1 Title page, fol. 1r of Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS NAF 4193 29

2 Fair copy. Fols. 109v–110r of Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS NAF 4193 30

3 Rough copy. Fol. 11r of Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS NAF 4193 31

4 Wansleben’s Levant 32

5 Turkish vessels (saics and cimbers). Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien naar diverse coninck-rycken, landen, en steden soo nu als dan door mij Gerard Hinlopen gedaan, Amsterdam University Library, MS VIII E-15 i–xi 35

6 Chios Island and port, Greece, 17th century. Museo Navale, Pegli, Italy 50

7 Chios, female headdress. Nicolas de Nicolay, Les navigations, after p. 52 64

8 Smyrna. Cornelis de Bruyn, Voyage au Levant (Paris, 1714), between pp. 24 and 25 70

9 Sir John Finch. Portrait by Peter Lely (1618–1680), Christ’s College, University of Cambridge, UK 75

10 Sir Paul Rycaut. Portrait by Peter Lely, c.1679. The National Portrait Gallery, London, UK 76

11 Aqueduct near Smyrna, c.1750. Drawn by J.S. Müller after the author’s original sketch. Alexander Drummond, Travels through different Cities of Germany, Italy, Greece, and several Parts of Asia (London, 1754), p. 115 82

12 Sir Thomas Baines. Portrait by Carlo Dolci (1616–1686), painted between 1665 and 1670. The Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, UK 88

13 The Hellespont, Seddülbahir. Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 89

14 Kara Mustapha Pasha, 1696 (?). Portrait by an unknown artist. Wien Museum, Austria, inv. nr. 31.033 104

15 The Seven Towers fortress (Yedikule). Cornelis de Bruyn, Voyage au Levant (Paris, 1714) 109

16 Pompey’s Pillar, Bosphorus. Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 113

17 Column of Arcadius. Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 116

18 Obelisk of Theodosius. Photograph 22 May 1862. Royal Collection Trust UK 120

19 The Serpentine Pillar, the Porphyry Pillar, and the Pillar of Emperor Marcian. George Wheler, A Journey into Greece (London, 1682), p. 185 121

20 Sultan Ahmed’s Mosque (‘Blue Mosque’). Eberhard Werner Happel, Thesaurus Exoticum (Hamburg, 1688), p. 240 122

21 The new mosque or Sultan Ahmed’s mosque. Wheler, A Journey into Greece (London, 1682), p. 186 123

22 Great Mosque of Bursa (Ulu Cami). View from the slopes of Uludağ. Nineteenth-century engraving, Edouard Charton, Le Tour du Monde (1864) 132

23 View of Bursa from the Ankara road. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Relation d’un voyage du Levant, vol. 2 (Paris, 1717), p. 468 140

24 View of Bursa from Mount Olympus. Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Relation d’un voyage du Levant, vol. 2 (Paris, 1717), p. 468 141

25 Column of Constantine. Istanbul: the column of Constantine and the street Yeniçeriler Caddesi. Engraving attributed to D. Pronti after W. Reveley (1760–1799), c.1800. The Wellcome Collection 2143449i 147

26 Tefkur Sarayı, Istanbul. Photograph by Sebah & Joaillier, 1885 148

27 Fortress of Bozcaada/Tenedos. Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 168

28 Fortress of Kilitbahir (top drawing). Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 173

29 Gallipoli. De Bruyn, Voyage au Levant (Paris, 1714) 175

30 The Marquis de Nointel enters Jerusalem. Painting by Arnould de Veuz, 1674, 4 Rue de Marginan, Paris, France 188

31 ‘Porta Suda Paleo in Candia’, by Jan Peeters the Elder and Lucas Vorsterman, published Antwerp, c.1680 194

32 ‘De kerk de Solimanie genaamt’ (‘the church called Süleymaniyye’). Gerard Hinlopen, Verscheyde voyagien 226

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