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Index

Abeel, David (1804–1846) 78, 97
Abel, Clarke (1780–1826) 78, 97
addiction 31, 40–2, 113, 156 (fn. 14)
Adventists 13, 65, 184, 245, 291–319 (passim)
advertisements 39, 41–3, 253
Advisory Council of the Bible Societies in China , Shengjing Xiehui Guwen Weiyuanhui
Alašan Special Banner 269
alchemy 27, 38
Alice Memorial Hospital 156–7, 167–9
altruism 28, 282, 307
American Bible Society 205–7, 211, 225–7, 236
Amherst, William Pitt (1773–1857) 77, 79, 93, 97
Amoy , Xiamen
Analects , Lunyu
American Baptist Mission 253–4, 295, cover illustration
amulets 31, 39
Anglican Church in China , Zhonghua Shenggonghui
anti-Christian movements 112, 117, 210, 219, 278
anti-imperialism 28, 155, 209, 279
Anti-Rightist Movement 反右運動 233
Apostolic Faith Church 信心會 49–56 (passim), 63–4, 69
Assembly Hall , Juhuichu
Aurora University (Université de l’Aurore 震旦大學) 28
authority, religious 19, 58, 220, 296, 299, 301–3, 314
baojuan 寶卷 7 (n.22)
baptism 52, 55–6, 63–64, 65–7, 135, 254, 294, 298, 308
Baptists 199, 224, 242–245, 248, 251, 253, 268 (fn.17), 295–296
Baur, Arthur SJ (1913–2004) 284
Beijing 北京 3, 21, 29, 34, 59–65, 72, 109, 114, 136, 210, 215
Beijing Convention 北京條約 (1860) 265
Beijing huitang 北京會堂 3
Berntsen, Bernt (1863–1933) 50–5 (passim), 56–8, 62–64, 68–69
Bianjiang fuwubu 邊疆服務部 , Border Service Department
Biansheng Hospital 便生醫院 256
Bible 36, 56, 58, 63, 66, 96, 105, 108, 129, 205–8, 213, 223, 231–2, 291 (fn.1), 296, 300
Bible women 160, 162, 164, 252
Big Three 206–7, 212–5, 217–9, 222, 229, 234
blood 29, 30, 42, 297
bodies 2, 12, 20, 30, 40, 53, 58, 65, 120, 159, 245, 247–8, 301
Blumhardt, Christoph (1842–1919) 103–5, 108
Border Service Department 邊疆服務部 12, 176–7, 179 (fn.13)
Borget, Auguste (1808–1877) 74–5
Boro Balɣasun 城川 276
Boxer uprising , Yihetuan
Bridegroom’s Messenger 54, 67
British and Foreign Bible Society 205–8, 206 (fn.3), 211–6 (passim), 223, 225 (fn.101, separate BFBS agency for Manchuria), 226–7, 234, 235 (Canton)
bubonic plague 153 (fn.4), 155, 166, 167–70
Buddhism 1, 11, 23, 25, 31–3, 39 (fn.94), 71, 75, 78, 80, 83–81–2, 85–6, 92, 95–6, 101, 182
caffeine 41
Cai Yuanpei 蔡元培 (1868–1940) 27–8, 114
Canton , Guangzhou
Catholics 1, 28, 36, 39, 78, 86, 153, 184, 199, 228 (fn.114), 230, 245, 261–9 (passim), 271–2, 280, 282–5, 319
CCP , Chinese Communist Party
Ceska, Thomas Ferdinand (1872–1937) 274–5, 282
Chambers, William (1726–1796) 74
Chan 禪 (Zen) 23, 83, 85
Changes (Book of) , Yijing
Changlin 長麟 76
Changsha 長沙 66–7
Chaozhou 潮州 (Teochew) 13, 241, 242 (map), 253, 256–8
charismatic Christians 36, 49–51, 53–6, 58, 64, 66, 293
charity 84, 154, 189, 243, 248, 258, 268
Cheeloo University 齊魯大學 191–2, 135
Chen Duxiu 陳獨秀 (1879–1942) 27
Chen Hongmou 陳宏謀 (1696–1771) 23–24
Cheng Jingyi (1881–1939) 誠靜怡 176 (fn. 1), 217
Chengdu 成都 3, 196, 227
Chiang Kai-shek , Jiang Jieshi
children 20, 29, 35, 40, 87, 90, 138–9, 155, 158, 162, 164–5, 168–70, 250, 254–7, 272 (fn.34), 280, 299
China Bible House , Zhonghua Shengjinghui
China Youth Journal , Shaonian Zhongguo
Chinese Christian Independent Church , Zhongguo Yesujiao Zilihui
Chinese Christian Union 基督徒會 61 (fn.43)
Chinese Communist Party 中國共產黨 5–6, 206, 228, 230–2, 281, 283–5, 285 (fn.73), 295
Chongqing 重慶 183, 185–6, 195, 227
Christian Literature Society 218
Christianity (ecumenical) IX , 1–2, 4, 8, 14, 33, 94, 101, 105, 114, 117, 128–9, 179, 184, 203, 208–9, 228, 230, 252, 266, 270, 319
Christians (native) 5, 7, 139, 145, 163, 186, 255, 258, 267, 279
Christie, Dugald (1855–1936) 29, 36–7, 43
Chuanxi 川西 191, 195–9, 201
Chung Hua Sheng Ching Hui , Zhonghua Shengjinghui
Church of Christ in China (CCC) , Zhonghua Jidu Jiaohui
CICM (Congregatio Immaculati Cordis Mariae, alias Scheut Fathers / Missionaries) 269, 272–3, 276, 280
Cixi 慈禧, Empress Dowager (1835–1908) 35
Civil Hospital 153–5
civilization 5, 7, 9, 25, 29, 38, 87–8, 137, 199
colportage 207–8, 211, 213
Commercial Press , Shangwu Yinshuguan
community 7–9, 12–3, 60–5, 106, 123, 138, 143, 146–7, 155, 189, 249, 257, 265–6, 296, 311, 317
Confucianism 5, 7–9, 10–1, 23–5, 33, 40, 67, 93, 101, 103, 105–8, 111–4, 118–9, 126–9, 135, 263
converts 2, 8, 35–7, 39, 44, 50, 54–5, 67, 85, 101, 112, 117–9, 135–6, 160, 176, 209, 254, 265, 268, 277, 296, 308, 310–1
corpses , bodies
Crawford, A.R. 20, 40
Cultural Revolution 文化大革命 234, 294, 297, 299, 301, 308, 311
Cushing, Caleb (1800–1879) 85, 94
Dalai Lama 181–1
Daxue 大學 111, 118
Daoism 6, 22 (fn.18), 27, 30–31, 38, 84
death 23, 38, 64, 86, 88, 94, 114, 120, 167, 169, 250, 254, 306, 318–9
demons 25, 29, 34–8, 54, 58, 66
Dengkou xian 磴口縣 269
denominations (Christian) 104, 122, 127, 210, 214, 218, 247, 292, 295, 297, 302, 318–9
devil 35–37, 43, 53, 62, 64, 66, 86
Difang jiaohui 地方教會 3
Ding Guangxun 丁光訓 (1915–2012) 5
disease 19–20, 28–31, 34, 38–9, 39 (fn.93), 40–3, 158, 193, 252, 304
disaster relief 12–3, 50, 68, 123, 242–5, 248, 251–7
divination (see also fengshui) 24, 29, 39
doctors 20, 29–30, 38–41, 158–9, 167, 170, 184, 198, 242
Doctrine of the Mean , Zhongyong
Dog Spirit 40
dogs 40, 74
Dutch Franciscan Mission 272, 282
Dutch Reformed Church 78
East China Bible Society , Huadong Shengshuhui
Ellis, Henry (1777–1869) 79–80, 92, 94
electricity 32, 35, 43, 246
enchantment 39, 43
England 71, 90, 96–7, 152, 156 (14), 157, 168–9, 186, 207 (8), 253
English Baptist Missionary Society 243, 254
English Presbyterian Mission 245–6, 253, 256
epilepsy 43
exorcism 10, 29, 31–3, 37–8, 40, 43, 51, 58, 64–5
Eucharist 67, 294, 296, 301, 308
evangelization 10, 54, 105, 136–7, 140, 160, 169, 176, 187, 190–2, 199–200, 203, 208, 243, 256, 294, 296
Ewenki (Evenks, 鄂温克) 19
eyes (medical, magical or demonic) 35, 37, 43
fashu 法術 , magic
face (also figuratively) 33, 56, 63, 66, 91, 161, 163, 170, 275
famine 20, 243, 249, 264–5, 267–8, 268 (17)
fasting 66
female education , girls’ schools
fengshui 風水 21, 23–4, 25–6, 32
fertility (female) 19, 39, 164
filial piety 孝 40, 114
foot(-)washing 63–4, 67, 296, 301
Foreign Missions Committee 246, 250, 253
France 2, 20, 35, 74, 153, 265, 271, 277, 282, 284
French Catholic missions 245, 284, 285 (fn. 70)
funerals 23, 25, 30, 64, 74, 87, 154, 156, 245, 247–9, 250–1, 257, 308
Fuzhou 福州 207, 230, 277, 316
geomancy , fengshui
Germany ix, 101, 103, 106, 109, 110, 127 (fn.57), 162, 279, 282
gods 19–22, 26, 29–30, 35, 39–40, 75, 78, 87–8, 90
God 10, 19, 35, 52, 54, 55, 87, 107–9, 119, 122, 124, 128, 189, 209, 291, 297, 299, 301–5
ghosts 7 (fn.21), 33
Giesen, Ephrem (1868–1919) 272
girls’ schools 137, 142, 157, 163, 171, 250
Global Church Correction , Wanguo gengzhengjiao bao
glossolalia 19, 51, 52–4, 59, 62–5
Glover, Archibald (1859–1954) 21, 35–6
governance 7, 12, 25, 62, 102, 129, 150, 226, 229, 234, 243, 262, 292, 317–8
Great Leap Forward 大躍進 233
Great Learning , Daxue
guanxi 關係 , networks
Guangzhou 廣州 22, 33, 42, 73, 76, 81, 83, 97, 156, 170, 211, 219, 230, 316
Guiyang 貴陽 184–5
Guomindang 國民黨 25–6, 176, 183, 282
Haichuang temple 海幢寺 71, 72 (image), 73–76, 77 (guest rooms), 82 (Hunter), 83–5 (Morrison), 93–6 (monks)
Hakka 客家 2, 207
Hankou 漢口 27, 208, 231, 277–8
Healing 19, 21, 29–30, 39–40, 42–3, 51, 55, 57–8, 64–7, 90, 155–6, 166, 304
Hebei 河北 13, 26–8, 54, 60, 66, 261–2, 281, 284–5
Hejian 河間(府縣) 267–8
heroin 41–42
Hoklo 鶴佬 256
Honam Joss House , Haichuang Temple
Hong Kong 香港 12, 41–2, 89, 153–6, 161, 171–2, 191, 219, 221, 228 (fn.115), 242, 253–4, 256, 258, 313, 315–6
Hong Kong Adventist Hospital 315
Hong Kong-Macao Mission 315
house churches 12, 292–3, 295–6, 208, 302–4, 306–8, 312, 318
Huadong Shengshuhui 華東聖書會 220
Huanan Shengshuhui 華南聖書會 211–2, 213, 219, 223
Huihuiguo 回回國 179
Hummel, Arthur William (1920–2001) 285
Hunter, William C. (1812–1891) 23–3, 39, 82
hypnotism 32
hysteria 36, 43
I-Tsz , yici
idols 21, 33, 73–5, 78–81, 87–92, 95
immersion , baptism
imperialism 11, 28, 102–3, 116–8, 127–8, 152–3, 155, 166, 177, 180, 206, 209–10, 228–9, 279
indigenization 2, 7–8, 10–11, 13, 61, 153, 155, 159, 170, 176 (fn.1), 194, 198, 205, 208, 210–2, 219, 229, 234, 242, 251, 270, 281, 291, 303–4, 319
incense 21, 35
Indo-Chinese Gleaner 73, 85, 94
injection 41–2, 58
Inoue, Enriyō (1858–1919) 井上圓了 28, 45
Japan 44, 105, 116, 179, 227, 281–2
jeremiads 68–9
Jesus 22, 37, 56, 59, 87, 89, 92, 94, 101 (fn.1), 106, 109–11, 117–9, 121–25, 128–9, 189–90, 291, 297, 303, 314
Jesus Family , Yesu jiating
Jiaqing 嘉慶 (1796–1820) 79, 266
Jiang Jieshi 蔣介石 (1887–1975) 26, 180–1, 199, 211
Jinan 濟南 136, 142, 146 (fn.48), 149, 191, 220–1, 230
Juhuichu 聚會處 3–4
junzi 君子 107–9
Kammerer, Eugène (1890–1972) 261, 284
Kangxi 康熙 (1662–1722) 83, 266
kaozhengxue 考證學 24
Khorchin 科爾沁 40
Klein-Brugge , Xiaoqiaopan
KMT , Guomindang
Kong Xiangxi 孔祥熙 (H. H. Kung, 1881–1967) 179–180, 183, 185, 188, 191, 193, 195, 201
land reform 土地改革 (1950–1952) 230–1
Leboucq, François-Xavier (1828–1905) 267–8
Li Zhi 李質 (Ming scholar) 241
Liang Qichao 梁啟超 (1873–1929) 23–24, 46, 106, 110, 112
litigation 265
liturgy 2, 4, 31, 56, 84, 119, 127, 292, 294, 301, 303–5, 309, 317
Ljungstedt, Anders (1759–1835) 81–2
Local Assembly , Difang jiaohui
Lockhart, William (1811–1896) 155–6
London Conference (1932) 215–8, 221
London Missionary Society 12, 60–1, 64, 153–5, 159
Los Angeles 52–3
Lunyu 論語 7, 107–8, 120, 124, 315
Macau 澳門 71, 73, 83, 94, 155
Macartney, George (1737–1806) 76–7, 79
madness 43
magic 21, 23, 27, 31, 35, 37–43, 80, 119
Manchus 24, 40, 177–8, 276–7
Manchuria 116, 179, 180, 215, 225, 243, 270–1, 274
Mañjuśri 文殊 75
Mateer, Calvin Wilson (1836–1908) 136–9, 140, 145, 148 (Madge)
Matshed (LMS plague hospital) 167–8
medicine 26–30, 39–42, 44, 58, 155–7, 160, 167, 169, 171, 252
medical missionaries 26, 31, 44, 152, 155, 156–9, 163–6, 168, 171, 252
meditation 9–10, 32–3, 83
Mencius 孟子 107, 110–1, 120
mesmerism 35
Methodist Episcopal Church 美以美會 202, 218
minzhu 民主 (26,) 124, (317)
mission stations 52, 54, 57, 124, 136–8, 140, 142–3, 145, 148, 185, 262, 266–9, 272, 274, 280, 282–5
modernity 2, 10–3, 20, 25–6, 32, 40, 42–4, 127, 135, 138, 141, 144–5, 147, 153–4, 165, 169, 171, 209, 244, 258
Mongolia 177
monks 11, 31, 71–3, 83, 86, 180, 182
morality 25, 26–8, 38, 40, 49–51, 56, 66–7, 87–8, 95, 108, 110–3, 117, 119, 124, 126, 129, 152, 249, 301–2, 310
morphine 41–2
Morrison, Eliza (1795–1874) 88
Morrison, John Robert (1814–1843) 96
Morrison, Robert (1782–1834) 17, 27, 33, 41, 71–3, 76–7, 83–6 (book collection), 88, 93, 96–7, 136, 206
mui tsai 妹仔 160–3, 169, 171
Mukden incident 179
Muslims 1, 20, 177, 179, 269, 273, 276
Nanjing 南京 26, 67, 136, 177, 181, 211, 277
National Bible Society of Scotland 205, 207–8, 226
National Christian Council of China , Zhonghua Quanguo Jidujiao Jinhui
nationalism 4, 12, 102, 113–6, 126, 128–30, 187 (fn.44), 188, 205, 208–9, 211, 276, 278–9
native (churches/Christians) , indigenization
Nethersole Hospital 12, 157–60, 163, 166–9
networks (Christian) 7, 12, 13, 55, 58–9, 61, 63, 67, 69, 135, 242, 256–8, 275, 292–3, 295–6, 306, 318
Nevius, John Livingstone (1829–1893) 30, 33, 36, 46, 136–7
New Life Movement 新生活運動 26, 188
Ni Tuosheng 倪柝聲 (Watchman Nee, 1903–1972) 3, 292–3
Nightingale, Florence 152, 157, 164–5
Ningbo 寧波 156 (fn.14), 207
Norway 50, 52, 57
nursing 12, 150, 152–4, 157–60, 162–3, 164–7, 170–2
nursing instinct (lack of) 159, 165, 170
Octavians (八路軍) 284
officialdom 5, 7, 22–24, 32–3, 72, 80, 83, 104, 201, 241–3, 258, 263
Oneness Pentecostals 55–6, 67
opium 31, 41–2, 113, 136, 156 (fn.14)
Osbeck, Pehr (1723–1805) 73, 99
Ostindiska Kompaniet , Swedish East India Company
pain 43, 66, 251
Panchen Lama 181
paranatural 28, 32, 50
peach wood 38
Peking Tabernacle , Beijing huitang
Peking Version 207
Pentecostals 10, 36, 50–5, 56, 63, 67–8, 293
pharmaceutics 28–9, 31, 39, 255
pharmacopeia 29
Point Breeze Academy 138, 141–2, 145–7, 149
Popular Gospel Truth , Tongchuan fuyinzhenli bao
Portugal 28, 81–2, 94, 155
possession 10, 29, 32, 34–8, 43
potency (male) 19
prayer 28, 35–6, 53–55, 66, 77–9, 86–7, 96, 119, 122, 270, 291–2, 294, 296–7, 303–7, 311, 314, 316–7
Presbyterians 65, 135–9, 141, 143, 145, 147, 150, 176 (1), 206, 208, 215, 242, 245–7, 250, 253–4, 258, 295
printing press 71, 78, 82–4, 93, 95, 135, 206, 208, 261–2, 284, 300, 302
prostitution 161
Protestants 1, 3–4, 33, 42, 50, 55, 59, 62, 65, 94, 97, 101, 104, 112, 121, 127, 136, 140, 152, 155, 176, 200, 203, 205, 206, 209–13, 216, 219, 222, 224, 227–31, 234, 258, 268, 272, 292, 294–7, 301, 304, 318
psychic 32
Pu Songling 蒲松齡 (1640–1715) 7 (fn.22)
pulse 39, 158
purification 20, 42, 301
Qilu daxue 齊魯大學 , Cheeloo University
Qiang 黔 184, 194, 196
Qianlong 乾隆 (1736–1796) 266
Qing 清 (1644–1911) 9, 11, 23–7, 33–4, 39, 40, 42, 50, 61, 73, 76, 83, 93–6, 104, 137
Qingdao 青島 101–3, 105, 107, 184, 187
Qinghua University 清華大學 28, 210
quacks 27, 30, 43
rain processions 21–2, 35, 68, 270, 274
rationalism 25–9, 32, 34, 38, 44, 118, 209, 276, 302
rebellions 263–6, 273
Red Guards 紅衛兵 294, 297, 299
reductions 267–9, 272
reform 120, 123, 125, 128, 140, 141, 145, 209, 143, 292
Regensburger, Alois (1907–1992) 282
religion 1, 4–7, 14, 19, 23–5, 27–8, 35, 39, 56, 73, 77, 79, 83, 87–8, 110–2, 119, 127, 129, 159, 196, 209, 230, 266, 282, 293, 304, 309, 313, 319
Revivalists 3, 52–3, 176, 199, 292–3, 296, 298–9, 300–1, 313–8, 315
Richard, Timothy (1845–1919) 243, 268 (fn.17)
rosary 39, 86
Sabbath 安息日 87, 291, 296–8, 300–1, 303, 305–7, 313
Saccani, Francesco (1865–1944) 272
sacrament 63, 296
Sanzi aiguo yundong 三自愛國運動 (Three-Self Patriotic Movement) 5, 135, 230, 292, 301, 310
Satan 36–9, 43, 53, 62, 66, 86
Scheut Missionaries CICM
schism 2, 13, 128, 276, 291–4, 297, 298, 301, 303, 308, 313, 318–9
Schraven, Hubertus Franciscus (1873–1937) 281–2
science 11, 25–8, 31, 36, 44, 110, 126, 129, 141, 171, 209
secular 6, 12, 14, 38–39, 88, 105, 128, 135, 138, 146, 165, 243
security 10, 49, 51, 64, 69, 164, 176, 179, 181, 267, 270, 283
seminaries 3, 255, 262, 267, 272 (fn. 31), 284, 294, 309
Seventh-Day Adventists , Adventism
shamanism 19–20, 40, 197
Shandong 山東 xiv, 12, 36, 55, 59, 67, 103–5, 135–40, 142, 145, 150, 192, 243, 267, 270–2, 278–83
Shangdi 上帝 119, 122, 128
Shanghai 上海 19–20, 25, 28, 41–2, 113, 156 (fn.14), 176 (fn.1), 185, 206–8, 210, 217–8, 220, 221, 224, 227–30, 233, 243, 267–8, 313, 315
Shangwu Yinshuguan 商務印書館 25, 27 (40), 208
Shantou 汕頭 (Swatow) 68, 207, 242 (et passim), 245–7, 249, 250–2, 255–6
Shaonian zhongguo 少年中國 25
Shaw, Samuel (1754–1794) 75
Shengjing Gonghui Bao 聖經公會報 212, 219–24
Shengjing Xiehui Guwen Weiyuanhui 聖經協會顧問委員會 217, 220, 222–4
Shengmingshe 生命社 114–6
shishi qiushi 實事求是 9, 24
Shunde 順德 37
Sibe 錫伯 40
Sichuan 四川 12, 36, 176, 178, 180, 182–6, 191–7, 199, 276
sin 38, 58–9, 62, 66, 86, 114, 118–9, 129, 305, 318
Sino-Japanese War , warfare
smoke 40–2
Song Shangjie 宋尚節 (1901–1944) 3
social activism 11–2, 28, 50, 69, 118–9, 155, 189, 210, 242–3, 255, 257, 264, 295, 306
social stigma 163, 171, 299
sorcery 19, 22, 26, 27, 29, 31–2, 34, 37, 270
South Chihli Mission 南直隸福音會 52
South China Bible Society , Huanan Shengshuhui
spirits 7, 19–22, 28, 31–2, 34–7, 41, 43, 59, 255
spiritual 24–26, 32, 56, 62, 101–3, 117–8, 121, 127–9, 223, 274, 293–4, 298–9, 300–5, 311, 314
state 5–9, 11, 22 (fn.18), 49, 109–10, 126, 129, 150, 177–8, 180, 183, 186–7, 194, 203, 225 (fn.101), 242–3, 262–4, 301
Staunton, George Thomas (1781–1859) 77
superstition 25–7, 32, 34, 37–8, 40, 75, 77–8, 86, 114, 122, 125, 209
Suzhou 蘇州 207, 220–1
Swatow , Shantou
Swedish East India Company 73–4, 81
Switzerland 68, 282
syncretism 10
Taiping 太平 IX , 10, 154, 263, 267
Tangqiu 唐邱 274–5
temples 21–6, 33, 71–97 (passim, Haichuang Temple), 137, 196, 216, 219, 224, 242, 248
Tanghe, Juul (1876–1913) 276
Three-Self Patriotic Movement , Sanzi aiguo yundong
Tibet 12, 176–80, 181–2, 186, 191, 195, 197–8, 203
Tiedemann, R.G. IXX, XIV, 4, 13, 258 (fn.47)
Tianfeng 天風 230, 232
tianguo 天國 119, 122
tianming 天命 129
Ting, K. H. , Ding Guangxun
Tongchuan fuyin zhenli bao 通傳福音真 理報 55, 70
tongues (gift ofspeaking in) , glossolalia
trance 19, 36–7
Tsinghwa College , Qinghua University
True Jesus Church , Zhen Yesu jiaohui
typhoon 153, 241–8, 246 (photo), 253, 299
United States of America 52, 136, 179, 253
vegetarianism 31, 83, 115 (fn.28)
violence 7, 34, 123, 167, 211, 263–6, 272–4, 279
visions 51, 59, 66, 68, 104, 127, 293, 311
Waln, Robert Jr. (1794–1825) 77
Wanguo gengzhengjiao bao 萬國更正教報 65
Wang Mingdao 王明道 (1900–1991) 3, 13
Wang Yangming 王陽明 (1472–1529) 24
Watchman Nee , Ni Tuosheng
warfare
Sino-British (Opium) Wars (1840 / 1856) 82, 136, 152
First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895) 205, 225 (fn.101), 234, 264
First World War (1914–1918) 49, 105, 109–10, 129
Second Sino-Japanese War (1931–1945) 44, 116, 179, 215, 225 (fn.101)
Civil War (Republican China, 1947–1949) 227, 234, 282–5
Korean War (1950–1953) 206, 228, 230, 233, 233, 301
water
baptismal water 56, 64–5
holy water 21, 39
sea water 241, 244–9
Weber, Karl Christian (1886–1970) 278
Wei Enbo 魏恩波 (alias Paul Wei, 1877–1919) 51, 57, 59–61, 64, 69
Weimar Mission Society XII , 103–7
Weixian 濰縣 59, 136–49 (passim), 285 (fn.72)
weisheng 衛生 27–8, 41, 156
Wei Xiangshu 魏象樞 (1617–1687) 24
Wen Mei School 136–49 (passim)
wenmiao 文廟 23
Wenzhou 溫州 13, 291–319 (passim)
White, Ellen G. (1827–1915) 298, 306–7, 318
Wilhelm, Richard (1873–1930) 11, 101–112 (passim), 126–8
Wilkinson, George 80–1, 99
witchcraft 19, 26, 29, 34, 37, 42–3
Women’s Missionary Association 253
Wu Huanwen 鄔煥文 (1923–2012) 291, 294, 309–10
Wu Leichuan 吳雷川 (1869–1944) 11, 102 (fn.1), 112–8 (passim), 126–7, 135
Wuhan 武漢 (see also Hankou) 27, 208, 218, 220, 231, 277, 278
xenophobia 62, 211, 223, 270, 274–6
Xiwanzi 西灣子 274
Xiamen 廈門 IX , 78, 156, 168, 207, 313
xiangyue 鄉約 24
Xianxian 獻縣 13, 25–7, 261, 267, 271, 284
xiao , filial piety
Xiaoqiaopan 小橋畔 273, 276
Xie Lansheng 謝蘭生 83
Xikang 西康 12, 176–8, 182–3, 192, 195, 197–9
xuegong 學宮 23
Yale-in-China Academy 雅禮協會 27, 59, 179, 249
yamen 衙門 80
Yanjing University 燕京大學 101, 112 (fn.19), 115–7, 126–7
Yanzao 鹽灶 (Iam-tsau) 251, 254–9
Yesu jiating 耶穌家庭 3, 4
Yi 彝 195–9
yici 義祠 154
Yihetuan 義和團 IX, XIV , 21, 34, 37, 269–75, 284–5
Yijing 易經 93, 102 (fn.1), 105, 111–2, 129
Yizhou 沂州 31, 94, 142
Yong Jujing 雍居敬 (1863–1943) 275
Yongzheng 雍正 (1723–1735) 266
Young Women’s Christian Association 基督教女青年會 218
Yu Cidu 余慈度 (1873–1931) 3
Yuxian 毓賢 (1842–1901) 272
Yuan Mei 袁枚 (1716–1797) 23
Yunnan 雲南 180, 183, 190, 195, 200, 202
zhaitang 齋堂 24
Zhangjiazhuang 張家莊 261–2, 271, 284–5
Zhejiang 浙江 36, 113, 128, 299, 304–5, 308, 313–7
Zhenlihui 真理會 116
Zhen Yesu jiaohui 真耶穌教會 3, 10, 49–51, 56, 59, 60–1, 64–6
Zhongguo Jidujiao Lianhe Shuju 中國基督教聯合書局 233
Zhongguo Yesujiao Zilihui 中國耶穌教自立會 230, 297
Zhonghua Jidujiaohui 中華基督教會 185, 191, 196, 198–200, 211
Zhonghua Jidujiao Zizhi Neidihui 中華基督教自治內地會 297
Zhonghua Quanguo Jidujiao Jinhui 中華全國基督教協進會 210
Zhonghua Shenggonghui 中華聖公會 218
Zhonghua Shengjinghui 中華聖經會 224, 225 (fn.97), 226, 229
Zhongyong 中庸 101, 108 (fn.12)
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The Church as Safe Haven

Christian Governance in China

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