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Glossary

Abïstay

an educated woman, imam’s wife

abzï

honorific title for an older man

agha

honorific tile for a respected elder

ashkhana

dining room

akhsham

sunset prayer

aktä

official document

altïn

golden coin

ämänät

debts

arwakhlar

the holy spirits

ash

religious gathering; soup

astana

grave

athar-i ‘atiqa

antique objects, monuments

aulaq

party

awliyya’

saint

‘adellek

justice

‘ailä däftäre

family register

‘ali jaza

the maximum sentence for committing a crime

‘aqa’id

the Muslim creed

‘ariza

an appeal

‘askärlek khezmäte

military service

‘awwam

simple folk

‘ibrät

example

‘ilm-i batin

esoteric knowledge

‘ilm-i tariqa

Sufism

‘ilm-i zahir

exoteric knowledge

‘ulama

religious scholars of Islam

‘umra hajj

pilgrimage outside of the hajj season

badal hajj

the practice of performing pilgrimage on behalf of someone else

bajay

brother-in-law

bälesh

pie with meat and rice or potato

baqcha

garden

baqiyat al-salihat

a lasting pious deed

baursaq

puffed fried bread

bay(lar)

rich people

bishmät

a long tunic

bid‘at

harmful religious innovation

burïch

credit

chälpäk

griddle cake

chapan

robe

chaqrïm

a Tatar equivalent of Russian versta, roughly corresponding to 1.06 km

chirkäü

church

dacha

summer house

dähshät

terror

dälillär

national representatives in Mecca who helped hajjis during their pilgrimage

danus

denunciation

dapros

interrogation

dehqan

farmer

desiatina

an old Russian unit of land measurement

din shähidläre

religious martyrs

du‘a

invocation of God

dukhtur

medical doctor

etap

a march of prisoners from one camp to another

fabricant

merchant

fantal

irrigation system

ferrash

peasants

gah

witness

ghuslkhanä

bath

GPU

the secret police in the Soviet Union. An abbreviation for Gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe upravlenie, i.e. the State Political Directorate (called GPU in 1922-23 and OGPU in 1923-1934).

hafiz

a person who has memorized the Qur’an

hämshir

brother

hastahanä

hospital

hazrat

honorific title for a religious scholar

hijrät qïlu

to resettle, often with a religious connotation

i‘tikaf

staying in the mosque during the last ten days of Ramadan

iftar

evening meal after fasting

ihata

building, construction

ijazat

education certificate

ijtihad

personal striving to achieve a goal

ijtimagïy chïgïsh

social origin

ikende

afternoon prayer

ikhtiyary sürgen

voluntary exile

inqilab

revolution

iptäsh

comrade

ishan

Sufi master

ishanlïq

Sufism

ispravnik

an official

ïstarshinä

the local chief

izvozshchik

a coachman

käfen(lek)

burial cloth

kägaz

an official paper

käläpush

a Tatar cap

kanisa

church

kasab

work

khalfa

madrasa teacher

khalïq

people, village dwellers

khalïq doshmanï

public enemy

khäter

memory

khätirä

memoir, keepsake

khatm

full recitation of the Qur’an

khatm kutub

graduation from a madrasa

khökümät

government

khurafat

superstition

kolkhoz

collective farms in the Soviet Union

köy

melody for recitation of poetry and songs

kulak

wealthy countryman

küpäch

small white loaf

laqab

a nickname

madhhab

a school of Islamic law

madrasa

educational institution

mahalla

a neighborhood within a community

mähbuslek

imprisonment

makhdum

member of an elite family

mämläkät

home country

marja

Russian woman

mäshq däftäre

calligraphy book

mawlid sharif

celebration of the birthday of the Prophet

mäzlüm

unlawfully oppressed individual

menovoi kägazläre

official documents

metrikä

official document, certificate

mihrab

a niche in a mosque

militsia

police

millät

confessional or national identity

millätchelek

a pejorative term for nationalism

mirath

heritage

mu’adhdhin

the crier who calls to prayer

muhajir

Muslim migrant

mujawir

gatekeeper of a sacred place

mullah

mosque servant

murid

a Sufi disciple

musadara

confiscation of property

mutawali

community representatives

näbir(ä)

relative, child

nachal’nik

an authority figure in the village or in prison

näfi bulu

to be exiled

nafs

ego

najat

release from prison; salvation in a religious sense

nan

bread

nasara

Christians

nasïhät

a religious advice

nasl wa ansab

genealogy

nikah

marriage ceremony

niyat

intention

nughay

the exonym for Tatars among Central Asian peoples

obysk

police search

olugh mäqbarä

the great cemetery in Istärlibash

öylä

noon prayer

perepis

the civil census

pilaw

rice cooked with meat, onion and carrot

pood

an old Russian measure of weight (16.38 kg)

pop

an Orthodox priest

potrebitel’

cooperative for everyday needs

potrebsoyuz

consumers’ association

prikazchik

an estate manager

qaber

grave

qabrstan

cemetery

qadar kichäse

the Night of Power

qari

a Qur’an specialist

qartlar

elders in the countryside who hold traditional authority

qataran

a vehicle

qatïq

a fermented milk product

qaynaga

brother-in-law

qazïlïq

dried meat

qishlaq

winter settlement

qism

tribal division

qiyamat

the Day of Judgement; a terrible moment

qumïz

a drink made from horse milk

Qur’an tilawat

recitation of the Qur’an

qurut

drained yoghurt

rafiq(ä)

a partner

raka‘at

a single cycle of movements in daily prayers

remont

reconstruction works

ru‘

tribal division

rüzä

fasting

rüzä ‘ayd

feast of fast breaking (at the end of Ramadan)

sabantuy

spring festival

sadaqa-yi jariyya

enduring donation for the sake of God

salib

cross

sami‘

a Qur’an specialist standing behind the one who performs the full recitation of the Qur’an, listening and if necessary correcting.

sazhen

an old Russian measure of length (2.13 m)

selpo

village cooperative

silsavit

a village office in Soviet Russia (Rus.: selsovet)

shafa‘at

prophetic intercession on the Day of Judgement

shahadat nama

a diploma

shäjärä

genealogy

shärik

a fellow student

shart nama

agreement

shpana

delinquents

söt anam

mother

isprafkä

an official letter, certificate

srok

jail term

suhur

meal consumed before fasting

sukhanä

irrigation infrastructure

sum

Russian ruble

ta‘til

vacation

ta’ifa

people

ta’rikh

a record; historical record

tabib

a doctor practicing traditional Muslim medicine

talchuk bazarï

marketplace

tanbih

advice

täräqqilek

progress

tarawih

additional night prayers during Ramadan

tärbiya

care, upbringing

tärjemä-yi hal

(auto)biography

tarkhan

a status of tax exemption

tawaf

circling the Ka‘ba during the hajj

tayaq

an old Tatar unit of land measurement, equivalent to Russian sazhen

tekie

guesthouse

tien

kopeks

tir awïrï

fewer

totqïn

imprisonment

troika

tripartite committees that functioned during the Great Terror with the right to swiftly impose punishment

uchitel’

teacher

udarnik

a shock worker

uezd

district in later imperial Russian administrative divisions

ukaznïy imam

an imam who received a certificate from the state Muftiate

usul-i fiqh

the theory of Islamic law

ut kürshese

neighbor

utar

a private settlement

util’, util’sïr’e

waste

vagon

carriage

veksel

a promissory note

volchok

the door viewer in prison

volos(t)

an administrative unit in the Russian empire

waba

cholera

wä‘dä

promised money

wäkil

trustee

wali ni‘mät

patron

waqf

pious endowment

waqi‘

a historical event

watan

fatherland, country

wujdan

conscience

yädkär

object of memory, monument

yastu

night prayer

yaum al-‘ashura

the tenth day of Muharram, commemoration of the day when Musa escaped from the pharaoh

zadatka

advance payment

zagotovka dükenï

supply service

zamandash

contemporary

zemstvo

an institution of local government set up in 1861

zhizni

spouse’s uncle (by marriage)

ziyarat

cemetery; veneration of graves

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Muslim Subjectivity in Soviet Russia

The Memoirs of ’Abd al-Majid al-Qadiri

Series:  Eurasian Studies Library, Volume: 17

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