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Abbreviations

Bibliographical Abbreviations

[[ ]]

Page and note numbers enclosed in double brackets indicate (1) cross-references to articles reprinted either in this volume or, if an abbreviation is included, in AMD 5, AMD 17, or Gilgamesh; and (2) cross-references to editions of texts in CMAwR.

1R

H. C. Rawlinson, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia, vol. 1. London: E. E. Bowler, 1861.

4R2

H. C. Rawlinson, G. Smith, and T. G. Pinches, The Cuneiform Inscriptions of Western Asia, vol. 4. 2nd ed. London: [British Museum], 1891.

AASOR

Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research

AASOR 16

R. H. Pfeiffer and E. A. Speiser, One Hundred New Selected Nuzi Texts. AASOR 16. New Haven: American Schools of Oriental Research, 1936.

AB

Anchor Bible

ABAW

Abhandlungen der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften

AbB

Altbabylonische Briefe in Umschrift und Übersetzung

ABD

D. N. Freedman, ed., The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6 vols. New York: Doubleday, 1992.

ADFU

Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft in Uruk-Warka

AfO

Archiv für Orientforschung

AfO Beih.

Archiv für Orientforschung Beiheft

AGH

E. Ebeling, Die akkadische Gebetserie “Handerhebung” von neuem gesammelt und herausgegeben. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1953.

AHw

W. von Soden, Akkadisches Handwörterbuch. 3 vols. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1958–1981.

AIL

Ancient Israel and Its Literature

AJA

American Journal of Archaeology

AMD

Ancient Magic and Divination

AMD 3

J. Scurlock, Magico-Medical Means of Treating Ghost-Induced Illnesses in Ancient Mesopotamia. AMD 3. Leiden: Brill/Styx, 2006.

AMD 5

T. Abusch, Mesopotamian Witchcraft: Toward a History and Understanding of Babylonian Witchcraft Beliefs and Literature. AMD 5. Leiden: Brill/Styx, 2002.

AMD 17

T. Abusch, Further Studies on Mesopotamian Witchcraft Beliefs and Literature. AMD 17. Leiden: Brill/Styx, 2020.

ANEM

Ancient Near Eastern Monographs

ANET

J. B. Pritchard, ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament. 3rd ed. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1969.

AnOr

Analecta Orientalia

AnSt

Anatolian Studies

AO

Der Alte Orient

AOAT

Alter Orient und Altes Testament

AoF

Altorientalische Forschungen

AOS

American Oriental Series

AOSTS

American Oriental Society Translation Series

AS

Assyriological Studies

ASSF

Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae

BA

Biblical Archaeologist

BaF

Baghdader Forschungen

BAM

F. Köcher et al., Die babylonisch-assyrische Medizin in Texten und Untersuchungen. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1963–.

BASOR

Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research

BBET

Beiträge zur biblischen Exegese und Theologie

BBR

H. Zimmern, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der babylonischen Religion. 2 vols. Assyriologische Bibliothek 12. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1896–1901.

BBVO

Berliner Beiträge zum Vorderer Orient Texte

Bib

Biblica

BibOr

Biblica et Orientalia

BJS

Brown Judaic Studies

BMes

Bibliotheca Mesopotamica

BMS

W. L. King, Babylonian Magic and Sorcery. London: Luzac, 1896.

BO

Bibliotheca Orientalis

BPOA

Biblioteca del Próximo Oriente Antiguo

BRM

Babylonian Records in the Library of J. Pierpont Morgan

BSGW

Berichte über die Verhandlungen der Sächsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig

BSOAS

Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies

BWL

W. G. Lambert, Babylonian Wisdom Literature. Oxford: Clarendon, 1960.

CAD

A. L. Oppenheim et al., eds., The Assyrian Dictionary of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. Chicago: The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, 1956–2006.

CANE

J. M. Sasson, ed., Civilizations of the Ancient Near East. 4 vols. New York: Scribner, 1995.

CBQMS

Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series

CD

Damascus Document

CḪ

Code of Ḫammurabi

CM

Cuneiform Monographs

CMAwR

T. Abusch et al., Corpus of Mesopotamian Anti-witchcraft Rituals. 3 vols. AMD 8/1–3. Leiden: Brill, 2011–2019. Vol. 1 coauthored with D. Schwemer; vol. 2 coauthored with D. Schwemer with the assistance of M. Luukko and G. Van Buylaere; vol. 3 coauthored with D. Schwemer, M. Luukko, and G. Van Buylaere.

CNIP

Carsten Niebuhr Institute Publications

CT

Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in the British Museum

CTH

E. Laroche, Catalogue des textes hittites. Paris: Klincksieck, 1971.

CTN

Cuneiform Texts from Nimrud

CTN 4

D. J. Wiseman and J. A. Black, Literary Texts from the Temple of Nabû. CTN 4. London: British School of Archaeology in Iraq, 1996.

DSS

Dead Sea Scrolls

FAS

Freiburger altorientalische Studien

FOTL

Forms of the Old Testament Literature

GAAL

Göttinger Arbeitshefte zur altorientalischen Literatur

GAG

W. von Soden, Grundriss der Akkadischen Grammatik. AnOr 33. Rome: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum, 1952.

GBS

Guides to Biblical Scholarship

Gilgamesh

T. Abusch, Male and Female in the Epic of Gilgamesh: Encounters, Literary History, and Interpretation. Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2015.

HALAT

L. Köhler and W. Baumgartner, Hebräisches und aramäisches Lexikon zum Alten Testament. 5 vols. 3rd ed. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1967–1996.

HANE/M

History of the Ancient Near East/Monographs

HES

Heidelberger Emesal-Studien

HKAT

Handkommentar zum Alten Testament

HR

History of Religions

HSAO

Heidelberger Studien zum alten Orient

HSS

Harvard Semitic Studies

HSS 15

E. R. Lacheman, The Administrative Archives. Vol. 6 of Excavations at Nuzi. HSS 15. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1955.

HSS 16

E. R. Lacheman, Economic and Social Documents. Vol. 7 of Excavations at Nuzi. HSS 16. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1958.

HSS 19

E. R. Lacheman, Family Law Documents. Vol. 8 of Excavations at Nuzi. HSS 19. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962.

HUCASup

Hebrew Union College Annual Supplements

JA

Jewish Aramaic

JANEH

Journal of Ancient Near Eastern History

JANER

Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions

JAOS

Journal of the American Oriental Society

JBL

Journal of Biblical Literature

JCS

Journal of Cuneiform Studies

JHebS

Journal of Hebrew Scriptures

JJS

Journal of Jewish Studies

JMC

Journal des médecines cunéiformes

JNES

Journal of Near Eastern Studies

JQR

Jewish Quarterly Review

JRAS

Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society

JSOTSup

Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series

JSP

Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha

JSRC

Jerusalem Studies in Religion and Culture

JSS

Journal of Semitic Studies

K

Tablets in the Collections of the British Museum from Kouyunjik

KALI

Keilschrifttexte aus Assur literarischen Inhalts

KALI 4

S. M. Maul and R. Strauss, Ritualbeschreibungen und Gebete I. KALI 4, WVDOG 133. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2011.

KAR

E. Ebeling, Keilschrifttexte aus Assur religiösen Inhalts. 2 vols. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs, 1915–1923.

LAOS

Leipziger altorientalistische Studien

LAPO

Littératures anciennes du Proche-Orient

LKA

E. Ebeling, Literarische Keilschrifttexte aus Assur. Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1953.

LSS

Leipziger semitistische Studien

MARI

Mari: Annales de recherches interdisciplinaires

MC

Mesopotamian Civilizations

MCAAS

Memoirs of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences

Meier, Maqlû

G. Meier, Die assyrische Beschwörungssammlung “Maqlû.” AfO Beih. 2. Berlin: Selbstverlag E. F. Weidner, 1937.

Meier, “Studien”

G. Meier, “Studien zur Beschwörungssammlung Maqlû.” AfO 21 (1966): 70–81.

MVAG

Mitteilungen der Vorderasiatisch-ägyptischen Gesellschaft

NbK

Neubabylonischen Königsinschriften

NF

Neue Folge

NJPS

Tanakh: The Holy Scriptures: The New JPS Translation according to the Traditional Hebrew Text. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1985.

NPN

I. J. Gelb, P. M. Purves, and A. A. Macrae, Nuzi Personal Names. OIP 57. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1943.

NS

New series

OBC

Orientalia Biblica et Christiana

OBO

Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis

OIP

Oriental Institute Publications

OLA

Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta

OPSNKF

Occasional Publications of the Samuel Noah Kramer Fund

Or

Orientalia

ORA

Orientalische Religionen in der Antike

ORACC

The Open Richly Annotated Cuneiform Corpus (http://oracc .museum.upenn.edu/)

OtSt

Oudtestamentische Studiën

PBS

Publications of the Babylonian Section, University Museum, University of Pennsylvania

PBS I/1

D. W. Myhrman, Babylonian Humns and Prayers. PBS I/1. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1911.

PBS I/2

H. F. Lutz, Selected Sumerian and Babylonian Texts. PBS I/2. Philadelphia: The University Museum, 1919.

RA

Revue d’assyriologie et d’archéologie orientale

RB

Revue Biblique

RIMB

The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Babylonian Periods

RIMB 2

G. Frame, Rulers of Babylonia from the Second Dynasty of Isin to the End of the Assyrian Domination, 1157–612 BC. RIMB 2. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995.

RIME

The Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, Early Periods

RIME 1

D. R. Frayne, Presargonic Period (2700–2350 BC). RIME 1. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008.

RlA

E. Ebeling et al., eds., Reallexikon der Assyriologie und vorderasiatischen Archäologie. Berlin: de Gruyter, 1928–2018.

Rm

Tablets in the Collections of the British Museum (Rassam)

RSO

Rivista degli studi orientali

RT

Ritual Tablet (Maqlû IX)

SAA

State Archives of Assyria

SAACT

State Archives of Assyria Cuneiform Texts

SAALT

State Archives of Assyria Literary Texts

SAAS

State Archives of Assyria Studies

SANE

Sources from the Ancient Near East

SANER

Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Records

SBLDS

Society of Biblical Literature Dissertation Series

SBLMS

Society of Biblical Literature Monograph Series

SBLSymS

Society of Biblical Literature Symposium Series

SBT

Studies in Biblical Theology

SHCANE

Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East

SHR

Studies in the History of Religions

Si

Sippar Collection of the Istanbul Archaeological Museum

SJLA

Studies in Judaism in Late Antiquity

Sm

Tablets in the Collections of the British Museum (G. Smith)

SMN

Semitic Museum Nuzi

SMS

Syro-Mesopotamian Studies

SMSR

Studi e materiali di storia delle religioni

SpBTU

H. Hunger (vol. 1) and E. von Weiher (vols. 2–3), Spätbabylonische Texte aus Uruk. Ausgrabungen der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft in Uruk-Warka, Endberichte, 9, 10, 12. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1976–1988.

SSN

Studia Semitica Neerlandica

StPohl

Studia Pohl

StSem

Studi semitici

STT

O. R. Gurney, J. J. Finkelstein, and P. Hulin, eds., The Sultantepe Tablets. 2 vols. Occasional Publications of the British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara 3, 7. London: British Institute of Archaeology at Ankara, 1957–1964.

ŠU-ILA

O. Loretz and W. R. Mayer, ŠU-ILA-Gebete: Supplement zu L. W. King, “Babylonian Magic and Sorcery.” AOAT 34. Kevalaer: Butzon & Bercker, 1978.

TAPS

Transactions of the American Philosophical Society

TCS

Texts from Cuneiform Sources

TUAT

Texte aus der Umwelt des Alten Testaments

UF

Ugarit-Forschungen

UḪ

Udug-ḫul-a-kam

VAB

Vorderasiatische Bibliothek

VAB 4

S. Langdon, Die neubabylonischen Königsinschriften. VAB 4. Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1912.

VTE

Vassal Treaties of Esarhaddon

VTSup

Supplements to Vetus Testamentum

WAW

Writings from the Ancient World

WMANT

Wissenschaftliche Monographien zum Alten und Neuen Testament

WO

Die Welt des Orients

WVDOG

Wissenschaftliche Veröffentlichungen der Deutschen Orient-Gesellschaft

YNER

Yale Near Eastern Researches

ZA

Zeitschrift für Assyriologie

ZDMG

Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft

ZSS

Zeitschrift der Savigny-Stiftung für Rechtsgeschichte, Romanistische Abteilung

Abbreviations of Biblical and Apocryphal Books

Gen

Genesis

Exod

Exodus

Lev

Leviticus

Num

Numbers

Deut

Deuteronomy

Judg

Judges

1–2 Sam

1–2 Samuel

1–2 Kgs

1–2 Kings

Isa

Isaiah

Jer

Jeremiah

Jon

Jonah

Nah

Nahum

Hab

Habbakuk

Ps(s)

Psalm(s)

Dan

Daniel

Neh

Nehemiah

1–2 Chr

1–2 Chronicles

Bar

Baruch

Technical Abbreviations

absol.

absolute

acc.

accusative

b.

Babylonian Talmud

BCE

Before the Common Era

CE

Common Era

ch(s).

chapter(s)

dupl(s).

duplicate(s)

ED

Early Dynastic

ed(s).

edition, editor(s), edited by

fem.

feminine

fig(s).

figure(s)

gen.

genitive

J

Yahwistic source of the Pentateuch

JA

Jewish Aramaic

lit.

literally

LXX

Septuagint

m.

Mishnah

masc.

masculine

mng.

meaning

ms(s).

manuscript(s)

MT

Masoretic Text

n(n).

note(s)

Nab.

Nabataean Aramaic

NB

Neo-Babylonian

no(s).

number(s)

obv.

obverse

P

Priestly source of the Pentateuch

p(p).

page(s)

Palm.

Palmyrene Aramaic

pers.

person

pl(s).

plate(s)

poss.

possessive

prep.

preposition

rev.

reverse

rev. ed.

revised edition

sing.

singular

suff.

suffix

Sum.

Sumerian

v(v).

verse(s)

var(s).

variant reading(s)

vol(s).

volume(s)

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