in each and everyone.

Applied Arts in British Exile from 1933

Changing Visual and Material Culture


Edited by Marian Malet, Rachel Dickson, Sarah MacDougall and Anna Nyburg

Yearbook Volume 19 continues an investigation which began with Arts in Exile in Britain 1933-45 (Volume 6, 2004). Twelve chapters, ten in English and two in German, address and analyse the significant contribution of émigrés across the applied arts, embracing mainstream practices such as photography, architecture, advertising, graphics, printing, textiles and illustration, alongside less well known fields of animation, typography and puppetry. New research adds to narratives surrounding familiar émigré names such as Oskar Kokoschka and Wolf Suschitzky, while revealing previously hidden contributions from lesser known practitioners. Overall, the volume provides a valuable addition to the understanding of the applied arts in Britain from the 1930s onwards, particularly highlighting difficulties faced by refugees attempting to continue fractured careers in a new homeland.

Contributors are: Rachel Dickson, Burcu Dogramaci, Deirdre Fernand, Fran Lloyd, David Low, John March, Sarah MacDougall, Anna Nyburg, Pauline Paucker, Ines Schlenker, Wilfried Weinke, and Julia Winckler.

Das Buch als Entwurf

Textgattungen in der Geschichte der Architekturtheorie. Ein Handbuch


Edited by Dietrich Erben

In achtzehn Studien beschreiben die VerfasserInnen die Art des Redens sowie die Formen der bildlichen Mitteilungen über die Architektur und analysieren so die kommunikativen Bedingungen der Architekturtheorie. Erstmals werden in einem historischen Überblick von der Renaissance bis zur Gegenwart die verschiedenen Textgattungen wie Traktat, Dialog, Kommentar, Essay, Antikenpublikation, Ausstellungskatalog oder Architekturzeitschrift in ihrer Bedeutung als „Verträge“ zwischen den Autoren und dem Publikum in unterschiedlichen Gesellschaftskontexten systematisch untersucht.
Bei der Wahl einer bestimmten Textgattung handelt es sich nicht nur um eine wesentliche Entwurfsentscheidung von Seiten des Autors. In ihr bilden sich sowohl Traditionsbindungen als auch Innovationsschübe in der Architekturtheorie ab. Damit fungieren Textgattungen in der Architekturtheorie selbst als Agenten der Wissensproduktion, sie zeigen die kontinuierliche Weiterentwicklung und die Anpassung der Theorie an jeweils aktuelle Erfordernisse des Bauens an. Textgattungen befördern die Modernisierung der Architekturtheorie – dieser zentralen These widmet sich das vorliegende Handbuch.

Bayern, München

100 Jahre Freistaat. Eine Raumverfälschung


Edited by Stephan Trüby, Verena Hartbaum, University of Looking Good and c/o now

Im Jahr 2018 feiert Bayern das hundertjährige Bestehen seines Freistaats; Zeit, sich an die Münchner Räterepublik und die sozialistischen Ursprünge dieses Landes zu erinnern; Zeit, die konservativen wie auch die emanzipatorischen Momente des Freistaates zu rekapitulieren; Zeit auch, die Raum- und Architekturproduktion Bayerns und seiner Hauptstadt München genauer unter die Lupe zu nehmen. Bayern, München untersucht anlässlich des hundertjährigen Bestehen des Freistaats das Städtische im Ländlichen sowie das Ländliche im Städtischen – und entfaltet ein kulturgeschichtliches Panorama, das die Höhen und Tiefen des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts, das „Zeitalter der Extreme“ (Eric Hobsbawm), aus weiß-blauer Perspektive nachvollziehbar macht. Als Grand Tour durch die „Vorstufe zum Paradies“ (Horst Seehofer) aufgebaut, rücken auch vermeintlich abseitige Orte wie Dingolfing, Ingoldstadt, Kaufbeuren-Neugablonz oder Schweinfurt in den Blick, ebenso die „Pyramiden Bayerns“, nämlich die Architekturen des Rhein-Main-Donau-Kanals. Spekulative Projekte, die an der „University of Looking Good“ und bei c/o now entstanden, betreiben „Raumverfälschungen“ (Gustav Landauer) gegen bayerische „Dahoamigkeiten“ – und Künstler und Freistaat-Experten wie Stephan Dillemuth, Thomas Meinecke, Michaela Mélian, Andreas Neumeister, Christopher Roth oder Hito Steyerl gewähren Einblicke in ein Bayern, München, die nicht zuletzt aktuelle Themen wie Rechtspopulismus und Separatismus um prononcierte Diskussionsbeiträge bereichern.


Dirk Jacob Jansen

In Jacopo Strada and Cultural Patronage at the Imperial Court: Antiquity as Innovation, Dirk Jansen provides a survey of the life and career of the antiquary, architect, and courtier Jacopo Strada (Mantua 1515-Vienna 1588). His manifold activities — also as a publisher and as an agent and artistic and scholarly advisor of powerful patrons such as Hans Jakob Fugger, the Duke of Bavaria and the Emperors Ferdinand I and Maximilian II — are examined in detail, and studied within the context of the cosmopolitan learned and courtly environments in which he moved. These volumes offer a substantial reassessment of Strada’s importance as an agent of change, transmitting the ideas and artistic language of the Italian Renaissance to the North.

Pirro Ligorio’s Worlds

Antiquarianism, Classical Erudition and the Visual Arts in the Late Renaissance


Edited by Fernando Loffredo and Ginette Vagenheim

Pirro Ligorio’s Worlds brings renowned Ligorio specialists into conversation with emerging young scholars, on various aspects of the artistic, antiquarian and intellectual production of one of the most fascinating and learned antiquaries in the prestigious entourage of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. The book takes a more nuanced approach to the complex topic of Ligorio’s ‘forgeries’, investigating them in relation to previously neglected aspects of his life and work.


Angelica Groom

The book examines the roles that rare and exotic animals played in the cultural self-fashioning and the political imaging of the Medici court during the family’s reign, first as Dukes of Florence (1532-1569) and subsequently as Grand Dukes of Tuscany (1569-1737). The book opens with an examination of global practices in zoological collecting and cultural uses of animals. The Medici’s activities as collectors of exotic species, the menageries they established and their deployment of animals in the ceremonial life of the court and in their art are examined in relation to this wider global perspective. The book seeks to nuance the myth promoted by the Medici themselves that theirs was the most successful princely serraglio in early modern Europe.  


Edited by Karl A.E. Enenkel and Konrad Adriaan Ottenheym

This volume explores the various strategies by which appropriate pasts were construed in scholarship, literature, art, and architecture in order to create “national”, regional, or local identities in late medieval and early modern Europe. Because authority was based on lineage, political and territorial claims were underpinned by historical arguments, either true or otherwise. Literature, scholarship, art, and architecture were pivotal media that were used to give evidence of the impressive old lineage of states, regions, or families. These claims were related not only to classical antiquity but also to other periods that were regarded as antiquities, such as the Middle Ages, especially the chivalric age. The authors of this volume analyse these intriguing early modern constructions of “antiquity” and investigate the ways in which they were applied in political, intellectual and artistic contexts in the period of 1400–1700.

Contributors include: Barbara Arciszewska, Bianca De Divitiis, Karl Enenkel, Hubertus Günther, Thomas Haye, Harald Hendrix, Stephan Hoppe, Marc Laureys, Frédérique Lemerle, Coen Maas, Anne-Françoise Morel, Kristoffer Neville, Konrad Ottenheym, Yves Pauwels, Christian Peters, Christoph Pieper, David Rijser, Bernd Roling, Nuno Senos, Paul Smith, Pieter Vlaardingerbroek, and Matthew Walker.

A Companion to Medieval Toledo

Reconsidering the Canons


Edited by Yasmine Beale-Rivaya and Jason Busic

A Companion to Medieval Toledo. Reconsidering the Canons explores the limits of “Convivencia” through new and problematized readings of material familiar to specialists and offers a thoughtful initiation for the non-specialist into the historical, cultural, and religious complexity of the iconic city of Toledo. The volume seeks to understand the history and cultural heritage of the city as a result of fluctuating coexistence. Divided into three themed sections,- the essays consider additional material, new transcriptions, and perspectives that contribute to more nuanced understandings of traditional texts or events. The volume places this cultural history and these new readings into current scholarly debates and invites its readers to do the same.

Forts, Castles and Society in West Africa

Gold Coast and Dahomey, 1450-1960


Edited by John Kwadwo Osei-Tutu

Long regarded as disturbing remnants of the Atlantic slave trade, the European forts and castles of West Africa have attained iconic positions as universally significant historical monuments and world heritage tourist destinations. This volume of original contributions by leading Africanists presents extensive new historical views of the forts in Ghana and Benin, providing both impetus and a scholarly basis for further research and fresh debate about their historical and geographical contexts; their role in the slave trade; the economic and political connections, centred on the forts, between the Europeans and local African polities; and their place in variously focused heritage studies and endeavours.

Contributors are Hermann W. von Hesse, Daniel Hopkins, Jon Olav Hove, Ole Justesen, Ineke van Kessel, Robin Law, John Kwadwo Osei-Tutu, Jarle Simensen, Selena Axelrod Winsnes†, Larry Yarak.

Earthen Architecture in Muslim Cultures

Historical and Anthropological Perspectives


Edited by Stéphane Pradines

This edited volume follows the panel “Earth in Islamic Architecture” organised for the World Congress for Middle Eastern Studies (WOCMES) in Ankara, on the 19th of August 2014. Earthen architecture is well-known among archaeologists and anthropologists whose work extends from Central Asia to Spain, including Africa. However, little collective attention has been paid to earthen architecture within Muslim cultures. This book endeavours to share knowledge and methods of different disciplines such as history, anthropology, archaeology and architecture. Its objective is to establish a link between historical and archaeological studies given that Muslim cultures cannot be dissociated from social history.

Contributors: Marinella Arena; Mounia Chekhab-Abudaya; Christian Darles; François-Xavier Fauvelle; Elizabeth Golden; Moritz Kinzel; Rolando Melo da Rosa; Atri Hatef Naiemi; Bertrand Poissonnier; Stéphane Pradines; Paola Raffa and Paul D. Wordsworth.


Edited by Isabelle Roussel-Gillet and Évelyne Thoizet

Dirigé par Roussel-Gillet et Evelyne Thoizet, La miniature, dispositif artistique et modèle épistémologique s’interroge sur les nouvelles fonctions de la miniature à la croisée des arts, de l’architecture, de la littérature, des sciences et des techniques, depuis le début des années 1960. Ludique, cognitive, didactique, la miniature permet d’abord d’approcher, de comprendre et de dominer la complexité du réel (maquette, modèle réduit, maison de poupée, diorama, aquarium, etc.) mais elle constitue aussi une œuvre d’art à part entière qui change notre rapport au monde et modifie notre regard. Contrairement au fragment et au détail, souvent étudiés, elle représente l’objet dans sa totalité en changeant d’échelle, et ouvre la connaissance et l’imagination à de nouveaux mondes.

Co-edited by Isabelle Roussel-Gillet and Evelyne Thoizet, La miniature, dispositif artistique et modèle épistémologique focuses on the new functions of the miniature at the crossroads of visual arts, architecture, literature, technology and sciences since the early 1960s. Playful, cognitive or didactic, the miniature (as model, dollhouse, aquarium, diorama…) allows us to approach, understand and perhaps dominate a complex reality. Many contemporary artists consider the miniature as a fully-fledged work of art which changes our relationships with the world and modifies our perception. Contrary to the often-studied detail, ornament or fragment, the miniature provides a complete vision of the depicted object in a different scale, and opens knowledge and imagination to new worlds.

Ambrogio Leone's De Nola, Venice 1514

Humanism and Antiquarian Culture in Renaissance Southern Italy


Edited by Bianca de Divitiis, Fulvio Lenzo and Lorenzo Miletti

This volume offers the first comprehensive study of the De Nola (Venice 1514), a hitherto underappreciated Latin text written by the Nolan humanist and physician Ambrogio Leone. Furnished with four pioneering engravings made with the help of the Venetian artist Girolamo Mocetto, the De Nola is an impressively rich and multifaceted text, which contains an antiquarian (and celebratory) study of the city of Nola in the Kingdom of Naples. By describing antiquities, inscriptions, and buildings, as well as social and religious phenomena, the De Nola offers a precious window into a southern Italian Renaissance city, and constitutes a refined example of sixteenth-century antiquarianism. The work is analysed in a multidisciplinary approach, encompassing art and architectural history, antiquarianism, literature, social history, and anthropology.


Edited by Brigitte Miriam Bedos-Rezak and Martha Dana Rust

In Faces of Charisma: Image, Text, Object in Byzantium and the Medieval West, a multi-disciplinary group of scholars advances the theory that charisma may be a quality of art as well as of person. Beginning with the argument that Weberian charisma of person is itself a matter of representation, this volume shows that to study charismatic art is to experiment with a theory of representation that allows for the possibility of nothing less than a breakdown between art and viewer and between art and lived experience. The volume examines charismatic works of literature, visual art, and architecture from England, Northern Europe, Italy, Ancient Greece, and Constantinople and from time periods ranging from antiquity to the beginning of the early modern period.
Contributors are Joseph Salvatore Ackley, Paul Binski, Paroma Chatterjee, Andrey Egorov, Erik Gustafson, Duncan Hardy, Stephen Jaeger, Jacqueline E. Jung, Lynsey McCulloch, Martino Rossi Monti, Gavin Richardson, and Andrew Romig.

Resistance and the City

Challenging Urban Space


Edited by Christoph Ehland and Pascal Fischer

The essays collected in this volume unfold a panorama of urban phenomena of resistance that reach from the seventeenth to the twenty-first centuries, thus revealing the essential vulnerability of urban space to all forms of subversion. Taking their readers to diverse places and moments in history, the contributions remind us of the struggles over the concrete as well as the imaginary space we call the city.
The collection maps the various challenges experienced by urban communities, ranging from the unmistakably hegemonic claim of civic festivities in early modern London to the perceived threat posed by newly created parks in the Restoration period and from the dangers of criminality and riots in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to the transformation of the Berlin Wall into souvenirs scattered around the globe.

Resistance and the City

Negotiating Urban Identities: Race, Class, and Gender


Edited by Christoph Ehland and Pascal Fischer

The contributions collected in the second volume of Resistance and the City are devoted to the three markers of identity that cultural studies has recognised as paramount for our understanding of difference, inequality, and solidarity in modern societies: race, class, and gender.
These categories, tightly linked to the mechanics of power, domination and subordination, have often played an eminent role in contemporary struggles and clashes in urban space. The confluence of people from diverse ethnic, social, and sexual backgrounds in the city has not only raised their awareness of a variety of life concepts and motivated them to negotiate their own positions, but has also encouraged them to develop strategies of resistance against patterns of social and spatial exclusion.

Contributors: Oliver von Knebel Doeberitz, Barbara Korte, Anna Lienen, Gill Plain, Frank Erik Pointner, Katrin Röder, Ingrid von Rosenberg, Mark Schmitt, Ralf Schneider, Christoph Singer, Sabine Smith, Merle Tönnies, Ger Zielinski

Emblems in Scotland

Motifs and Meanings


Michael Bath

Emblems in the visual arts use motifs which have meanings, and in Emblems in Scotland Michael Bath, leading authority on Renaissance emblem books, shows how such symbolic motifs address major historical issues of Anglo-Scottish relations, the Reformation of the Church and the Union of the Crowns. Emblems are enigmas, and successive chapters ask for instance: Why does a late-medieval rood-screen show a jester at the Crucifixion? Why did Elizabeth I send Mary Queen of Scots tapestries showing the power of women to build a feminist City of God? Why did a presbyterian minister of Stirling decorate his manse with hieroglyphics? And why in the twentieth-century did Ian Hamilton Finlay publish a collection of Heroic Emblems?


Edited by Tuuli Lähdesmäki

Time and Transformation in Architecture, edited by Tuuli Lähdesmäki, approaches architecture and the built environment from an interdisciplinary point of view by emphasizing in its theoretical discussions and empirical analysis the dimensions of time, temporality, and transformation—and their relation to human experiences, behavior, and practices. The volume consists of seven chapters that explore the following questions: How do architectural ideas, ideals, and meanings emerge, develop, and transform? How is architecture manifested in relation to time, time-space, and the social dimensions it entails and produces? The volume provides both multifaceted theoretical discussions on time and temporality in architecture and empirical case studies around the globe in which these theories and conceptualizations are tested and explored.

Contributors are Eiman Ahmed Elwidaa, André van Graan, June Jordaan, Joongsub Kim, Tuuli Lähdesmäki, Assumpta Nnaggenda-Musana, Sanja Rodeš and Smaranda Spânu.


Emma Loosley Leeming

In Architecture and Asceticism Loosley Leeming presents the first interdisciplinary exploration of Late Antique Syrian-Georgian relations available in English. The author takes an inter-disciplinary approach and examines the question from archaeological, art historical, historical, literary and theological viewpoints to try and explore the relationship as thoroughly as possible. Taking the Georgian belief that ‘Thirteen Syrian Fathers’ introduced monasticism to the country in the sixth century as a starting point, this volume explores the evidence for trade, cultural and religious relations between Syria and the Kingdom of Kartli (what is now eastern Georgia) between the fourth and seventh centuries CE. It considers whether there is any evidence to support the medieval texts and tries to place this posited relationship within a wider regional context.

Intervening Spaces

Respatialisation and the Body


Edited by Nycole Prowse

Intervening Spaces examines the interconnectedness between bodies, time and space - the oscillating and at times political impact that occurs when bodies and space engage in non-conventional ways. Bodies intervene with space, creating place. Likewise, space can reconceptualise notions of the subject-body. Such respatialisation does not occur in a temporal vacuum. The moment can be more significant than a millennia in producing new ways to see corporeal connections with space. Drawing on theorists as diverse as Foucault, Deleuze, Guattari, Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Lefebvre and Grosz, temporal and spatial dichotomies are dissolved, disrupted and interrupted via interventions—revealing new ways of inhabiting space. The volume crosses disciplines contributing to the fields of Sociology, Literature, Performance Arts, Visual Arts, Architecture and Urban Design.

Contributors are Burcu Baykan, Pelin Dursun Çebi, Michelle Collins, Christobel Kelly, Anthi Kosma, Ana Carolina Lima e Ferreira, Katerina Mojanchevska, Clementine Monro, Katsuhiko Muramoto, Nycole Prowse, Shelley Smith, Nicolai Steinø and İklim Topaloğlu.


Stephan Trüby

Der Korridor gehört keinesfalls zu den gepriesenen Räumen. Auf Sympathien kann er kaum hoffen. Er scheint dazu verdammt, seine Bahnen durch Elends-Cluster ziehen zu müssen.
»(...) ein widerwärtiger Dunst schlug uns entgegen, als wir oben durch den langen Korridor schritten.« So berichtet beispielsweise Theodor Storms Erzähler in Pole Poppenspäler. Auch Walter Benjamin schildert in seinen Portraits bürgerlicher Interieurs des ausgehenden 19. Jahrhunderts wenig Erhebendes aus »langen Korridoren«: Sie seien »allein der Leiche eine adäquate Behausung«. Korridore gelten üblicherweise als »dunkel«, »finster« und »endlos«. Sind wir in ihnen dem auf der Spur, was man »Un-Architektur« nennen könnte?

Image-Based Architecture

Fotografie und Entwerfen

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld befasst sich mit den Möglichkeiten architektonischer Raumproduktion auf der Basis von Privatfotos, die in den sozialen Medien heute eine eigene Kommunikationsform herausgebildet haben.
Seitdem Kameratechnik zur zentralen technischen Komponente des Smartphones geworden ist, erhält das fotografische Bild eine erweiterte Bedeutung und Funktionalität. Der fotografische Zugang zur Welt zielt heute weniger auf eine Bezeugung etwas vormals Geschehenem ab, als vielmehr auf eine laufend sich wiederholende Veräußerung eigenen Handelns im „Hier“ und „Jetzt“. In gleicher Weise wie frühere Formen bildlich-perspektivischer Raumrepräsentationen Einfluss hatten auf die Konstitution räumlicher Gestaltgebung, beginnen auch die neuen fotografischen „Bildwelten“, die Architekturproduktion im Sinn eines Übersprungs bildlicher Logik in räumliche Materialisierungen spezifisch zu bestimmen.

Edited by Thomas Mical

This new book series investigates innovative ways to think about and design our built environment. The premise of Architectural Intelligences is that theories of design can generate innovative design methods and novel design projects. Architectural Intelligences seeks synthesis, hybridity, or tensions between architectural theory with other knowledge disciplines, to produce new insights, new speculations, and new design protocols. Architectural thought and production becomes thereby active and uniquely transformative. Books in this series will unfold new forms of order, organization, innovation, and experimentation that can shape and redirect current architectural thought, in dialogue with other disciplines, as game-changers.

Prospective authors in the disciplines of architecture, interiors, and urban spaces are encouraged to submit truly trans-disciplinary proposals (for single authored, co-authored, or edited volumes). Brill welcomes scholarly works that examine the area of applied architectural theory, drawing expertise in another knowledge discipline, such as:
• Architecture + Game Theory
• Architecture + Hypermodernity
• Architecture + New Ecologies
• Architecture + New Materiality
• Architecture + New Forms of Pleasure
• Architecture + Media-Philosophy
• Architecture + New Subjectivities
• Architecture + New Networks
• Architecture + Posthumanism

Authors are cordially invited to submit proposals and/or full manuscripts to the publisher at BRILL, Christa Stevens.


Edited by Annie Ring, Henriette Steiner and Kristin Veel

Architecture and Control makes a collective critical intervention into the relationship between architecture, including virtual architectures, and practices of control since the turn of the twentieth to twenty-first centuries. Authors from the fields of architectural theory, literature, film and cultural studies come together here with visual artists to explore the contested sites at which, in the present day, attempts at gaining control give rise to architectures of control as well as the potential for architectures of resistance. Together, these contributions make clear how a variety of post-2000 architectures enable control to be established, all the while observing how certain architectures and infrastructures allow for alternative, progressive modes of control, and even modes of the unforeseen and the uncontrolled, to arise.

Contributors are: Pablo Bustinduy, Rafael Dernbach, Alexander R. Galloway, Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht, Maria Finn, Runa Johannessen, Natalie Koerner, Michael Krause, Samantha Martin-McAuliffe, Lorna Muir, Mikkel Bolt Rasmussen, Anne Elisabeth Sejten and Joey Whitfield

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Die wahrhaft königliche Stadt

Das Reich in den Reichsstädten Augsburg, Nürnberg und Lübeck im Späten Mittelalter


Daniela Kah

English In Eine wahrhaft königliche Stadt, Daniela Kah describes how contemporary residents and visitors were able to experience and perceive the presence of the Holy Roman Empire (or its representatives, e.g., the king) in three late medieval cities -- Augsburg, Nürnberg and Lübeck. After receiving privileges from the king, these cities initiated large construction projects designed to assert their imperial status. These projects had a major impact on everyday life and made the Empire visible and graspable within the city. However, in the 13th century the cities increasingly deployed symbols and signs to represent their self-understanding as 'imperial'. ‘Being immediate to the Empire’ or ‘being privileged’ provided important political, economic, and social benefits. Therefore it became very important to the cities to represent their status in visible form. For this reason, the Empire achieved a permanent and lasting presence in free imperial cities.

Deutsch In Eine wahrhaft königliche Stadt beschreibt Daniela Kah, wie das mittelalterliche Reich oder seine Repräsentanten, wie zum Beispiel der König, in den Reichsstädten Augsburg, Nürnberg und Lübeck für die zeitgenössischen Bewohner und Besucher erfahrbar war und wahrgenommen wurde. Zunächst führte die Vergabe von königlichen Privilegien zu großangelegten repräsentativen Bauprojekten in den Städten, die das Reich so im städtischen Alltag erkennbar werden ließen. Ab dem 13. Jahrhundert kam es dazu, dass die Stäte vermehrt Symbole und Zeichen im Stadtraum anbrachten, die ihr Selbstverständnis visualieren. Der Status ‚unmittelbar dem Reich zugehörig“ beziehungsweise ‚vom Reich privilegiert’ zu sein, wurde aufgrund seiner politischen, wirtschaftlichen und prestigesteigernden Bedeutung ein wichtiger Bezugspunkt, der zur dauerhaften Präsenz des Reichs in den Reichsstädten führte.

Dealing With The Dead

Mortality and Community in Medieval and Early Modern Europe


Edited by Thea Tomaini

Death was a constant, visible presence in medieval and renaissance Europe. Yet, the acknowledgement of death did not necessarily amount to an acceptance of its finality. Whether they were commoners, clergy, aristocrats, or kings, the dead continued to function literally as integrated members of their communities long after they were laid to rest in their graves.
From stories of revenants bringing pleas from Purgatory to the living, to the practical uses and regulation of burial space; from the tradition of the ars moriendi, to the depiction of death on the stage; and from the making of martyrs, to funerals for the rich and poor, this volume examines how communities dealt with their dead as continual, albeit non-living members.
Contributors are Jill Clements, Libby Escobedo, Hilary Fox, Sonsoles Garcia, Stephen Gordon, Melissa Herman, Mary Leech, Nikki Malain, Kathryn Maud, Justin Noetzel, Anthony Perron, Martina Saltamacchia, Thea Tomaini, Wendy Turner, and Christina Welch

Philipp Reinfeld


Volume-editor Stéphane Pradines

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld

Philipp Reinfeld


Exemplarische Kontroversen über Gestaltung

Melanie Kurz

Die Geschichte des Designs ist gesäumt von Auseinandersetzungen. Debattiert wird unter Berufsgenossen, in Interessensverbänden, zwischen Wettbewerbern und nicht zuletzt an Hochschulen; als Foren dienen zum Beispiel Zeitungen, Konferenzen oder Gerichtssäle. Doch welche Gründe gibt es für Streit über Design? Die Kontroversen beschränken sich keineswegs auf die Ästhetik von Artefakten. Auch haben wir es trotz der Vielfalt an Streitfällen nicht mit einem unüberschaubaren Feld von zusammenhanglosen Einzelereignissen zu tun.
Wie das vorliegende Buch anhand historischer Kontroversen zeigt, die von Werkbund- und Bauhaus-Streit bis zum Streit zwischen Apple und Samsung reichen, lassen sich im Bereich der Gestaltung Streitkategorien identifizieren. Die Diskursanalyse verrät, dass sich die Konfliktursachen im Verlauf der Designhistorie kaum verändern. So haben die angeführten Dispute erstaunliche Ähnlichkeit mit aktuellen Debatten im Fach. Sie sind Lehrstücke und können dazu anregen, eine Streitkultur im Design zu etablieren, die sich davon distanziert, den Meinungsgegner in ein politisches Lager zu ‚verräumen‘.


Mediale Ästhetiken des Modischen

Edited by Birgit Richard, Jana Müller and Eleni Blechinger

Konsumfashionista ist eine Gegenposition zum Fashion Victim. Konsumfashionista klagt nicht über verführte Opfer, sondern sucht Strategien der Rückeroberung und spürt aktive Formen von ästhetischen Widerständen auf in Feldern wie Mode, Makerszene, Mayday Ravekultur oder Kunst.
Konsumfashionista verfolgt Ästhetiken des Konsums, verstanden als An-
eignung von Konsumobjekten, als Kampfansage an den Ausschluss eines negativ besetzten Käuflichen. »Fashionista« spielt auch auf den zuweilen totalitären Charakter von Mode an und meint zugleich Wehrhaftigkeit eines mitgestaltenden Konsumenten. Grundlagenforschungen und Grundsatzüberlegungen von Heinz Drügh, Moritz Baßler, Christina von Braun, Thomas Hecken, Birgit Richard u.a. zu Populärkulturen und Alltag, Mode, Design, Kunst beschäftigen sich mit T-Shirts, Primark, Videoformat Vine, Plattencovern, Markenlogos, Haarspülungen sowie Geld und Schmuck.


Edited by Ethan Matt Kavaler, Frits Scholten and Joanna Woodall

One of the principal arts in the Low Countries during the 16th century, sculpture was an important vehicle for supporting the social, religious and political interests of the church, the court, the cities and the nobility. The period saw the transition from an exuberant Gothic to a classicizing Renaissance style, a transformation in which sculpture assumed a leading role. In addition, statues were central to the cult of saints and commonly triggered iconophobia, which flared so spectacularly in the Beeldenstorm of 1566 and later riots. The essays in this volume cover a wide range of sculptural forms in the Low Countries, such as choir stalls, sacrament houses, carved altarpieces, funerary monuments, mantelpieces and small-scale cabinet sculptures. Issues of function, meaning, patronage and reception are central to these contributions, offering the most complete and accurate overview of the subject to date.

Mademoiselle de Montpensier

Writings, Châteaux, and Female Self-Construction in Early Modern France


Sophie Maríñez

Mademoiselle de Montpensier: Writings, Châteaux, and Female Self-Construction in Early Modern France examines questions of self-construction in the works of Anne-Marie-Louise d’Orléans, Duchesse de Montpensier (1627-1693), the wealthiest unmarried woman in Europe at the time, a pro-women advocate, author of memoirs, letters and novels, and the commissioner of four châteaux and other buildings throughout France, including Saint-Fargeau, Champigny-sur-Veude, Eu, and Choisy-le-roi. An NEH-funded project, this study explores the interplay between writing and the symbolic import of châteaux to examine Montpensier’s strategies to establish herself as a woman with autonomy and power in early modern France.


Victor M. Fernández, Jorge De Torres, Andreu Martínez d'Alòs-Moner and Carlos Cañete

One of the earliest and most ambitious projects carried out by the Society of Jesus was the mission to the Christian kingdom of Ethiopia, which ran from 1557 to 1632. In about 1621, crucial figures in the Ethiopian Solomonid monarchy, including King Susenyos, were converted to Catholicism and up to 1632 imposing missionary churches, residences, and royal structures were built. This book studies for the first time in a comprehensive manner the missionary architecture built by the joint work of Jesuit padres, Ethiopian and Indian masons, and royal Ethiopian patrons. The work gives ample archaeological, architectonic, and historical descriptions of the ten extant sites known to date and includes hypotheses on hitherto unexplored or lesser known structures.

Human Centered Design

Innovationen entwickeln, statt Trends zu folgen

Martin Ludwig Hofmann

Design als Innovationsgenerator: Die nächste industrielle Revolution beginnt ... genau jetzt. Warten Sie nicht länger auf den nächsten heißen Trend, dem Sie folgen können. Entwickeln Sie selbst Innovationen, die diesen Namen verdienen!
Human Centered Design versteht sich als Verbindung aus kreativer Gestaltung, humanwissenschaftlicher Fundierung und experimentellem Arbeiten – und öffnet sich dabei bewusst einem interdisziplinären Blickwinkel. Martin Ludwig Hofmann führt in die Methodik des Human Centered Design ein und erläutert die Haltung, die diesem erweiterten Designverständnis zugrunde liegt. Eine intellektuelle Tour de Force von Apple über Adorno, von Naoto Fukasawa über Michel Foucault, von Paul Virilio bis zum kalifornischen Designbüro IDEO. Was Gestalter tun, ist in einem hohen Maße gesellschaftlich relevant. Es wird Zeit, dass wir uns dessen bewusst werden.

Absolute Architekturbeginner

Schriften 2004–2014


Stephan Trüby

Entgegen den Bekundungen aller Reinheits- und Klarheits-Phantasmen, die das architektonische Denken zyklisch wie Sagrotan-Schwaden durchziehen, ist die Architektur vor allem ein Mischprodukt: ein manchmal bewusster, meist aber unbewusster Projektionsakt von spezifischen Designelementen auf andere spezifische Designelemente.
Dabei entsteht Neuheit, entstehen Projekte und Gebäude, die ihren Hybrid-Charakter kaum verleugnen können und von einer noch zu begründenden Transmissionskunde, einer Wissenschaft der Fusionen und Übernahmen zu analysieren sind. Denn was sollte kulturelle und damit auch architektonische Evolution sein, wenn nicht vor allem ein ewiges Hin und Her meta-ökonomischer Mergers & Acquisitions-Geschäfte? In Absolute Architekturbeginner entfaltet Stephan Trüby ein aus architektonischer Perspektive betrachtetes kulturtheoretisches Panorama, das ein Denken in Kontinuitäten mit einer Aufmerksamkeit für relative Nullpunkte verbindet.

Phenomenology, Architecture and the Built World

Exercises in Philosophical Anthropology


James Dodd

Phenomenology, Architecture and the Built World is an introduction to the methods and basic concepts of phenomenological philosophy through an analysis of the phenomenon of the built world. The conception of the built world that emerges is of space and time fashioned in accordance with a living understanding of what it is for human beings to exist in the world. Human building and making is thus no mere supplementary instrument in the pursuit of the ends of life, but a fundamental embodiment of the self-understanding of human beings. Phenomenological description is uniquely capable of bringing into view the physiognomy of this understanding, its texture and complexity, thereby providing an important basis for a critique of what constitutes its essence and its conditions of possibility.


David Whitehouse†, Timothy B. Husband, Lisa Pilosi, Mary B. Shepard and Mark T. Wypyski


Edited by Adrian J. Boas and Rabei G. Khamisy