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Edited by Tobias Lachmann

Es gilt die kulturkonstitutiven Potentiale der Zerstreuung zu erforschen, weil sie unser Orientierungswissen in Frage stellen und die ‚Ordnung des Diskurses‘ karnevalistisch subvertieren.

Ausgangspunkt des Bands Ästhetik und Politik der Zerstreuung ist die Annahme, dass die eigentlich produktive Instanz von Kultur ein anonymer Prozess diskursiver Zerstreuung und Zerstreutheit ist, dem als entgegengesetzte Operationen Formen von Sammlung und Konzentration entgegenwirken. Während letztere die Funktionen der Hierarchisierung, Totalisierung und Identifizierung übernehmen, also Ordnung stiften in Bereichen, die eigentlich vom Prinzip der Dispersion gekennzeichnet sind, interessieren sich die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bands für ebenjene Momente kultureller Produktion, in denen das Prinzip der Zerstreuung entfesselt wird, Schlupflöcher findet, Grenzen überwindet und Fluchtlinien eröffnet. Angeregt von Überlegungen der Dortmunder Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaftlerin Ute Gerhard widmen sie sich in exemplarischen Studien den Praktiken, Räumen, Dingen, Diskursen, Subjekten und Subjektivitäten der Zerstreuung und tragen so dazu bei, deren spezifische Ästhetik und Politik genauer zu konturieren.

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Edited by Iuditha Balint and Thomas Wortmann

Die Beiträge des Bandes verstehen „Krise“ als einen zentralen Bestandteil kultureller und gesellschaftlicher Institutionen – und gleichermaßen als Ursprung und Effekt von Erzählungen: Einerseits müssen Krisenphänomene narrativ hergestellt, medien-, gattungs- und disziplinspezifisch in Szene gesetzt werden, andererseits dient die Kulturtechnik des Erzählens – nicht nur im engeren Sinne einer talking cure – der Überwindung von und dem Lernen aus Krisen. Dabei stellen Krisen in Erzählprozessen als Ereignis meist den Zeitpunkt unmittelbar vor einem Wendepunkt dar: Krisen erfordern Entscheidungen.

Acta Conventus Neo-Latini Albasitensis

Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Congress of Neo-Latin Studies (Albacete 2018)

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Edited by Florian Schaffenrath and María Teresa Santamaría Hernández

Every third year, the members of the International Association for Neo-Latin Studies (IANLS) assemble for a week-long conference. Over the years, this event has evolved into the largest single conference in the field of Neo-Latin studies. The papers presented at these conferences offer, then, a general overview of the current status of Neo-Latin research; its current trends, popular topics, and methodologies. In 2018, the members of IANLS gathered for a conference in Albacete (Spain) on the theme of “Humanity and Nature: Arts and Sciences in Neo-Latin Literature”. This volume presents the conference’s papers which were submitted after the event and which have undergone a peer-review process. The papers deal with a broad range of fields, including literature, history, philology, and religious studies.

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Edited by Beata Sheyhatovitch and Almog Kasher

From Sībawayhi to ʾAḥmad Ḥasan al-Zayyāt: New Angles on the Arabic Linguistic Tradition, a volume edited by Beata Sheyhatovitch and Almog Kasher, brings together nine articles written by leading scholars of the Arabic linguistic tradition. These articles trace the development of the tradition, from Sībawayhi to modern Arabic language academies. The authors shed light on lesser-known aspects of this tradition, such as little-investigated grammatical structures, and problematic spots of the ʿamal theory and the grammatical terminology. They explore the discipline’s relations with stylistics and logic, the Arab grammarians’ influence on Jewish Bible exegesis, and modern applications of the medieval Arabic grammatical theory. This volume showcases the richness of the medieval Arabic linguistic literature and the diversity of ideas found within it.

A Descriptive and Comparative Grammar of Western Old Japanese (2 vols)

Revised, Updated and Enlarged Second Edition

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Alexander Vovin

This is the revised, updated and enlarged second edition of the first detailed descriptive grammar in English (indeed, in any language other than Japanese and more complete than even any grammar in Japanese) dedicated to the Western Old Japanese, which was spoken in the Kansai region of Japan during the seventh and eighth centuries. The grammar is divided into two volumes, with the first volume dealing with sources, script, phonology, lexicon, nominals and adjectives. The second volume focuses on verbs, adverbs, particles, conjunctions and interjections. In addition to descriptive data, the grammar also includes comparisons between Western Old Japanese and Eastern Old Japanese and Ryukyuan, occasionally with a critical analysis of various external parallels.

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EunHee Lee

The Logic of Narratives is a linguistic study of narrative discourse that contextualizes the ‘logical’ rather than the ‘stylistic’ aspect of narratives within the range of current issues in the interdisciplinary study of narratives being conducted in linguistics, philosophy, literature, cognitive science, and Artificial Intelligence. The book quantitatively analyzes naturally occurring narratives randomly selected from the British National Corpus (BNC) as well as James Joyce’s (1882-1941) The Dead (1914) and Fredrik Backman’s (1981-) A Man Called Ove (2012). Discourse Representation Theory (DRT) formalization (Kamp and Reyle, 1993) is employed and enriched with the representations and interpretations of perspective/point of view, genre differences, coherence relations, and episodes, which are called in the book Perspectival DRT (PDRT).

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Robert Jones

From the first Arabic grammar printed at Granada in 1505 to the Arabic editions of the Dutch scholar Thomas Erpenius (d.1624), some audacious scholars - supported by powerful patrons and inspired by several of the greatest minds of the Renaissance – introduced, for the first time, the study of Arabic language and letters to centres of learning across Europe. These pioneers formed collections of Arabic manuscripts, met Arabic-speaking visitors, studied and adapted the Islamic grammatical tradition, and printed editions of Arabic texts - most strikingly in the magnificent books published by the Medici Oriental Press at Rome in the 1590s. Robert Jones’ findings in the libraries of Florence, Leiden, Paris and Vienna, and his contribution to the history of grammar, are of enduring importance.

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Edited by Efraim Podoksik

Doing Humanities in Nineteenth-Century Germany, edited by Efraim Podoksik, is a collaborative project by leading scholars in German studies that examines the practices of theorising and researching in the humanities as pursued by German thinkers and scholars during the long nineteenth century, and the relevance of those practices for the humanities today.
Each chapter focuses on a particular branch of the humanities, such as philosophy, history, classical philology, theology, or history of art. The volume both offers a broad overview of the history of German humanities and examines an array of particular cases that illustrate their inner dilemmas, ranging from Ranke’s engagement with the world of poetry to Max Weber’s appropriation of the notion of causality.

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Zenobia Sabrina Homan

In Mittani Palaeography, Zenobia Homan analyses cuneiform writing from the Late Bronze Age Mittani state, which was situated in the region between modern Aleppo, Erbil and Diyarbakır. The ancient communication network reveals a story of local scribal tradition blended with regional adaptation and international political change, reflecting the ways in which written knowledge travelled within the cuneiform culture of the Middle East.
Mittani signs, their forms, and variants, are described and defined in detail utilising a large digital database and discussed in relation to other regional corpora (Assyro-Mittanian, Middle Assyrian, Nuzi and Tigunanum among others). The collected data indicate that Mittanian was comparatively standardised – an innovation for the period – signifying the existence of a centralised system of scribal training.

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Edited by Hans C. Boas and Marc Pierce

This volume consists of revised versions of presentations given at a roundtable on “New Directions for Historical Linguistics: Impact and Synthesis, 50 Years Later” held at the 23rd International Conference on Historical Linguistics in San Antonio, Texas, in 2017, as well as an introduction by the editors. The roundtable discussed the evolution of historical linguistics since the 1966 symposium on “Directions for Historical Linguistics,” held in Austin, Texas. Six prominent scholars of historical linguistics and sociolinguistics contributed: William Labov (the only surviving author from the 1968 volume), Gillian Sankoff, Elizabeth Traugott, Brian Joseph, Sarah Thomason, and Paul Hopper (a graduate student assistant at the original symposium).

Zur Wiedervorlage

Eichendorffs Texte und ihre Poetologien

Edited by Claudia Liebrand and Thomas Wortmann

Zu behaupten, dass die Eichendorff-Forschung boomt, wäre gewagt. Das hat viele Gründe. Manche Texte Eichendorffs gelten gemeinhin als ›ausinterpretiert‹, andere Texte stoßen bei germanistischen Rezipientinnen und Rezipienten auf Zurückhaltung – auch derjenigen, die Eichendorff nicht für einen randständigen Romantiker, sondern für ein Schwergewicht der deutschen Literatur halten. Der Band plädiert mit Nachdruck für eine erneute Auseinandersetzung mit Eichendorffs Œuvre. Dazu richtet er einerseits den Blick auf Texte, für die sich die Forschung bisher nur selten interessiert hat, andererseits unternimmt er den Versuch, auch häufig interpretierte Texte und Topoi einer Revision zu unterziehen.

Edited by Rahel Villinger and Christian Jany

Der Band widmet sich Formen und Formgebungsprozessen von Zeit in der europäischen Literatur der Moderne. Den theoretischen Horizont des Bandes bilden aktuelle Forschungsansätze, in denen das Verhältnis von modernen Formtheorien zur Zeitlichkeit ästhetischer Prozesse reflektiert und problematisiert wird. Im Zentrum steht damit die Frage nach dem Wie der literarischen Zeitdarstellung. Die versammelten Beiträge zu Werken von Racine bis Egger untersuchen gattungsspezifische, rhetorische und poetologische Verfahren, durch die Zeit erfahrbar oder zumindest denkbar gemacht wird.

Aus der Welt gefallen

Die Geographie der Verschollenen

Kristina Kuhn and Wolfgang Struck

Im Archiv des Gothaer Perthes Verlages lagern Materialien, die ein Wissen von der Welt modellieren, so wie es die Fachzeitschrift "Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen" im 19. Jahrhundert ihrem europaweiten Publikum präsentierte. Das Archiv versam-melt Korrespondenzen und Karten, wissensgeschichtlich spannungsvolles, multimedial angelegtes Material, und verwaltet Geschichten des Verschollengehens als gleichermaßen literar-ische wie nationenbildende Ereignisse. Zwischen Philologie, Wissens- und Kulturgeschichte angesiedelt, rekonstruiert das Buch eine Kunst des Verschollengehens, die im 19. Jahrhundert Geographie, Kartographie und realistische Literatur gleichermaßen fasziniert.

Leadership, credibility and persuasion

A view from three public policy discourses

Iga Lehman, Łukasz Sułkowski and Piotr Cap

Abstract

This short paper makes a tentative attempt to capture the most salient of persuasion strategies engaged in the construction of leadership in three different yet apparently interrelated domains of public life and public policy, political communication, management/business discourse, and academic communication. It explores the cognitive underpinnings, as well as linguistic realizations, of such concepts/phenomena/mechanisms as consistency-building, source-tagging, forced conceptualizations by metaphor, and discursive neutralization of the cheater detection module in the discourse addressee. A preliminary conclusion from the analysis of these mechanisms is that the three discourses under investigation reveal striking conceptual similarities with regard to the main strategies of credibility-building and enactment of leadership. At the same time, they reveal differences at the linguistic level, i.e. regarding the types of lexical choices applied to realize a given strategy.

Shaping identities in interaction by cognitive meanings

The variable usage of usted (es) as second-person object in Spanish

María José Serrano

Abstract

This is not an address forms research. The purpose of this paper is to study the variation of the Spanish singular and plural second-person object usted (es) (SPU object) by means of the cognitive properties of salience and informativeness. Each variant of the second-person object constitutes a meaningful possibility used by speakers to define their particular position in relation to the communicative situation where they participate, tightly connected to their communicative purposes during interaction. The quantitative and qualitative analysis of SPU object variation in a corpus of Contemporary Spanish (Corpus Interaccional del Español) show that variants are unevenly distributed across textual genres and socioprofessional affiliations of speakers and contribute to shape communicative styles based on the continuum of objectivity-subjectivity.

Affirmation und Ressentiment

Kurzer Versuch zur Poetik von Goethes Egmont

David E. Wellbery

Ästhetik und Semiologie

Die Emanzipation des ,Aisthetischen‘ in den Zeichenideen Kants, Humboldts und Hegels

Ludwig Jäger

For a long time, in the tradition of semiotics the sign was considered to be of inferior epistemological value, and even Baumgarten’s attempt to develop the conception of a semiotic aesthetics did not free the sign from its theoretical low status.1 Following Kant and his Kritik der ästhetischen Urteilskraft, especially Humboldt and Hegel ascribed to the sign a considerably higher theoretical value in their reflections about aesthetics. The sign no longer was considered to be a mere expression of a content that existed independently from it, but a constitutive role was given to the sign within the production of sense. The discourse of aesthetics, emerging by the end of the 18th century, therefore seems to contain a semiological subtext that grounds its aesthetic program on a theory of signs, whereas in the tradition of semiology, the skepticism towards the semiotic idea of the sign originated from the presuppositions of its conception of aesthetic represenation (Darstellung). Within a work of art, the content and its expression are combined by means of a semiological mediation as a result of which they are “so voneinander durchdrungen, daß das Äußere, Besondere ausschließlich als Darstellung des Inneren erscheint” (Hegel). This conception of representation was later called ‘symbolische Prägnanz’ by Cassirer. The emancipation of signs from their inferior theoretical value was predominantly based on the idea of an aisthetische form of expression such as Hegel had established within his philosophy of Kunstversinnlichung.

Die Provokation der Bildwissenschaft

Wie entsteht Bedeutung in Text und Bild? Theoretische Überlegungen und praktische Demonstrationen (Stabat materIsenheimer Altar)

Andreas Kablitz

Gerhard Regn zum 75. GeburtstagAbstractThe emergence of the so called Bildwissenschaft in recent humanities constitutes a major challenge to philology, as this newly established branch of art studies claims that images have a potential of generating meaning that is equivalent to, yet independent from, any linguistic means of producing semantics. Linguistics as well as literary studies have hardly reacted to this challenge until now. Therefore, the first part of this article proposes a comparative analysis of the procedures of generating meaning in images and in language, exploring their differences as well as their intersections. The second part is dedicated to a case study and comparison between the medieval hymn Stabat mater and Matthias Grünewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece as an illustration and simultaneously a test of the theoretical assumptions developed in the first part of the paper.

„es rollt fort“

Energie und Kraft der Dichtung bei Herder

Cornelia Zumbusch

Ökonomie der Aufmerksamkeit

Gertrude Steins Laborexperimente und ihre literarischen Folgen

Ulla Haselstein

It is a well-known fact that Gertrude Stein participated in psychological experiments at Hugo Münsterberg’s psychological laboratory during her undergraduate studies at Harvard University in the 1890s. She also conducted such experiments, the results of which were published in the Psychological Review. In her autobiographical texts, Stein referred to the experiments and the articles. Biographical research on Stein never fails to mention the experiments, but treats them as proof of Stein’s early interest in character types, while a few scholars regard Stein’s texts as automatic writing and base their claim on the experiments. The essay contextualizes the experiments in the contemporaneous research on suggestion and the “doubling of the mind”. Rejecting the idea of automatic writing, I analyze the section “ROOMS” of Tender Buttons as a literary experiment with suggestion.

Christoph Markschies

This article contextualises Rudolf Bultmann’s account of hermeneutics, one of the most influential contributions to the philosophical and theological tradition of hermeneutics since the 18th century. Not only does the article provide a detailed description of a fundamental shift from the hermeneutic understanding of a text to the self-understanding of the interpreter of a text; it also highlights the consequences of that very shift for the hermeneutic interpretation of texts. The article concludes with an examination of the particular capacities and limits of this notable “project of the century”.

„Tönend bewegte Formen“

Zu Anregungen der Musik(ästhetik) für die Literatur(theorie)

Irina Wutsdorff

The Precursors of Proto-Indo-European

The Indo-Anatolian and Indo-Uralic Hypotheses

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Edited by Alwin Kloekhorst and Tijmen Pronk

In The Precursors of Proto-Indo-European some of the world’s leading experts in historical linguistics shed new light on two hypotheses about the prehistory of the Indo-European language family, the so-called Indo-Anatolian and Indo-Uralic hypotheses. The Indo-Anatolian hypothesis states that the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European family should be viewed as a sister language of ‘classical’ Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor of all the other, non-Anatolian branches. The common ancestor of all Indo-European languages, including Anatolian, can then be called Proto-Indo-Anatolian. The Indo-Uralic hypothesis states that the closest genetic relative of Indo-European is the Uralic language family, and that both derive from a common ancestor called Proto-Indo-Uralic. The book unravels the history of these hypotheses and scrutinizes the evidence for and against them.

Contributors are Stefan H. Bauhaus, Rasmus G. Bjørn, Dag Haug, Petri Kallio, Simona Klemenčič, Alwin Kloekhorst, Frederik Kortlandt, Guus Kroonen, Martin J. Kümmel, Milan Lopuhaä-Zwakenberg, Alexander Lubotsky, Rosemarie Lühr, Michaël Peyrot, Tijmen Pronk, Andrei Sideltsev, Michiel de Vaan, Mikhail Zhivlov.

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Jerry H. Gill

Words, Deeds, Bodies by Jerry H. Gill concentrates on the interrelationships between speech, accomplishing tasks, and human embodiment. Ludwig Wittgenstein, J. L. Austin, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Michael Polanyi have all highlighted these relationships. This book examines the, as yet, unexplored connections between these authors’ philosophies of language. It focuses on the relationships between their respective key ideas: Wittgenstein’s notion of “language game,” Austin’s concept of “performative utterances,” Merleau-Ponty’s idea of “slackening the threads,” and Polanyi's understanding of “tacit knowing,” noting the similarities and differences between and amongst them.

Gegend am Aetna

Hölderlins Theater der Zukunft

Jörn Etzold

Hölderlins Texte eröffnen eine Bühne der Vielen und des Wandels. Das Buch zeichnet Hölderlins Suche nach einem anderen Zeitraum des Theaters in den Empedokles-Fragmenten, den „Anmerkungen“ zu Sophokles und in den chorischen „Gesängen“ nach. Hölderlin ist nicht am Theater gescheitert; er war nur nicht in der Lage, sich den Bedingungen anzupassen, denen das Theater seiner Zeit unterlag. Inmitten eines historischen Umbruchs sucht Hölderlin nach einer Bühne, auf der dargestellt werden kann, „daß keine Kraft monarchisch ist im Himmel und auf Erden“. Die Handlung des Trauerspiels Empedokles führt aus der Stadt Agrigent und ihrer politischen Bühne hinaus in die „Gegend am Aetna“ – in einen weiten, offenen Raum. Hier wird ein neuer Chor herbeigerufen, der von anderem, Nicht-Figürlichem, singen soll: von Winden, Strömen, Wolken, vom Zug der Vögel.

Understanding Medieval Latin with the Help of Middle Dutch

Magistri Symonis (?) Questiones secunde partis Doctrinalis Alexandri de Villa Dei First Critical Edition from the Manuscript with Introduction, Appendices and Indexes

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Edited by E.P. Bos

How advanced students in the 15th century learned to understand Latin with the help of Middle Dutch becomes clear in Master Simon’s (?) commentary in the form of questions on the famous medieval didactical poem on grammar Doctinale of Alexander de Villa Dei. The master discusses notions such as the six cases of Latin (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, vocative and ablative), construction, impediments of construction, and participles. The author has a conceptualist approach of language and criticizes interpretations by realists (Modists). He refers to other important medieval grammars, viz. Commentary on Priscian attributed to Peter Helias, Compendium de modis significandi attributed to Thomas of Erfurt, the Metrista, the Regulae Puerorum and the Florista.

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Edited by Mariaelisa Dimino, Elmar Locher and Massimo Salgaro

Robert Musil (1880–1942), der österreichische Autor, der mit dem Roman Der Mann ohne Eigenschaften (1930) bekannt wurde, war von Juni 1916 bis zum April 1917 zunächst Redakteur, dann ab Oktober 1916 Schriftleiter der Tiroler Soldaten-Zeitung. Mit diesem Band liegt nun erstmals eine Studie zur Aktivität Musils in der Tiroler Soldaten-Zeitung vor. Die Beiträge in diesem Band versuchen Musils Rolle als Schriftleiter der nationalistischen Artikel der Soldaten-Zeitung unter die Lupe zu nehmen und im Kontext seines publizistischen Werks zur verorten. Eine besondere Rolle spielt dabei die Diskussion der Autorschaft.

Edited by Philipp Theisohn, Philipp Auchter, Boris Buzek and Mateusz Cwik

Welche Auswirkungen hat die Ausweitung des Erzählens auf die Galaxis eigentlich für das Erzählen selbst? Und inwiefern zeichnet die galaktische Einbildungskraft nicht nur verantwortlich für Umbrüche auf dem Feld des astronomischen Wissens, sondern auch auf dem Feld der literarischen Ästhetik? Der vorliegende Band nimmt sich dieser Fragen an und lässt dabei die Imagination des Außerirdischen in ihren historischen Verlaufsformen, ihrer epistemologischen Fundierung wie vor allem auch in ihrer poetischen Funktionalität sichtbar werden.

Das Drama der ablaufenden Frist

Zur Genealogie von Schuld und Schulden im europäischen Bühnenmelodram

Stefanie Retzlaff

Eifersucht

Konfigurationen triangulären Begehrens im Trojanerkrieg Konrads von Würzburg

Julia Zimmermann

Ernst-Richard Schwinge

Superimpositions

The Poetic terrain vague of Roy Fisher’s A Furnace

André Otto

Kanišite Hittite

The Earliest Attested Record of Indo-European

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Alwin Kloekhorst

In Kanišite Hittite Alwin Kloekhorst discusses the ethno-linguistic make-up of Kaniš (Central Anatolia, modern-day Kültepe), the most important Anatolian mercantile centre during the kārum-period (ca. 1970-1710 BCE), when Assyrian merchants dominated the trade in Anatolia. Especially by analysing the personal names of local individuals attested in Old Assyrian documents from Kaniš, Alwin Kloekhorst demonstrates that the main language spoken there was a dialect of Hittite that was closely related to but nevertheless distinct from the Hittite language as spoken in the later Hittite Kingdom. This book offers a full account of all onomastic material and other linguistic data of Kanišite Hittite, which constitute the oldest attested record of any Indo-European language.

Secondary Content

The Semantics and Pragmatics of Side Issues

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Edited by Daniel Gutzmann and Katharina Turgay

In addition to expressing some main content, utterances often convey secondary content, which is content that is not their “main point”, but which rather provides side or background information, is less prominent than the main content, and shows distinctive behavior with respect to its role in discourse structure and which discourse moves it licenses. This volume collects original research papers on the semantics and pragmatics of secondary content. By covering a broad variety of linguistic phenomena that convey secondary content – including expressives, various particles, adverbials, pronouns, quotations, and dogwhistle language – the contributions show that secondary content is pervasive throughout different aspects of natural language and provide new insight into the nature of secondary content through new semantic and pragmatic analyses.

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Edited by Adeline Patard, Rea Peltola and Emmanuelle Roussel

The volume proposes original semantic analyses on items marking grammatical aspect. The contributions deal with structurally divergent languages, setting to the fore some less studied forms coding aspect, revisiting or challenging certain conventionalized views on aspectual categories and shedding light on interactions between aspect and modality, another multifaceted semantic category. In doing so, the volume is intended to emphasize the diversity of aspectual systems and the fuzzy semantics of grammatical aspect and help the reader to make their own mind on a topic traditionally viewed as a subcategory of verbal aspect together with lexical aspect.

Contributors are Denis Apothéloz, Trang Phan and Nigel Duffield, Galia Hatav, Jens Fleischhauer and Ekaterina Gabrovska, Stephen M. Dickey, Adeline Patard, Laura Baranzini, Jaroslava Obrtelova.

Die Kraft der Figuren

Darstellungsformen der Imagination bei Shaftesbury, Condillac und Diderot

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Manuel Mühlbacher

Die Imagination ist eine omnipräsente Kraft, die im Prozess des Schreibens und Lesens wirkt. Genau deshalb kann sie niemals Gegenstand einer reinen Theorie sein. Jeder Text über die Imagination setzt diese bereits ins Werk und ist daher performativ. Manuel Mühlbacher nimmt diese Beobachtung als Ausgangs-punkt, um die Geschichte der Imagination zwischen Rationalismus und Romantik neu zu erzählen. Im 18. Jahrhundert prägt sich ein Bewusstsein dafür aus, dass die Kraft der Imagination letztlich unentrinnbar ist – dass man ihr immer schon unterliegt, während man über sie reflektiert. Bei Shaftesbury, Condillac und Diderot, die im Zentrum der Untersuchung stehen, wird diese Einsicht programmatisch: Ihre Schreibverfahren führen vor, dass es keinen rationalen Standpunkt außerhalb der Imagination geben kann. Nimmt man die Dimension der imaginativen Kraft ernst, so gilt das Augenmerk der Lektüre nicht mehr begriffsgeschichtlichen Entwicklungen, sondern den rhetorischen und literarischen Darstellungsformen, in denen sich die Imagination manifestiert.

Nicolas Ruytenbeek

Abstract

A general issue in pragmatics concerns the definitions of speech act (SA) types. Cognitive linguists agree that a directive SA involves a speaker exerting a force towards her addressee’s (A) performance of some action, and the subtypes of directives have been approached in terms of a metaphorical grounding based on force image-schemas. These idealized cognitive models include graded features, the values and the centrality of which differ across directive subtypes. I address the relationship between the form of utterances used as directives and the ontology of directives, and I discuss recent experiments supporting a view of SA s as graded categories. I show that these approaches enable adopting an empirically adequate distinction between the levels of pragmatic meaning and semantic meaning, which raises interesting possibilities for further experimental work on speech act recognition in cognitive linguistics.

Christoph Unger

Abstract

Exclamations, exclamatives and miratives are utterances that do not merely convey some informative content, but are designed to express the emotional attitude of surprise. In this paper I argue that analysing what it means to express surprise must be based on three main ideas: (1) the idea that exclamatives are instances of metarepresentational use; (2) the idea that what is communicated in exclamatives and exclamations are what relevance theorists call impressions, rather than definite propositions, where impressions are communicated by slightly increasing the manifestness of a whole range of propositions; and (3) the idea that utterances may not only communicate by conveying Gricean meaning, but also by showing, i.e. by providing direct evidence for certain thoughts. Thus, what is communicated in exclamatives and exclamations is typically not reducible to Gricean speaker meanings. I outline the implications of my approach by comparing it to some recent semantic accounts.

Gradual conventionalization of pragmatic inferences

The y/e and o/u alternation in Spanish

Errapel Mejías-Bikandi

Abstract

The alternation in Spanish between y and e on the one hand, and u and o in the other, is examined. It is proposed that the standard account under which the choice of one variant over the other is sensitive only to the phonetic context is incomplete. Specifically, the paper argues that pragmatic inferences that typically appear cross-linguistically associated with these connectors, and that result in asymmetric interpretations, are not favoured in Spanish with the morphological variants e and u, which favour symmetric interpretations. The paper proposes that the relevant pragmatic inferences have been partially conventionalized for y and o, but that this conventionalization has not occurred in the case of e and u for the reason that they are much less frequently used. Thus, discussion and data offer a view of a stage in a gradual process of semantic change via conventionalization of pragmatic inferences.

Nathaniel Lotze

Abstract

Trick questions are a subgenre of puzzles that have undergone little, if any, semantic-pragmatic study, in part because they are often conflated with riddles. While they do share some mechanisms with riddles, they lean much more heavily on pragmatic mechanisms, and how they make use of them is quite different. This paper focuses on three types of invited presuppositions (box, red herring, and rug) that add more weight to the theory that presuppositions are best suited to pragmatic analysis. The lingering question is whether these three types are more or less comprehensive, or if other types might be distilled from other trick questions.

Victoria Escandell-Vidal and Elena Vilinbakhova

Abstract

This paper investigates utterances with the structure A is not A, showing that they can be fully informative and are felicitously used and understood in discourse. Relying on the notions of metalinguistic and metarepresentational negation, we argue that the class of utterances A is not A is heterogeneous and differs in regard to the lower-order representation under the scope of the negative operator. Specifically, we distinguish negated tautologies and copular contradictions. The understanding of negated tautologies involves identifying the corresponding affirmative deep tautology (Bulhof & Gimbel, 2001) and rejecting the assumptions derived from it. The interpretation of copular contradictions is based on distinguishing each of the occurrences of the repeated constituent as describing (a) one single referent with different properties; (b) two different referents satisfying the same description in different evaluation worlds; (c) two different referents, with different properties, which are accessed by means of the same linguistic expression.

Salvatore Pistoia-Reda

Abstract

This paper discusses the Contextual Blindness principle as extended to the exclusive operator only. It focuses on the interaction between only and alternatives derived from a special category of contextual orders, generally referred to as “rank orders”. It submits problematic evidence for the principle and argues that access to contextual information is required in the relevant cases. Its conclusion is that, as things stand, these cases constitute an obstacle to the semantic generalization of scalar reasoning involving only.

Speaking figuratively

The role of the tacit in artful language

Kathryn O’Shields

Abstract

This article addresses two forms of artful language: similes and metaphors. It argues that their artful quality arises from a deliberate omission of information, requiring the listener to fill in the missing parts. Sentences of the form ‘A is like B’ have two uses: as plain comparisons (called similatives) stating that two individuals (item A and item B) are comparable and share properties, and as similes, which are intended as assertions that A is “B-like” in some way. The simile’s absent information is tacit assumptions about its second member, B. As a result, similatives and similes behave differently and have distinct syntactic interpretations. The absent information in a metaphor of the form ‘A is a B’ is a tacit analogy, A:X::B:Y. As such, a metaphor asserts a parallel between two unstated relations, not its two identified items. The tacit members X and Y create the structural framework for the metaphor. Because metaphors use different tacit information than similes do, the two forms require distinct interpretations. It is also shown here that the literal truth of similes and metaphors is irrelevant to their interpretations. Nevertheless, artful statements can be used to make true or false assertions. Their truth is determined by taking their absent information into account. Furthermore, similes and metaphors can meaningfully use negation, as plain statements can. Patterns in simile and metaphor usage reveal that there are predictable processes behind their creation and systematic methods to their interpretations. Once these are identified, the linguistic contributions of similes and metaphors become clear.

The Common Bond of the Sea

Derek Walcott und Joseph Conrad

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Kathrin Härtl

„Between us there was, as I have already said somewhere, the bond of the sea“: so schreibt Joseph Conrad, der als Wegbereiter des modernism sowie nostalgischer kolonialistischer Schriftsteller des Empire gilt. Der karibische Nobelpreisträger Derek Walcott greift Conrads „bond of the sea“ auf und refiguriert diese Verbindung. Kathrin Härtls Monographie ist die erste vergleichende Untersuchung der Beziehung von Joseph Conrad und Derek Walcott und ihrer literarischen Texte. Anhand von drei Denkfiguren und drei Schreibformen untersucht sie die Bündnisse, Verbindungen, Verpflichtungen und Fesseln zwischen Walcott und Conrad. Die intertextuellen Bezüge besiegeln zwar den Bund zwischen den Autoren, doch die Verflechtungen der Texte gehen über diese verbürgten Referenzen hinaus.

Series:

Edited by Andrea Bartl and Franziska Bergmann

Editorial-board Thomas Wortmann, Brad Prager and Martin Jörg Schäfer

Der Band befasst sich unter Rückgriff auf Ansätze der Material Culture Studies mit der Darstellung von Objektwelten, d.h. einzelnen Dingen oder auch Ding-Ansammlungen, im Werk Thomas Manns. In jüngster Zeit erfährt die materielle Seite von Kultur großes Interesse in den Geisteswissenschaften, die insbesondere die Frage nach der Welt der Dinge in den Fokus rücken. Obgleich sich in Thomas Manns Texten eine Vielzahl von Objekten finden lässt, denen als Dingmotiven zentrale Bedeutung zukommt, wurde das Werk eines der größten deutschen Erzähler des 20. Jahrhunderts noch nicht unter Rückgriff auf Ansätze der Material Culture Studies untersucht. Diese Forschungslücke schließt der vorliegende Band und eröffnet damit innovative Perspektiven für die Thomas Mann-Forschung.

Verhinderte Meisterwerke

Gescheiterte Projekte in Literatur und Film

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Edited by Andrea Bartl, Corina Erk and Martin Kraus

Unter der Überschrift "Verhinderte Meisterwerke" versammelt der Band literatur- und filmwissenschaftliche Aufsätze, die sich mit nicht-verwirklichten künstlerischen Vorhaben beschäftigen. Die thematisierten Projekte aus Literatur und Film sind alle – aus unterschiedlichen Gründen und auf verschiedene Weise – gescheitert: Aus Ideen wurden keine Texte, Textversuche blieben Fragmente, Entwürfe wurden vergessen, vernichtet oder gingen verloren. Vielleicht hätten diese Anläufe zu kanonischen Romanen oder Filmklassikern werden können. Bisher fand die Auseinandersetzung mit solchen Fällen des Scheiterns vorwiegend im Rahmen textkritischer Werkaufarbeitungen, in biographischen Einzelstudien oder in essayistischen Beiträgen statt. Der Sammelband will sie nun nebeneinanderstellen und auf wissenschaftlicher Ebene diskutieren.

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Rosa Maria Calcaterra

Richard Rorty’s “neo-pragmatism” launched a powerful challenge to entrenched philosophical certainties of modernity, articulating a powerful picture of normativity as a distinctive activity of human beings. This “contingentism,” with its emphasis on indeterminacy, ambiguity, uncertainty, and chance, depicts normativity as a practical human possibility rather than a metaphysical bottleneck which we must overcome at the cost of repudiating the concrete ways we grant epistemic and ethical meaning to our activities. The book is a critical survey of Rorty’s philosophy, in light of contemporary theoretical debates around language, truth, justification, and naturalism, as well as his own resourceful attempts to renew philosophy from within by using the conceptual tools and argumentative techniques of both analytic philosophy and pragmatism.

Die Wetterseiten der Literatur

Poetologische Konstellationen und meteorologische Kontexte im 19. Jahrhundert

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Oliver Grill

Das Wetter wird im 19. Jahrhundert als undurchsichtiges Kräftegemisch beschrieben, das eine nicht kontrollierbare Unordnung, eine nicht kalkulierbare Überkomplexität und eine nicht vorhersehbare Zukunft impliziert. Oliver Grill arbeitet diese Signatur heraus. Seine Studie erschließt meteorologische Wissenshorizonte und Denkfiguren für die Analyse literarischer Wettertexte – u.a. von Goethe, Büchner, Stifter, Raabe und Fontane. Dabei geht es um existentielle Erfahrungen der Schutzlosigkeit, um die intensive Durchmischung von Wetter- und Gefühlslagen, um die enge Verbindung des Wetters mit Zuständen politisch sozialer Unruhe und um die qua Wetter reflektierten Zukunfts- und Kontingenzerfahrungen der Moderne.

25 Years Berlin Republic

Reflections on / of German Unification (1990-2015)

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Edited by Todd Herzog, Tanja Nusser and Richard Schade

25 Years Berlin Republic takes stock of the state of German unification a quarter of a century into the ongoing project that is the Berlin Republic. Thirteen scholars, artists, and public figures from diverse backgrounds document the changing hopes and fears, successes and challenges, that face the republic as it negotiates its way through the 21st century. Taking up a broad assessment of German culture ranging from sports to religion, painting to map-making, film to foreign policy, these studies combine personal experiences with critical analysis in order to understand the Berlin Republic today. The resulting portrait reveals a complex, diverse, and constantly-developing Republic that continues to ask the same essential question that has been at the center of discussions since the dramatic events that gave birth to the Republic: “Sind wir ein Volk?”

Gespenster des Realismus

Zur literarischen Wahrnehmung von Wirklichkeit

Elisabeth Strowick

Ausgehend von Goethes »Augengespenstern« und dem sich in ihnen artikulierenden epistemischen Umbruch im Verhältnis von Wahrnehmung und Wirklichkeit untersucht die Studie Wahrnehmung als grundlegendes Darstellungs- und Experimentierfeld der Literatur des Realismus. Wie die Lektüren der Inszenierung von Wahrnehmung bei Stifter, Storm und Fontane zeigen, erweist sich Wahrnehmung nicht nur als konstitutiv für Wirklichkeit, sondern überdies als Schauplatz eines Gespenstischen. Die Gespenster des Realismus – so die These – sind Gespenster der Moderne. Nicht nur situieren die Wahrnehmungsgespenster Realismus in epistemischen Formationen der Moderne; aus ihrem Bezug zum Gespenstischen generieren realistische Texte zudem eine moderne Poetologie. Die Studie eruiert diese Poetologie des Realismus anhand eines breiten Spektrums von Darstellungsweisen: Formen von Serialität, Wiederkehr und déjà vu, Aggregate, unheimliche Stellen, Nuancen, Rahmensprünge, Techniken der Mimikry, mise en abyme-Strukturen und szenische Akte erweisen sich als Verfahren zur literarischen Wahrnehmung von Wirklichkeit. Das Wirkliche, das sich in einem solchen Wahrnehmungsapparat generiert, ist prekär: Gespenstisches macht sich als Wirklichkeitseffekt geltend, Wirkliches stellt sich als Simulakrum dar. Es scheint m.a.W., dass sich Realismus gerade dadurch auszeichnet, dass ihm ›Wirklichkeit‹ epistemologisch radikal problematisch geworden ist.

Poetiken des Staunens

Narratologische und dichtungstheoretische Perspektiven

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Edited by Mireille Schnyder, Nicola Gess, Johannes Bartuschat and Hugues Marchal

Staunen als eine Emotion, die mit Verwirrung und Verunsicherung, aber auch Begehren und Genuss verbunden wird, ist weder begrifflich noch phänomenologisch leicht zu fassen. Und doch steht sie nicht nur am Anfang der Philosophie und der Ethnologie, sondern ist auch Anfang und Ziel von Dichtung. Der vorliegende Band untersucht Poetiken des Staunens von der Antike über das Mittelalter bis ins 19. Jahrhundert; die Beiträge verhandeln einschlägige Beispiele der lateinischen, englischen, deutschen, italienischen und französischen Literatur aus narratologischer und dichtungstheoretischer Perspektive.

Edited by Tan Wälchli and Corina Caduff

What is practice-based literary research? While literature as a discipline is currently not represented in the artistic research discourse, individual writers and scholars have ties to a variety of institutional constellations in which overlaps between literature, art, and research become manifest. 16 of them expand on their methodological approaches as well as their practice, and they analyse exemplary case studies.

Azad Mammadov and Misgar Mammadov

Abstract

The goal of this paper is to make an attempt at exploring the concepts of time, space and person, focusing on the nexus between them, with a view to revealing their role in shaping our perception and understanding of the sociological, political, cultural and economic contexts. The paper is also dealing with the issue of how subjective individual factors can influence various discursive practices vis-à-vis time and space. In its theoretical framework, the paper outlines key theoretical issues and concepts by focusing on the role of text, context and discourse in understanding time, space and person. The second part of the paper considers the crucial role of linguistic devices in the localization of time, space and person in political discourse. Finally, the third part explains how linguistic devices (both conventional and figurative) function in building the dynamism of time, space and person in political discourse, focusing on proximization and direction.

Robin Anderson and Iga Maria Lehman

Abstract

In this paper we set out to consider the place of the English language in globalised communities. The hegemony, which English enjoys, has ramifications for how it is taught, how and why it is learned and how it is used. We argue that there is a need to consider more socio-cultural and individual factors in the learning and use of English as a lingua franca as these factors constitute crucial aids to successful cross-cultural interactions in professional environments. The latest research on lingua franca English (LFE) (Firth & Wagner, 1997; Kramsch, 2002; Larsen-Freeman, 2002; Block, 2003; House, 2003; Canagarajah, 2006a; Lantolf & Thorne, 2006; Atkinson, Churchill, Nishino & Okada, 2007) confirms our position since it reveals what has always been the experience of multilingual speakers, i.e., “Language learning and use succeed through performance strategies, situational resources, and social negotiations in fluid communicative contexts. Proficiency is therefore practice-based, adaptive, and emergent” (Canagarajah, 2007: 923).

Distinctions in procedural meaning

Evidence from Modern Greek contrast

Valandis Bardzokas

Abstract

The current paper aims to investigate the distinctions in meaning between two prototypical markers of contrast in Modern Greek, i.e. alla and ma, from a relevance-theoretic viewpoint. At first sight, the two markers seem freely interchangeable across contexts, creating the impression that they basically share the same meaning. However, a more careful exploration of the contextual occurrences of these markers unravels their finely grained distinctions in meaning. This type of exploration requires a detailed categorization of the types of context that license or preclude the application of the markers at hand. In this sense, specific contexts highlight aspects of interpretation that motivate the use of one of the markers but not the other. Specifically, as it turns out, while the use of alla is chiefly associated with contexts of procedural elimination, in standard relevance-theoretic terms, the use of ma is justified in relation to expressing the speaker’s attitude of surprise to a contextual assumption constructed by the hearer, in addition to effecting procedural elimination. In this sense, ma proves to encode a dual constraint on the implicitly communicated content of an utterance, explained univocally in procedural terms.

Haifa Alatawi

Abstract

The Default hypothesis on implicature processing suggests that a rapid, automatic mechanism is used to process utterances such as “some of his family are attending the wedding” to infer that “not all of them are attending”, an inference subject to cancellation if additional contextual information is provided (e.g. “actually, they are all attending”). In contrast, the Relevance hypothesis suggests that only context-dependent inferences are computed and this process is cognitively effortful. This article reviews findings on behavioural and neural processing of scalar implicatures to clarify the cognitive effort involved.

From text to scheme

Problems in identifying arguments from expert opinion

Douglas Walton and Marcin Koszowy

Abstract

We show how to solve common problems in identifying arguments from expert opinion, illustrated by five examples selected from The Economist. Our method started by intuitively identifying many appeals to alleged experts in The Economist and comparing them to the argumentation scheme for argument from expert opinion. This approach led us to (i) extending the existing list of possible faults committed when arguments from expert opinion are performed and (ii) proposing the extension of the list of linguistic cues that would allow analysts to identify arguments from expert opinion. Our ultimate aim is to help argument identification by argument mining connect better with techniques of argument analysis and evaluation.

What’s really going on with the ham sandwich?

An investigation into the nature of referential metonymy

Josephine Bowerman

Abstract

Working within the framework of Relevance Theory, I investigate the nature of referential metonymy (specifically, metonymically-used definite descriptions), aiming to elucidate (i) the pragmatic mechanisms involved in referential metonymy comprehension, and (ii) the contribution of a metonymically-used definite description to the explicitly communicated content of an utterance. I propose that, while the interpretation of referential metonymy is properly inferential in nature, it cannot be explained in terms of ‘meaning modulation’ (narrowing and broadening); rather, the literal meaning of a metonymically-used referring expression remains intact, and is used as evidence of the speaker’s target referent. In addition, I argue that the referential/attributive distinction proposed by Donnellan (1966) for literally-used definite descriptions also applies to metonymically-used definite descriptions. Thus, the contribution of a metonymically-used definite description to explicit utterance content differs according to whether the definite description is used ‘referentially’ or ‘attributively’.

Neo-Latin and the Vernaculars

Bilingual Interactions in the Early Modern Period

Series:

Edited by Florian Schaffenrath and Alexander Winkler

The early modern world was profoundly bilingual: alongside the emerging vernaculars, Latin continued to be pervasively used well into the 18th century. Authors were often active in and conversant with both vernacular and Latin discourses. The language they chose for their writings depended on various factors, be they social, cultural, or merely aesthetic, and had an impact on how and by whom these texts were received. Due to the increasing interest in Neo-Latin studies, early modern bilingualism has recently been attracting attention. This volumes provides a series of case studies focusing on key aspects of early modern bilingualism, such as language choice, translations/rewritings, and the interferences between vernacular and Neo-Latin discourses.

Contributors are Giacomo Comiati, Ronny Kaiser, Teodoro Katinis, Francesco Lucioli, Giuseppe Marcellino, Marianne Pade, Maxim Rigaux, Florian Schaffenrath, Claudia Schindler, Federica Signoriello, Thomas Velle, Alexander Winkler.

Series:

Edited by Maciej Witek and Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka

Normativity and Variety of Speech Actions embraces papers focused on the performative dimension of language. While all texts in the volume recognize speech primarily as a type of action, the collection is indicative of the multifaceted nature of J.L. Austin’s original reflection, which invited many varied research programmes. The problems addressed in the volume are discussed with reference to data culled from natural conversation, mediated political discourse, law, and literary language, and include normativity, e.g. types of norms operative in speech acts, speaker’s intentions and commitments, speaker-addressee coordination, but also speech actions in discursive practice, in literal and non-literal language, performance of irony, presupposition, and meaningful significant silence.

Contributors are: Brian Ball, Cristina Corredor, Anita Fetzer, Milada Hirschová, Dennis Kurzon, Marcin Matczak, Marina Sbisà, Iwona Witczak-Plisiecka, Maciej Witek, and Mateusz Włodarczyk.

Bild Medium Geld

Bildkulturen und Medienreflexionen des Monetären

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Edited by Felix T. Gregor and Judith Ellenbürger

Bild Medium Geld widmet sich in 15 kulturwissenschaft-
lichen Studien der medialen Vielfalt monetärer Bilder und ihrer Konstruktion.

Bilder des Geldes strömen täglich durch die diversen Medienkanäle – sei es im Print- oder Onlinebereich, in Film-, Fernseh- oder Videoproduktionen. Aufgrund der zunehmenden Immaterialität und Unsichtbarkeit des Geldes sind sie jedoch weniger schlichte Abbildungen, sondern vielmehr Produzenten gesellschaftlicher Vorstellungen von Geld. Die Beiträge dieses Bandes zeigen in ihrer Auseinandersetzung mit Gelddarstellungen, wie sehr letztere auf kulturelle Kontexte geradezu „angewiesen“ sind und inwiefern dadurch eine semantische Aufladung entsteht, die Fragen medienwissenschaftlicher, aber auch sozialer, ökonomischer und genderpolitischer Dimensionen nach sich zieht.

Schwangere Musen - Rebellische Helden

Antigenerisches Schreiben. Von Sterne zu Dostoevskij, von Flaubert zu Nabokov

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Aage Ansgar Hansen-Löve and Aage A. Hansen-Löve

Wenn es ums Schaffen geht oder gar ums Schöpferische, liegt nichts so nahe wie das scheinbar unerschöpfliche Feld der Geburtsmetaphern, das Reden vom Zeugen und Empfangen, vom Austragen und Gebären eines Werkes, das für das Kind steht – ja dieses gar ersetzen soll.

Die in diesem Band versammelten Überlegungen verknüpfen drei Problemkreise: Es geht um die Projektionsfigur der Musen und ihrer Kollision mit der Dichtergeliebten, um die permanente Autoritätskrise im Verhältnis des Autors zu seinen eigenen Geschöpfen und um die Entdeckung eines Kunstschaffens und Schreibens, das alle genetischen wie generischen Modi der Hervorbringung gegen den Strich dichtet und also konsequent antigenerisch verfährt. Vorgeführt werden diese drei Problemkreise an klassischen Texten des Antigenerischen. Zuletzt bleibt die Frage nach den Musen der Musen und den Paradoxa der Dame Dichterin mit Blick auf ihre Inspirationsquellen.

Zersetzung

Automatismen und Strukturauflösung

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Edited by Norbert Otto Eke, Peter Hohlweck and Patrick Hohlweck

Automatismen sind Techniken, Routinen und Praktiken, die sich einer bewussten und zentralen Steuerung entziehen und doch in medialen, kulturellen und sozialen Prozessen zur Entstehung und Verfestigung von Strukturen beitragen.

Das Graduiertenkolleg „Automatismen“ der Universität Paderborn hat entsprechende Mechanismen vor dem Hintergrund der Strukturentstehung und als Kulturtechniken zur Reduzierung von Komplexität
untersucht. Der vorliegende Abschlussband der Schriftenreihe des Kollegs fragt danach, ob, und wenn ja, inwiefern Automatismen in künstlerischen, politischen und ökonomischen Prozessen auch zur Auflösung und Zersetzung von Strukturen beitragen können – etwa in regelhaft auftretenden Prozessen der Erosion, der Abnutzung im Gebrauch, des Formverlusts, des Verfalls oder der Dekomposition.

Protest und Verweigerung / Protest and Refusal

Neue Tendenzen in der deutschen Literatur seit 1989 / New Trends in German Literature since 1989

Edited by Hans Adler and Sonja E. Klocke

Literatur, die sich in gesellschaftlichen und politischen Prozessen kritisch zu Wort meldet, ist seit 1989 auch in Deutschland wieder deutlicher zu vernehmen. Sie nimmt Stellung zu den dringend anstehenden Problemen wie (Im)Migration, Re-Nationalisierung, Rassismus, Globalisierung, Überwachungsstaat, Neoliberalismus.

Die Formen und Weisen der literarischen Stellungnahmen sind Gegenstand der in diesem Band versammelten Untersuchungen. AutorInnen wie Ulrich Peltzer, Juli Zeh, Kerstin Hensel, Navid Kermani, Uwe Tellkamp, Antje Rávic-Strubel, Ilija Trojanow, aber auch neue und neu inszenierte Erzählgenres wie Dorfgeschichte, Reisebericht oder Kriminalroman werden in eingehenden Analysen auf ihr kritisches Potential hin untersucht.

Die Sprache der Infamie II

Literatur und Niedertracht

Achim Geisenhanslüke

Die Geschichte der Infamie ist die der Verfemten, die aufgrund ihrer fragwürdigen Lebensweise, des Verstoßes gegen soziale Normen und Vorgaben aus der Gesellschaft ausgeschlossen werden. Der Band setzt die Untersuchungen zum Zusammenhang von Literatur und Infamie fort und legt den Schwerpunkt auf den zwischen Recht, Moral und Politik schillernden Begriff der Niedertracht. Der Begriff der Niedertracht dient der Untersuchung als Ausgangspunkt für die Darstellung der Geschichte der Beschädigung und des Verlustes der Ehre in der europäischen Literatur. Das Buch thematisiert die Figurationen der Niedertracht auf dem Theater von Shakespeare über Schiller und Kleist bis zu Büchner, bevor sie anhand von ausgewählten Texten sich dem Zusammenhang von Niedertracht, Sexualität und Religion in der Literatur der Moderne zuwendet.

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Volume-editor Nicola Gess, Mireille Schnyder, Hugues Marchal and Johannes Bartuschat

Gläubiges Staunen

Das verwundern Marias in mittelhochdeutschen Verkündigungsdarstellungen

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Susanne Reichlin

La nécessité poétique de l’étonnement

Curiosités, monstres et merveilles dans la littérature de voyage du tournant des XVIIIe et XIXe siècles

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Anne-Gaëlle Weber

Meisters Maschinen

Zur Poetik des ‚Wunderbaren‘ in J. W. Goethes Roman Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre (1795/96)

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Micha Huff

Meraviglia, Metafora, Maniera

Konzepte und Poetiken des Staunens (stupore) in der italienischen Barockliteratur

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Angela Oster

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Volume-editor Nicola Gess, Mireille Schnyder, Hugues Marchal and Johannes Bartuschat

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Volume-editor Nicola Gess, Mireille Schnyder, Hugues Marchal and Johannes Bartuschat

Series:

Volume-editor Nicola Gess, Mireille Schnyder, Hugues Marchal and Johannes Bartuschat

Series:

Volume-editor Nicola Gess, Mireille Schnyder, Hugues Marchal and Johannes Bartuschat

Poetiken des Staunens

Eine Einführung

Series:

Mireille Schnyder and Nicola Gess

Staunen als Belohnung der Neugier

Wunder, Überraschung und Frage in narrativer Hinsicht

Series:

Fritz Breithaupt