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Index

ability to work 226-27, 231
absents 113-16
Adam, Uwe Dietrich 289
Adorno, Theodor W. 276
Aftermath Studies 303-4
Agamben, Giorgio 259
Aktionen (actions) 241, 244-46, 303
Aktion T4. T4 program
alcohol 7, 30-37, 39-41, 151, 294. drinking rituals
Alexander, Jeffrey 9, 160
Algiers 115
Allen, Ann Taylor 15, 23, 300
Alltagsgeschichte (history of everyday life) 3, 167, 303
Allianz (German insurance company) 153-54
Allies 53, 192, 195, 201, 274, 298
Alternative for Germany (AfD) 172
Althaus, Paul 48, 54
Aly, Götz 165, 222-23, 296
American Historical Association 46
American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee 100, 271
American Commission for Service 8, 96, 108
Améry, Jean 1
Amsterdam 7, 57, 93, 273
Ankara 88-89
Annales 181-82
anti-Bolshevism 204
anti-Communism 295
anti-liberalism 295
antisemitism/antisemites 3, 7, 33, 43, 49, 55, 61-62, 75, 121, 128, 131, 149, 153, 163, 165, 169, 172, 177, 183-85, 187, 190-91, 199-201, 204, 230-31, 244, 248, 252, 276-78, 290, 292, 295
classic antisemitism 191, 201, 304
eliminationist antisemitism 169, 184, 206, 234, 243
redemptive antisemtism 135n4
anti-Zionism 165, 285
Antonescu, Ion 90
Arabs 84-86, 91, 93, 95, 112, 279
Arad, Yitzhak 269
Arendt, Hannah xi, 2, 8, 16-18, 146-48, 151-52, 156, 205, 276, 287-88, 291
Argentina 194
Armenian genocide 273-74
Aryanization 153-54
Asperger, Hans 224
Assouline, Pierre 115, 117
Auerbach, Rachel 18
Auschwitz 24, 79-81, 114, 142, 145, 152, 164-66, 168, 171, 174, 221, 283
Auschwitz II-Birkenau . extermination camps
Auschwitz self 34
Auschwitz trials 163
Austria/Austrians 62, 101-4, 153, 219
Australia 94, 303-4, 319
authoritarianism 179, 304
auxiliary police 212, 298-99
Axis 83, 91, 95
Balkans 7, 84, 86, 90, 92
Banks 100, 102, 154
Dresdner Bank 156
Reichsbank 35
Barmen Declaration 50
Barnett, Victoria 51
Barot, Madelein 97, 301
Bartov, Omer 46, 299
Bauer, Yehuda 11, 184, 191, 269, 283
Behr, Rafael 215
Belgium 106
Benhabib, Seyla 16
Belorussia 299
Bełzec . extermination camps
Bergen-Belsen . concentration camps
Berger, Sara 224-25, 230
Berlin 3-4, 35, 58, 61-62, 84-87, 89-91, 93, 95, 122, 133, 160, 172, 196, 203, 208, 211-12, 220-21, 225, 296, 298
Besier, Gerhard 51
Best, Werner 148
Białystok 210
Bielefeld 50, 179
Bielefeld school 176, 179, 183
Blackbourn, David 180
Bochum 215
Bock, Gisela 230
Bodemann, Y. Michal 162
Bömelberg, Karl 105
Bomhard, Adolf von 208
Bonapartism 180
Bonhoeffer, Dietrich 47-48, 50
borders 73-74, 81, 99, 104, 123, 178
Breitman, Richard 291
Breslau 128
Brod, Shimon 88
Broszat, Martin 45, 184, 231, 290, 292
Bucharest 85-90
Buchenwald . concentration camps
Buchs, Rolf-Joachim 210
Budapest 87-88, 300
Bürgertum (bourgeoisie) 180
Bulgaria/Bulgarians 86-91
Bundeskriminalamt (Federal Criminal Police Office) 213
Bundism 285
Burleigh, Michael 222, 228, 230, 232
Bolshevism 295, 125
bystanders 193, 300
C-Span 170
camaraderie 7, 35, 210
Canada xii, 197, 304
Canaris, Wilhelm 111
careerism/careerists 24, 130, 184, 223
Carter, Jimmy 167, 281, 289
Carter-White, Richard 261
Catholic Church/Catholics 47, 290
CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) 159
censorship 97, 111
Charlesworth, Andrew 256
Chief Rabbinate of Israel 280
Childers, Thomas 180
children 3, 19, 22, 34-35, 43, 63, 74, 80, 86-87, 89-90, 92-93, 96, 114, 132, 159, 174, 219, 221, 223-24, 226, 234, 277
Chomsky, Marvin J. 166
Christianity/Christians 46-9, 52, 54, 162, 173
Churchill, Winston 161, 202
Ciano, Galeazzo 91
citizens/citizenship 65, 69, 84, 93, 129-32, 154, 162, 220
civil servants/civil service 116, 128-30
civil society 181
communication 9, 29, 86, 108, 256
Communism/Communists 91, 162, 178, 181, 226, 270, 280, 293, 304
concentration camps 9, 35, 38, 41, 59-60, 62, 81, 112, 114, 148, 151, 154-55, 159, 162, 181, 187, 193, 196, 205, 212, 250, 254, 256, 259, 267, 270
Bergen-Belsen 93
Buchenwald 56, 60, 114, 159-60, 162, 205
Dachau 51, 56, 60-61, 81, 152
Neuengamme 212
Sachsenhausen 56, 60-61, 155
cop culture 215
Cold War 4, 160-62, 164, 175
collaboration/collaborator 53, 113, 117, 152, 160, 168, 297-98, 304
comparative analysis 3, 32, 185
conformity 3, 234, 301
Confessing Church 50-51
conspiracy 91, 191, 194, 201, 275, 304
constitution 128-29, 180
Conway, John 51
Conze, Werner 178
Cracow 25-26, 300-1
Croatia, Croatians 180
criminology 31
Czech, Herwig 224, 232
Czechoslovakia 8, 96, 99-101, 103, 108
Dachau . concentration camps
Darré, Walther 124-27, 132
Darwinism 149, 295
Dawes Plan 123
Dawidowicz, Lucy 17-18, 292
de Gaulle, Charles 111, 115-16
Dean, Martin 299
deconstruction 182-83
Degussa 154-56
Demjanjuk, John 152
deportations 19, 22-23, 84-85, 148, 193, 224, 241, 281
desk killers 11, 149
Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW) . SS
Deutsche Christen (German Christian movement) 7, 50-51, 290
Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke (DEST) . SS
diaries 27n53, 59, 192, 203, 250, 254, 272, 297, 299
diaspora 163, 277
Dibelius, Otto 50
Diner, Dan 164
Dinur, Ben-Zion 278
doctors 33, 53-54, 61, 155, 159, 205, 221. physicians .
Dönicke, Klaus 211
Dortmund 211
drinking rituals 7, 30, 33-37, 39, 42
Düsseldorf 203, 211
East Prussia 74, 126, 219
Eckart, Wolfgang 228
economic reductionism 179
Egypt, Egyptians 94-95, 281
Eichmann, Adolf 2, 86-87, 89-90, 146-49, 151, 164, 194, 205, 252, 288, 294
Eichmann trial xi, 163, 205, 275
economic functionality 226, 228, 231
Einsatzgruppen (special killing squads) xi, 23, 56, 149-50, 196, 205
Eley, Geoff 180
Eliach, Yaffa 18
Elkes, Elkhanan 34
embassies 85-90, 92
emotions 19, 98, 180, 198, 222, 224, 232, 237, 247-48, 253, 257, 263, 268
empirical research 2, 4, 6, 176, 179, 185, 187-88, 222, 232, 244, 257, 292
Enloe, Cynthia 19
Erbelding, Rebecca 107
Erlangen 48
ethnic cleansing 152, 188, 285-85, 298, 302
ethnic Germans (Volksdeutsche) 77
eugenics 222-23, 227-29, 232
euphoria of victory 83, 298
Europe x, 7-8, 11, 33, 38, 43, 58, 70, 82-95, 108, 114, 130, 141, 148, 154-55, 159, 164, 168, 171-72, 176, 183, 198, 202, 213, 269, 272-74, 277-82, 285, 292-93, 296, 299, 302, 304
European Union 171
euthanasia, euthanasia murders 10, 221-29, 231-32
Evans, Richard J. 186, 190, 198
extermination camps/centres 11, 81, 203, 255
Auschwitz II-Birkenau 80-1, 95, 196, 198, 205
Bełzec 221, 255
Majdanek 254
Sobibór 198, 221, 225
Treblinka 17, 43, 198, 221, 231, 246
fascism/facists 75, 124-25, 179, 250
fathers/fatherhood 25, 131, 177, 277, 287
Faurisson, Robert 200-1
Feder, Gottfried 125
Fein, Helen 18, 295
Feingold, Henry 291
feminism 182-83, 188
“Final Solution” 2-4, 8, 10-11, 23, 56, 83-84, 90, 93, 95, 121, 132, 134, 145, 148, 162, 184, 188, 202, 235, 252, 269, 272, 286, 292, 297, 302-3
economy of 296
decision-making process of 4, 292
Finkelstein, Norman 282
First World War 55, 123, 141, 176, 197, 303
Fischer, Fritz 47
Fischer controversy 177, 183
forced labour, forced labourers 26, 74, 81, 113, 115, 155-56, 236, 280, 295
Fortunoff Video Archive 70
France 8, 95, 106, 108, 110-16, 219, 303
Free France 117
Vichy France 97
Frank, Hans 127, 129, 132
Frankfurt am Main 61, 64
Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung 48
Frankfurt School 276
Free Corps (Freikorps) 122, 125
Freiburg 131
Frenay, Henri 115-16
Frick, Wilhelm 126, 132
Friedlander, Henry 221, 223, 228, 230, 289
Friedländer, Saul 4, 239, 253, 269, 299, 303
Friedman, Philip 277
Fritzsche, Peter 54
functionalism xii, 11, 121, 180, 206, 291-92, 298
moderate functionalism 1, 17, 45, 184, 292
ultra functionalism 292
Gailus, Manfred 51
Galen, Clemens August Graf von (bishop of Münster) 54, 221
gas chambers 81, 193, 219-21, 227
gassing 150, 194
Gaza 282
Gebauer, Fritz 254, 264-67
Gemlich, Adolf 121
gender xi, 6-7, 11, 15, 24, 26, 28-29, 37-38, 97-98, 108, 177, 182, 197, 201-2, 226, 242, 300-1
General Government (Generalgouvernement ) 56, 261
Geneva 88
genocide 174-75, 182-83, 185-88, 192, 195-96, 273-74, 278, 284-86, 293, 295, 297, 302
colonial genocide 302
as family and community affair 25
systematic genocide 302
systemic genocide 302
“white genocide” 172
Genocide Studies 283-84
Gercke, Achim 131-32
Gerlach, Christian 231
Gerlach, Wolfgang 50
German Empire (Kaiserreich) 55, 180-81
German Foreign Office 4, 84-86, 89-90, 92-93, 95, 167
Jewish desk 184, 288-89
German Studies Association 15, 46
Germany, Federal Republic of xii, 44, 47, 52-53, 73, 160-62, 164-69, 174, 176, 179, 183, 188, 193, 195, 205, 207-8, 211, 213, 221, 234, 247-48, 279, 289-90
Germany, German Democratic Republic 176, 183
Germany, Nazi 7, 9, 24, 26, 37, 40, 43-44, 46-47, 49-51, 53-54, 56, 60, 62, 64, 73, 83-86, 89-95, 99, 106, 113-14, 135, 141, 148, 154, 159, 164, 178, 180, 202, 212, 219, 270-73, 291-92, 295-96
Germany, Weimar 47, 55, 123, 125-27, 129-30, 138, 141, 179-80, 187-88, 232
Gestapo (Secret State Police) 60-61, 64, 104-5, 107, 111, 208, 212
Gesellschaftsgeschichte (History of Society) 176, 178-79, 187
Geyer, Michael 182
ghettos 35, 39, 81, 155, 203-4, 273, 296
Będzin 80
Kaunas 71
Kovno 34
Łódź 154, 240
Łuków 237
Sosnowiec 80
Terezin (Theresienstadt) 114
Vilnius 71
Warsaw 151, 210
Gilbert, Martin 59
Gilbert Murdock, Catherine 37
Globocnik, Odilo 56, 62
Gnade, Hartwig (RBP 101) 19, 21-22, 301
Goebbels, Joseph 59, 127, 205, 297
Göttingen 48, 53, 131, 181
Goldberg, Amos 172
Goldhagen, Daniel J. 3, 10, 12, 23, 33, 55, 169-71, 184, 206, 211, 234-36, 242-49, 252, 293
Goldhagen debate 10, 237, 247-48
Grabowski, Jan 299
Grafeneck . T4 extermination centres
Grand Mufti of Jerusalem . al-Husayni, Aman
Great Britain 86-88, 92-4, 97, 101, 103, 180, 213
Great Depression 55, 126-7, 180, 225
Gréco, Juliet 112
Greece 93
Green Party 222, 229
Gross, Jan 299
Grossmann, Kurt 10
Gröning, Oskar 152
group dynamics 134, 184, 204, 215, 230, 294
Gruner, Wolf 296
Gutman, Roy 168
Gutman, Yisrael 191, 269, 291
Hadamar . T4 extermination centres
Hamburg 35, 43, 211-2, 240-1, 244
Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung 248
Hanover 211
Haunschild, Michael 211
Hausner, Gideon 163
Hazan, Haim 172
Hecks, Alfons 36
Heidelberg 227-8
Heim, Susanne 296
Henneböhl, Josef 203
Herbert, Ulrich 148, 293
Hereros 174
Heschel, Susanne 49, 51
Hess, Rudolf 125
Heydebrand, Ernst von 128-31, 133
Heydrich, Reinhard 131, 205
Hierl, Konstantin 124-8, 132
Hilberg, Raul x-xi, 3, 5-6, 16-17, 29, 45, 143, 154, 183-84, 237, 277, 288-89, 291-92, 298, 300
Hilberg School 5
HICEM (HIAS-JCA-Emigdirect) 8, 102-6, 108
Hilgard, Eduard 153-54
Hill, Christopher 178
Himmler, Heinrich 35, 92, 95, 124, 131, 147, 202, 204, 297. SS
Hindenburg, Paul von 127
Hirsch, Emanuel 48
Historikerstreit (historians’ controversy) 177
history from below 178, 180, 188
Hitler, Adolf 3, 7-8, 43, 46-48, 50-55, 90, 111, 122, 124-25, 127-28, 131-33, 135, 138, 141-42, 149, 180, 195, 199-200, 205, 221, 252, 270-71, 277, 291-92, 295, 298
anti-Jewish policies 59, 83-84, 90, 92, 95, 122, 130, 270
extermination of European Jewry xi, 121, 173, 185, 195, 273, 292, 302
ideology 70, 124-25, 135, 141-42, 289, 292
propaganda 177
prophecy 271-72
support for 7, 48-52, 54
and war 43, 173, 202
Hitler Youth 36, 43, 60, 62, 75-76
hiwis 22, 294
Hobsbawm, Eric 178
Hochhuth, Rolf 290
Hohendorf, Gerrit 227
Hollander, Richard S. 25-26
Holocaust (NBC docudrama) 46, 49, 166-67, 289
Holocaust denial/deniers 9-10, 172, 186, 188, 190-193, 197, 199-201, 209
Holocaust remembrance/memory 171-2, 174, 207, 280
Holocaust Educational Foundation 46, 185
Holocaust Remembrance Day 172, 280
Holocaust Studies xii, 2-4, 6, 9-11, 16, 18, 33, 44, 46-47, 49, 167, 176-77, 182-86, 215, 239, 249, 251-52, 283-84, 287-92, 303
Horkheimer, Max 276
Horovitz, Joseph 64
House of the Wannsee Conference 212
human rights 171, 174, 213, 278
humanitarianism 97, 108
Hungary 86-7, 89, 91, 95, 172, 175
Hurban Yisrael BeEropa 277
al-Husayni, Aman 90-93, 298
Hutner, Yitzhok 279
hyper-realism 3
ideal type analysis 182
ideology 8, 24, 30, 33, 36, 40, 123, 124, 147, 149, 185, 200, 220, 228, 230-33, 294. indoctrination
IG Farben 155, 295
illiberalism 173, 177, 293
imperialism 180, 276, 302-3
social imperialism 180
indoctrination 3, 150, 230, 294. ideology
Independent Historians Commission on the History of the German Foreign Office under Nazism and Afterwards 151
integrated history of the Holocaust 4, 26, 28, 253, 267-68, 300
intentionalism xii, 11, 17, 121, 180, 184, 205, 291-92
ultra intentionalism 292
interior ministries (of the German Länder) 133, 208-9, 211
International Auschwitz Committee 161
International Committee of the Red Cross 88
International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg 161, 207-8, 275
International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance 171, 281
intersectionality 182
Iran 172
Irving, David 9, 186, 190, 196-98, 200-1, 290, 304
Israel 10, 137, 161, 188, 275, 277, 279-80, 282
Istanbul 86-88, 93
Italy 95
Jäckel, Eberhard 289, 292
Jakobs-Melkman, Leny 273
Jaskot, Paul B. 267
Jedwabne 299
Jerusalem xi, 90, 173, 205, 278, 294
Jewish people 195, 272, 273, 275, 278-79, 282
Jewish communities
in North Africa 83
in Palestine 275
in the United States 281
in Frankfurt 64
in Józefów 5
in Lithuania 71
in Prague 102, 106-7
in Wierzbnik 5, 299
Jewish council 34, 93, 291
Jewish Historical Institute of Warsaw 19
“Jewish Question” 3, 83, 89, 125, 127-28, 130, 132, 162, 276, 292
Jews, European 172, 188, 208, 219, 221, 251, 292, 298
Judeo-Christian culture 134, 285, 295
Judeocide 184-85, 187, 284
Jünger, Ernst 135, 138-42
Kafka, Emil 106
Kagan, Monish 77
Kahn, Bernhard 107
Kaminsky, Uwe 223, 228, 232
Kaplan, Chaim 272
Kaplan, Marion A. 107
Karski, Jan 204
Kater, Michael 180
Katzmann, Friedrich 254
Kershaw, Ian 123, 292
Kirchenkampf (Church Struggle) 50
Kittel, Gerhard 47-49, 54
Klee, Ernst 222-23, 230
Kluger, Ruth 18
Klumpar, Vladislav 105
Knesset 280
Koch, Ilse 205
Kocka, Jürgen 179
Kogon, Eugen 162
Koehl, Robert 184, 288
Königsberg 64, 80
Kolditz, Walter 28
Koniuchowsky, Leyb 69, 71-3, 75, 77-80, 299
Kook, Zvi Yehuda 279
Koonz, Claudia 24
Koreman, Megan 113
Kretschmer, Karl 38
Kristallnacht (1938 November Pogrom) 7, 54, 56-65, 102, 153, 166, 271, 296, 299
Kühne, Thomas 294-95
Lammers, Hans 133
latrines 231, 259-61
Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring 221
Le Chambon 97, 300-1
League of Nations High Commissioner for Refugees 103
Lemkin, Raphael 274, 302
Lessons and Legacies (conference series) 46, 173, 185
letters 25-26, 34, 38, 59, 91, 96-97, 106, 115, 121, 177, 263, 273, 299-301
Levi, Primo 8, 134-35, 142-45
Levy, Daniel 160, 168, 174
liberalism 141-42
Lichtenstein, Heiner 211
Lifton, Robert J. 33
Locarno 123
Loeffler, James 274
Loewenberg, Peter 62-63
Łomazy 294
London 7, 47-48, 57, 101, 103, 106-7, 159, 197, 204, 304
Longerich, Peter 190, 198
Lublin 235, 241
Ludendorff, Erich 122
Luther, Martin (German Foreign Office) 85-86
Luther, Martin 45
Lüthke, Alf 181
Magdeburg 163
Mallmann, Klaus-Michael 202, 206
Mann, Michael 150, 152
Marseilles 114
Martín-Arroyo, Pedro Correya 107
Masaryk, Jan 105
masculinity 6, 15, 30-42, 204, 301
hypermasculinity 38, 40
Mason, Tim 291-92
mass shootings 79, 219
massacres 22, 81, 210, 241, 263, 299
May, Kurt 254
Maciejewski, Frank 62
McCarthy, Eugene 288
Mecklenburg 126
Mein Kampf 121, 141
Melchior, Karl 262
memoirs 26-27, 104, 122, 125, 138, 141, 194, 203, 224
memory x-xi, 5, 59, 69, 72-73, 82, 84, 112, 117, 125, 127, 143, 159-60, 166, 171-73, 202, 231, 247, 256-57, 261-62, 277, 282, 285, 287, 298, 303
collective memory 9, 62, 161-62, 164-65, 168, 172-73, 303
core memory 5
individual memory 231
memory studies 1, 11
memory cultures 9, 160-61, 167, 172-74, 177, 208
public memory 188, 270
Mengele, Josef 205
Międzyrzecz 19-21, 241, 245
Misiewicz, Ignacy 263
Milgram, Stanley 30
militarism 38, 138
Milton, Sybil 18
Mommsen, Hans 289, 292
Monde, Le 112
morality 136, 295
camp morality 28
Moses, A. Dirk 284
Mosse, George L. 110, 184
mothers/motherhood 19, 26, 112, 227
Mühlhäuser, Regina 40
Müller, Heinrich 92
Munich Agreement 8, 98-99, 101, 108
Murrow, Edward R. 159, 161
muselmänner 142-43
music, musicians 34, 111, 263
Namaqua 174
Namibia 174
narratives/narrativity 3-5, 57, 60, 70, 72, 118, 140, 145, 160, 162-64, 167, 169, 188, 206, 235, 238-39, 241, 244-46, 253, 262, 275, 281, 304
master narratives 182
metanarratives 168
Nathorff, Hertha 59
National Socialism (Nazism) 4, 7-8, 50, 52-53, 99-100, 134-35, 138, 143-45, 147, 149, 151, 173, 199, 222, 229, 295
Nationalism 6, 85, 93, 124
ethnic nationalism 55, 138, 208
Nazi Party (NSDAP) 8, 35, 43, 51, 60, 65, 73, 122, 124-5, 127-8, 131, 149, 271, 289
Brown House 128
High Court 65
Leadership Corps of 121, 123, 126-31
NS-Information Office (NS-Auskunft) 131
and persecution of Jews 270
program of 128
NBC (National Broadcasting Company) 166-7, 289
Neuengamme . concentration camps
New York Review of Books 109, 173
New York Times 112
New Zealand 304
Netherlands 64, 93, 106, 213
network analysis 224
Nicolai, Helmut 127-29
Niemöller, Martin 49
Niemöller, Wilhelm 49-51
Nietzsche, Friedrich 134-38, 141, 144
Nipperdey, Thomas 180
Nixon, Richard 289
North Rhine-Westphalia 212-13
North Africa 83-86, 91, 95
Novitch, Miriam 18
Nuremberg Trials . International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg
nurses 224
Obama, Barack 52
obedience 30, 33, 134, 136, 164, 184
Odessa 114
Ohlendorf, Otto 149
Omarska 168-69
Operation Barbarossa 286
Operation Reinhardt 56, 150, 152, 199, 221, 224-25, 230-31
Oppeln 128
Oppenheim 61
oral history 28, 57, 177, 181, 186, 188, 251, 303
Orbán, Viktor 175
Order Police (Ordnungspolizei) 19, 23-24, 56, 202, 204, 207-8, 212, 215, 235-37, 239, 246, 294, 298, 304
orders xi, 55, 61, 77, 116, 123, 138, 142, 149, 174-5n9, 185-86, 194n9, 195, 203-5, 221, 230, 252
Ordinary Christians 46-52, 54, 290
Ordinary Men (book) xi, 1-2, 5, 10, 15, 17, 19, 22, 30-1, 44, 46, 109, 135, 147, 169, 184, 204, 211, 215, 230, 234-40, 242, 244, 246-47, 252, 269, 293-94, 301
ordinary men 2, 8, 16, 24, 33, 41, 43-44, 49, 52, 54, 134, 170, 181, 206, 293, 300-1
ordinary people 31, 301
Orth, Karin 148
Palestine 7, 83-95, 102, 130, 201, 269, 275, 277, 279, 298
panopticon 259
particularism 270
Paul, Gerhard 206
peer pressure 3, 24, 33, 215, 234, 294
Pelt, Robert Jan van 190, 196, 198
perpetrators xi, 1-2, 4-8, 10-11, 17, 19, 24, 26, 30-31, 33-37, 40-42, 56-58, 60, 63, 69, 135, 147-49, 151, 156, 162, 164-65, 169-70, 181, 186, 188-89, 193-94, 202, 204-7, 210-11, 215, 221, 223-26, 228, 231, 234-35, 239, 242, 244-46, 248-49, 251-53, 256-57, 261-62, 268, 280, 293-94, 297, 300-1, 303-4
persecutions 8, 11, 51, 81, 153-54, 167, 193, 213, 239, 245, 270-72, 281, 288, 291, 295, 302
Philippines 172
photographs/photography 10, 16, 19-23, 52, 60, 101, 117, 206, 209, 235-50, 263, 265, 300-1
photo albums 203, 209
photographic evidence 235-36, 239, 242, 245-46, 300-1
snapshots 237, 241, 245
physicians 34, 221, 223-27, 293. doctors
Pittsburgh 173, 304
Pius XII 290-91
Plaminkova, Frantiska 105
Poland/Poles 4, 20, 22, 43-44, 81, 91, 106, 130, 134, 159, 169, 172, 194, 204, 209, 121, 219, 221, 234, 238, 240, 253, 272-73, 277, 286, 296, 298-99
Poliakov, Léon 277
polycracy 184 291-92, 298
Pomerania 126, 219
populism, right-wing 6, 172, 207, 215
Porath, Zeev 258-59, 262-64
Portugal 8, 85
Posen 147
post-structuralism 4, 182
Prager, Moshe 277
Prague 8, 96-99, 102-7
pregnancy 21, 23, 26, 28, 245
Primavesi, Alexander 210
prisons 30, 105, 114, 122, 152, 168, 181
Prisoners of War (POWs) 73, 113, 115, 151, 155, 162, 167, 187
propaganda 35, 41, 83-84, 86, 91-93, 111, 150, 153, 176, 252
Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia 96, 99, 106
Protestant Church/Protestants 46-47, 49-51, 290
Prussia 122
psychology 32, 145
public historian 186, 188
QUANTUM 179
Rabinbach, Anson 164
racial hygiene 226-28, 231-33
racism 121, 154, 180, 191, 200, 230, 232, 277
“race defilement” (Rassenschande) 65
rape 21, 26, 28, 40-41, 65, 72, 162, 203. sexual violence
Red Army 69, 171
Red Army Faction (RAF) 210
Reform Judaism 285
refugees 8, 57, 87-88, 96-108, 115, 188, 207, 271, 276, 300
Reich Interior Ministry 132
Reich Kinship Office 132
Reich Security Main Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt, RSHA) 86, 92-93, 148-49
Reichardt, Sven 32
Reichmann, Eva 18
Reichstag 121-22, 127
Remembering Survival (book) 5, 26, 28, 70, 72, 231, 253, 299
rescue 65, 69, 85, 87-88, 96-98, 104, 107-8, 274-75, 281, 300-1
Reserve Police Battalion 101 (RBP 101) 2-5, 7, 19-20, 22, 24, 30-31, 34, 41, 147, 150-51, 169, 184, 188, 204, 207, 209, 215, 230, 234-36, 238-40, 244-46, 253
resistance 88, 111-16, 165, 174, 178-79, 181-83, 188, 204, 280
Jewish resistance 77, 272, 291
Rhodes 303
Rhodesia 102
Ribbentrop, Joachim 90-94
Riege, Paul 209
Ringelheim, Joan 18
Ritter, Gerhard 183
Rokita (SS-Unterscharführer) 262-64
Rosenberg, Alfred 39, 252
Rothfels, Hans 178
Rothkirchen, Livia 18
Rotzoll, Maike 227, 232
Russia 32. Soviet Union
Rwanda 31, 175
SA (Sturmabteilung) 32, 58, 60-63, 65, 75
Sachsenhausen . concentration camps
San Domingo 103
Sanday, Peggy 40
Sartre, Jean-Paul 276
Schacht, Hjalmar 35-36
Scheu, Werner 73-75, 78-81
Schieder, Theodor 178
Schleswig-Holstein 126
Schmitt, Carl 139, 142
Schmolka, Marie 100-8
Schmuhl, Hans-Walter 222-23, 227
Schnoor, Herbert 211
Schulle, Diana 132
Second World War 1, 6-7, 11, 52, 56, 64, 97-98, 106, 108, 112, 121, 133, 149, 152, 154-55, 159, 173, 177, 183, 193-94, 199, 201, 206, 212, 235, 281, 292
Security Service of the SS (Sicherheitsdienst, SD) . SS
Segev, Tom 148
selections (Selektionen) 43n3, 74, 80-81, 193, 225, 228, 258-59, 261, 302
Sereny, Gitta 17-8
sexual violence 21, 65, 27-28, 31, 33, 36, 39-41. rape
Sharp, Martha 96-97, 104
Sharp, Rev. Waitstill Hastings 96-97
Sheffer, Edith 224
Shik, Na’ama 27
Simpson, John Hope 100-1
Sinti and Roma (“Gypsies”) 130, 183, 213, 221
Six, Franz 149
slave labour/slave labourers 5, 9, 69-70, 73, 80-81, 109, 154-56, 181, 254, 295
slave-labour camps 11, 250
Heydekrug 7, 69-82
Janowska 250, 254-67
Matzstubbern (sub-camp) 75-76, 79
Schillwen (sub-camp) 75, 79
Starachowice 5, 7, 72, 81-82, 186, 253
Wersmeningken (sub-camp) 76, 79
Zwangsarbeitslager Lemberg (ZAL-L) 250, 254-55, 260, 262-63, 265. Janowska
Smilyanski, Yoysef 72, 77-78, 81
Sobibór . extermination camps
social bonding 34-35
Social Darwinism 225
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD)/Social Democrats 111, 127, 211
social history 179, 183, 303
New social history 176, 178
social psychology 251-53, 276
Sofia 86, 88-89
Soloveitchik, Joseph Dov 279
Sonderkommando 1005 255
Sonderweg (Special Path) 176, 179-81
South Africa 94
Soviet Union 4, 43, 56, 64, 73, 161, 202, 204, 219, 272, 274, 286
Spain 85
spatial turn 251, 262, 268, 300
spatial witnessing 251, 256-67, 267
Spengler, Oswald 138
SS (Schutzstaffel) 3, 7, 30-36, 38-41, 44, 60, 69, 73-76, 80, 85-88, 90, 104, 147, 155, 166, 184, 193, 207-9, 254, 259, 261-63, 288, 298
Deutsche Ausrüstungswerke (DAW) 154, 254-55, 262, 264, 266
Deutsche Erd- und Steinwerke (DEST) 154
Economic and Administration Main Office 148
links with Order Police 208
Reich leader SS (Reichsführer SS) . Himmler, Heinrich
Security Service of the SS (Sicherheitsdienst, SD) 104, 131, 208
Stalinist mass crimes 162, 172
Stalingrad 83
Stanford Prison Experiment 30
Stangl, Franz 17
Stanley, Oliver 86
starvation 74, 79, 113, 151, 177, 219, 258, 296
Staub, Ervin 30
Steinbacher, Sybille 24
Steiner, Hannah 100-1, 103-5, 108
sterilizations 221-22, 226-27, 229, 232
Stockholm 171, 282
Stoliar, David 88
Stolpersteine (stumbling-stones) 220
Strasser, Gregor 121-23, 125, 130-31
Strecker, Reinhard 165
Stresemann, Gustav 123
Strong, Tracy, Jr. 97, 300-1
Strübind, Andrea 51
structural determinism 181
structuralism . functionalism
Struma (ship) 88
Stürmer, Der 242
Sudetenland 99, 102
survivors 5, 7-8, 10-11, 25-27, 59, 69-73, 75-81, 88, 112-18, 161, 163, 164, 168, 170, 174, 181, 183, 188, 193-94, 196, 198, 221-22, 224, 227-29, 241, 251, 256-59, 261-62, 267-69, 278, 282, 298-99, 303
Switzerland 92, 106
synagogues 56, 59, 61-64, 82, 173, 210, 304
Sznaider, Natan 160, 168, 174
T4 extermination centres 220-21, 224
Grafeneck 220
Hadamar 220, 225
T4 program 221, 223-25, 227
T4 Reinhardt men 230
Tarnow 239
Task Force for International Cooperation on Holocaust Education, Remembrance, and Research . International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance
Tatz, Colin 284
Taylor, Telford 289
Tec, Nechama 18, 25, 301
teenagers 48, 60, 174
Terezin (Theresienstadt) . ghettos
Teitelbaum, Yoel 279
testimony xi, 5, 11, 18, 25-26, 28, 35, 57, 62-64, 70-72, 75, 78, 183, 251-54, 256-57, 259, 261, 263-64, 267-68, 299
collective testimony 69, 71, 73, 299
expert testimony (court) 9, 186, 191, 196, 199, 305
perpetrator testimony 57, 196, 251-52, 265
spatial testimony 251
survivor testimony 10, 28-29, 34, 57-60, 62-65, 69-71, 75, 77-80, 174, 181, 186, 188, 196, 239, 251-53, 259, 262-64, 298-99, 301
Thadden, Eberhard von 93-94
Theweleit, Klaus 37-38
Thies, Edouard 301
Third Reich 8, 32, 35-36, 38, 50, 54, 69, 113, 154, 156, 178, 181, 183, 187, 192, 194-96, 200, 213, 232-33, 275, 280, 288, 291-92, 298. Germany, Nazi
Thompson, E. P. 178
Thora scrolls 63, 65, 82
Thuringia 126, 172
Tijn, Gertrude van 106
Trawniki/Trawnikis 151-55, 294
Treblinka . extermination camps
Trocmé, André 301
Troper, Morris 106
Trump, Donald 52, 173, 175
Trunk, Isaiah 291
Turkey 84-90, 92-93
Tübingen 48
Ukraine, Ukrainians 11, 31, 208, 250, 299
Ulm 205
United Kingdom 190, 304. Great Britain
United Nations 171, 278, 281
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum 10, 12, 46, 49, 169-70, 185, 212, 236, 279, 281, 289, 302
United States of America xii, 25, 32, 52, 96, 160-61, 166-68, 172, 174-76, 182, 188, 200, 281, 304
universalism 9, 160, 169, 172-74, 270
universities 6-11, 44-47, 51, 53, 57, 101, 109, 131, 149, 164, 169, 172, 179, 183, 185, 200, 207, 209-10, 213-14, 269, 278, 282-83, 287-88, 294
Allegheny College 287
Oberlin College 287
Pacific Lutheran University x, 7, 45, 49, 167, 185
University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill x, 9, 46, 49, 134, 185
University of Wisconsin 18, 45, 184, 288
U.S. Army 81
USC Shoah Foundation’s Video History Archive 70
Van Leer Jerusalem Institute 173
Versailles Treaty 55, 178
Vichy . France
victims xi, 3-4, 10, 19-20, 22, 26, 34, 38, 44, 51, 57-58, 60, 63, 65, 78-79, 118, 134, 142-43, 148-49, 153, 159-62, 164-65, 167, 171-73, 177, 181, 183, 186-89, 193-94, 196, 200, 208, 213, 220-23, 226-29, 231, 257, 261, 268, 271, 275, 277, 279-80, 282-83, 295, 298, 300, 302-3
Vienna 56, 58, 62, 93, 159, 224
Vietnam War 164-66, 184, 270, 287
Villa ten Hompel 212-13, 304
villages 3, 73-74, 76, 194, 225
visas 87, 89, 92, 96, 101, 103, 106
Vollnhals, Clemens 51
Völkischer Beobachter 121
Wallenberg, Raoul 300
Waller, James 31
Wannsee Conference 199
War Refugee Board 300
Warsaw 19, 81, 272, 277
Warsaw Ghetto . ghettos
Washington, D.C. 170, 185, 204, 281
Watergate 166, 184, 289
Wagener, Otto 125-26
Wars of Yugoslav Succession 168
Waxman, Zoë 28
Weber, Max 179
Wehler, Hans-Ulrich 179
Weimar Republic . Germany, Weimar Republic
Weindling, Paul 223
Welzer, Harald 31, 294
Wehrmacht (German army) 23, 31, 56, 95, 111, 239, 248
Wehrmacht exhibition 206, 249
Wellers, George 117
Wends 130
Weiss, Theodore Zev 46
Weizmann, Chaim 107
West Bank 282
Wiener Library 7, 57-58, 60, 62-64
Wiesel, Elie 164, 168, 302
Wildt, Michael 148, 293
Willhaus, Gustav 254, 258, 267
Wippermann, Wolfgang 222, 230, 232
women 3, 6, 15-16, 18-29, 35, 38-40, 47, 60, 65, 74, 80, 97-99, 103-4, 107-8, 113, 155, 162, 182, 203, 215, 226, 234, 239, 242, 245, 262, 300-1
women’s work 98
Womenandchildren 19
Women’s International Zionist Organisation (WIZO) 100, 103
Wohlauf, Julius (RBP 101) 22-23, 209, 245
Wohlauf, Vera 22-23, 245
World Zionist Organisation 102, 107
Wuthnow, Robert 167
Wyman, David 291
Yad Vashem 19, 45, 71, 163, 188, 212, 237, 269, 278, 290
Yahil, Leni 18
Yishuv 275
youth 62, 223, 272
youth movement 273
Zentrale Stelle der Landesjustizverwaltungen (Central Agency for State Administrations of Justice, Germany) 5, 210
Żegota (Konrad Zegota Committee) 300
Zimbardo, Philip 30
Zionism 125, 279, 281-82, 285
Zuckerman, Moshe 283
Zündel, Ernst 4, 190, 197
Zündel trials 186, 190-91, 197, 304
Zyklon B 155, 196

Footnotes

*

Due to the frequency with which Christopher R. Browning’s name and the term “Holocaust” is mentioned throughout this book and in light of its topical focus, this index does not include references to both terms.

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Beyond "Ordinary Men"

Christopher R. Browning and Holocaust Historiography

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