Author:
Elif Mendos Kuşkonmaz
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Abbreviations

Acronyms

ag

Advocate General

api

Advanced Passenger Information

apis

Advanced Passenger Information System

Article 29 Working Party

Working Party

ats

Automated Targeting System

ats-upax

Automated Targeting System Passenger Unit

cbp

Customs and Border Protection

cfr

Code of Federal Regulations

cia

Central Intelligence Agency

cjeu

Court of Justice of the European Union

CoE

Council of Europe

crs

Computer Reservation System

csli

Cell-site Location Data

dhs trip

Department of Homeland Security Traveller Redress Inquiry

dhs

Department of Homeland Security

DoJ

Department of Justice

eaw

European Arrest Warrant

ec

European Community

ECtHR

European Court of Human Rights

edpb

European Data Protection Board

edps

European Data Protection Supervisor

esta

Electronic System for Travel Authorization

EU

European Union

fbi

Federal Bureau of Investigations

fipp

Fair Information Practice Principles

fr

Federal Register

gao

Government Accountability Office

gds

Global Distribution System

iap

Immigration Advisory Program

icao

International Civil Aviation Organization

ice

Immigration and Customs Enforcement

imei

International Mobile Identity

ins

Immigration Naturalization Service

ipt

Investigatory Powers Tribunal

mla

Mutual Legal Assistance

nis

Naval Investigation Service

nsa

National Security Agency

ntc

National Targeting Service

oecd

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

osi

Other Service Related Information

pau

Passenger Analytical Unit

pia

Privacy Impact Assessment

pnr

Passenger Name Records

Program

rclg

Regional Carriers Liaison Groups Programme

socta

Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment

ssi

Special Services Information

ssr

Special Service Request

UK

United Kingdom

UN

United Nations

US

United States of America

usc

The Code of Laws of the United States of America

Legislation

atsa

Aviation and Transportation Security Act of 2001

Charter

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union [2000] oj C364/1 (18 December 2000)

Data Protection Directive

Directive 95/46/ec of the European Parliament and of the Council 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data [1995] oj L281/31 (23 November 1995)

Directive on Combating Terrorism

Directive 2017/541 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 15 March 2017 on combating terrorism, replacing Council Framework Decision 2002/475/jha and amending Council Decision 2005/671/jha [2017] oj L88/6 (31 March 2017)

echr

European Convention on Human Rights

eu–us mla

Agreement on Mutual Legal Assistance between the European Union and the United States of America [2003] oj L181/34 (19 July 2003)

eu–us pnr Agreement

Agreement between the United States of America and the European Union on the use and transfer of passenger name records to the United States of Department of Homeland Security [2012] oj L215/5 (11 July 2012)

foia

Freedom of Information Act

gdpr

Regulation 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/ec [2016] oj L119/1 (4 May 2016)

Law Enforcement Directive

Directive (EU) 2016/680 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data by competent authorities for the purposes of the prevention, investigation, detection or prosecution of criminal offences or the execution of criminal penalties, and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Council Framework Decision 2008/977/jha [2016] oj L119/1 (4 May 2016)

occa

Organized Crime Control Act of 1970

rico

Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organisations Act

teu

Treaty on European Union (consolidated version 2016) [2016] oj C202/1 (7 June 2016)

tfeu

Treaty of Lisbon, amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community, 13 December 2007 [2007] oj C306/1 (17 December 2007)

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