List of Selected Abbreviations

In: Second Language Acquisition of Mandarin Chinese Tones
Author:
Hang Zhang
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FAITH

Faithfulness Constraints

H

High

Hz

Hertz

ITC

Identical Tone Combination

L

Low

L1

First Language

L2

Second Language

NITC

Non-Identical Tone Combination

OCP

Obligatory Contour Principle

OT

Optimality Theory

SLA

Second Language Acquisition

TBU

Tone-bearing unit

TETU

The Emergence of The Unmarked

TMS

Tonal Markedness Scale

UG

Universal Grammar

Mandarin Tones

T1

Tone 1 (high level tone [55])

T2

Tone 2 (high rising tone [35])

T3

Tone 3

FT3 (Full-T3, F3)

Low dipping tone [214]

HT3 (Half-T3, H3)

Low falling/level tone [21]

RT3 (Raised-T3, R3)

Rising tone which results from Pre-T3 Sandhi

T4

Tone 4 (high falling tone [51])

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