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Index

The index does not reference subjects covered widely throughout the book, e.g. the greater part of Merian’s biography and her primary research focus, the metamorphosis, behaviors and food choices of insects. The index does include more narrowly focused subtopics regarding Merian and her discoveries about insects.

Abbot, John 124
Abraxas grossulariata common magpie moth 79, 266–268, 300
Acleris bergmanniana yellow rose button moth 76, 79, 246–249
ad vivum, from life 23–24, 26, 72, 88, 133, 141, 157, 161–162, 165, 211–212
Aglais io peacock butterfly 12, 43, 79, 81, 93, 180, 254–257
Aglais urticae small tortoiseshell butterfly 6, 51, 79, 82, 99, 326–330, 334, 364–365
Agrotis ipsilon dark sword-grass or black cutworm moth 77, 79, 188, 322–325
Albin, Eleazar 123, 124n.37
Aldrovandi, Ulisses 21–25, 29, 34, 152, 224
Altdorf 75, 367
Amberboa moschata sweet sultan 91, 338–340
Amphipyra livida 79, 214–217
Amsterdam 51n.20, 58, 72, 88, 109, 111, 113, 117–118, 121–122, 368
angle shade moth Phlogophora meticulosa 286–289
Anthriscus cerefolium chervil 214–216
Apanteles, Braconid wasp 334
Arctia caja garden tiger moth 30–31, 35, 55, 79, 90, 96, 168–172, 365–366
Aristotle 21, 34, 123, 152, 320
Arnold, Andreas 56, 248
Arnold, Christoph 55–56, 58, 63, 71, 89–90, 103, 121, 129, 134–136, 138, 248
Asia 158, 236
Atriplex sp. orach or saltbush 89, 314–316
Auer, Dorothea Maria 58
Auer, Regina Catharina 59
Balbín, Bohuslav 63
bedstraw hawk-moth Hyles gallii 11
beetle 9, 64, 75–76, 83, 91, 137, 166, 259–260, 272, 367
Bening, Simon 8
Bernard, Jean Frederic 118
Besler, Basilius 54
Biston betularia peppered moth 77, 79, 298–301
bivoltine 329, 334, 348
blackthorn or sloe Prunus spinose 282–284
blue lilac Syringa vulgaris 160, 162
Bologna 23
Bombyx mori silkworm 24–26, 30, 32–33, 46–47, 49, 51, 89, 93–95, 101, 123, 137, 141–144, 148, 149–155, 171, 224, 271–272, 283, 363–364
botany, botanical, botanist 21, 37, 54, 61, 90–91, 121, 144
Braconid wasp Apanteles 334
Braconidae 170, 238–240, 334–335
Brassica oleracea wild cabbage 332–335
broom moth Ceramica pisi 79, 354–356
Brunfels, Otto 21
Bry, Johanna Magdalena de 40
Bry, Theodor de 14n.20, 40–41
burnished brass moth Diachrysia chrysitis 79, 306–308
bush cricket Tettigonia viridissima 48, 50
Bustamante de la Cámara, Juan 134
buttercup or crowfoot Ranunculus acris 210–212
buttercup Ranunculus sp. 93, 174–176
cabbage white Pieris sp. 240
Calliteara pudibunda pale tussock moth (Merian’s brush) 47, 79, 342–345
Camerarius, the Younger, Joachim 19, 22, 54
Carcharodus alceae mallow skipper 79, 346–349
carnation Dianthus caryophyllus 91, 350–352
Ceramica pisi broom moth 79, 354–356
Chrysomela populi red poplar leaf beetle 76, 79, 258–260
classical texts 7, 8, 14, 17, 19–23
classification XIII, 21, 23, 29, 31, 36–37, 122, 126, 256n.1, 257, 268, 316
Clusius, Carolus 22, 40
Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla plume moth 79, 238–240
cockchafer Melolontha melolontha 91, 164–166
Coenen (Coenensz), Adriaen 9–11
Coleoptera, beetle
comma butterfly Polygonia c-album 67–68, 79, 206–209, 256
Commelin, Casper 121
common hawthorn Crataegus monogyna 113, 183, 230–232, 267
common magpie moth Abraxas grossulariata 79, 266–268, 300
common or stinging nettle Urtica dioica 169, 207, 254–256, 326–327, 329, 365
copying images 24, 26, 41–42, 49, 63, 65–66, 89, 95, 171
Cosimo de’ Medici 122
Cosmia trapezina dunbar moth 79, 85, 160–163
cost of book production and publishing 24, 27–28, 36–37, 46, 72, 74, 97–98, 100, 103–104, 107, 115–117
counterproof 98–100, 111, 115, 129–30, 196, 201, 212, 300, 348
Crataegus monogyna common hawthorn 113, 183, 230–232, 267
Cydonia oblonga quince 231–236, 283–284
damsom plum Prunus domestica subsp. insititia 202–204
dandelion Taraxacum officinale 55, 76, 113, 182–184
dark sword-grass or black cutworm moth Agrotis ipsilon 77, 79, 188, 322–325
dark tussock moth Dicallomera fascelina 79, 182–185
Darwin, Charles 78n.12, 335
Delphinium sp. larkspur 70, 296, 310–312
Diachrysia chrysitis burnished brass moth 79, 306–308
Dianthus caryophyllus carnation 91, 350–352
Diarsia brunnea purple clay moth 79, 156–159
Dicallomera fascelina dark tussock moth 79, 182–185
Diloba caeruleocephala figure of eight moth 79, 186–187
Dioscorides, Pedanius 21, 89
dissection 32, 81–82, 114, 157–158, 170, 319–320, 344, 363, 367
Doppelmayer, Johann 58n.3, 121
double cherry Prunus cerasus v. florepleno double cherry 186–188
drinker moth Euthrix potatoria 192
dunbar moth Cosmia trapezina 79, 85, 160–163
Dürer, Albrecht 42n.9, 53–54, 59, 184, 296
Early Modern period 7, 122, 126, 131
ecological, ecology XVI, 4, 75, 77, 91, 96, 101, 103, 113, 124, 131, 158, 176, 180, 252, 336, 340
emblem, emblematic, symbol, symbolism 17, 19–21, 29, 40
embroidery, needlework 54, 59–60, 63
emperor moth Saturnia pavonia 76, 79, 82, 105, 202–205, 242–243, 292
encyclopedia 13–14, 19–21, 23–24, 27, 29, 33
environmental factors, effects on insects 124, 153, 300
climate, weather 77, 84, 113, 129, 207, 223–224, 236, 283–284, 317, 330
rain 124, 179, 223–224, 283, 315, 333, 335, 366
sun 76–77 142, 146, 150, 179, 223–224, 259–260, 271–272, 364, 327–328, 366
temperature 76, 78, 142, 146, 150, 157–158, 162, 179, 207, 223–224, 259–260, 272, 283, 296, 299–300, 303–304, 315, 328, 330, 333, 356, 364, 366–367
water, moisture ( larval lepidopterans, drinking ) 80, 191–192, 223–224, 235–236, 244, 271–272, 283–284, 319, 365–366
Erasmus, Desiderius 14, 19n.25
Eristalis sp. hoverfly or ‘rat-tail maggot’ 230–232
Erysimum cheiri wallflower 91, 198–200, 231
etching and engraving as techniques 9, 14, 24, 27n.47, 36n.67, 37, 45, 56, 59, 61n.48, 68, 74, 96–98, 101n.45, 104, 106, 110, 112, 117–118, 132, 161, 163, 201, 212, 256, 284–285, 368n.6
Eupithecia sp. pug moth 79, 188, 314–317
Euproctis similis yellow tail moth 79, 230–232
Euthrix potatoria drinker moth 192
Fabricius, Johann Christian 122n.31
feathered footman Spiris striata 79, 86–87, 210–213
figure of eight moth Diloba caeruleocephala 79, 186–187
Fischer, Johann Thomas 58
Flegel, Georg 17, 40, 46–47, 49, 152
florilegia 7, 40–42, 65, 66, 89
Fludd, Robert 42, 44, 70
Foeniculum vulgare sweet fennel 302–304
Frankfurt 39–41, 49–52, 72, 77, 84, 90, 97, 121, 137–138, 153–154, 363–365
Frederick V, the Elector Palatine 43
Friesland 51, 109–10, 113
Frisch, Johann Leonhard 123
frog 10, 18, 32
from life, ad vivum
Funck, David 137–138
fungal, fungi 80, 86, 180
Fürst, Magdalena 58
Fürst, Paul 16n.20, 54, 58n.41,
Fürst, Rosina Helena 54, 58n.41, 59–60
gall aphid Pemphigus populinigrae 320
gall aphid Pemphigus spirothecae 320
gall aphids 320–321
gall 37, 72, 82–83, 91, 114–115, 320–321, 356
garden carpet moth Xanthorhoe fluctuata 77, 79, 85, 198–200
garden tiger moth Arctia caja 30–31, 35, 55, 79, 90, 96, 168–172, 365–366
garden, gardeners 16, 27, 41, 43, 48, 53, 58–59, 63, 74–75, 77–79, 121, 200, 223–224, 228, 236, 251, 263–264, 267–268, 276, 288, 303, 323–324, 334, 340, 343–344, 366–367
Gastropacha quercifolia lappet moth 81, 218–221, 278–280
Geometridae 200, 252, 268, 300, 316
Germany 21, 39, 46, 55–56, 92, 110, 125, 134, 236, 329, 340
Gessner, Conrad 13, 19–22, 24, 27, 29, 134, 138
Glechoma hederacea ground ivy 76, 286–288
goat willow Salix caprea 76, 258–260
Goedaert Johannes 4–6, 21, 31–37, 70, 89, 93, 104, 119–121, 123, 134, 138, 170–171, 180, 200n.2, 209n.4, 232, 240, 244, 284, 304, 329–330, 334–336
gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa 190–192, 250, 252, 266–268, 274–276
Graff, Gottlieb 52
Graff, Johann Andreas 46, 52, 56, 58–59, 61n.48, 62, 98, 104, 106, 107n.53, 137, 144
Gray, Asa 335
greater plantain Plantago major 55, 91, 184, 294–296, 339
ground ivy Glechoma hederacea 76, 286–288
Guidicci, Jacopo 122
Guilding, Lansdown 125
Gutenberg, Johannes 39
hand-coloring 28, 30, 58n.41, 100, 102, 111, 125, 129–130, 143, 344
Harris, Moses 124
Harvey, William 134
Hedya nubiferana marbled orchard tortrix moth 79, 178–181
Heem, Jan Davidsz de 46
Heidelberg 41, 43
Heim, Johanna Sibylla Heim 41
herbals 7, 27, 40, 89–91
Hippocrates 29, 89
Hoefnagel, Jacob 14–15, 17, 23, 49, 54–55, 65
Hoefnagel, Joris 12–17, 22–24, 40, 42n.9, 49, 54–55, 65
Hoffmann, Hans 54–55, 59, 184, 296
Holland 110, 340
Holsteyn, Pieter, the Younger 48
Hooke, Robert 28, 32, 308
hoverfly or ‘rat-tail maggot’ Eristalis sp. 230–232
hyacinth Hyacinthus orientalis 168, 170, 366
Hyacinthus orientalis hyacinth 168, 170, 366
Hyles gallii bedstraw hawk-moth 11
Ichneumonidae, ichneumon wasps 31n.56, 257, 329, 335
illuminated manuscript 8, 17
Imhoff, Clara Regina 58–9, 81n.20, 184, 268n.1
Iphiclides podalirius scarce swallowtail 65
Iris sp. iris 65–66, 290–293
Isinglass 280
Italy 52
Jamnitzer, Wenzel 53
Jonston, Jan 14–15, 24, 26, 30, 46, 65, 89n.28, 224, 300
Jungfern Companie, company of maidens
Knortz, Andreas 104, 133, 138
Labadist 51n.20, 70, 84n.25, 109, 113, 121n.26
Lacanobia oleracea bright-line brown-eye moth 79, 294–296
Lactuca sativa lettuce 153, 322–324
lappet moth Gastropacha quercifolia 81, 218–221, 278–280
large cabbage white butterfly Pieris brassicae 32, 79, 333–336
larkspur Delphinium sp. 70, 296, 310–312
larval lepidopterans
cannibalism 80, 243–244, 291–292, 340
color polymorphism 142, 145, 204, 219–221, 280, 300, 323–324, 355–356
drinking 80, 191–192, 223, 235–236, 283–284, 366
exoskeleton 93–94, 145, 153–154, 162, 176, 196, 280, 324, 329
frass, feces 80, 142, 149, 151, 153–154, 179–181, 255–256, 283, 285, 327, 330, 364–365, 367
generalist herbivore 158, 188, 200, 212, 232, 288, 340, 352
instar 152, 204, 220, 280, 329, 340, 348, 356
leaf rollers 179–180, 248, 263–264, 347–348
specialist herbivore 158, 256, 340
Lasiocampa quercus oak eggar moth 79, 90, 191–192, 204, 234–236, 365
Leeuwenhoek, Antonie van 32
Leibniz, Gottfried 121
Leipzig 137
Lesser, Friedrich 123
Leucoma salicis satin moth 77, 79, 271–273
Leyster, Judith 48
Ligozzi, Jacobo 23
Linnaeus, Carl 37, 119, 122
Lymantria dispar gypsy moth 79, 222–224, 274–276, 366–367
Macaria wauaria V-moth 79, 250–252
magnification 29, 31–32, 81, 215–216, 280, 316, 319–320
microscope 215, 280
Main river 40
Mainz 39
Malacosoma neustria lackey moth 77, 79, 282–285, 288
mallow skipper Carcharodus alceae 79, 346–349
Malpighi, Marcello 32–33
Malus domestica apple 187, 222–224, 243
Malva alcea mallow 346–348
Mamestra brassicae cabbage moth 79, 350–352
marbled orchard tortrix moth Hedya nubiferana 79, 178–181
Marrel, Jacob 17–18, 40, 45–46, 48–50, 64, 66, 121n.26, 153, 158
Marshal, Alexander 11–12, 34
mating, Lepidoptera XII, 82, 142, 144, 149, 152, 191, 208, 271–272, 335n.6, 364
Mattioli, Pietro 4, 9, 40, 90
Mayerne, Théodore Turquet de 22
meconium 152
medical, medicine 7, 9, 22n.37, 27, 29, 40, 41n.6, 56, 57n.35, 76n.6, 114, 138n.12, 211
physician 11, 22, 24, 113, 320, 367
Melanchra persicariae dot moth 79–80, 82, 244, 290–293
Melolontha melolontha cockchafer 91, 164–166
Mentha sp. mint 306–308
Merian, Caspar 24, 30, 40, 45
Merian, Dorothea Maria 53, 58, 109, 113, 117
Merian, Johanna Helena 53, 113
Merian, Maria Sibylla
audience for her work 27–28, 37, 39, 56, 59, 63–64, 71–72, 77, 89–90, 100, 102, 104, 108–110, 116, 119, 121, 129–131, 137, 141–145, 153, 155, 183–184, 200, 219–220, 223–224, 228, 236, 264, 288, 317, 340, 343–344, 355–356, 366
ambition 71–72, 102, 143–144, 355–356
company of maidens 58
marketing her work 63, 71–72, 78, 110–111, 119
reputation 28, 52, 68–69, 71, 101–102, 109–110, 121, 125, 131, 138, 144, 162, 315, 317
Merian, Matthaeus, the Elder 40–44, 59, 63, 138, 312
Merian, Matthaeus, the Younger 24, 30, 40, 56
Mey, Johannes de 21, 35–36, 134
Middelburg, Germany 21, 33, 35
Middle Ages, medieval 7, 16, 152
Mignon, Abraham 46
mint Mentha sp. 306–308
Moffet, Thomas 5, 12n.12, 22–26, 29–31, 34, 90n.3, 134, 224
Morus alba mulberry (white) 95, 123, 137, 149–153, 287, 363
Morus rubra mulberry (red) 137, 149
mulberry (red) Morus rubra 137, 149
mulberry (white) Morus alba 95, 123, 137, 149–153, 287, 363
Narcissus sp. 66, 68
natural theology, religion 17, 20–23, 27, 29, 70, 279–280, 312
naturalistic image 7, 9, 16–17, 48–49, 54, 59, 65–66, 94, 144
Nematus ribesii gooseberry sawfly 83, 250–252
nettle Urtica sp. 4, 51, 208
Newton, Isaac 308
noctuid moth Amphipyra livida noctuid moth 79, 214–217
Nola cucullatella short-cloaked moth 79, 194–197
Notocelia sp. Tortricid moth 79, 262–263
Nuremberg 39, 51–59, 62–66, 71–72, 75–78, 84, 90, 98–110, 121–122, 135, 138, 149, 154, 158, 184, 276, 308, 363–364, 367
Nymphalidae 209
Oosterwijk, Johannes 117
orach or saltbush Atriplex sp. 89, 314–316
overwintering lepidpoterans 11, 86, 146, 221, 223–224, 285, 296, 303–304, 311–312, 324, 327, 329, 333–334, 347–348, 356
painting as a technique 11, 22–23, 45, 53, 58, 83, 97, 99–100, 102, 155, 163, 221
pale tussock moth (Merian’s brush) Calliteara pudibunda 47, 79, 342–345
Papilio machaon swallowtail butterfly (Old World) 13, 15, 55, 79, 94, 208, 302–304
parasite/parasitoid 31–32, 34, 36–37, 82–86, 91, 93, 102, 107, 145, 170–172, 197, 200, 216, 240, 257, 264, 329–330, 335, 352
peacock butterfly Aglais io 12, 43, 79, 81, 93, 180, 254–257
pease blossom moth Periphanes delphinii 76, 79, 188, 310–313
Pegnesischer Blumenorden 55, 135n.10
Pegnitz river 135
Pemphigus populinigrae gall aphid 320
Pemphigus spirothecae gall aphid 320
pendunculate oak Quercus robur 114–115, 354–356
Penny, Thomas 12, 22, 134n.7
peppered moth Biston betularia 77, 79, 298–301
Periphanes delphinii pease blossom moth 76, 79, 188, 310–313
Peter the Great, Russian Tsar 122
Petiver, James xiii
Phlogophora meticulosa angle shade moth 286–289
Phoridae, scuttle fly 83, 178–181, 330
Pieris brassicae large cabbage white butterfly 32, 79, 333–336
Pieris rapae small cabbage white butterfly 79, 82, 332–337
Pieris sp. cabbage white 240
Plantago major greater plantain 55, 91, 184, 294–296, 339
Platter, Felix 11–12
Pliny, the Elder 19, 21, 23, 34, 89, 152
plum Prunus domestica 178–180, 187, 191, 195, 275, 283–284, 342–344, 365
plume moth Cnaemidophorus rhododactyla 79, 238–240
Polygonia c-album comma butterfly 67–68, 79, 206–209, 256
poplar Populus sp. 83, 318–321
population size, insects 191–122, 223–224, 227, 283–284, 315, 317
Populus sp. poplar 83, 318–321
Poulton, Edward 221
predation, predator 107, 171, 176, 320
printer’s ornament 105–106
Prunus avium sweet or wild cherry 164–166, 242–244
Prunus cerasus sour cherry 194–196, 275
Prunus cerasus v. florepleno double cherry 186–188
Prunus domestica plum 178–180, 187, 191, 195, 275, 283–284, 342–344, 365
Prunus domestica subsp. insititia damsom plum 202–204
Prunus spinose blackthorn or sloe 282–284
Pterophoridae 240
pug moth Eupithecia sp. 79, 188, 314–317
purple clay moth Diarsia brunnea 79, 156–159
purple tiger moth Rhyparia purpurata 79, 95, 174–176
pussy willow Salix discolor 270–272
Pyraloidea 262–264
Quercus robur pendunculate oak 114–115, 354–356
quince Cydonia oblonga 231–236, 283–284
Rabel, Daniel 41–43
Ranunculus acris buttercup or crowfoot 210–212
Ranunculus sp. buttercup 93, 174–176
Ray, John 21, 28–31, 38, 70, 122–123, 170
Réaumur, René Antoine Ferchault de 123–125, 232, 284n.2
red currant Ribes rubrum 67, 206–208, 268n.1, 298–300
red poplar leaf beetle Chrysomela populi 76, 79, 258–260
Redi, Francesco 32, 34, 134, 138
Regensburg 69
religion, religious, natural theology 3, 8, 16–17, 20–21, 23, 32–33, 35, 37, 40, 42, 44, 69–71, 89, 102, 136, 138, 141, 144, 146, 279, 335, 355
God 8, 17, 20, 23, 29, 32–35, 42, 44, 64, 70–71, 136, 138, 141, 144, 146, 154, 243, 279–280, 315, 317, 335, 355–356, 364
Renaissance 3, 7, 16, 20, 152, 296
Rhine river 40
Rhyparia purpurata purple tiger 79, 95, 174–176
Ribes rubrum red currant 67, 206–208, 268n.1, 298–300
Ribes uva-crispa gooseberry 190–192, 250, 252, 266–268, 274–276
Robert, Nicolas 65–66, 68
Rosa sp., rose 37, 49, 56n.36, 66, 77, 93, 101, 105–106, 180, 191, 224, 226–229, 231, 238–240, 246–249, 251, 262–264, 365
rose Rosa sp., 37, 49, 56n.36, 66, 77, 93, 101, 105–106, 180, 191, 224, 226–229, 231, 238–240, 246–249, 251, 262–264, 365
Rosenhof, August Johann Rösel von 122
Royal Society, London 28
Ruysch, Frederik 121
Salix caprea goat willow 76, 258–260
Salix discolor pussy willow 270–272
Salix sp. willow 220, 223, 366
Sandrart, Esther Barbara von 57–58,
Sandrart, Jacob von 53
Sandrart, Joachim von 53, 56–57, 68, 121
Sandrart, Susanna Maria 56
Saturnia pavonia emperor moth 76, 79, 82, 105, 202–205, 242–243, 292
scarce swallowtail Iphiclides podalirius 65
Schwindt, Cornelius 23–24
Sepp, Christiaan Andreas 124
sexual dimorphism, insects 149, 152, 165–166, 191–192, 204, 220, 236, 363
silkworm Bombyx mori 24–26, 30, 32–33, 46–47, 49, 51, 89, 93–95, 101, 123, 137, 141–144, 148, 149–155, 171, 224, 271–272, 283, 363–364
Sloane, Hans 28, 122
small cabbage white butterfly Pieris rapae 79, 82, 332–337
small nettle Urtica urens 6
small tortoiseshell butterfly Aglais urticae 6, 51, 79, 82, 99, 326–330, 334, 364–365
snail 17, 44
sour cherry Prunus cerasus sour cherry 194–196, 275
Sphingidae 92
Spilosoma lubricipeda white ermine moth 79, 338–340
Spiris striata feathered footman 79, 86–87, 210–213
spontaneous generation XII, 8, 29, 32, 34, 37, 89, 144, 181
Spörlin, Michael 105
St. Petersburg 49n.17, 83
still life painting 14–17, 54, 59, 256
Straat, Jan van der 134
Surinam 29, 71–72, 104, 109, 113, 121–122
swallowtail butterfly (Old World) Papilio machaon 13, 15, 55, 79, 94, 208, 302–304
Swammerdam, Johannes 32, 34, 70, 78n.12, 89, 134, 138
sweet fennel Foeniculum vulgare 302–304
sweet or wild cherry Prunus avium sweet or wild cherry 164–166, 242–244
sweet sultan Amberboa moschata 91, 338–340
symbol, symbolism, emblem, emblematic 7, 13, 16–17, 19, 35, 37, 416n.6
Syringa vulgaris blue lilac 160, 162
Syrphidae 320
Tachinidae 262–264, 352
Taraxacum officinale dandelion 55, 76, 113, 182–184
taxonomy, classification
Tettigonia viridissima bush cricket 48, 50
Tettigonia viridissima bush cricket 49
Topsell, Edward 24
Tortricidae 49, 87–88, 180, 226–229, 248, 264
tulip collectors, flower portraits 46, 48–49
tulip Tulipa gesneriana 46, 48–49, 63, 77, 93, 105, 156–158
Tulipa gesneriana tulip 46, 48–49, 63, 77, 93, 105, 156–158
tulipmania 46, 48, 63
Uffenbach, Zacharias 88, 111–112, 122
univoltine 329
Urtica dioica common or stinging nettle 169, 207, 254–256, 326–327, 329, 365
Urtica sp. nettle 4, 51, 208
Urtica urens small nettle 6
vellum 12–13, 46, 49n.15, 72, 81, 83, 86–87, 97, 100, 320
Vermes miraculosi (miracle worm) 139, 220
Vincent, Levinus 121
Viola violet 65, 200
violet Viola 65, 200
Volckamer, Johann Cristoph 59, 268
wallflower Erysimum cheiri 91, 198–200, 231
Waltha Castle 51n.20, 83–84
white ermine moth Spilosoma lubricipeda 79, 338–340
White, John 11, 22–23
wild cabbage Brassica oleracea 332–335
Wilkes, Benjamin 124
willow Salix sp. 220, 223, 366
Willughby, Francis 28–31, 36
woodcut 4–5, 9, 22, 24, 27n.47, 105
Wor, Adriaan 130n.1
Wotton, Edward 22, 134
Xanthorhoe fluctuata garden carpet moth 77, 79, 85, 198–200
yellow rose button moth Acleris bergmanniana 76, 79, 246–249
yellow tail moth Euproctis similis 79, 230–232
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