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This book provides a concise and analytical introduction to private international law in Hungary: international jurisdiction of courts, choice of law (applicable law) and the recognition and enforcement of foreign judicial decisions. It presents both Hungarian conflicts rules and their judicial practice and the application of EU conflicts rules by Hungarian courts.
Olivier Corten, Le champ juridique international
Plutôt que de le concevoir comme un système ordonné de règles ou comme le produit des besoins ou des aspirations de la communauté internationale, ce cours appréhende le droit international par référence à la notion de « champ juridique », inspirée de la pensée de Pierre Bourdieu. Un champ de tensions entre concepts par définition inconciliables : reconnaissance déclarative ou constitutive, droit dur ou droit mou, légalité ou effectivité, … Un champ de luttes entre acteurs (États, peuples, entreprises, individus, …) qui tendent à imposer leurs conceptions du juste ou à faire prévaloir leurs intérêts. Sont dans cette perspective envisagées diverses problématiques contemporaines : droits des femmes, des migrations ou du dérèglement climatique, crimes internationaux (génocide, terrorisme, écocide, … ), justifications des guerres, des exécutions judiciaires ou de la torture. Le droit international est ainsi étudié à la fois dans sa dimension technique, faites de débats juridiques pointus portant sur son interprétation, et dans sa dimension plus sociologique visant à le replacer dans son contexte politique.
Rethinking the United Nations: 75 and Beyond, by Nawaf SALAM, Judge at the International Court of Justice
What remains of the world that existed in 1945 when the United Nations was founded? Clearly not much! The world has changed, and new socio-political realities have emerged. Hence, the fundamental question that arises today is whether this post-second world war organisation can still meet the different and complex challenges of our time. It was this difficult question that Judge Nawaf Salam tried to answer in a lecture he gave at The Hague Academy of International Law during its 2023 summer session.
Drawing on his unique and long experience as a practitioner and insider in the three main organs of the United Nations (General Assembly, Security Council and International Court of Justice), Judge Salam identified the main changes in the contemporary international order and the challenges they pose for the United Nations. Notwithstanding its past shortcomings, owing to its universal membership, its general purpose, the legitimacy it brings, its neutrality and impartiality, and its norm-setting advantages, the United Nations remains at the centre of such efforts and is needed more than ever. both as a forum and a tool. However, in his opinion, it is only a reinvigorated - or better, a reformed - United Nations that could live up to the new challenges of our changing times.

Le rôle du droit international dans le contrôle des sentences arbitrales, par Dominique HASCHER, Juge international à la Cour suprême de Singapour
L’introduction du droit international dans le contrôle des sentences révèle la force d’attraction de ce droit quand la sentence lui est soumise. Cette attraction révèle qu’il n’est pas possible de faire abstraction de l’ordre juridique international qui a donné naissance à la sentence dont les objectifs et la cohérence sont mieux préservés qu’avec le droit national. Le droit international peut aussi s’inviter, même si la sentence ne lui est pas soumise. Un droit international plus conquérant ne doit cependant pas déborder le contrôle. Le recours aux règles d’interprétation de la Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités et au principe de proportionnalité démontre que l’intervention du droit international joue un rôle modérateur. Les principes mobilisés empruntent à plusieurs ordres juridiques qui se trouvent en réseau dans l’ordre international. Ils sont un langage universel et des éléments de communication. Une jurisprudence ouverte à l’influence du droit international suppose d’entreprendre une motivation qui parle aux autres et la conscience de participer à la sécurisation de la justice arbitrale. Dans cette perspective, le contrôle ne servirait plus qu’à écarter les sentences qu’on ne peut accueillir. On aura ainsi évolué vers une reconnaissance d’emblée des sentences.

Legal Facets of the Practice of International Organizations, by Niels BLOKKER, Professor at Leiden University
The aim of this special course is to discuss a number of legal facets of the practice of international organizations. A first legal facet is ‘practice as a rule’. Here, the notion of ‘established practice’ will be analyzed. The second legal facet covered by this course is ‘practice as a power’, discussing the power generating capacity of the practice of international organizations. The third legal facet concerns practice of international organizations as an interpretative device. The fourth and fifth legal facet will analyze how the International Court of Justice and the International Law Commission have dealt with the practice of international organizations in their work.
This book is an essential contribution to understanding Russian law for English speakers. In a time when the energy markets in Europe are changing away from Russian dependence on oil and gas, Dr Svendsen explains what the legal consequences will be if we would experience cross-border harm as a result of an oil spill from offshore installations on the Norwegian and the Russian side of the sea border in the Barents Sea. This book examines Russian and Norwegian rules governing liability, choice-of-law, recognition and enforcement, damage, third-party losses, environmental harm, and valuation of environmental harm.
Paul B. Stephan, Applying Municipal Law in International Disputes

International legal disputes require an adjudicator to apply the law. In a world where municipal law penetrates the international legal system, adjudicators frequently must take account of municipal law to do their job properly. This course looks at how adjudicators carry out this task, how going forward they might manage the boundaries between international and municipal law, and how the choices they make affect the relevance and resilience of the international legal system in the contemporary world.

Rafael Casado Raigón, La contribution des juridictions internationales au développement du droit de la mer
Ce cours, version écrite et étendue du cours donné par l’auteur à l’Académie de droit international de La Haye durant l’été 2022, est consacré aux contributions des juridictions internationales (notamment, la CPJI, la CIJ, le TIDM et les tribunaux d’arbitrage interétatique) au développement du droit de la mer depuis la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle. L’étude se compose de cinq parties, consacrées, respectivement, à la liberté de la haute mer (chapitre I), aux espaces maritimes soumis à la pleine souveraineté de l’Etat côtier (chapitres II et III), aux espaces maritimes dans lesquels les Etats côtiers exercent certains droits souverains ou une juridiction limitée (chapitres IV et V), au régime des îles (chapitre VI) et au droit de la délimitation des espaces maritimes (chapitre VII).
The open access publication of this book has been published with the support of the Swiss National Science Foundation.

Blockchain is the first global mechanism for the transfer and storage of value. Despite being conceived as an alternative to state and law, the technology and its use cases raise many legal questions, most notably, regarding jurisdiction and applicable law with respect to transactions and assets recorded on the blockchain. The issue is complex given the decentralised nature of the network. In this volume, academics and practitioners from various countries try to provide detailed answers to these questions as they relate to crypto-assets, cryptocurrencies, crypto derivatives, stablecoins, Central Bank Digital Currencies and Decentralised Autonomous Organisations (DAOs), as well as specific transactions and issues, such as property rights, secured transactions, smart contracts and bankruptcy. With specific chapters on national approaches (Germany, Japan, Liechtenstein, Switzerland, United States), the volume explores the need and possibility for legal harmonisation of these issues through global fora, such as the Hague Conference on Private International Law (HCCH) UNIDROIT.
Please note this series has been discontinued. Contemporary Issues in International Arbitration and Mediation - The Fordham Papers is an ongoing Series devoted to international arbitration and mediation, written by leading figures in the field. Based on the papers of global experts who participate in the prestigious annual Fordham Law School Conference on International Arbitration and Mediation, volumes are organized into parts corresponding to critical conference themes and focus on both practical considerations and scholarly analyses.

Each unique volume is a valuable resource for anyone involved in investor-state and international commercial arbitration and mediation, including arbitrators, mediators, advocates, scholars, government officials, international institutions, educators, and students.

The series published an average of one volume per year over the last 5 years.
Author:
In FX Law and Regulations in Korea: Problems and Prospects, Min-woo Kang offers a comprehensive and thorough discussion of the FX regulatory system in Korea, with a special focus on its chronic problems and possible remedies under the overhauled legal system. The author has provided technical analysis on each provision of the complex Korean law, which is commonly accepted as too convoluted, even for legal professionals. Fully utilising a host of legal materials as well as documents in the relevant economic theory, Min-woo Kang convincingly provides the rationale for FX regulation and a robust argument for amending the current Korean law in a significant way. This piece sheds a light on the path Korean lawmakers and regulatory authorities will take. Academics and practitioners interested in the Korean FX law will find this a good reference.
This volume offers new insight into key developments in the history of protection for patent rights during the period 1791-1883. The author presents a detailed examination of the underlying theoretical bases advanced for the protection of patents in various key European countries, and including new material focusing on the political rhetoric of protagonists and opponents of the patent system during the course of the patent abolitionist debates of the 1860s and 1870s. Finally, the book examines in detail the factors which prompted the movement towards international protection of patents, culminating in the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of 1883.
In Investor State Arbitration In A Changing World Order, the authors examine the sustained worldwide challenges to investor state arbitration arising from across the political spectrum. These challenges have led to extensive and thoughtful proposals for reform from the international arbitration community, domestic lawmakers, and international bureaucrats. These reforms play an important role in the continuous evolution of investor state arbitration, and will enhance the quality of justice rendered.

However, the authors argue, these reforms are insufficient to resolve the domestic political challenges that investor state arbitration faces. Only political solutions that justify for broad populations the international flow of capital and the independent resolution of disputes arising therefrom can preserve the institution of investor state arbitration. Absent the more equitable distribution of the benefits associated with the international flow of capital, political support for investor state arbitration will remain tenuous, notwithstanding the significant de-escalatory benefits investor state arbitration offers.