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This book is an academic continuation of the previous five volumes on judicial independence edited by Shimon Shetreet, with others: Jules Deschenes, Christopher Forsyth, Wayne McCormack, Hiram E. Chodosh and Eric Helland, all books were published by Brill Nijhoff:
Judicial Independence: The Contemporary Debate (1985), The Culture of Judicial Independence: Conceptual Foundations and Practical Challenges (2012), The Culture of Judicial Independence: Rule of Law and World Peace (2014), The Culture of Judicial Independence in a Globalised World (2016), Challenged Justice: In Pursuit of Judicial Independence (2021).
This volume offers studies by distinguished scholars and judges from different jurisdictions on numerous dimensions regarding the essential role of judicial independence in democracy. It includes analyses of basic constitutional principles and contemporary issues of judicial independence and judicial procces in many jurisdictions and analyses of international standarts of judicial independence and judicial ethics.
Natural Rights, Legal Methods and System Principles
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The book comprises contemporary legal theory pertaining to Democratic States based on the Rule of Law from the perspective of general principles of law. It explains in detail, theoretically and based on the specific case law, the phenomenon of general principles of law – as a source of law and directly applicable legal norms. It is a work of legal theory, legal philosophy, and legal method, but it will also assist scholars and practitioners in the transitional justice field as it shows how this theory of general principles of law has assisted Latvia to move away from the socialist legal tradition.
This book explores strategies for limiting transnational market failures, governance failures and constitutional failures impeding protection of the universally agreed sustainable development goals like climate change mitigation and access to justice and transnational rule-of-law. Can multilevel democratic and judicial protection of fundamental rights and public goods across frontiers be extended through plurilateral agreements? Can transnational economic and environmental constitutionalism be reconciled with ‘constitutional pluralism’ and with democratic constitutionalism depending on individual and democratic consent of free and equal citizens? Will judicial challenges (e.g. of EU carbon border adjustment measures) and countermeasures lead to further disruption of UN and WTO law?

"This innovative book provides convincing analyses by leading practitioners and academics of multilevel governance of transnational public goods. It advocates the need for stronger involvement of civil society and democratic institutions. It shows why constitutionalism and constitutional economics offer appropriate methodologies for limiting market failures, government failures and constitutional failures. It thereby offers a glimpse of much needed optimism."
Karl-Ernst Brauner, former Deputy Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO)
The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated that unexpected and unpredictable situations can hinder the conduct of general elections around the world. The book is a comprehensive analysis of the organization of elections during the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to the theoretical perspective, it familiarizes the public with specific electoral solutions adopted during the pandemic in selected European countries (Italy, Germany, Lithuania, Serbia, Russia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Poland).

The editors believe that this book will bring closer the specific solutions adopted in the considered countries during the COVID-19 pandemic and provide readers with a multi-faceted understanding of elections in emergency situations.


Contributors are: Roman Bäcker, Ryszard Balicki, Piotr Chrobak, Rafał Dudała, Kamil Glinka, Maciej Górny, Maciej Hartliński, Marcin Jastrzębski, Izabela Kapsa, Agnieszka Kasińska-Metryka, Joanna Kielin-Maziarz, Jakub Klepański, Oliwia Kowalik, Krzysztof Koźbiał, Aleksandra Kuczyńska-Zonik, Natalia Kusa, Elżbieta Lesiewicz, Natasza Lubik-Reczek, Agnieszka Łukasik-Turecka, Paweł Malendowicz, Martinas Maluzinas, Radosław Marzęcki, Magdalena Musiał-Karg, Adam Pluszczyk, Agata Pyrzyńska, Marcin Rachwał, Joanna Rak, Kamila Sierzputowska, Krzysztof Skotnicki, Piotr Walewicz, Jacek Wojnicki, and Waldemar Wojtasik.
Rechtsethische Aufsätze zu Krieg und Frieden, Freiheit und Schuld, Leben und Tod
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Grund- und damit Ewigkeitsfragen des Rechts sind der Gegenstand dieser Aufsätze. Sie öffnen weitläufige Flanken zur Philosophie, insbesondere zur Ethik und zur politischen Philosophie, aber auch zu anderen philosophischen Sphären wie der Philosophie des Geistes und der Metaphysik.
Im ersten Teil geht es um Grenzen der Rechtfertigung tödlicher Gewalt, die Staaten ausüben: in Kriegen gegeneinander, aber in Ausnahmelagen des innerstaatlichen Notstands auch gegen die eigenen Bürger.
Eine legitime Form staatlicher Gewalt ist das Strafrecht. Lässt sich sein Begriff aus archaischen Wurzeln von Rache und Vergeltung erhellen? Setzt strafrechtliche Schuld den freien Willen des Täters voraus? Darf ihn das Recht wegen besonders gravierender Verbrechen als „Feind“, statt als Bürger der Gesellschaft behandeln? Grundfragen, denen der zweite Teil nachgeht.
Der dritte Teil fragt nach den Grenzen zwischen Leben und Tod in der Medizin und nach Zuständigkeit wie Berechtigung, darüber zu entscheiden.
In this work Julia Wojnowska-Radzińska offers a comprehensive legal analysis of various forms of pre-emptive data surveillance adopted by the European legislator and their impact on fundamental rights. It also identifies what minimum guarantees have to be set up to recognize pre-emptive data surveillance as a legitimate measure in a democratic society. The book aims to answer the essential question of how to strike the proper balance between fundamental rights and security interests in the digital age.
Though European administrative laws have gained global significance in the last few decades, research which provides both theoretical analysis and original empirical research has been scarce. This book offers an important account of the evolution of judicial review and administrative procedure legislation, using a factual analysis to shed light on how the different legal systems react to similar problems. Discussing the concept of a ‘common core’, Giacinto della Cananea reveals the commonalities in, and differences between, the foundational assumptions of European administrative adjudication and rule-making.
International law is rich in promise but poor in detail and practical application about the rights of indigenous people. This book focuses on practical measures that have been implemented in states to give effect to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC); self-determination by indigenous people; special electoral measures to benefit indigenous people; and the role of advisory bodies to advocate for indigenous interests.

In many comparative works there are often only scant or brief reference to some country-experiences, but in this book several case studies are explored in depth to promote a greater understanding of the self-determination arrangements that have been implemented. These case studies represent a form of glocalisation, whereby global principles are applied to find local solutions, and local solutions in turn inform greater clarity and specificity to global principles. At the end of each chapter key lessons that can be drawn from the respective case studies are identified in the hope that those may inform developments in other countries and in international law.
From International Law to Geopolitics
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China claims Taiwan as a renegade province. While saying it prefers peaceful unification, it has consistently refused to renounce the use of force to incorporate the democratic island. Increasingly, Taiwan has become a potential flash point for military conflict between China and the United States. After exploring the historical roots of the Taiwan question, The State of Taiwan offers an in-depth analysis of the international legal status of Taiwan. An extensive epilogue throws the bridge between the international legal findings and geopolitics, and outlines the strategy the world’s democracies should adopt in light of those findings.