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Paul B. Paolucci
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Abstract 3 , 4 , 56 , 6n6 , 7n8 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 17 , 19 , 19n , 20 , 20n5 , 20n6 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 33n9 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 48 , 49 , 50n4 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 55 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 7879n30 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 9294 , 98 , 102 , 103104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 122 , 123 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 132 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 150 , 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 166 , 167 , 168 , 168 , 169 , 171 , 172 , 173 , 173n2 , 173n3 , 174 , 175 , 176 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 187 , 190n , 191n17 , 193 , 194 , 196 , 197 , 204 , 205 , 206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 211 , 212213 , 218 , 229 , 228229n8 , 239n24 , 241 , 242 , 257 , 258 , 259 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 263 , 266 , 268 , 269 , 270
Abstraction (act of) 2 , 3 , 5 , 5n , 6 , 7 , 7n8 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 17 , 19 , 19n , 20 , 20n5 , 20n6 , 21 , 2233 , 33n9 , 3435 , 3742 , 4448 , 5153 , 55 , 63 , 66 , 67 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 9294 , 98 , 102 , 103104 , 105 , 108109 , 122 , 128130 , 133135 , 137138 , 147 , 150151 , 154168 , 173 , 173n2 , 174 , 175 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 187 , 193 , 194 , 205206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 211 , 212213 , 229 , 257258 , 259 , 260 , 269
Abstractions (as categories, as concepts) 3 , 4 , 5 , 5n , 6 , 7 , 7n8 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 12 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 17 , 19 , 20 , 20n5 , 20n6 , 21 , 21n7 , 2227 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 35 , 3644 , 45 , 46 , 4748 , 49 , 52 , 5354 , 63 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 9294 , 98 , 102 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 122 , 128 , 129 , 133 , 134 , 141 , 151 , 154155 , 157159 , 165168 , 169 , 171 , 173 , 173n2 , 173n3 , 176 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 187 , 193 , 194 , 206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 211 , 212213 , 229 , 257 , 260 , 261262concepts, concrete, criteria, essential, general, method of successive abstractions, precision, specific
Abstract labor labor (abstract labor)
Accumulation 50 , 63 , 66 , 72 , 80n32 , 83 , 86 , 89 , 90 , 95 , 101 , 110 , 113 , 117 , 118 , 127 , 129 , 130 , 134 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 144 , 150 , 152 , 192 , 195 , 198 , 199 , 207 , 247n30 , 248 , 249 , 250 , 265appropriation (mode of appropriation), capital (accumulation of capital), hoarding
Africa 83 , 125126 , 131n , 195 , 195n , 198 , 200 , 201n , 231ncolonialism, slavery
Agriculture social development of productive forces (agriculture)
Alienation 82 , 110n , 178189 , 183184 , 186 , 193 , 194 , 199 , 207209 , 247 , 256 , 261265 , 268nexploitation, ideology, inversion, knowledge, labor, religion
Americas 97 , 118 , 122133Caribbean, Haiti, Jamaica, North America, slavery
Ancient mode of production (ancient society) mode of production (ancient mode of production)
Appropriation 45 , 46 , 5960n14 , 60 , 6061n15 , 6164 , 65 , 6668 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 73 , 74 , 74n23 , 7580 , 80n32 , 82n38 , 86 , 89 , 90 , 91 , 94 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 101n , 102 , 104 , 105 , 106111 , 111n , 112 , 112n , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 118 , 122 , 129 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 149150n , 188 , 194 , 195 , 196 , 208 , 246 , 261 , 262 , 263264 , 265 , 266 , 266n , 267 , 268
Appropriators 65 , 65n, 66 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 94 , 97 , 98 , 110 , 112 , 118 , 149150n , 267
Capitalists 65n , 71n20 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 82 , 83 , 84 , 84n39 , 85n41 , 86 , 87 , 88 , 88n48 , 89 , 8889n49 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 101n , 105 , 112n , 113 , 113n6 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 123n , 130 , 136 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 146 , 152 , 250 , 251 , 252 , 261 , 268 , 268n , 280
Despots 5960n14 , 75 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 105 , 136
Landlords (Landowners; Lords) 5960n14 , 61 , 62 , 65n , 69 , 72 , 74n23 , 7475n25 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 78 , 79 , 8081 , 80n32 , 81n35 , 8182n36 , 82 , 82n37 , 82n38 , 84n39 , 88n47 , 8889 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101n54 , 105 , 110n , 112 , 112n5 , 115117 , 123 , 136 , 190 , 191
Patricians 69 , 72n21 , 73 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 105 , 111 , 123n , 136
Slave-owners 5961n14 , 65n , 110 , 112 , 113 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118120 , 123n , 125 , 126 , 130131 , 131n , 132133 , 268
The state 5960n14 , 62 , 74 , 7476n25 , 75 , 7677n27 , 84n39 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 97 , 100 , 123 , 125 , 136
Usurer(s) 63 , 72 , 79
Mode of appropriation (Form of appropriation) 46 , 5960n15 , 6061n15 , 6164 , 6668 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 73 , 74 , 74n23 , 7580 , 80n32 , 82n38 , 86 , 90 , 95 , 96 , 111n , 114 , 114n , 115 , 134 , 136 , 137 , 149150n , 188 , 194 , 195 , 261 , 262 , 263264 , 265 , 266n , 267
Ground rent 61 , 75 , 7677n27
In kind rent 61 , 62 , 62n17 , 64 , 66 , 7476 , 7677n27 , 77 , 78 , 80n32 , 111 , 112n , 114n , 115
Labor rent 61 , 6162n16 , 62 , 7576 , 77 , 111 , 136 , 188 , 191
Money-rent 61 , 62 , 62n17 , 77 , 79 , 80n32 , 111 , 113
Slave labor 60 , 61 , 66 , 6970 , 7071n20 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 75 , 77 , 83 , 85n42 , 8688 , 88n47 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 103 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 110n , 111 , 111n , 112 , 112n , 113 , 113n6 , 113n7 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 119120 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 124 , 125 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 131 , 133 , 136 , 141 , 146 , 147 , 149 , 150 , 151 , 188 , 262
Taxes 55 , 58 , 6061 , 62 , 62n7 , 64 , 66 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 78 , 95 , 111 , 113 , 123 , 136 , 143 , 188 , 189 , 190
Usury (Interest) 1213n2 , 26 , 55 , 60 , 61 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 78 , 79 , 79n31 , 82 , 82n38 , 86 , 8687n43 , 89 , 95 , 98 , 99101 , 111 , 113 , 127 , 136 , 138n , 196 , 196197n22 , 207 , 246 , 262 , 263
Wage-labor 1213n2 , 45 , 57n , 6162n16 , 66 , 7071n19 , 85 , 8688 , 88n47 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 98 , 100101 , 101n54 , 102 , 109 , 113114 , 114n , 116117 , 118 , 129 , 136 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 140n , 142143 , 145 , 149150n , 152 , 195 , 255 , 260 , 261 , 263class (class structure; class systems), exploitation, labor (terms of labor, forced labor), mode of production, non-class systems, production (subject of production, exchange-value, surplus-value, and use-value), profit(s), slavery
Asia 61 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 71 , 72 , 7274n22 , 74 , 74n23 , 74n24 , 7476n25 , 76 , 80n33 , 86 , 91 , 201 , 279China, East Indies, India, Japan, mode of production (Asiatic mode of
production)
Asiatic mode of production mode of production (Asiatic mode of production)
Banks (Banking) 19n , 101 , 124 , 144 , 146 , 147148 , 151 , 268 , 273
Barclays 148 , 151
International Monetary Fund 144
World Bank 144capital (financial capital), mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages), neo-liberalism
Biology (Biological; Biologists) 18 , 174177 , 181 , 183 , 229 , 255Darwin, evolution (biological), morality
Blank slate theory 174morality, religion
Brazil 125126 , 130 , 132 , 195 , 195n , 244colonialism, Portugal, race, slavery, South America
Capital 19n , 22 , 49 , 50 , 50n4 , 55 , 56 , 59 , 59n13 , 5960n14 , 63 , 64 , 65n18 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 7071n19 , 71 , 71n20 , 72 , 77 , 7779n29 , 79 , 79n31 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 81n35 , 82n38 , 83 , 84 , 84n39 , 85 , 85n41 , 85n42 , 86 , 87n45 , 87n46 , 88 , 8889n49 , 89 , 90 , 95 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 101n , 102 , 106 , 111n , 113 , 114 , 114n , 116 , 117 , 118 , 123n , 127 , 129 , 130 , 131n , 138 , 139 , 140 , 140n , 141 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 150 , 152 , 195 , 196n22 , 197 , 199 , 207 , 209 , 245 , 246 , 247 , 250 , 251 , 252 , 256 , 258259 , 260 , 262 , 268n , 270 , 271 , 272 , 275 , 277 , 278 , 280
Accumulation of capital 50 , 80 , 83 , 86 , 89 , 90 , 95 , 101 , 113 , 117 , 118 , 127 , 129 , 130 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 144 , 150 , 152 , 195 , 199 , 207 , 247n30 , 248 , 249 , 250 , 265
Primitive accumulation of capital 83 , 113 , 195
Centralization of capital 79n31 , 86 , 101 , 139 , 143 , 152
Concentration of capital 143 , 146
Financial capital 145 , 152 , 272
Investment(s) 81n35 , 138 , 152 , 247
Reinvestment 69 , 89 , 129 , 138
Merchant’s capital 49 , 50 , 55 , 56 , 5960 , 59n13 , 5960n14 , 63 , 64 , 70 , 71 , 72 , 77 , 85 , 85n41 , 85n42 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 106 , 124125 , 127 , 130n , 262
Over-production of capital 89
Productive capital 152appropriation (appropriators, capitalists; mode of appropriation, wage-labor), Capital, class (class structure; class struggle; class systems), labor (abstract labor; free labor; laborers, wage-laborers; wage-labor), mode of production (capitalist mode of production), political economy, production (means of production, private ownership of the means of production; subject of production, surplus-value), relations (class relations; property relations, private property), religion (capital worship), social development of productive forces
Capital (Volume I) 1 , 2n2 , 3 , 5 , 6 , 8 , 9 , 13n3 , 37 , 46 , 50 , 51 , 91n , 97 , 9798n52 , 253n , 253257 , 259 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 270
Capital, Volume ii 37Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, Grundrisse, political economy, Theories of Surplus-Value
Capitalism mode of production (capitalist mode of production)
Capitalism’s historical stages mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages)
Capitalist mode of production mode of production (capitalist mode of production)
Capitalist(s) appropriation (appropriators, capitalists)capital, class (class structure; class struggle; class systems), exploitation, labor (laborers, wage-laborers), mode of production (capitalist mode of production), production (means of production, private ownership of the means of production), profit(s), relations (capital-labor relations; class relations; property relations, private property)
Caribbean 112113 , 125 , 126 , 128129 , 131132 , 142 , 146 , 195196 , 195nAmericas, Haiti, Jamaica, slavery (slavery in the Americas)
Categories (Categorization) 3 , 5 , 6 , 7n8 , 9 , 12 , 1319 , 19n4 , 20 , 20n6 , 2123 , 24n , 2648 , 49 , 50n4 , 51 , 5255 , 63 , 91n , 94 , 97 , 9798n52 , 102 , 105 , 117 , 137 , 141 , 150151 , 154 , 155 , 161 , 166168 , 189n15 , 206 , 212 , 213 , 259 , 261 , 271 , 271/274n , 272 , 273 , 274 , 275 , 276 , 277 , 280
Subcategories 1617 , 20n6 , 21 , 22 , 26 , 31 , 33 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 48 , 52 , 154 , 261 , 271/274n , 272 , 273 , 274 , 276 , 277nabstract (abstractions), concepts, criteria, essential, precision, science (taxonomy)
Catholicism religion (Christianity, Catholicism)
Causality (Causal forces) science (causality)
China 7274n22 , 75 , 83 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 121 , 135 , 141 , 145 , 156 , 188n12 , 189190 , 198 , 210 , 269 , 271labor (laborers, Chinese laborers), mode of production (Asiatic mode of production), religion (Confucianism)
Christianity religion (Christianity)
Class (Classes) 3 , 1213n2 , 22 , 37 , 38 , 45 , 46 , 62 , 65 , 65n18 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 7677n27 , 78 , 79 , 80 , 80n32 , 82 , 84n , 86 , 9091 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 101 , 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 , 108 , 109 , 111 , 112 , 113 , 114 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 120 , 121 , 122 , 124 , 126 , 127 , 129 , 131n , 132 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 150 , 149150n , 151 , 152 , 163 , 172 , 173 , 173n2 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 184n , 186 , 188 , 189 , 190n , 191 , 191n18 , 194 , 196 , 196197n22 , 197 , 200 , 202 , 204 , 206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 211 , 212 , 213 , 230 , 245 , 247 , 248 , 249250n , 250 , 251 , 252 , 253 , 256 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 263264 , 265 , 266 , 266n , 267 , 268 , 269 , 272 , 275 , 277 , 279 , 280
Class structure 45 , 69 , 72 , 76 , 91 , 9697 , 104 , 109 , 135 , 150 , 196 , 251
Class struggle 72 , 102 , 135 , 139 , 150 , 251 , 252 , 272
Class systems 37 , 38 , 45 , 6567 , 86 , 9094 , 101 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107109 , 122 , 127 , 129 , 133 , 134137 , 142 , 145 , 146 , 150 , 151 , 152 , 163 , 172 , 173n2 , 188 , 189 , 191n18 , 194 , 196 , 206 , 208 , 211 , 260 , 261 , 262264appropriation, exploitation, labor, middle class, mode of production, non-class systems, polarization, politics, relations (class relations), revolution(s)
Colonialism 5960n14 , 72 , 7779 , 8385 , 85n41 , 8889 , 113 , 121 , 124126 , 130131 , 141143 , 145147 , 149 , 150n , 180 , 191n18 , 195196 , 200 , 201 , 201n , 202n28 , 210 , 224 , 235236n17 , 249 , 272
Colonialism and the transition to capitalism 83
Christianizing savages 195 , 210
Neo-colonialism 141 , 146 , 210appropriation, expropriation, mode of production (capitalist mode of production; feudal mode of production), race, religion, slavery
Commensurability science (commensurability)
Commerce 58 , 59 , 5960n14 , 71 , 72 , 80n32 , 81 , 82n38 , 83 , 85 , 85n42 , 8889 , 113n6 , 124125 , 143 , 146 , 195 , 196n22 , 197capital, commodity, exchange, trade, world-market
Commodity (Commodities; Commodity-form) 11 , 22 , 33n , 44 , 55 , 56 , 58 , 58n , 59 , 59n13 , 5960n14 , 60 , 62 , 62n17 , 64 , 66 , 7071 , 73 , 74 , 74n23 , 74n24 , 75 , 77 , 7779n29 , 79 , 80n32 , 80n33 , 82n38 , 83 , 85 , 87 , 87n46 , 88n48 , 89 , 89n50 , 97 , 101 , 106 , 107 , 111 , 113 , 113114n8 , 114 , 119 , 124 , 125 , 127 , 129 , 130 , 141 , 138 , 139 , 145 , 147 , 150 , 150n , 151 , 195 , 198 , 245 , 249
Capitalist commodity production (general model) 138
Commodification 44 , 97 , 101 , 114 , 139exchange, money, production, trade
Common property (Communal property) relations (property relations, communal property)mode of production (primitive communism), non-class systems
Competition (Competitive market) 45 , 74 , 74n23 , 81 , 8182n36 , 89 , 113 , 116 , 127 , 129 , 138 , 139 , 143 , 145 , 146 , 196n21 , 197 , 198 , 248 , 255 , 261 , 266commerce, commodity, exchange, markets, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), political economy, religion (religious competition), trade, world-market
Computers technology
Concentration of wealth 117 , 139 , 152 , 249 , 268accumulation, appropriation, capital (concentration of capital), class, exploitation, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), polarization, profit(s)
Concrete 3 , 4 , 5 , 67n8 , 8 , 10 , 12 , 15 , 19 , 19n , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 24n4 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 35 , 36 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 47 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 67 , 69 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 79n30 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 92 , 93 , 94 , 102 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 122 , 123 , 128 , 129 , 131 , 132 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 149 , 151 , 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 166 , 167 , 169 , 170 , 171 , 174 , 175 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 190 , 193 , 194 , 205 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 229 , 241 , 257 , 258 , 260 , 261abstract, general, method of successive abstractions, observation, specific
Concepts (Conceptualization) 3 , 4 , 4n , 5 , 6 , 7n8 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 1213n2 , 14 , 1617 , 1920 , 22 , 26 , 27 , 3536 , 37 , 45 , 4647 , 51n , 55 , 55n , 97 , 102 , 106 , 126 , 133 , 137 , 147 , 153n2 , 154 , 157 , 167 , 169 , 170 , 172 , 173n2 , 179 , 187188n11 , 188n13 , 190n , 205 , 209 , 241 , 246 , 254 , 256 , 257 , 261 , 263 , 264 , 265
Interiorization 51 , 5455 , 96 , 106 , 109 , 122 , 129 , 135abstract (abstractions), criteria, dialectics, essential, method of successive abstractions, precision, science
Conceptual doublets method of successive abstractions (conceptual doublets)
Consumption 57n10 , 69 , 71n20 , 74 , 77 , 113n7 , 125 , 134 , 149150n , 188n13 , 199 , 229
Over-consumption 59 , 71n20 , 134exchange, political economy, production, religion (religious taxonomy, religion as marketplace consumption)
Contradiction dialectics (contradiction)mode of production (capitalist mode of production, contradictions of capitalism)
(A) Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy 49 , 51n , 9798n52Capital, (The) German Ideology, Grundrisse, Theories of Surplus-Value
Controlled comparison science (experiment, controlled comparison)categories, method of successive abstractions
Corporations 146 , 147 , 148 , 150151 , 247248 , 268 , 271 , 272appropriation (appropriators, capitalists), capital, class, commerce, concentration of wealth, globalization, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), neo-liberalism, production, trade, world-market
Corvée labor labor (corvée labor; laborers, serfs)appropriation (mode of appropriation, ground rent, labor rent), mode of
production (feudal mode of production)
Crisis (Crises) 89 , 139 , 152 , 243 , 245 , 247248n31 , 248 , 251 , 272 , 273
Environmental crisis 245 , 248 , 251
Financial crises 139 , 247248n31 , 272 , 273class (class structure; class struggle), concentration of wealth, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), polarization, production (over-production), political economy, religion (religious crises), revolution(s), technology (labor-saving machinery/technology)
Criteria (Criterion) 4 , 13 , 14 , 15 , 1719 , 21 , 37 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 45 , 49 , 5051 , 53 , 54n , 55 , 63 , 94 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 157 , 166 , 185 , 238 , 259 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 267categories, concepts, essential, method of successive abstractions, precision, science (taxonomy)
Darwin, Charles 257 , 259evolution (biological)
Deduction science (deduction)inquiry, observation, science (induction)
Democracy (Democratic) politics
Despots appropriation (appropriators, despots, the state; mode of appropriation, taxes)mode of production (Asiatic mode of production)
Dialectics (Dialectical; Dialectical method) 16 , 67n7 , 79 , 11 , 1213n2 , 26 , 47 , 67 , 102 , 256 , 257 , 258 , 263 , 264 , 264265n3 , 270
Contradiction 19 , 114 , 117 , 188n13 , 189 , 209 , 234 , 257 , 268n
Flexibility / freedom in empirical matter 1 , 11 , 26 , 167 , 205 , 209 , 257
Identity / difference 6 , 12 , 1213n2 , 44 , 51 , 65 , 67 , 84n40 , 94 , 9697 , 98 , 105 , 108 , 109110 , 112n , 116 , 117 , 123 , 134 , 140141 , 147 , 149 , 151152 , 158 , 170 , 171 , 173 , 175 , 179 , 202n28 , 204 , 206 , 238 , 238239n23 , 260261 , 262 , 263
Level of generality 16 , 20n5 , 26 , 27 , 37 , 39 , 43 , 4647 , 4950 , 103 , 129130 , 150 , 167 , 168 , 169 , 170 , 172 , 173 , 173n3 , 177 , 182 , 205
Transformation(s) 2526 , 49 , 58 , 62n17 , 63 , 7071n19 , 71 , 71n20 , 7677n27 , 77 , 77n29 , 79 , 79n30 , 80 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 81 , 8384 , 84n39 , 84n39 , 85n42 , 89 , 113 , 114n , 123n , 141 , 152 , 193 , 197198 , 201 , 218 , 251 , 255 , 257 , 265 , 266 , 267 , 268n
Vantage point 5n , 6 , 11 , 15 , 20n5 , 4950 , 51 , 97 , 99 , 116 , 117 , 173n3 , 191n18 , 199 , 229 , 233 , 277abstract (abstraction), method of successive abstractions, Ollman, philosophy, processes, relations, science
Division of labor labor (division of labor)class (class structure; class systems), mode of production, non-class systems, relations
Durkheim, Emile sociology (sociologists, Durkheim)religion (profane; sacred; totems)
East Indies 74 , 74n24 , 75 , 83 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 135 , 136Asia, mode of production (Asiatic mode of production)
Economic processes processes
Economists (Economic theorists) 7 , 8 , 1213n2 , 101n , 102 , 245 , 246 , 247 , 249 , 253n , 259 , 280
Conservative economics 245 , 247 , 247248n32 , 249250n , 250
Liberal economics 245 , 246 , 247 , 247248n31 , 250political economy, religion (capital worship)
Egypt 56n , 61 , 69 , 73 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 111 , 135 , 136 , 200n26 , 236237n20mode of production (ancient mode of production)
Einstein, Albert 102
Emergence 26 , 31 , 51 , 55 , 56 , 60 , 97 , 98 , 105 , 106 , 106n2 , 113 , 117118 , 141 , 149 , 156 , 172 , 179 , 180n , 181n , 187n10 , 191 , 191n18 , 192 , 198 , 199 , 199200n25 , 201n27 , 204 , 210 , 226 , 230 , 232n11 , 235236n17 , 264categories, concepts, dialectics, interiorization, science (experiment, variables), social change
England Great Britain
(The) Enlightenment 201 , 235236n17philosophy, science
Environment 52 , 186 , 203 , 230 , 243 , 245 , 248 , 249 , 251 , 273 , 274 , 277 , 278nature
Essential (Essence) 12 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 39 , 41 , 43 , 45 , 46 , 53 , 54 , 56 , 67 , 87 , 96 , 104 , 172 , 205 , 257 , 262abstract (abstraction; abstractions), categories, concepts, criteria, science (taxonomy)
Evolution (biological) 174 , 182 , 198 , 224n , 230231 , 235Darwin, morality, religion
Evolution (social) 97 , 161 , 185 , 199n25 , 225226history, revolution(s)
Exchange 50 , 55 , 56 , 58 , 58n , 59 , 59n13 , 5960n14 , 60 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 68 , 7071 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 77 , 78 , 86 , 89 , 89n50 , 90 , 91 , 95 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 103 , 104 , 106 , 107 , 134 , 171 , 173 , 180 , 182 , 186 , 188 , 193 , 203 , 231 , 266 , 267 , 273commerce, commodity, consumption, production (subject of production, exchange-value), trade
Exchange-value production (subject of production, exchange-value)
Experiment (Experimental model) science (experiment)method of successive abstractions
Exploitation 44 , 61 , 65 , 72n21 , 7980 , 80n32 , 81n35 , 82n38 , 83 , 85 , 8687 , 101 , 102 , 105 , 106 , 107 , 110 , 111 , 112n , 113 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 124 , 127 , 129 , 131 , 133 , 143 , 149 , 149150n , 151 , 152 , 195 , 207 , 208 , 246 , 249 , 249n , 261 , 262 , 263 , 264accumulation, appropriation, class, expropriation, labor (laborers; terms of labor, forced labor), production (subject of production, surplus-value), profit(s), slavery
Expropriation 72 , 80 , 8081n34 , 83 , 142143 , 265colonialism (colonialism and the transition to capitalism)
Feudal mode of production mode of production (feudal mode of production)
Financial capital capital (financial capital)
Forced labor labor (terms of labor, forced labor)appropriation, exploitation, labor (terms of labor, unforced labor), violence
France (French) 1 , 78 , 8182n36 , 83 , 90 , 91 , 108 , 109 , 121 , 125 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 143 , 198 , 276ncolonialism
Fundamentalism (religious) religion (Christianity, Christian fundamentalism; fundamentalism; Islam, Islamic fundamentalism)
General 3 , 4 , 5 , 7n8 , 8 , 10 , 1213 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 20n6 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46 , 48 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 52n , 53 , 54 , 56 , 57 , 57n10 , 57n11 , 6061n15 , 62 , 62n17 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 7476n25 , 78 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 86 , 87 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 92 , 93 , 94 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 111 , 117 , 119 , 122 , 123 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 131 , 132 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 139n , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 150 , 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 166 , 167 , 168 , 170 , 173 , 173n2 , 174 , 176 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 184 , 185 , 187 , 188 , 190 , 191n18 , 193 , 194 , 195 , 201n , 205 , 206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 211 , 212 , 216 , 218 , 224 , 224n , 228 , 228229n8 , 233 , 237238n22 , 239n24 , 241 , 241n , 247n30 , 254 , 255 , 257 , 260 , 261 , 263 , 264265n3 , 266 , 268n , 271/274n , 272 , 273 , 274 , 275 , 276 , 276n , 277 , 277nabstract, concrete, method of successive abstractions, specific
General abstract method of successive abstractions (conceptual doublets, general abstract)
General concrete method of successive abstractions (conceptual doublets, general concrete)
Generalization science (generalization)
Geography (Geographic) 120 , 139 , 140141 , 172 , 179180 , 181 , 182 , 195 , 224n , 228 , 231 , 234n15
(The) German Ideology 263alienation, Capital, (A) Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, Grundrisse, ideology, knowledge, materialism (materialist conception of history), religion, superstructure, Theories of Surplus-Value
Germany 1 , 78 , 91 , 108 , 109 , 125 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 143 , 253
Globalization 45 , 141 , 145148 , 150 , 149150n , 151152 , 199 , 203 , 204 , 207 , 209 , 210 , 247 , 248 , 247248n31 , 266 , 272mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages, global capitalism), neo-liberalism
Great Britain (British) 85n41 , 121 , 125 , 126 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 130n , 132 , 143 , 144 , 147 , 148 , 173n2 , 181n , 195n , 198 , 199n , 200 , 201n , 276n , 278
England (English) 78 , 80n32 , 8182n36 , 82n37 , 83 , 89 , 90 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 125 , 126 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 142 , 143 , 191 , 192n , 196197n22 , 199200n25 , 223colonialism, Industrial Revolution, mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages; feudal mode of production), slavery
Greece (Athens; Grecian; Greek) 65n , 69 , 70 , 70n , 71 , 71n20 , 72 , 73 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 111 , 111n , 135 , 136 , 155 , 156 , 188 , 192 , 223 , 242mode of production (ancient mode of production)
Ground rent appropriation (mode of appropriation, ground rent)
Grundrisse 3 , 4 , 21 , 50n2 , 254 , 259Capital, (A) Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, (The) German Ideology, method of successive abstractions, Theories of Surplus-Value
Haiti 121 , 125Americas, colonialism, France, slavery (slave rebellion; slavery in the Americas)
Handicrafts social development of productive forces (handicrafts)
Hegel, Georg (Hegelian) 67n7 , 15 , 169 , 257dialectics, idealism, Ollman, philosophy, speculation
History (Historical analysis) 1n , 2 , 2n2 , 3 , 4 , 6 , 67n7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 13 , 19 , 19n , 20n5 , 21 , 21n , 22 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 38 , 43 , 44 , 47 , 4950 , 50n4 , 51 , 52 , 52n , 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 56n , 58n , 60 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 7273n22 , 74 , 7476n25 , 77 , 8081n34 , 83 , 87n45 , 8889n49 , 90 , 91n , 96 , 97 , 9798n52 , 102 , 103 , 104 , 106 , 106n1 , 108 , 109 , 112 , 117 , 118 , 121 , 122 , 127128 , 129 , 130 , 132 , 134 , 135 , 137 , 138 , 139148 , 149 , 150 , 149150n , 151 , 152 , 153 , 154 , 160 , 161 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 166 , 167 , 168 , 169 , 170 , 171 , 172 , 173 , 173n2 , 175 , 177 , 178 , 179 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 184 , 184n , 185 , 186 , 187 , 190 , 190n , 191n18 , 194 , 195 , 196 , 196n21 , 197 , 199200n25 , 200n26 , 201n , 203 , 204 , 205 , 206211 , 212 , 218 , 219 , 224 , 225 , 227 , 228 , 229 , 230 , 231 , 231n , 232 , 234n15 , 235n16 , 236 , 237n21 , 237238n22 , 238 , 239n24 , 240 , 241 , 241n , 242 , 244 , 247n30 , 249 , 250 , 252 , 255 , 258 , 262 , 263 , 264 , 265 , 264265n3 , 269 , 270dialectics (level of generality), materialism, mode of production, social change
Hoarding 55 , 56 , 5859 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 71 , 71n20 , 73 , 74 , 74n24 , 75 , 78 , 95 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 134accumulation, appropriation (mode of appropriation, usury), capital (accumulation of capital; merchant’s capital), commodity, exchange, money, production (subject of production), trade
Holland 56n , 83 , 90 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 142 , 196197n22 , 200n26
Dutch 5960n14 , 77 , 125 , 141 , 142 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 195ncolonialism, slavery
Hunting-gathering/foraging social development of productive forces (hunting-gathering/foraging)
Idealism (Idealists) 127 , 168 , 171 , 188n13 , 246 , 246n , 250(The) German Ideology, ideology, materialism, metaphysics, philosophy, speculation, superstructure
Identity / difference dialectics (identity / difference)
Ideology (Ideological) 193 , 194
Illusions 255alienation, (The) German Ideology, idealism, inversion, politics, religion, superstructure
India (Indian) 56n , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 7274n22 , 74 , 75 , 82n37 , 83 , 85n41 , 89 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 110n , 125 , 135 , 136 , 142 , 145 , 146 , 156 , 188 , 188n12 , 195n , 198colonialism, Great Britain, mode of production (Asiatic mode of production; primitive communism), relations (property relations, communal property)
Indonesia 142 , 195 , 195n , 201ncolonialism, Holland (Dutch)
Induction science (induction)inquiry, observation, science (deduction)
Industrial Revolution 84n40 , 141 , 143 , 146 , 173n2mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages, industrial capitalism), revolution(s), social development of productive forces (industry), technology
Inquiry 2 , 3 , 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 13 , 25 , 31 , 33 , 35 , 46 , 63 , 102 , 109 , 119 , 120 , 122 , 129 , 130n , 137 , 145 , 149 , 152 , 169 , 173 , 198 , 205 , 219 , 222 , 241 , 254 , 258 , 259 , 262 , 274 , 275 , 277observation, science (induction; deduction)
Interest appropriation (mode of appropriation, usury)capital (finance capital), political economy, profit(s)
Interiorization (Interiorizing) concepts (interiorization)categories, concepts, criteria, dialectics, essential, relations (interrelations)
Interrelations relations (interrelations)concepts, dialectics, processes, science (experiment, variables)
Inversion 171 , 255256
Re-inverting 256 , 265alienation, (The) German Ideology, idealism, ideology, materialism, politics, superstructure
Iran 147 , 156 , 165 , 200n26 , 201nreligion (Islam, Shia Islam)
Jamaica 118 , 121 , 125Americas, Caribbean, colonialism, slavery (British slavery; slavery in the Americas)
Japan 62n17 , 72n22 , 75 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 135 , 136 , 141 , 144 , 146 , 156 , 188n12 , 198mode of production (Asiatic mode of production)
Knowledge 2 , 14 , 81n35 , 119 , 122 , 153 , 153n1 , 154 , 155 , 167 , 169 , 174 , 175 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 183n8 , 184 , 185 , 186 , 187 , 188 , 193 , 198 , 199 , 202 , 202n28 , 203 , 205 , 207 , 209 , 211 , 213 , 219 , 226 , 227 , 230 , 231 , 233 , 234 , 234n15 , 235 , 235n16 , 235236n17 , 236n18 , 237 , 237n21 , 240 , 241 , 252 , 255 , 256 , 280
Alienated knowledge 179 , 180 , 183184 , 193
Knowledge in general 153 , 154 , 155 , 193
Knowledge-form 153 , 154 , 155 , 175 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 181 , 185 , 198 , 226 , 231 , 234 , 235236n17
Positive knowledge 231 , 252
Sacred knowledge 186 , 187 , 202n28 , 231 , 233alienation, dialectics, (The) German Ideology, idealism, ideology, religion, science, superstructure
Labor 4 , 26 , 43 , 45 , 53 , 54 , 55 , 55n , 56 , 56n , 57 , 60 , 61 , 62 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 65n , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 72 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 78 , 79 , 81 , 84 , 85 , 86 , 87 , 88 , 90 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 102 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 107 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 111 , 112 , 113 , 114 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 119 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 124 , 125 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 131 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 149150n , 151 , 168 , 172 , 180 , 181 , 184 , 188 , 189 , 191 , 193 , 194 , 195 , 196 , 198 , 199 , 207 , 208 , 246 , 249250n , 255 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 263264 , 265 , 266 , 267 , 268 , 269 , 271 , 272 , 275 , 276n , 277
Abstract labor 45 , 79n30 , 133 , 261262
Corvée labor 61 , 62 , 64 , 69 , 76 , 7677n27 , 77 , 88 , 88n47 , 101n54 , 104 , 111112 , 113n7 , 140 , 146
Division of labor 53 , 54 , 55 , 6061n15 , 63 , 71n20 , 7273n22 , 97 , 106 , 135 , 137 , 139 , 172 , 181 , 188 , 188n13 , 193 , 207
Family labor 62 , 76 , 7476n25 , 76n26 , 88 , 8889n49 , 116
Free labor 65n18 , 79 , 87 , 87n45 , 88 , 90 , 99 , 101 , 115 , 121 , 125 , 126 , 128 , 149 , 261
Guilds 56 , 58n12 , 76 , 77 , 77n29 , 78 , 82n38 , 87n45 , 96 , 142
Independent labor 55 , 59n13 , 60 , 69 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 76n26 , 7677n27 , 78 , 8182n36 , 83 , 87n45 , 95 , 105 , 110 , 110n , 111 , 112 , 116
Labor market 45 , 99 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 138 , 145 , 261 , 272 , 275 , 276n
Labor-power 45 , 57 , 6061n15 , 62 , 83 , 87 , 87n45 , 88 , 99 , 115 , 116 , 123n , 138 , 261
Labor-time 45 , 57 , 6061n15 , 61 , 88 , 103 , 110 , 111 , 134135 , 260 , 262
Socially necessary labor-time 45 , 57 , 103 , 134135 , 260262
Laborers (Workers) 2 , 1213n2 , 43 , 45 , 46 , 55 , 56 , 57n10 , 58n , 60 , 6061n15 , 62 , 65 , 65n , 66 , 67 , 7071n19 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 76n26 , 77n28 , 7779n29 , 80 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 82 , 83 , 84 , 84n39 , 86 , 8687n43 , 87 , 87n45 , 88 , 88n47 , 8889n49 , 89 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 98102 , 105 , 106110 , 110n , 111112 , 112n , 113119 , 121 , 123 , 123n , 124 , 131 , 136 , 138 , 139 , 141 , 146 , 149 , 149150n , 152 , 194 , 195 , 197 , 199 , 247 , 249250n , 255 , 261 , 263 , 265 , 266 , 267 , 268269 , 271
Artisans 56 , 78 , 94 , 111 , 135 , 188
Chinese laborers 121
Indentured servants 125 , 126 , 149
Peasants 26 , 55 , 59n13 , 60 , 64 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 7476n25 , 76n25 , 7677n27 , 77 , 78 , 79 , 80 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 81 , 8182n36 , 83 , 87 , 87n45 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 99 , 100 , 101n , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 111 , 112 , 117 , 123 , 136 , 141 , 142 , 199 , 261
Self-managing peasant 60 , 64 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 76 , 7476n25 , 76n26 , 7677n27 , 79 , 8182n36 , 83 , 110n , 111 , 112
Plebeians 69 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 83 , 94 , 99 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 111 , 123n
Serfs (Serfdom) 43 , 58n , 60 , 61 , 63 , 64 , 74 , 75 , 7677 , 7677n27 , 78 , 7980 , 80n32 , 83 , 86 , 87 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 97 , 99 , 100 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 110n , 111112 , 113n7 , 115117 , 123 , 124 , 136 , 141 , 142143 , 149150n , 188 , 191 , 196197n22 , 261
Slaves 43 , 58n , 59n13 , 60 , 61 , 63 , 6970 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 75 , 77 , 83 , 85n42 , 8688 , 88n47 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 100n , 111 , 111n , 112 , 112n , 113 , 113n6 , 113n7 , 113n8 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 119120 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 123n , 124 , 125 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 131 , 131n , 133 , 136 , 146 , 149 , 189 , 196 , 226 , 261 , 262
Wage-laborers 1213n2 , 19 , 4344 , 45 , 57n , 6162n16 , 66 , 7071n19 , 80n32 , 8283 , 84n39 , 85 , 8687 , 87n45 , 88 , 88n47 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 98 , 100 , 101n54 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 113 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 129 , 136 , 138 , 141 , 142143 , 146 , 149150n , 152 , 195 , 255 , 260 , 261 , 263
Productive power of labor 6061n15 , 67 , 69 , 86
Reserve pool of labor 116
Slave labor 43 , 58n , 59n13 , 60 , 61 , 64 , 6970 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 75 , 77 , 83 , 85n42 , 8688 , 88n47 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 110n , 111 , 111n , 112 , 112n , 113 , 113n6 , 113n7 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 117 , 118 , 119120 , 122 , 123 , 123n , 124 , 125 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 131 , 133 , 136 , 141 , 146 , 147 , 149 , 149150n , 188 , 249 , 261 , 262
Subsistence labor (Means of subsistence) 52 , 55 , 57 , 57n11 , 58 , 59 , 60 , 6061n15 , 6162n16 , 65n , 66 , 69 , 71 , 76 , 76n26 , 77 , 85n42 , 87 , 89 , 95 , 99 , 101 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 107 , 110n , 110111 , 112 , 114 , 114n , 115 , 116 , 119 , 123n , 130 , 134
Surplus-labor 45 , 57 , 57n10 , 57n11 , 60 , 6061n15 , 6162n16 , 62 , 63 , 65 , 65n , 67 , 69 , 7071n19 , 72 , 7677n27 , 79 , 86 , 87 , 88 , 88n47 , 104 , 107 , 110n , 111 , 112n , 114 , 263 , 264
Terms of labor (Labor terms) 53 , 54 , 55n , 60 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 68 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 77 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 104 , 134 , 180 , 196 , 207 , 261 , 267 , 269
Forced labor (Enforced labor) 60 , 61 , 6162n16 , 62 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 67 , 69 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 76 , 77 , 78 , 8788 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 98 , 101n , 102 , 104 , 105110 , 110n3 , 111112 , 117118 , 122 , 126 , 127 , 129130 , 134135 , 163 , 170 , 184 , 188 , 194 , 207 , 261 , 262 , 264 , 268
Unforced labor (Non-forced labor) 60 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 78 , 88 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 101102 , 105 , 107 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 118 , 134 , 266 , 267
Wage-labor (Wages) 1213n2 , 19n , 43 , 4546 , 57n10 , 6162n16 , 66 , 7071n19 , 80n32 , 82 , 82n38 , 83 , 84n39 , 8587 , 87n45 , 88 , 88n47 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 98 , 100101 , 101n54 , 102 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 113114 , 114n , 115118 , 129 , 136 , 138140 , 140n , 141 , 142 , 143 , 145 , 146 , 149150n , 152 , 195 , 255 , 260 , 261 , 263 , 271
Working-day 50 , 57n11 , 74 , 77 , 88 , 88n47 , 8889n49 , 104105 , 107 , 109 , 110112 , 113 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 119 , 129appropriation, class, exploitation, expropriation, mode of production, non-class systems, production, profit(s), relations, slavery, social development of productive forces, technology (labor-saving machinery/technology), value
Landed property relations (property relations, landed property)
Landowners (Landlords) appropriation (appropriators, landlords)appropriation (mode of appropriation, ground rent), mode of production (ancient mode of production; Asiatic mode of production; feudal mode of production), relations (property relations, landed property)
Language (Word use) 1 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 11 , 20n5 , 223n , 254 , 255 , 257abstract (abstraction; abstractions), concepts, method of successive abstractions, precision, presentation
Level of generality dialectics (level of generality)
Lumping science (taxonomy, lumping)
Machinery social development of productive forces (machinery)technology
Manufacture social development of productive forces (manufacture)mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages, manufacture)
Market fundamentalism religion (capital worship, market fundamentalism)
Markets (Marketplace) colonialism, commerce, commodity, competition, exchange, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), neo-liberalism, trade, world-market
Materialism (Materialist) 3 , 4 , 10 , 38 , 52n , 71 , 71n20 , 77n29 , 8182n36 , 85n41 , 86 , 8687n43 , 87n46 , 110n , 115 , 127 , 138 , 143 , 150 , 153 , 168 , 169 , 171 , 172 , 173 , 175 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 184n , 186 , 187 , 188 , 188n13 , 193194 , 195 , 205 , 210 , 228 , 229 , 234 , 234n15 , 235 , 237 , 245 , 254
Materialist conception of history 3class, history, idealism, labor, mode of production, processes, production, relations, religion, science (philosophy of science), superstructure, technology
Meaning 170 , 171 , 175176 , 179 , 181 , 182 , 187188n11 , 189n15 , 198 , 199 , 202 , 203 , 204 , 209 , 210 , 216 , 224n5 , 225 , 227230 , 232n11 , 234 , 243
Crisis of meaning 199 , 202 , 203 , 209 , 210
Nomos 175 , 179 , 182 , 186187 , 191 , 203alienation, idealism, ideology, knowledge, religion, science, superstructure
Means of production production (means of production)
Merchant’s capital capital (merchant’s capital)appropriation (mode of appropriation, usury), hoarding, money, trade
Metaphysics 9798n , 171 , 172 , 178 , 264idealism, philosophy, speculation
Method of successive abstractions 7 , 9 , 1148 , 51 , 52 , 55 , 63 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9899 , 102 , 103 , 122 , 133 , 152 , 153 , 155 , 160 , 166 , 168 , 169 , 172 , 209 , 257 , 258 , 259 , 263 , 270
Conceptual doublets 5 , 8 , 9 , 20 , 47 , 257
General abstract 5 , 7n8 , 12 , 19 , 2044 , 5253 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 94 , 104 , 108 , 122 , 128 , 129 , 132 , 134 , 137 , 146 , 147 , 151 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 166 , 193 , 194 , 205 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 241
General concrete 5 , 19 , 2036 , 38 , 3945 , 51 , 5254 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 94 , 104 , 105 , 122 , 128 , 129 , 131 , 137 , 138 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 151 , 154155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 166 , 190 , 193 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 241 , 260
Specific abstract 5 , 13 , 19 , 2042 , 44 , 52 , 53 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 94 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 122 , 129 , 138 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 151 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 166 , 193 , 208 , 209
Specific concrete 5 , 19 , 2036 , 3845 , 52 , 54 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 69 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 95 , 105 , 128 , 129 , 132 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 149 , 151 , 153 , 154155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 166 , 193 , 194 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 210 , 241
Model set 20 , 20n5 , 20n6 , 21 , 2733 , 3537 , 4044 , 45 , 67 , 94 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 133 , 135 , 137 , 138 , 140 , 141 , 149 , 154 , 155 , 158
External model set 28 , 29 , 31 , 32 , 35 , 37 , 40 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 67 , 94 , 128 , 130 , 137 , 155
Internal model set 28 , 29 , 31 , 32 , 3537 , 40
Pathways 20 , 20n6 , 24n , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 3335 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 104 , 108 , 129 , 141
Re-abstracting 6 , 9 , 10 , 2631 , 3235 , 36 , 37 , 39 , 4048 , 52 , 91 , 104 , 108 , 122 , 128 , 133 , 137 , 147 , 150151 , 167 , 168abstract (abstraction; abstractions), categories, concepts, concrete, criteria, essential, general, precision, science (experiment, controlled comparison; microscopes; taxonomy), specific
Microscopes science (microscopes)method of successive abstractions, science (experiment)
Middle class 145 , 146 , 149150n , 265 , 267class, labor (laborers)
Middle East 200colonialism, Iran, religion (Islam), Saudi Arabia
Mode of production 9 , 1213n2 , 21 , 22 , 37 , 38 , 39n , 48 , 49 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 , 54n , 55 , 56 , 57 , 57n10 , 58 , 60 , 5960n14 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 71n20 , 72 , 73 , 74n24 , 75 , 76 , 76n26 , 77 , 77n28 , 78 , 79n31 , 80n32 , 80n33 , 8182n36 , 82 , 82n37 , 83 , 84 , 85 , 85n41 , 8687n43 , 87 , 88n48 , 89 , 89n50 , 90 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9497 , 9798n52 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 103 , 104 , 106n1 , 106n2 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 113 , 113n6 , 113n7 , 117 , 122 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 151 , 152 , 169 , 171 , 172 , 173n2 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 185 , 186 , 188 , 188n13 , 190n16 , 195 , 199 , 211 , 229 , 249 , 254 , 258 , 259 , 260 , 261 , 264 , 268
Ancient mode of production 37 , 38 , 49 , 58n , 59 , 68 , 6970 , 7071n19 , 71 , 71n20 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 74 , 77 , 80n33 , 83 , 84n39 , 85 , 85n42 , 87 , 87n45 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9497 , 98 , 9798n52 , 99 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110111 , 122124 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 191n17 , 206 , 262
Asiatic mode of production 26 , 37 , 38 , 49 , 61 , 68 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 7274n22 , 7374 , 74n23 , 74n24 , 7475n25 , 7576 , 7476n25 , 77 , 77n28 , 79 , 79n31 , 86 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9497 , 98 , 9798n52 , 100 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 110111 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 141 , 188n12 , 262
Capitalist mode of production 38 , 49 , 50 , 63 , 77 , 77n28 , 7980 , 80n32 , 80n3 , 8081n34 , 81 , 82n37 , 8384 , 84n39 , 85 , 85n42 , 86 , 8687n43 , 8788 , 88n48 , 89 , 89n50 , 90 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9496 , 9798n52 , 101 , 112n , 113n7 , 114 , 117 , 123 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 134 , 135 , 137 , 138139 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 152 , 173n2 , 195 , 199 , 211 , 229 , 249 , 261 , 268n
Bourgeois (Bourgeoisie; Bourgeois society) 33n , 49 , 50n4 , 7273n22 , 84 , 86 , 101n , 190n , 196 , 197n24 , 199 , 255 , 265
Petty bourgeois 59n13 , 79 , 100
Capitalism in general 142 , 145 , 147 , 148 , 150 , 151 , 173 , 173n2 , 195 , 206 , 209 , 211
Capitalism’s historical stages 139148
Agricultural capitalism 80 , 80n32 , 8081n34 , 81 , 81n35 , 8182n36 , 8284 , 85n41 , 90 , 125 , 127 , 131n , 132 , 141 , 142 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 210
Global capitalism 45 , 145146 , 147 , 148 , 150 , 149150n , 151 , 152 , 199 , 203 , 204 , 207 , 210 , 247248n31 , 272
Industrial capitalism 7779n24 , 8081n34 , 82n38 , 84 , 84n40 , 85 , 85n41 , 8889n49 , 89 , 90 , 91n , 96 , 97 , 141 , 143144 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 152 , 173n2 , 196n21 , 196197n22 , 197 , 198 , 210
Manufacture 7779n29 , 80n32 , 84 , 84n40 , 85n41 , 90 , 91n , 96 , 141 , 142143 , 146 , 148 , 195n , 196197n22 , 210
Monopoly capitalism 141 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 148 , 210
Transnational capitalism 141 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 147 , 148 , 151 , 198 , 210
Contradictions of capitalism 114115 , 117 , 209 , 257 , 268n
Proletarians 196197n22 , 265 , 267
Feudal mode of production 26 , 37 , 43 , 49 , 50 , 51 , 59 , 5960n14 , 61 , 63 , 65n , 68 , 70 , 7071n19 , 72 , 7273n22 , 7374n22 , 7679 , 79n31 , 80 , 80n32 , 80n33 , 81 , 8182n36 , 82 , 82n38 , 83 , 84n39 , 87 , 88 , 89 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 9497 , 98 , 9798n52 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 101n54 , 104 , 105 , 108 , 109 , 111113 , 115117 , 134 , 135 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 143 , 149 , 149150n , 181 , 211 , 261 , 263 , 264
Pre-capitalist modes of production 49 , 50 , 51 , 59 , 5960n14 , 60 , 61 , 63 , 65 , 7374n22 , 79n31 , 83 , 88 , 84n48 , 89 , 89n50 , 113 , 141 , 142 , 181 , 261 , 264
Primitive communism 37 , 49 , 50 , 6770 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 96 , 98 , 9798n52 , 99 , 104 , 105 , 134 , 141
Socialism and communism 9798n52 , 265 , 266 , 267appropriation (appropriators; mode of appropriation), capital, capitalist(s), class, commodity, exchange, history, labor, non-class systems, political economy, processes, production, relations, social development of productive forces, value
Model building science (model building)class (class structure), method of successive abstractions (model
set), structural analysis
Model set method of successive abstractions (model set)
Modernity 46 , 56 , 85 , 102 , 121 , 122 , 173 , 191 , 194 , 196 , 198 , 199202 , 202n28 , 203204 , 229230 , 234 , 234n14 , 245 , 249capital, colonialism, Enlightenment, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), postmodernism, science
Money (Money-form) 19n , 33n , 49 , 50 , 55 , 56 , 58 , 58n , 59 , 59n13 , 61 , 62 , 62n17 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 72 , 74 , 74n24 , 77 , 78 , 79 , 79n30 , 80n32 , 82n38 , 83 , 88n47 , 89 , 90 , 95 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101n , 106 , 111 , 111n , 112n , 113 , 114n , 123 , 123n , 124 , 127 , 139 , 192 , 217 , 228 , 237238n22 , 245 , 246 , 250accumulation, appropriation (mode of appropriation, ground rent, money-rent), capital (merchant’s capital), commerce, commodity, exchange, hoarding, slavery, trade, value, world-market
Morality (Morals) 8889n49 , 127 , 171 , 172 , 173 , 174 , 175 , 176181 , 182183 , 185 , 188 , 189 , 193 , 194 , 196 , 196n21 , 196197n22 , 207 , 208 , 217 , 220 , 226 , 228 , 228229n8 , 229 , 233 , 246 , 258 , 266
Morality and animals/biology 173177 , 181182 , 183 , 206 , 211 , 228 , 229
Morality and society (social rules) 167168 , 175 , 176 , 176n4 , 177180 , 180n6 , 181183 , 186 , 192 , 192n19 , 193 , 194 , 203 , 207 , 218 , 228 , 228229n8 , 229 , 233 , 236alienation, dialectics (level of generality), evolution (biological), evolution (social), idealism, knowledge, religion, superstructure
Natural economy production (natural economy)labor (subsistence labor), production (reproduction), social fund
Nature 52 , 52n6 , 55 , 56 , 56n , 57 , 57n11 , 60 , 6061 , 61 , 67 , 71n20 , 7476n25 , 77 , 82 , 82n37 , 84n39 , 103 , 106 , 115 , 135 , 153 , 179 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 186 , 187188n11 , 188 , 193 , 198 , 203 , 207 , 208 , 212 , 213 , 227 , 229 , 230 , 231n10 , 234 , 235236n17 , 241n , 244 , 246 , 247 , 247n30 , 263 , 277
Natural science 3 , 18 , 33environment, production (natural economy), religion (religious taxonomy, nature
worship)
Nazis 121 , 197n23exploitation, labor (slave labor), war (World War ii)
Necessary labor-time labor (labor-time, socially necessary labor-time)labor (subsistence labor; surplus-labor), production (reproduction), social fund
Neo-liberalism 4546 , 141 , 145 , 146 , 210 , 248 , 273
Deregulation 145 , 247248n31
Free trade 141 , 145 , 210
Privatization 145 , 210 , 273globalization, mode of production (capitalist mode of production, capitalism’s historical stages, global capitalism, transnational capitalism), political economy, state (nation-state), world-market
Newton, Sir Isaac 257
Non-class systems 37 , 65 , 90 , 94 , 104 , 105 , 107 , 108 , 134 , 135 , 152 , 260 , 263 , 264appropriation, class, mode of production (primitive communism; socialism and communism), relations (property relations, communal property)
North America 112 , 125 , 128 , 129 , 146 , 156 , 195n , 197Americas, Caribbean, Haiti, Jamaica, slavery, United States
Observation 3 , 5 , 6 , 7n8 , 1020 , 20n6 , 21 , 22 , 2629 , 3133 , 35 , 36 , 38 , 39 , 4148 , 63 , 65 , 90 , 102 , 118 , 122 , 127 , 130n , 133 , 137 , 145 , 150 , 165 , 166 , 167 , 169 , 185 , 205 , 211 , 238 , 248 , 249 , 254 , 258 , 259 , 262inquiry, presentation, science (deduction; induction)
Ollman, Bertell ix, 4 , 5 , 5n , 6n6 , 11 , 20n5 , 50n3 , 102 , 173n3 , 263dialectics, Hegel
Over-consumption consumption (over-consumption)
Over-production production (over-production)accumulation, capital (over-production of capital), concentration of wealth, crisis, political economy, technology (labor-saving machinery/technology)
Pathways method of successive abstractions (pathways)
Patricians appropriation (appropriators, patricians)
Peasants labor (laborers, peasants)
Philippines 142 , 195 , 195n20colonialism, Spain
Philosophy (Philosophers) 1 , 5n , 6 , 67n7 , 7 , 8 , 47 , 153 , 154 , 171 , 174 , 175 , 188 , 214 , 227 , 239n24 , 245 , 246 , 246n29 , 252 , 259dialectics, Hegel, science (philosophy of science), speculation
Plebeians labor (laborers, plebeians)
Polarization (class, economic, social) 195 , 199 , 209alienation, class, concentration of wealth, crisis, religion (religion and social polarization), revolution(s)
Political economy 3 , 67n7 , 8 , 10 , 1213n2 , 22 , 49 , 86 , 106 , 151152 , 161 , 164 , 168 , 180 , 184 , 189 , 190 , 203 , 209 , 229 , 231 , 245 , 260 , 263 , 266 , 267 , 272 , 273 , 275 , 276 , 276n , 277 , 278appropriation, capital, Capital, class, commodity, concentration of wealth, A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy, crisis, Grundrisse, labor, mode of production (capitalist mode of production), production (subject of production, surplus-value), profit(s), Theories of Surplus-Value, value
Politics (Political) 1 , 1n , 7 , 63 , 67 , 69 , 72 , 7274n22 , 74 , 7476n25 , 76 , 79 , 79n31 , 8081n34 , 82n38 , 88 , 88n48 , 100 , 102 , 104 , 106 , 108 , 112 , 117 , 118 , 120 , 124 , 125 , 126 , 127 , 135 , 136 , 149150n , 153 , 154 , 161 , 164 , 167 , 171 , 174 , 180 , 182 , 184 , 185 , 188 , 189 , 189n15 , 190 , 191 , 191n17 , 192 , 192n19 , 194 , 197 , 200 , 201n , 208 , 209 , 211 , 212 , 213 , 214 , 229 , 231 , 234n14 , 239 , 244 , 246 , 247 , 247248n31 , 248 , 248n32 , 250 , 251 , 252 , 253n , 255 , 260 , 265 , 266 , 266n , 269 , 272 , 273 , 274 , 277 , 278
Conservatives 159 , 165 , 185 , 190 , 192 , 199 , 199200n25 , 201n , 208 , 209 , 212 , 232 , 232233n12 , 233 , 234 , 234n14 , 236 , 240 , 244 , 245 , 246247 , 247248n31 , 249250n33 , 250 , 252
Democracy (Democratic) 136 , 201 , 256 , 266 , 269 , 272 , 276
Liberals 185 , 190 , 199 , 199200n25 , 202 , 208 , 209 , 212 , 232 , 233 , 234 , 240 , 245247 , 247248n32 , 250252 , 275
Identity politics 251
Voting 124 , 265 , 268class (class struggle; class systems), relations (political relations), religion, revolution(s), state
Portugal (Portuguese) 5960n14 , 77 , 83 , 90 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 125 , 130 , 132 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 141 , 195 , 195n20 , 235236n17 , 247248n31Brazil, colonialism, slavery
Positivism science (philosophy of science, positivism)
Postmodernism (Postmodernity) 151 , 152modernity
Precision (and imprecision) 5 , 6 , 11 , 13 , 1415 , 21 , 24n , 3637 , 45 , 48 , 50n4 , 52n , 97 , 102 , 166167 , 170 , 205 , 209 , 246 , 262abstract (abstraction; abstractions), categories, concepts, criteria, dialectics, essential, language, method of successive abstractions, science
Presentation 10 , 11 , 33 , 35 , 36 , 49 , 54 , 63 , 173 , 255 , 258 , 260inquiry, language, observation
Primitive communism mode of production (primitive communism)
Private ownership of the means of production production (means of production, private ownership of the means of production)
Private property relations (property relations, private property)
Processes 1213n2 , 19n , 21 , 2526 , 37 , 38 , 46 , 49 , 51 , 51n , 52n , 53 , 54 , 56 , 57 , 59n13 , 60 , 63 , 64 , 66 , 67 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 77 , 78 , 8081n34 , 82n37 , 83 , 84 , 85n41 , 86 , 87n45 , 88n48 , 89 , 90 , 94 , 99101 , 106 , 106n2 , 111 , 126 , 135 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 143 , 160 , 171 , 172 , 174 , 178 , 180 , 195n , 225 , 234 , 245 , 250 , 257 , 261 , 262 , 264 , 276
Processes as key variable 1213n2 , 51 , 51ndialectics, relations, science (experiment, variables)
Production 9 , 1213n2 , 21 , 22 , 26 , 37 , 38 , 39n , 45 , 46 , 48 , 49 , 50 , 51 , 52 , 52n , 53 , 54 , 54n , 55 , 56 , 56n , 57 , 57n10 , 57n11 , 58 , 58n12 , 59 , 59n13 , 5960n14 , 60 , 6061n15 , 62 , 62n17 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 65n18 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 7071n19 , 71 , 71n20 , 72 , 7273n22 , 73 , 7374n23 , 74 , 74n24 , 75 , 7475n25 , 76 , 76n26 , 77 , 77n28 , 7779n29 , 78 , 79 , 79n30 , 79n31 , 80 , 80n32 , 80n33 , 8081n34 , 81n35 , 8182n36 , 82n37 , 82n38 , 83 , 84 , 84n39 , 85 , 85n41 , 85n42 , 86 , 8687n43 , 87 , 87n45 , 87n46 , 88 , 88n48 , 89 , 89n50 , 90 , 91 , 92 , 93 , 94 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 97n52 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 101n54 , 103 , 104 , 105 , 106 , 106n1 , 106n2 , 107 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 110n3 , 111 , 112 , 112n5 , 113 , 113n6 , 113n7 , 114 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 119 , 122 , 123 , 124 , 127 , 128 , 129 , 130 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 137 , 138 , 140 , 140n , 141 , 142 , 143 , 144 , 145 , 146 , 149 , 150 , 151 , 152 , 169 , 170 , 171 , 172 , 173n2 , 178 , 179 , 180 , 181 , 182 , 184 , 184n , 185 , 186 , 188 , 188n12 , 188n13 , 190n16 , 193 , 194 , 195 , 197 , 196197n22 , 199 , 206 , 207 , 211 , 229 , 230 , 247 , 249 , 250 , 249250n33 , 254 , 258 , 259 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 264 , 265 , 266 , 267 , 268 , 268n , 269
Means of production 52 , 58n , 62 , 65 , 65n , 66 , 67 , 72 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 78 , 83 , 86 , 8687n43 , 87 , 88 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 101n , 105 , 106 , 110 , 110n , 112 , 113 , 114 , 116 , 129 , 136 , 138 , 140 , 151 , 194 , 195 , 250 , 249250n33 , 261 , 265 , 266 , 267 , 268 , 269
Laborer(s) own their own means of production 58n , 66 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 78 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 99 , 100 , 105 , 110 , 266 , 267 , 269
Private ownership of the means of production 87 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 129 , 136 , 138 , 140 , 151 , 195
Natural economy 56 , 57 , 60 , 68 , 7476n25 , 77 , 82 , 82n37 , 103 , 135
Over-production 71 , 71n20 , 89 , 139
Production in general 37 , 45 , 46 , 52 , 52n , 53 , 54 , 6061n15 , 66 , 68 , 8081n34 , 90 , 91 , 92 , 94 , 108 , 127 , 129 , 133 , 134 , 135 , 136 , 145 , 146 , 150 , 152 , 173n2 , 260
Productive forces (Forces of production) 53 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 59 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 68 , 70 , 71 , 71n20 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 78 , 84n39 , 85 , 86 , 90 , 91 , 91n , 96 , 97 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 104 , 106 , 129 , 134 , 136 , 137 , 139 , 143 , 146 , 152 , 171 , 180 , 181 , 188n13 , 198 , 207 , 230 , 261 , 266 , 267 , 268n
Reproduction (Generational reproduction; Social reproduction) 57 , 57n10 , 6061n15 , 63 , 68 , 77 , 79 , 81n35 , 101n , 103 , 104 , 107 , 113 , 114 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 119 , 134 , 138 , 266
Subject of production 53 , 54 , 55 , 5660 , 63 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 68 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 86 , 90 , 91 , 95 , 97 , 106 , 107 , 110 , 113 , 134 , 137 , 138 , 180 , 207 , 261 , 267
Exchange-value 54 , 56 , 58 , 59 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 69 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 95 , 103 , 104 , 107 , 129 , 134 , 137 , 138 , 266 , 267
Surplus-value 1213n2 , 45 , 46 , 53 , 5455 , 56 , 57 , 57n10 , 58 , 60 , 6061n15 , 6162 , 6370 , 72 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 78 , 80n32 , 85n42 , 8687 , 88 , 90 , 95 , 96 , 97 , 102 , 103 , 104 , 105111 , 112n , 113 , 115117 , 122 , 127 , 129130 , 134 , 135139 , 139n , 140 , 151 , 181 , 188 , 195 , 199 , 262 , 263264 , 264265n3 , 265 , 266 , 267
Use-value 54 , 56 , 58 , 59 , 60 , 6061n14 , 64 , 65 , 66 , 6768 , 70 , 7273 , 74n24 , 75 , 78 , 93 , 95 , 103 , 104 , 107 , 129 , 134 , 137 , 138 , 265 , 266 , 267accumulation, appropriation, capital (over-production of capital), commodity, exchange, hoarding, labor (laborers; subsistence labor; terms of labor), mode of production, processes, relations (productive relations; property relations), social development of productive forces, social fund
Profit(s) 2 , 1213n , 22 , 45 , 5960n14 , 6061n15 , 6162n16 , 71n20 , 80 , 8081n34 , 82 , 82n38 , 8586 , 88 , 89 , 101 , 112n5 , 113114 , 117 , 125 , 127 , 129 , 130 , 131n , 138 , 138n , 139 , 139n14 , 143 , 150 , 149150n , 151 , 152 , 195 , 198 , 199 , 207 , 208 , 229 , 246 , 247 , 248 , 250 , 266accumulation, appropriation, capital, class, commerce, commodity, concentration of wealth, exchange, exploitation, labor (terms of labor, forced labor), mode of production (capitalist mode of production), money, political economy, production (subject of production, surplus-value), technology (labor-saving machinery/technology)
Property relations relations (property relations)
Protestant Reformation religion (Protestantism, Protestant Reformation)
Race (Racial; Racism) 121 , 128 , 131n , 167 , 202 , 251 , 271 , 275 , 276 , 279colonialism, slavery, xenophobia
Re-abstracting method of successive abstractions (re-abstracting)
Relations (Relationships)
Capital-labor relations 117 , 129 , 141 , 145
Class relations (Class-labor relations) 65 , 66 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 90 , 91 , 106 , 107 , 109 , 113 , 117 , 122 , 129 , 135 , 136 , 138 , 139 , 140 , 141 , 142 , 150 , 172 , 181 , 196 , 207 , 260 , 261 , 268 , 269
Egalitarian relations 69 , 106
Exchange relations 58 , 74 , 89 , 106
Interrelations 13 , 26 , 46 , 47 , 50n4 , 51 , 54 , 55 , 56 , 88n48 , 98 , 99 , 102 , 108 , 130 , 169 , 170 , 179 , 205 , 258
Lord-serf relation 117
Master-servant relations 15 , 83 , 88n47 , 105 , 112 , 114 , 115 , 116 , 117 , 122 , 124 , 126 , 131 , 131n , 189
Political relations (Power relations) 69 , 104 , 118 , 124 , 125 , 127 , 135 , 180 , 182 , 183 , 184
Productive relations 51 , 53 , 63 , 64 , 6667 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 94 , 178 , 185 , 188n12 , 207 , 261 , 262
Property relations 65 , 66 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 73 , 75 , 78 , 90 , 91 , 95 , 97 , 106n1 , 107 , 109 , 110n , 114 , 117 , 134 , 137 , 180 , 207 , 208 , 265 , 267
Communal property (common property) 65 , 66 , 67 , 68 , 69 , 70 , 72 , 7273n22 , 7476n25 , 7677n27 , 81n35 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 106n1 , 186 , 266 , 267
Landed property 22 , 50n4 , 61 , 65 , 66 , 67 , 72 , 7273n22 , 73 , 75 , 76 , 76n26 , 77 , 78 , 80 , 80n33 , 8081n34 , 84n39 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 99 , 100 , 106 , 112113n , 127 , 135 , 136 , 140 , 188 , 189 , 260
Private property 66 , 83 , 87 , 90 , 92 , 93 , 95 , 96 , 113 , 114 , 115 , 125 , 127 , 129 , 136 , 138 , 140 , 151 , 195 , 196 , 207 , 250 , 268n
Relations as key variable 1213n2 , 51 , 51nappropriation (appropriators), class, dialectics, exploitation, mode of production, processes, production (means of production, private ownership of the means of production), science (experiment, variables), state
Religion 9 , 10 , 71 , 71n20 , 103 , 126 , 128 , 153 , 153n2 , 154168 , 168213 , 214252 , 260 , 263 , 271 , 274 , 275 , 277 , 280
Animism (Animists) 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 168 , 187 , 242
Shamanism (Shamans) 155 , 156 , 185 , 186 , 220 , 221 , 222 , 225 , 240
Apologists 205 , 224 , 229 , 234n14 , 248249
Atheism 205 , 209 , 210 , 212213
Buddhism (Buddhists) 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 180n , 190 , 198 , 204 , 214 , 217 , 223n , 228n7 , 232n11 , 237238n22 , 238 , 246
Dalai Lama 189n14 , 198 , 240n26
Capital worship 245250
Market fundamentalism 209 , 246247
Market apologists 248 , 247248n31
Charisma 214 , 228
Routinization of charisma 214
Christianity (Christians) 126 , 128 , 155156 , 157 , 158 , 158159n , 159 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 176 , 179n , 180n , 187n10 , 189 , 189n15 , 190 , 191n17 , 192 , 192n , 195 , 195n , 196 , 196197n22 , 197 , 197n23 , 198 , 199200n25 , 200 , 201 , 202 , 202n28 , 203 , 204 , 205 , 206 , 210 , 215 , 217 , 219 , 220 , 221 , 222 , 223 , 223n , 224 , 225 , 226 , 228n7 , 232n11 , 233 , 232233n12 , 235 , 236 , 235236n17 , 236n18 , 236237n20 , 237 , 238 , 238239n23 , 239n24 , 241 , 243 , 244 , 247 , 250
Cafeteria Christianity 203 , 204 , 210
Catholicism 155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 161 , 163 , 165 , 166 , 191 , 192194 , 195n , 198 , 216217 , 219n , 222 , 222n , 232n11 , 232233n12 , 235 , 238239n23
Catholic Mass 192 , 216 , 219 , 219n
Nicene Creed 219 , 222 , 222n , 224
Vatican 161 , 198
Vatican ii 161 , 163 , 164 , 198
Christian fundamentalism 199200n25 , 201202 , 203 , 209 , 210 , 232233n12 , 236 , 236n18 , 240
Council of Nicaea 238239n23
Creationism (Creationists) 218 , 240n25
Crusades 192 , 192n
Dominion Theology 201202 , 210
Eastern Orthodox Church 156
Final Days 243
Jesus (Christ) 157 , 158 , 161 , 179n , 189n15 , 191 , 199200n25 , 203 , 215216 , 219n2 , 221 , 222 , 223 , 224226 , 232n11 , 238239n23 , 241 , 244 , 247
Protestantism 155 , 156 , 157 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 189n14 , 194 , 195 , 196 , 199200n25 , 201 , 210 , 222 , 232 , 232233n12
Baptists 157 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 166 , 199200n , 215 , 232n11 , 232233n12 , 251
Protestant Reformation 160 , 161 , 163 , 164 , 192n , 192193
Second Coming 199200n , 238239n23 , 250
Spanish Inquisition 192
Confucianism (Confucius) 189190
Conversion (Converting) 126 , 157 , 158 , 159160 , 176n , 186 , 189 , 191 , 200 , 225 , 239
Forced conversion 163 , 171 , 194 , 199n , 210 , 224 , 244 , 249
Cults 156 , 181 , 187n10 , 189 , 189n14 , 190 , 198 , 204 , 232 , 249
Cargo cults 181 , 181n
(The) Bible 176 , 191 , 192n , 197n23 , 199200n , 215 , 217 , 225 , 226 , 235 , 236n18
New Testament 225 , 226
Ephesians 196 , 236
Matthew 217 , 247
Paul the apostle 225
Romans 196
Old Testament 176n , 183n , 225 , 226 , 236 , 242
Abraham (Abrahamic belief/religions) 158 , 163 , 183n , 191 , 191n18 , 200 , 200n26 , 203 , 204205 , 226 , 228n7 , 232n11 , 241n , 244 , 246
Deuteronomy 176n4 , 236
Exodus 236237n20
The Exodus 241
Leviticus 236
Ten Commandments 236 , 236237n20
Epicurean Paradox 242
Functionalist models 170171 , 209
Fundamentalism (generally) 159 , 203 , 209 , 210 , 240
Hinduism (Hindus) 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 228n7 , 232n11 , 233 , 238 , 246
Bhagavad Gita 235
Islam (Muslims) 155 , 156 , 157158 , 158159n , 159 , 160 , 162163 , 165166 , 176n , 180n , 191n18 , 192 , 192n , 200 , 200n26 , 201n , 202 , 202n28 , 210 , 217 , 226 , 227 , 228n7 , 232n11 , 233 , 236 , 243 , 244
Islamic fundamentalism 200 , 200n26 , 201 , 201n , 202 , 202n28 , 203 , 209 , 210
Jihad 200n26
Koran 176n , 235
Mohammad 162163 , 200n26 , 232n11
Sharia law 200201
Shia Islam 156 , 162 , 165 , 201n , 232n11
Sunni Islam 156 , 162 , 165 , 166 , 201n , 232n11
Wahhabism 200n26 , 201n , 210
Judaism (Jews/Jewish) 121 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 176n , 179 , 180n , 189n14 , 189n15 , 190 , 192 , 217 , 224225 , 226 , 228n7 , 232n11 , 235 , 238239n23
Hebrews 176n , 179n , 225 , 226
Monotheism (Monotheist) 153160 , 162 , 163 , 166 , 168 , 189 , 191 , 191n18 , 197 , 200 , 200n26 , 202n28 , 203 , 244
Universalist monotheism 158 , 159 , 160
Required universalist monotheism 158 , 159 , 160 , 162 , 163 , 197 , 200 , 200n26 , 202n28 , 225 , 226 , 224
New Age movement 204 , 209 , 210
Omnism 233n13
Ontological Proof of God’s Existence 241242
Paganism 192 , 204
Pascal’s Wager 239n24 , 242n
Polytheism 153 , 154 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 168 , 188 , 189n15 , 217
Profane 153 , 154 , 155 , 158 , 170 , 178179 , 183 , 186 , 197 , 199 , 206 , 211
Proselytizing 159 , 200 , 219220 , 225 , 244
Proto-religion 187 , 187n10 , 187188n11 , 195n , 217 , 234
Religion and levels of generality 169 , 170 , 172213
Capitalism in general 195 , 206 , 207 , 208 , 209 , 211
Capitalism’s historical development 195205 , 206 , 208 , 210 , 211
Class societies in general 188194 , 206 , 208 , 211
Earliest societies 186187 , 206 , 211
Humans as animals 173175 , 181182 , 206 , 211
Humans as humans 175176 , 181182 , 206 , 211
Society in general: differences: 179182 , 183184 , 206 , 207
Society in general: identities 176179 , 183184 , 206 , 207
Religion and social polarization 195 , 199 , 209
Religion and tautology 235 , 237238
Religion and teleology 171 , 238 , 240 , 240n25
Religious competition 189 , 192193 , 197 , 204
Religious conservatives 159 , 165 , 185 , 190 , 192 , 199 , 199200n25 , 201n , 208 , 209 , 212 , 232 , 232233n12 , 233 , 234 , 234n14 , 236 , 240 , 244 , 247
Religious crises 199 , 203 , 235236n17
Crisis of meaning 199 , 202 , 203 , 209 , 210
Religious doctrine / dogma 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 161 , 162 , 163 , 164 , 165 , 166 , 176n , 177 , 185 , 186 , 187 , 191 , 192 , 192n , 194 , 195n , 197n24 , 199200n25 , 200 , 202 , 204 , 205 , 207 , 208 , 210 , 211 , 212 , 213 , 219n , 223n , 232 , 232233n12 , 233 , 233n13 , 239 , 238239n23 , 240 , 241 , 245 , 246 , 249 , 250
Religious liberals 185 , 190 , 199 , 200 , 199200n25 , 200n26 , 202 , 208 , 209 , 212 , 232 , 233 , 234 , 240 , 247
Religious pluralism 185 , 197 , 202 , 212
Religious relativists 185 , 205 , 208 , 212 , 232 , 233 , 234 , 240
Religious taxonomy 153168 , 169 , 185213
Application of religious beliefs 157 , 185 , 187 , 190 , 194 , 200 , 202 , 203 , 204 , 205 , 208 , 211 , 212 , 223 , 225
Authority structure 165 , 166 , 186 , 187 , 188 , 192193 , 205 , 207 , 208 , 211 , 213
Bottom-up 165 , 166 , 186 , 208
Meso level 166
Top-down 165 , 208
Cosmological subject 182 , 187 , 187188n11 , 190 , 194 , 202 , 203 , 204 , 209 , 213 , 234 , 235n16 , 239n24
Generic god (Generic belief) 199 , 204205 , 209 , 210 , 212 , 213 , 241 , 241n
Individual conglomerate religion 204 , 212 , 213
Institutional religion 197198 , 200 , 201 , 202 , 203 , 204 , 209 , 210 , 212 , 213 , 219 , 228 , 244 , 245 , 249
Knowledge structure 178 , 186 , 187 , 202 , 209 , 211 , 213
Nature worship (Natural religion) 186 , 212 , 213
Religion as marketplace consumption 199 , 203204
Religion’s constants 155 , 181 , 182183 , 185 , 206207 , 211
Ruling class religion 191 , 196 , 197198 , 200 , 202 , 212 , 213
State religion 189191 , 196197 , 200 , 202 , 212 , 213 , 218 , 245
Terms of belief 185 , 186187 , 190 , 200 , 208 , 211 , 212
Revelation 185 , 199200n25 , 227 , 232 , 238 , 240 , 246n29
Ritual 153 , 155 , 158 , 161 , 170 , 179 , 180 , 181n , 185 , 186 , 187 , 189 , 190 , 192 , 196197 , 204 , 205 , 206207 , 211 , 212 , 217 , 218 , 231 , 233n13
Sacred 153 , 154 , 155 , 158 , 170 , 179 , 182 , 183 , 185 , 186 , 187 , 197n23 , 200 , 202n28 , 206 , 211 , 212 , 217 , 218 , 224n , 227 , 231 , 232 , 233 , 240 , 245246 , 280
Sects 187n10 , 198 , 199200n25 , 200 , 201 , 204 , 210 , 237238n22 , 238239n23 , 243 , 244 , 251
Shintoism 155 , 156 , 190
Totems 179n , 180 , 182 , 205
Universalism 157 , 158 , 159 , 160 , 162 , 176nalienation, (The) German Ideology, history, idealism, ideology, knowledge, materialism, meaning, morality, sociology (sociologists, Durkheim), superstructure
Rent appropriation (mode of appropriation, ground rent)class, exploitation, labor (terms of labor, forced labor), mode of production (ancient mode of production, Asiatic mode of production, feudal mode of production), production (subject of production, surplus-value)
Reproduction production (reproduction)
Reserve fund social fund
Revolution(s) 59n , 79n31 , 84n40 , 85n41 , 8687n43 , 102 , 136 , 141 , 143 , 146 , 150 , 173n2 , 189 , 190n , 195 , 195n , 198 , 200n26 , 208 , 250 , 265 , 266 , 269class (class struggle), concentration of wealth, crisis, mode of production (socialism and communism), politics, production (means of production), slavery (slave rebellion), state
Rome (Roman/Romans) 21 , 21n7 , 22 , 5960n14 , 62n17 , 65 , 69 , 70 , 71 , 71n20 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 82n37 , 83 , 91 , 93 , 108 , 109 , 110 , 111 , 111n , 114 , 117 , 121 , 122 , 123 , 126 , 127 , 128 , 135 , 136 , 155 , 156 , 157 , 161 , 163 , 164 , 188 , 189 , 189n15 , 190 , 191n17 , 191n18 , 192n , 196197 , 200 , 220 , 225 , 238239n23 , 242appropriation (appropriators, patricians), labor (laborers, plebeians), mode of production (ancient mode of production), slavery (Roman slavery)
Russia 2122 , 69 , 70 , 91 , 9798n , 198
Saudi Arabia 165 , 166 , 200n26 , 201n , 243Middle East, Iran, religion (Islam, Sunni Islam)
Science (Scientific) 12 , 2n2 , 34 , 4n , 59 , 11 , 14 , 18 , 25 , 33 , 46 , 47 , 51n , 71n20 , 79 , 8081n34 , 97 , 9798n52 , 101 , 102 , 149 , 153 , 154 , 166 , 167 , 168 , 169 , 170 , 171172 , 175 , 183n , 192n , 195n , 198 , 199200n25 , 202n28 , 203 , 205 , 207 , 211 , 213 , 218 , 227 , 230 , 234n15 , 234235 , 235n16 , 237 , 237n21 , 238 , 240 , 240n26 , 241 , 245 , 248 , 250 , 251 , 253 , 253n , 254255 , 256 , 257259 , 265 , 269270 , 273 , 278 , 280
Causality (Causal forces) 13 , 17 , 18 , 19 , 27 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 47 , 48 , 51 , 98 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 102 , 130 , 132 , 150 , 167 , 240
Commensurability 3637 , 170
Incommensurable 170 , 235n16
Deduction 2 , 4n4 , 67 , 195n20 , 239n24 , 242 , 242n , 247n30
Experiment (Experimental model) 1 , 2 , 3 , 4n , 7n8 , 8 , 9 , 11 , 13 , 22 , 47 , 51 , 102 , 168 , 159 , 263 , 270
Constant(s) (Assumed variables) 3 , 13 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 33 , 41 , 42 , 51 , 52 , 53 , 54 , 65 , 68 , 102 , 104 , 106 , 109 , 116 , 130 , 137 , 139n , 140 , 141 , 142 , 146 , 151 , 155 , 166 , 167 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 184 , 185 , 194 , 206 , 209 , 211 , 255 , 258 , 260
Controlled comparison 9 , 10 , 12 , 1213n2 , 13 , 1418 , 2228 , 3032 , 33 , 3544 , 4546 , 4748 , 5051 , 5354 , 63 , 6768 , 74 , 83 , 8586 , 90 , 97102 , 103123 , 123n , 124133 , 147148 , 149150n , 151 , 154 , 156 , 158 , 159168 , 174 , 186 , 188 , 197 , 206 , 208209 , 211 , 258 , 260 , 262 , 263264
Variables 3 , 9 , 11 , 12 , 13 , 1619 , 22 , 25 , 30 , 3132 , 36 , 37 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 4647 , 50 , 51 , 51n , 5455 , 6365 , 67 , 68 , 82n38 , 9091 , 91n , 94 , 95 , 96 , 9798 , 99 , 100 , 101 , 102 , 103 , 105 , 107 , 108109 , 115116 , 117 , 118 , 120 , 127 , 129130 , 131 , 132 , 133 , 134137 , 139 , 140 , 142 , 147 , 149150 , 149150n , 164 , 165166 , 168 , 178 , 181 , 182 , 183 , 184 , 185186 , 194 , 202203n29 , 205206 , 211 , 212 , 213 , 234n15 , 257258 , 259262 , 265 , 270
Generalization 27 , 43 , 47 , 48 , 121 , 166 , 167 , 239n24
Overgeneralization 170
Induction 2 , 4n4 , 67
Microscopes 1 , 2 , 3 , 4n4 , 9 , 11 , 22 , 31 , 33n9 , 35 , 47 , 151 , 255n16 , 259 , 263
Model building 5 , 9 , 11 , 12 , 12n13 , 20 , 20n5 , 20n6 , 21 , 26 , 2733 , 34 , 3537 , 4044 , 45 , 4648 , 49 , 63 , 67 , 68 , 9091 , 94 , 9698 , 9798n52 , 102 , 103109 , 115 , 117 , 122 , 125 , 126130 , 133138 , 138n13 , 139152 , 154155 , 158 , 166 , 167168 , 169172 , 173n2 , 181185 , 205206 , 209 , 229 , 235n16 , 246 , 258 , 259261 , 262263 , 267270
Philosophy of science 1 , 256
Positivism (Positive knowledge) 1 , 2n2 , 231 , 252
Taxonomy 2 , 4n , 6 , 9 , 17 , 39 , 42 , 48 , 51 , 53 , 54n , 55 , 63 , 67 , 94 , 96 , 97 , 98 , 168 , 169 , 185 , 186 , 206 , 212 , 260 , 261 , 262 , 267
Lumping 6 , 9 , 13 , 1418 , 20 , 22 , 26 , 35 , 4647 , 53 , 96 , 97 , 105 , 135 , 153 , 167 , 185
Splitting 6 , 9 , 13 , 14 , 1618 , 22 , 2627 , 29 , 31 , 33 , 35 , 38 , 45 , 46 , 53 , 65 , 97 , 105 , 129 , 134 , 155 , 157 , 160 , 185categories, concepts, criteria, dialectics, essential, language, method of successive abstractions, philosophy, precision, structural analysis
Serfs labor (laborers, serfs)labor (corvée labor), mode of production (feudal mode of production)
Slavery 9 , 4344 , 58n , 59 , 59n13 , 60 , 5960n14 , 61 , 63 , 64 , 65n , 66 , 6970 , 7071n20 , 72 , 72n21 , 73 , 74 , 75 , 77 , 83 , 85 , 85n42 , 86