Volume Editor: Mikhail Danilevsky
The aim of Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera is to provide a tool that addresses the most urgent needs:
1) a complete list of available names of taxa occurring in the Palaearctic Region with authors and publications dates,
2) a list of references to primary publications,
3) distributions of the species and subspecies.
Thus, the Catalogue is expected to respond to questions related to biodiversity, and to increase the badly needed nomenclatural stability.
The present updated and revised Catalogue is a collective international work by 12 authors from Austria, Belgium, China, Korea, Japan and Russia. It includes about 6453 species names of 913 genera. The general structure and the taxonomic, distributional and bibliographical information of the first edition of the Catalogue are followed with minor changes.
Maria Sibylla Merian’s Caterpillar Book
Author: Kay Etheridge
The Flowering of Ecology presents an English translation of Maria Sibylla Merian’s 1679 ‘caterpillar’ book, Der Raupen wunderbare Verwandelung und sonderbare Blumen–Nahrung. Her processes in making the book and an analysis of its scientific content are presented in a historical context. Merian raised insects for five decades, recording the food plants, behavior and ecology of roughly 300 species. Her most influential invention was an 'ecological' composition in which the metamorphic cycles of insects (usually moths and butterflies) were arrayed around plants that served as food for the caterpillars. Kay Etheridge analyzes the 1679 caterpillar book from the viewpoint of a biologist, arguing that Merian’s study of insect interactions with plants, the first of its kind, was a formative contribution to natural history.

This study focuses on the Brazilian species of the genus Purenleon Stange (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). A total of five species are herein reported to Brazil: Purenleon clavatus (Navás), Purenleon fernandezi Miller & Stange (first record for Brazil), Purenleon cautus (Walker) comb. n., and two new species: Purenleon limeirai sp. n. and Purenleon rafaeli sp. n. The taxonomical status of other two species was reevaluated: Formicaleo bipunctatus Navás was synonymized under P. cautus and Feinerus nebulosus Navás was revalidated and transferred to Purenleon. A key to the South American species of Purenleon is also presented.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Nine new species of the collembolan genus Salina MacGillivray from South America are described and illustrated. Two Neotropical species were recorded for the first time from Brazil: S. dedoris Mari-Mutt and S. tristani Denis. Salina was previously known to occur in three Brazilian states, and this is now updated to include 19 states with 12 recorded species. A new proposal of morphological character description and illustration, and an identification key for the celebensis group are provided. A hypothesis for the phylogenetic relationships among 34 species of Salina (about 50% of the 72 described species) allowed three main pursuits: (a) a reevaluation of Salina species groups; (b) the first explicit interpretation of how morphological characters of these springtails may have changed during the course of the diversification of the taxon; and (c) an evaluation of the historical biogeographic connections of Salina, with an emphasis on the celebensis group distribution to the New World.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

The tribe Sisyphini sensu stricto comprises only three genera, the widespread Sisyphus and Neosisyphus , and the Mauritius endemic, Nesosisyphus . In southern Africa, Sisyphus and Neosisyphus are represented by five species groups in each genus. Together, they comprise a total of 33 valid species, of which six are new: Sisyphus auricomus sp. n; Sisyphus australis sp. n ; Sisyphus bicuariensis sp. n; Sisyphus inconspicuus sp. n; Sisyphus swazi sp. n; and Neosisyphus tembyi sp. n. A further Southern African species, Sisyphus crispatus , is proposed as a nomen dubium. Sisyphus natalensis (syn. n), and Sisyphus bornemisszanus (pars) (syn. n) are made synonyms of Sisyphus sordidus . Lectotypes and paralectotypes are designated for Sisyphus costatus (); Sisyphus seminulum ; Sisyphus nanniscus ; Sisyphus transvaalensis ; Neosisyphus spinipes () and Neosisyphus barbarossa (). Diagnoses, photographs of habitus and male genitalia, lists of examined material and distribution maps are presented for all species. An identification key to the southern African sisyphine species is provided.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: The Flowering of Ecology
In: Chrysomeloidea I (Vesperidae, Disteniidae, Cerambycidae)
In: Chrysomeloidea I (Vesperidae, Disteniidae, Cerambycidae)

Abstract

We present herein the first phylogenetic analysis of the genus Chelidura and the taxonomic revision of the genus Chelidurella, stat. restit., based on DNA sequences. The results confirm the generic status of Chelidurella and Mesochelidura , and they are removed from the synonymy with Chelidura and reinstated as valid genera. Many individual Chelidurella species are defined based on the combination of a few variable characters on the pygidium and forceps, and the systematics and phylogeny of this genus are unclear. The validity of most of the species is revisited here by molecular phylogenetic analyses, and individual morphological characters are evaluated for their relevance in the identification of all described species. We describe two new species to science, Chelidurella galvagnii Kirstová & Kočárek, sp. nov. from Austria, and C. pseudovignai Kočárek & Kirstová, sp. nov. from Italy and Austria; two species, C. guentheri and C. tatrica are newly synonymized. Critical diagnostic characters are illustrated, and an identification key for males of Chelidurella is provided.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

A new species of fossil hoverfly (Syrphidae: Eristalinae), i.e., Blera miocenica sp. nov. is described from the Early Miocene (Burdigalian) of Bílina mine in the Most Basin, Czech Republic. The species description is based on a well preserved compressed fossil and it represents the first known fossil record of the genus Blera Billberg, 1820 so far. B. miocenica sp. nov. diagnosis is based on the wing venation and other body characters like the coloration pattern of abdomen. The resemblance of the new fossil to extant species of Blera is briefly discussed. The previously suggested palaeoenvironmental conditions at the type locality are in agreement with the knowledge on autecology of recent representatives of the genus Blera (i.e., larval feeding strategy, adult habitat preferences and flower visitation). Thus, we conclude that fossil hoverflies could be a helpful tool for the indication of past habitats.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Abstract

A new genus, Dissimulitermes Constantini & Cancello gen. nov., is described from the Neotropical region. The main morphological feature of the new genus is remarkable defensive organs. A new species of Dissimulitermes is described: D. invisibilis Constantini & Cancello, sp. nov. Description, comparisons, measurements, a distribution map, histology of their dehiscent organ, and an illustration of all the fundamental morphological aspects are provided.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Paracanthon includes four nominal species of dung beetles occurring in the Atlantic Forest of northeastern, southeastern and southern Brazil, and Misiones, Argentina. Here we describe twelve new species of Paracanthon: P. arnaudi sp. n., P. belloi sp. n., P felipei sp. n., P genieri sp. n., P. grossiorum sp. n., P. laevinotus sp. n., P. lopesandradei sp. n., P. marinezae sp. n., P. millerorum sp. n., P.monteiroorum sp. n., P. muriloi sp. n., P. ocellatopunctatus sp. n. We propose P. pereirai d’Andretta & Martínez 1957 as a new junior subjective synonym of P. rosinae . In addition, we present new data on the morphology of the hindwings and male genitalia, and an identification key to the species of the genus. Paracanthon is restricted to the Atlantic domain, and we briefly discuss the possible processes that might have led to the diversification of the putative lineages recognized here.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

The mirid tribe Saturniomirini is redescribed, based on material from Australia, Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. One new genus and ten new species of Saturniomirini are described: Kallosmiris gen. n., Kallosmiris avena sp. n. , Kallosmiris geminus sp. n., Kallosmiris solis sp. n., Cheesmaniella australiensis sp. n., Garainamiris ganymedis sp. n., Trilaccus forrestae sp. n., Trilaccus luteoscutellatus sp. n., Trilaccus mica sp. n., Trilaccus mimeticus sp. n. and Trilaccus stewartensis sp. n., Cheesmaniella (Cheesmaniella australiensis sp. n.) and Garainamiris (Garainamiris ganymedis sp. n.) are recorded from Australia for the first time. All existing Saturniomirini genera, including their type species and previously described species are redescribed as follows: Cheesmaniella , Garainamiris , Imogen , Saturniomiris , Synthlipsis and Trilaccus Horváth, 1902. Four previously described species (Garainamiris antennatus , Synthlipsis ternatensis (), Trilaccus marginatus () and Trilaccus perversus ()) were not examined directly but photographs of types were available for observation. A dichotomous key to Saturniomirini taxa, colour habitus photographs, scanning electron micrographs, illustrations of male genitalia and distribution maps are provided. A phylogenetic analysis of morphological data was conducted, resulting in the Saturniomirini and all included genera recovered as monophyletic taxa.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Liogenys Guérin-Méneville, 1831, the largest genus of Neotropical Diplotaxini, is now comprised of 91 species. Fifteen new Brazilian species are described: L. acuta sp.n.; L. amazonica sp.n.; L. angustitarsis sp.n.; L. clinocarinata sp.n.; L. crassopunctata sp.n.; L. hirsuta sp.n.; L. latoemarginata sp.n.; L. leviscutata sp.n.; L. ornativentris sp.n.; L. rodriguesi sp.n.; L. pruinosa sp.n.; L. quadrata sp.n.; L. susanalbertorum sp.n.; L. variabilis sp.n.; and L. vazdemelloi sp.n.. Females are described for the first time for L. acutidens Moser, L. moseri Frey and L. sinuaticeps Moser. For L. macropelma Bates and L. minuta Moser, lectotypes and diagnoses are provided. Two new junior subjective synonyms are made for L. moseri and for L. parva Blanchard: L. obesina Frey and L. femella Cherman, respectively. The geographic distribution of Liogenys is first time recorded in Acre and Rondonia by the occurrence of new species, while other new records are expanded for eight species.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Abstract

The genus Melissodes Latreille in the subfamily Eucerinae (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is a widespread and common group of bees. There are 129 described Melissodes species that range throughout the western hemisphere with the center of diversity in the warm deserts of southwestern North America. Despite its widespread nature and importance in agriculture, the evolutionary relationships among the species have never been investigated. Here, we present a molecular phylogeny using five loci for 89 species of Melissodes with representatives from all subgenera. We confirm all of the subgeneric delineations constructed by LaBerge, except for a paraphyletic M. (Tachymelissodes) and the placement of M. (Heliomelissodes), which renders M. (Eumelissodes) paraphyletic. We also discuss the unexpected placement of M. tristis Cockerell, M. paucipuncta LaBerge, M. dagosus Cockerell, and M. pexa LaBerge. Finally, we combine this analysis with previous data to support the placement of Melissodes within the subfamily Eucerinae.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
Revised and Updated Second Edition
Volume Editors: Dariusz Iwan and Ivan Löbl
Volume 5 of the Catalogue of Palaearctic Coleoptera focuses on one of the megadiverse groups of the animal kingdom, the beetle superfamily Tenebrionoidea reported from the Palaearctic biogeographic region. For the genus and species-groups taxa all available names are given and all data relevant to nomenclature are cross-checked and the distribution of species and subspecies is given per country or smaller region. A group of 25 experts have worked to collect data based on a critical review of published sources including a significant amount of new information. This volume also provides a fix to the nomenclature, which warrants unambiguous communication.

Contributors are: Kiyoshi Ando, Maxwell V. L. Barclay, A. Marco A. Bologna, Patrice Bouchard, Yves Bousquet, Ivan A. Chigray, Alain Drumont, V. Leonid Egorov, Jan Horák, Dariusz Iwan, Marcin J. Kamiński, Roman Królik, Daniel Kubisz, Ivan Löbl, Otto Merkl, V. Maxim Nabozhenko, Gianluca Nardi, Nikolay B. Nikitsky, Vladimír Novák, Darren A. Pollock, Wolfgang Schawaller, Rudolf Schuh, Fabien Soldati, Dmitry Telnov, and Daniel K. Young.

The genus Machairocentron is revised and its included species, M. ascanius Schmid 1982, M. echinatum (Flint 1981), M. falciforme Pes & Hamada 2013, M. lucumon Schmid 1982, M. tarpeia Schmid 1982, and M. teucrus Schmid 1982, are redescribed and illustrated based on type specimens. Two new species from Costa Rica, M. chorotegae sp. nov. and M. eugeniarguedasae sp. nov., and one from Venezuela, M. kalinae sp. nov., are described. An identification key for the Machairocentron genus is also provided.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution
In: Tenebrionoidea
In: Tenebrionoidea
In: Tenebrionoidea

The species Calyptra minuticornis is divided into two subspecies: C. minuticornis novaepommeraniae (Strand) and C. minuticornis minuticornis (Guenée) based on minor morphological differences, geographic distribution, and differential feeding behaviors in the adults. In this study, museum specimens were examined, including the holotypes of C. novaepommeraniae and C. minuticornis. A comprehensive distribution map was generated for C. minuticornis. A permutational multivariate analysis of variance provided some statistical evidence for minor differences between the male genitalic morphology. Additionally, the maximum parsimony analysis of the C. minuticornis subspecies complex resulted in a polytomy and did not represent natural groupings. From these results, it can be concluded that C. minuticornis novaepommeraniae and C. minuticornis minuticornis should be synonymized. A redescription of the species and a revised checklist for the genus is also provided. This includes synonymization of Wolframmeyia Behounek, Hacker & Speidel with Calyptra and evidence that Percalpe Berio is an unavailable name.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

Hylcalosia , is a small braconid genus with 13 described species from the Oriental and Palaearctic regions. The genus is revised using morphological characters and a phylogenetic analysis of COI sequence data; GenBank accession numbers of fifteen sequences we generated from four species are included. Sixteen specimens from Thailand belonging to this genus were examined; five new species are described and illustrated, i.e., H. bothynis Yao n. sp., H. dichromata Yao n. sp., H. eurykephale Yao n. sp., H. leura Yao n. sp., and H. perkna Yao n. sp. A key to the species of the genus Hylcalosia is presented.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

A taxonomic treatment for the genera of the soldier fly subfamily Stratiomyinae is provided for the Australian fauna, including the first key to the Australian genera and updated key for the genus Acanthasargus . Each genus is diagnosed and illustrated, including: Acanthasargus, Odontomyia , the newly recorded genus Prosopochrysa de and new species Prosopochrysa lemannae Lessard & Woodley, sp.n., and the new genus and species Scutellumina parvatra Woodley & Lessard, gen.n. et. sp.n. Four genera and 30 species of Stratiomyinae are now recognised from Australia.

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution