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Indexes

Index of Quotations and Citations of Biblical, Pseudepigrapha, Qumran, and Rabbinic Texts

The entries included in the Index of Quotations and Citations cover all the chapters of the book and include their footnotes.

1 Biblical

Genesis (Gen)
5:1 181
10:23 255
15:3 233
15:5 170n28
17:5 48n7
17:18 232
17:21 232
21:12 232
24:49 109n28
26:5 228
31:34 165n12
37:5–9 165n12
41 165n12
41:14–36 133n107
44:5 165n12
45 165n12
Exodus (Exod)
7:11 247
19:1 170
20:4 278n44
20:20 277
20:23 276
33:16 120n71, 121, 129
34:6 114n43 115, 122
Leviticus (Lev)
11:1–23 329
16:8 268n14
19:14 259n157
19:31 173n38
20:4 251
20:23 273
Numbers (Num)
1:19 282n53
12:6–8 109n28, 114n47, 115, 123 and n84
32:22 222
Deuteronomy (Deut)
4:6 238, 240, 241
4:7 241
13:1–2 129
14:3–20 329
18:9 254, 268n14, 271n26, 272n28
18:9–22 165n11
18:10–11 164, 250
18:11 251, 263n7
18:12 173n38, 254
18:13 164, 254
29:28 258n155
Joshua (Josh)
21:4 162
1 Samuel (1 Sam)
6:7–14 165n12
9:21 162
19:13 165n12
20:21 249
28:6 165n12
28:8 251
2 Kings (2 Kings)
1:2 241
1:4 241
1:6 241
1:16 242
20:1 230
20:6 241n89
1 Chronicles (1 Chron)
10:13–14 165n12
Job (Job)
4:12–16 165n12
6:13 257
22:2 116n59
22:3 117
25:4 116n60, 117
27:5 258
34:9 116n59
35:3 116n59
Psalms (Ps)
16:5 175n47, 183
19:9 187
25:14 183
32:10 180
34:15 218, 223
89:53 183
91:1 109n28
104:4 136
107:33 136
116:6 219
116:13–14 32
119 167
119:15 170
119:18 167, 184
119:104 170
139 116n57, 117n62, 125
Proverbs (Prov)
8:4 120n72, 121, 130
10:2 41n89, 229, 242
11:4 41n89, 229
20:17 249
22:20 170
25:18 249
Ecclesiastes (Eccles)
9:11 36, 41n90
Isaiah (Isa)
3:1–3 165n12
5:12 238n81
19:3 165n11
19:11 248
19:12 248
20:3 129
37:16 114n38, 115, 122, 123
38:1 230
38:5 230, 241n89
40:12 136
41:2 228
44:25 249
57:3 165n11
Jeremiah (Jer)
10:2 229
31:33 259
Lamentations (Lam)
3:15 249
Ezekiel (Ezek)
1:1 109n28, 136
21:26 249
21:26–28 165n12
Daniel (Dan)
1:4 124
1:17 124 and n86
2:1 132
2:2 133, 245, 246, 247n106
2:4 255
2:5 108, 123n85, 133n108, 136
2:10 246
2:10–11 133n107
2:13 133
2:17 133, 136
2:17–19 132
2:18 123n85, 133, 136
2:19 133, 135
2:19–22 109n28
2:20 123
2:20–22 116n53, 117, 123 and n84, 132
2:21 117n61, 118n63, 123, 124, 131, 134
2:20–23 123, 136
2:23 123 and n85, 133n108, 136
2:27 246, 247n106
2:27–28 124
2:29–45 124n86
2:30 126
2:31–45 123n85
4:4 245, 246
5:5 247
5:7 247
5:11 245, 246
8:2 136
8:15 136
9:3 136
10:2–3 136
10:4 136
10:11 114n48, 115, 123
10:16 136
Amos (Amos)
3:7 183
3:8 109n28
Jonah (Jonah)
1:7 165n12
Hosea (Hosea)
7:10 162
Joel (Joel)
3:4 282n53
Micah (Micah)
2:12 158
Nahum (Nahum)
1:4 136
Revelations (Revelations)
10:10 34

2 Pseudepigrapha

1 Enoch
13:7–10 136
72–82 50, 69, 70
72:6 65
72:6–7a 74n103
72:6–8 74
72:25b–7 74
73 53
73:4 86n139
73:4–8 54n30
73:5–8 86n139
73:6–7 54n30
76:13–77:4 54
78:6–8, 54
78:10 54
78:17–79:2 54
79:3–5 54
82:4 64n68
82:9–13 54
Jubilees (Jub)
12:16–17 48
15:7 48n7

3 Qumran

4Q186 47 and n4
4Q201 53n29
4Q202 53n29
4Q204–4Q212, 53n29
4Q208 46, 49–50, 52–54 and n33, 61–66 and n68 and n74, 72n101, 73–80 and n107, 84–87, 89
4Q209 46, 48–50 and n10, 52, 54 and n30 and n33, 61 and n56, 62n57, 62–64 and n68, 65 and n70, 66n73 and n74, 67, 68n77 and n78, 70–71, 72n101, 73–81 and n106, n111, n118, 84–86 and n139, 87–91, 94–95, 97 and n155, 99, 100
4Q211 70
4Q299 47 and n6
4Q318 46 and n3, 49–50, 55–60 and n47, 61, 64, 73–75, 79, 87
4Q415 47n5
4Q416 47 and n5
4Q417 47 and n5
4Q418 47n5
4Q561 47n4
4QAstronomical Enocha-b ar (see 4Q208–209)
4QAstronomical Enochd ar (see 4Q211)
4QBrontologion ar (see 4Q318)
4QInstructionb c (see 4Q416–4Q417)
4QMysteriesa (see 4Q299)
4QPhysiognomic Horoscope (see 4Q561)
4QZodiac Calendar (see 4Q318)
4QZodiacal Physiognomy (see 4Q186)
11QJubilees (see 11Q12)
11Q12 48 and n8

4 Rabbinic

Talmud Bavli
Avodah zarah 5a 181n70
Avodah zarah 43a 277n41
Avodah zarah 43a–b 278
Bava batra 16b 227n35
Bava batra 160b–161a 120n69
Bava kamma 82a 220n9
Bava meṣia 85 181n70
Beraḵot 55a–57b 141, 146
Beraḵot 55b 104n11, 141n5, 169n27
Beraḵot 56a 141n5, 169
Beraḵot 57b 104n11, 169n24 and n27
Beraḵot 58b 204, 257n148
Beraḵot 59a 231n49
Eruvim 52a 257n152
Eruvim 64a 257n152
Giṭṭin 56a 169n23
Giṭṭin 67b 169n22
Giṭṭin 81b 120n69
Ḥagigah 15a 169n23
Ḥullin 13a 172n37
Ḥullin 95a–b 169n23
Ḥullin 95b 170
Kritot 3b 254n134
Megillah 7a 170n30
Nazir 35b 250n115
Nedarim 32a 48n7, 228n39
Pesaḥim 39a 257n152
Pesaḥim 113b 173n38, 193, 206, 222n19, 255n140
Roš ha-šanah 11b 231n49 and n51
Roš ha-šanah 19b 53n27
Roš ha-šanah 24b 277n41
Šabbat 67a 273
Šabbat 75a 238–239n80–82, 240n85, 242n94, 254n138
Šabbat 116a 172n37
Šabbat 119a 234n63 and n65
Šabbat 129b 219n7, 222n20
Šabbat 156a 195n7, 225n30, 228n37, and n38, 229n41, 230n45, 232n54, 237n77
Šabbat 156b 173n38, 225n30–31, 226n32, 227n33, 228n37, 231n48, 232n52 and n53, 233n60, 234n67, 235n69 and n71, 242n91 and n92
Sanhedrin 12a 53n27
Sanhedrin 64b 251n117
Sanhedrin 65a 253n133, 254n134
Sanhedrin 65b 251n118, 252n124, n125, and n127, 253n133, 254n135, and 136
Sanhedrin 66a 252n128–129
Sanhedrin 67a 253n132
Sanhedrin 100b 172n37
Šavuot 39a 259n158
Yoma 28b 227n35
Talmud Yerushalmi
Maʿaser šeni 4:12 170n28
Šabbat 6:10 169n23
Sanhedrin 7:7 254n135
Midrash
Genesis Rabbah 24:2 181n70
Genesis Rabbah 44:12 48n7
Deuteronomy Rabbah, Niṣavim 117 170n30
Esther Rabbah 7:13 169n23
Lamentations Rabbah 1:52 170n28
Sanhedrin 7:7 254n135
Sifre Rabbah, Deut 171 165n12
Šir ha-širim rabbah 7.8 229n42
Tehillim 137.3 229n42
Mishnah
Avodah zarah 3:3 282, 283n54
Ḥagigah 2:1 38n74
Roš ha-šanah 1–3 26n22
Yoma 2:1 35n63
Pesiqtaʿ rabbati
28 229n42
Targum Onkelos
Gen 31:19 250
Seder ʿolam rabbah
4 231n50
Sifra
Kedošim 6 252n129
Tosefta
Ḥullin 2:6 172n37
Šabbat 7,12 251n118
Sanhedrin 10:6 254n135
Baraita di-Shmuel
7 204n24
9 223n26, 237n78
Baraita de-mazzalot
12 204n24
15 223n26, 237n78

Index of Names (People, Places, and Texts)

The names and terms included in the Index of Names and the Index of Subjects cover all the chapters of the books, with the exception of their footnotes and the Introductory Essay and its footnotes.

1 Enoch, see Book of Enoch, Ethiopic
1 Enoch 72–82, see Book of the Luminaries
2 Enoch, see Book of Enoch, Slavonic
Abaye (the amora) 169, 227, 278, 281
ʿAbd al-Ghanī al-Nābulusī 157
Ablat (the astrologer) 235, 242
Abraham (the patriarch) 174, 195, 227, 231–233, 314
Abraham bar Ḥiyya 192–207, 217, 222, 236, 257–258
Abraham ben Eliezer ha-Levi 175
Abraham ibn Ezra 144, 182, 185, 279
Abraham of Posquières 279, 284
Abū ʿAlī ibn al-Ḥassan al-Hātim 270
Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Ibrahīm 317
Abū Bakr ibn Mujāhid 317
Abū Bakr Maḥmūd ibn Bashīr 317
Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī 299
Abū ’l-Ḥakīm(?) Abdul-Raḥmān ibn Abdullāh(?) 317
Abū Maʿshar 269
Abū Muḥammad ʿAbdullāh ibn Qutaybah al-Dīnawarī 157
Abū Sahl ʿĪsā al-Jurjānī 146
Abū Ṭāhir ibn Ghannām 157–158
Abyssinians 153
Adam 181, 315
Ahaziah (son of Ahab, king of Judea) 241
Aldabi, see Meir ben Isaac Aldabi of Toledo
Alexander (Aristotle’s student) 300
Alexander Nequam 302
Alexandria 32
Almagest 82
Almandal of Solomon 313
Almoli, see Solomon Almoli
Amka 154
Amorite, ways of the 273, 275
Anatolia 36
Apollo 33, 41
Apollonius 312
ʿĀraba 155
ʾAram 255
Arameans 255
Aramaic ‘Astronomical Book’ 70, 73
ʾArbaʿah turim 179
Aristotle 274, 275, 300
Aristotelian/non- 262, 271, 273–275, 290
Pseudo Aristotle 290
Armenians 155
Artaxerxes I 58
Artemidorus Daldianus 141, 156
Aryeh Levin 162, 188
Asaph the Physician 31
Asclepius 31
Ashkenaz 304
Ashkenazi 105, 143, 181
Ashkenazic Pietists, see Ḥasidei Askenaz
Asia Minor 156
Assyrian Dream Book 140
Auctoris incerti de physiognomonia libellus 289
Azulai, see Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai
Baʿal Shem Tov 187
Baalbek 155
Baʿalei tosafot 105
Baalzebub (god of Ekron) 241
Babylon 249, 250, 255
Babylonia 102, 105
Babylonian 27, 51–53, 58, 60, 70–71, 74, 76, 81–88, 269–270, 292
Babylonian Talmud 141, 157, 169, 206
Balaam 174
Banias 155
Bar Barzillai, see Judah bar Barzillai ha-Bargeloni
Bar Ḥadya 169
Bar Qappara 239
Baraita di-Shmuel 206
Baraitot 204, 237
Barcelona, Jewish community of- 192–194, 198–199
Bartholomeus Anglicus 302
Bartolomeo Della Rocca Cocles 290, 297–298
Baysān 154
Ben Adret, see Solomon ben Adret
Ben Qurra, see Thābit ben Qurra al-Ḥarrānī
Berbers 155
Bible (as a tool for divination) 161–163, 169, 174, 177, 184–186, 188
Birḵat ha-mapil 109
Birḵei Yosef 185
al-Biṭrīq, see Yaḥyā ibn al-Biṭrīq
Book of Armagh 330
Book of Daniel 102, 123, 132, 134, 136–137, 143, 245–246
Book of Enoch
Ethiopic- (= 1 Enoch) 50, 53–54, 65, 69–75, 86–87, 136
Slavonic- (= 2 Enoch) 69
Book of Generation 322
Book of Instruction by Raziel (Liber institutionis) 312–313
Book of Job 124
Book of Jubilees, see Scroll 11Q12
Book of the Luminaries (1 Enoch 72–82) 54, 62, 67, 69–71, 75, 87
Book of Muḥammad 312–314, 317, 327
Book of Nabatean Agriculture 262, 269, 270
Book of Raziel, see Liber Razielis
Book of Twitches 30, 31
al-Bukhāʾrī, see Muḥammad ibn Ismaʿil al-Juʿfi al-Bukhāʾrī
Bustanai (son of David, the Patriarch) 30
Byzantines 155
Byzantine 49, 61, 143
Cadmug Gospels 330
Cairene, Jewish community 110, 134
Cairo, see Fusṭāṭ (Old Cairo)
Cairo Genizah 22, 24–25, 28–30, 32, 36, 40, 101–102, 106–112, 122, 124–125, 127–129, 132, 134, 137, 140, 145–146, 157–158, 174, 294
Cambridge University Library 112
Canaan 165
Caro, see Joseph Caro
Castro, see Jacob Castro
Chaldean 355
= any form of magic and qesem forbidden in Scripture 254–255
meaning of- 193
-method 234
Chaldeans 225–227, 234–236, 242, 255
answer of- 224–226
ask- 225
consult- / consulting- 197, 200, 209, 217, 222–226, 254–256
consultation of- 193–194, 203, 209, 222–224, 206
deeds of the- 223
discipline of- 228
fear/be afraid of their answers/words 225
false prophets 255
-go further into the details than astrology does 234
-know how to change the future 234
listen to their answers/advice 225
occupation of- 227
science of- 233
Chester Beatty collection 141
Christianity 28, 104
Chyromantie ac physionomie Anastasis 290, 298
Cocles, see Bartolomeo Della Rocca Cocles
Codex Sinaiticus 34
Commentary on the Aphorisms of Hippocrates 272, 273
Commentary on the Sefer yeṣirah
-by Judah bar Barzillai 202, 204, 206
-by Saadia Gaon 204, 250
Commentary to the Mishnah 262, 267, 282–285
Constantinople 113, 144, 330
Contemplation of Mankinde 297
Copts 155
Cracow 180, 291
Damascus 155
Daniel (the Prophet) 123–124, 132–136, 164, 245–247
Daniel’s Prayer 124, 132
David (King Solomon’s father), see King David
David ibn Bilia 271
De natura rerum 302
De naturis rerum 302
De proprietatibus rerum 302
Dead Sea scrolls 26, 47–49, 56, 70, 169
Derbend 155
Egypt 23, 44, 102, 105, 153, 247–248, 285
Egyptians 34, 248
Ekron 241
Eleazar of Worms 178
Elijah ben Solomon of Smyrna (Elijah ha-Cohen = Elijah of Smyrna) 186–187
Elijah ben Solomon Zalman, see Elijah of Vilna
Elijah ha-Kohen, see Elijah ben Solomon of Smyrna
Elijah of Vilna (= Vilna Gaon = Gaon of Vilna = Elijah ben Solomon Zalman) 161–163, 185–189
Elul 26, 56, 58
Enan the Demon 299
Enoch 54, 62, 70, 314
Enūma Anu Enlil 64
Epistles of the Brethren of Purity 270
Erfurt 291
Essenes 169
Ethiopians 153
Ethiopic ‘Astronomical Book’ 50, 74
Flavius Josephus 168
Frank, see Tzvi Pesaḥ Frank
Franks 155
Fusṭāṭ (Old Cairo) 106, 111–112, 124
Galen 272
Galenic-
medical theory 290
Gaon of Vilna, see Elijah of Vilna
Gaon Rabbi Elijah, see Elijah of Vilna
Gehuṣṭariʾel 121, 130–132
Gerard of Cremona 299
Gershom ben Solomon of Arles 302–303
Geter 255
Goralot Aḥitofel 32
Goralot ʾurim ve-tummim 29, 31, 35, 43, 184
Gospel of the Calf (Luke) 323
Gospel of the Lion (Mark) 322
Gospel of the Lots of Mary 23, 34, 28
Gospels 314, 322
GR''A, see Elijah of Vilna
Guide of the Perplexed 262–264, 268, 271, 273, 275, 279, 281
Ḥai ben Sherira Gaon 140, 143–144, 146, 156–158, 173–174
Ḥai Gaon, see Ḥai ben Sherira Gaon
Hakarat panim le-Rabbi Yishmaʿel 293
Ḥalfon ben Manasseh 30
Hamuli 330–331
al-Ḥarizi, see Judah al-Ḥarizi
Harran 261–262
Ḥasidei Ashkenaz 105, 178, 295
Hasidism 187–188
Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai 185–187
Ḥayyim šaʿal 186
Ḥayyim Vital 176
Hebron 154
Hekhalot 110, 174, 293–295
Hekhalot rabbati 38
Hermes 33, 41, 312, 314
Hezekiah (king of Judea), see King Hezekiah
Hiddekel (river) 136
Hill, see Thomas Hill
Hipparchus 82–83
Hippocrates 31
House of Light 293
Ḥul 255
Iberian Peninsula 250
ʿIblin 155
Ibn ʿAbdūllah, see Jābir ibn ʿAbdūllah
Ibn Bilia, see David ibn Bilia
Ibn Ezra
(see Abraham ibn Ezra)
(see Moshe ibn Ezra)
Ibn Sīrīn, see Muḥammad ibn Sīrīn
Ibn Waḥshiyya 262, 269–270
Ibn Zabara, see Joseph ben Meir ibn Zabara of Barcelona
Ibn Zarza, see Samuel ibn Zarza
Ifriqiya 105
India 31
Indians 155
Iraq 155, 157
Isaac (Abraham’s son) 174, 232
Isaac ben Samuel of Acre 175
Isaac Luria 176, 185, 296
Isaac Polgar 196
Isaiah (the prophet) 230, 314
Ishmael (Abraham’s son) 232
Ishmaelites 32
Israel 26–27, 30, 33, 106, 115, 122, 129, 162, 195, 222–224, 229–233, 236–243, 259, 293, 314
behavior and merit of- 230
great dignity of- 240
-has / does not have a star 227–232
knowledge distinctive of- 240
-nullifies the stellar decree / the testimony of the stars 210, 230, 240–242
-can nullify stellar decrees 195, 229–230
-obliged to calculate tequfot and mazzalot 238
righteousness of- 240, 242
specific wisdom of- 195
status vis-à-vis the influence of the stars / the stellar influence 195, 231, 248
strength and merits of- 229
wisdom of- 123
Isserles, see Moses Isserles
Italy 72, 143
Jābir ibn ʿAbdūllah 127
Jacob (son of Isaac) 174
Jacob Castro 180
Jacob of Marvège 174
Jawr 154
Jericho 154
Jerusalem 89, 93, 154, 162
Jesus (son of Mary) 314, 317
Jifār 153
Joḥanan, see Rabbi Joḥanan
Jordan 154
Joseph (son of Jacob) 141, 164, 314
Joseph ben Meir ibn Zabara of Barcelona 298
Joseph Caro 176, 179–180
Joseph-who-honors-Shabbats 234
Joshua (son of Nun) 314
Judah (son of Jacob) 165
Judah al-Ḥarizi 301
Judah bar Barzillai ha-Bargeloni 192–207, 218, 257
Judah ha-Levi 279
Judaism, legal frame of- 196
Kairouan
Grand Mosque 330
Kalendrier des bergiers 291
Karaite 157
Kasr 155
Kedar 249
Kimah 231
King David 170, 314, 330
King Hezekiah 230, 241
King Solomon 30, 155, 300–301, 311–314, 322
Kislev 56, 89–90, 99–100
Kitāb al-Manṣūrī (Kitāb al-Manṣūrī fī ʼl-ṭibb) 299, 303
Kitāb sirr al-ʿasrār 301
Lamed-Heh Convoy 161–162
Letter of Aristeas 31
Letter on Astrology (Maimonides) 285
Letter to Judah bar Barzillai 192, 194, 198, 217–259
Levin, see Aryeh Levin
Liber almansoris (= Liber medicinalis almansoris) 299, 305
Liber Institutionis, see Book of Instrution by Raziel
Liber physonomie 288
Liber Razielis 326
Lithuania 161, 187
Lithuanian
rabbinic elite- 188
Jewish culture 161
Lot (son of Haran) 314
Luria, see Isaac Luria
Macedonia 31
macedonian 31
Magister Speculi 312–313, 317
Maimonides 178–179, 186, 196, 261–265, 328
al-Māʾmūn, see Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Māʾmūn
Mappah 179
Margoliot, see Meir Margoliot
Mari 102
Maš 255
Mefašer ḥelmin 144
Meir ben Isaac Aldabi of Toledo 303–305
Meir Margoliot 187
Meiri, see Menaḥem ben Solomon Meiri
Menaḥem ben Solomon Meiri 277
Menasseh ben Israel 158
Merkavah 38
-circle 294
-mystic 293
Meton of Athens 51
Michael Scotus 288
Mishnah 26, 31, 283
Mishneh Torah 262, 276, 279, 283–285
Moses (the prophet) 115, 123, 165, 296, 314, 318
-father of physiognomy 296
Moses ibn Ezra 279
Moses Isserles 180
Mount of Galilee 155
Moses of Leon 300
Mount Sinai 318, 330
MS British Library Or. 5563 G.22 146
MS Cambridge University Library Add. 1224.4 143
MS Cambridge University Library Add. 667.1 143
MS Cambridge University Library Or. 557 143
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 11.17 146
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 31.107 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 43.232 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 43.95 146
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 43.99 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS Ar. 51.41 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS AS 143.325 122–123, 126, 130
MS Cambridge University Library TS AS 172.181 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS K 1.111 102, 112, 122–123, 125, 128, 131–133, 137
MS Cambridge University Library TS K 1.131 32
MS Cambridge University Library TS Misc. 6.156 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS Misc. 8.75 147
MS Cambridge University Library TS NS 322.39 147
MS Florence, Biblioteca nazionale II. iii. 214 314
MS Frankfurt Stadt- und Universitätsbibliothek heb. oct. 35 143, 148
MS London, Montefiore Library 484 192, 197–199, 202, 217
MS Lucca, Biblioteca Capitolare 490 328
MS Munich, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek CLM 849 128, 131
MS Warsaw, Zydowski Instytut Historyczny 240 143
MS Warsaw Zydowski Instytut Historyczny 282 192, 197–198, 202, 217
Muḥammad (the prophet) 313–315, 317
Muḥammad ibn al-Ḥasan ibn al-Māʾmūn 317
Muḥammad ibn Ismaʿil al-Juʿfi al-Bukhārī 127
Muḥammad ibn Sīrīn 145
MUL.APIN 57, 69–70, 72
Naḥman ben Isaac 225, 234–235
Naḥmanides 181, 185
National Library of Israel 143
Nawa 155
Nebuchadnezzar 123–124, 132–133, 135–136, 245–246, 255
Nehardea 204, 257
New-Moon (festival) 25–26
Nisan 25, 56, 60–61, 80, 85–87, 91–93, 96–98
Nisannu 80
Nissim Girondi 278, 281
Noah (son of Lamekh) 30–31, 314
Oneirokritika 141
Oriens (a spirit or angelic creature) 131–132, 324
Palestine 26, 29, 105, 153
Palmyra 155
Paris 291
Pehuṣaṭariʾal 121, 130–132
Pentateuch 181–182, 184–186, 188
Persians 155
Pharaoh 247–248
Picatrix 270
Pitron ḥalomot 143–144, 148, 151
Plato 299, 303, 306–310
Polgar, see Isaac Polgar
Portugal 271
Pseudo-Ḥai 143–144, 156–157
Ptolemy 31, 82–83
Pumbedita 157
Qeriʾat shemaʿ ʿal-ha-miṭah 109
Qumran 24, 27, 46, 48, 50, 52–53, 60–61, 71–72, 84, 88–91, 93–94, 96, 168, 292–293, 295
Qumranites 293, 297
Rabbi Akiva 225, 230–231, 235, 242, 251–252
Rabbi Ashe 226
Rabbi Ḥanina 230
Rabbi Joḥanan 169, 229, 230
Rabbi Judah (Babylonian Talmud) 230
Rabbi Naḥman, see Naḥman ben Isaac
Rabbi Shimon 301
Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi 226–227
Ragshiel (Master of dreams) 175
Rav 170, 230, 233
Rava 169, 226–227
Rayy 299
Raza de-Razin 300
Reductorium phisonomie 286
Responsa
of the Geonim 295
of Ḥayyim Joseph David Azulai 186
Rhazes, see Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zakariyyā al-Rāzī
Rīf 153
Rolandus Scriptoris of Lisbon 287
Saadiah ben Yosef Gaon 204, 250
Saadia Gaon, see Saadia ben Yosef Gaon
Šaʿar ha-šamayim 302–303
Sabbath 318
Sabianism 285
Sabians 262, 270
Safed 296
Ṣaḥib al-šurṭa 198, 218
Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 127
salāt al-istiḵāra 127
Salonika 142
Samuel (the amora) 170, 177, 204, 219, 222, 224, 230, 235, 237, 242
Samuel ben Ḥofni Gaon 144
Samuel ibn Zarza 270–271
Sanhedrin 26
Satan 325
Saturn 202, 211, 218–220, 237, 269, 282
Sayings of the Fathers 31
Schedula diversarum artium 328
Scroll 4QAstronomical Enocha ar, see scroll 4Q208
Scroll 4QAstronomical Enochb ar, see scroll 4Q209
Scroll 4QAstronomical Enochd ar, see scroll 4Q211
Scroll 4QBrontologion ar, see scroll 4Q318
Scroll 4QZodiac Calendar, see scroll 4Q318
Scroll 4QZodiacal Physiognomy, see scroll 4Q186
Scroll 11QJubilees, see scroll 11Q12
Scroll 4Q186 47
Scroll 4Q208 46, 48–50, 52–54, 61–66, 73–74, 76–80, 84–87, 89
Scroll 4Q209 46, 48–50, 52–54, 61–67, 70, 73–77, 79–81, 84–91, 94–95, 98–99
Scroll 4Q211 70
Scroll 4Q318 26, 46, 49–50, 55, 57–59, 60–61, 65–65, 70–71, 73–74, 79, 87
Scroll 11Q12 48
Second Temple
-astrology 48
-divination 134, 137
-physiognomy 292
-Judaism 48, 50
-period 32, 134, 137, 185, 292
Secretum secretorum 30, 302–305
Šeʾelot u-tešuvot min ha-šamayyim 179
Sefarad 194, 207
Sefer Almansur 300
Sefer ha-ʿittim 198
Sefer ha-mešiv 175
Sefer ha-razim 29, 126, 134–137
Sefer ha-refuʾot shel ʾAsaf ha-rofe 31
Sefer Raziel 206
Sefer šaʿašuʿim (Book of Delights) 298
Sefer ševilei ʾemunah (Paths of Faith) 303–305
Sefer ʾurim ve-tummim 38
Septuagint 31
Ševeṭ musar 185–186
Shem (son of Noah) 30–31
Shem Tov Ben Isaac 300, 303
Shepherd of Hermas 34
Šimušei sarim 182
Slavonic Enoch (= 2 Enoch), see Book of Enoch, Slavonic
Soddei razayyaʾ 178
Sodom 314
Solomon (King), see King Solomon
Solomon (son of David), see King Solomon
Solomonic 326–327
Solomon Almoli 142, 144, 156
Solomon ben Adret 271
Somniale Danielis 143
Sortes Astrampsychi 28
Sortes Sanctorum 28
Šošan soddot 181
Spain 270, 285, 326
Speculum astronomiae 312, 321
Speculum maius 302
St. Catherine’s (monastery) 330
St. Cuthbert Gospel 330
St. Michael in the Desert (monastery) 330
Stowe Missal 330
Sudanese 153
Šulḥan ʾarukh 176, 179–180, 185–186
Sumer 255
suranim 255
Talmud 21, 44, 142 and 203 (Babylonian), 143, 163, 173, 177, 206, 279
Babylonian- 141, 157, 169
talmudic (either Babylonian or Palestinian or both) 42, 172, 204–205, 207, 281, 304
talmudic (Babylonian) 146, 170, 177, 202, 207
Taylor-Schechter Genizah Collection 102, 112
Tefilat ha-ʿamidah 109
Teli 283
as the northern or the southern lunar nodes 202, 282
Temple 33, 183, 306
Tetragrammaton 130, 182, 324
Tevet 56, 74, 80–81, 86, 88–90, 93–98
Thābit ben Qurra al-Ḥarrānī 270
The Fifteen Names 314, 327
The Four Rings of Solomon 321, 327
The Seven Names from the Book of Muhammad 312, 317, 327
Theophilus Presbyter 328
Thomas Hill 297–298
Thomas of Cantimpré 302
Tiberias 32, 154
Tishri 26, 56
Torah 31–32, 164, 167, 187–190, 223–224, 229, 238, 250, 255, 259, 278–279, 295, 328
oral- 31
- for divination / foretelling / prognostication / revelation 121, 129, 161–164, 167, 170, 178–180, 183–190
take counsel from- 185–186, 188
Tzvi Pesaḥ Frank 162
ʾUlay (river) 136
Uriel (archangel) 54
ʾUrim ve-Tummim 187
ʿUṣ 255
Vilna Gaon, see Elijah of Vilna
Vincent of Beauvais 302
Vital, see Ḥayyim Vital
Wisdom of the Chaldeans 206
Xerxes 58
Yaḥyā ibn al-Biṭrīq 301
Yemen 143
yemenites 143, 182
Zohar
commentators / sages 296
corpus 294, 297, 300

Index of Subjects

abstention
preparatory- 44
act (v.)
-(stars) 229, 230
-(stars) of their own free will and knowingly /knowingly and of their own free will 223, 238, 243
act (n.) / action
-derived from form 272
-of divination / divinatory- 21, 107, 183
-with fear of Heaven 256
-not firmly rooted in experience 275
-in the future 294
human- 43, 264
idolatrous- 267
magic- / magical- 107, 253, 266, 274
-of the magician 266
-of magnetic forces 271
-of medicinal herbs 272
-performing- three times 23
physical- 42
of the physiognomic sign 286
primary- of the remedy 272
-of the remedy through its form 272
remedy’s- through its matter 272
ritual- 23, 44, 102, 133
secondary- of the remedy 272
-of the segullot 272, 274–275
-of social significance 23
-of šoʾel ʾov 251
a suitable time for- 266
-of talismans 269
-through its being a substance 272
-through its forma specifica 272
written- 23
activity
magic- 270
adjuration 108–109
-of the angels 108
-formula 136
amulet 34, 106, 279, 283–285
forbidden- 285
angel 101, 107–108, 112, 119, 129–130, 132, 134, 178, 277, 281, 314, 316, 318, 321, 326–327
archangel (chief-angel) 54, 131
-ruling the planet 206, 313
-of the triplicity 320
-of the weekday 321
angelic
-creature 131–132
-figure 136
-knowledge 53
-master of dreams 175
answer
Chaldean’s- 224–226
lot- 28–30, 35–43
oneiric- 102, 109, 111, 123, 129, 133, 158, 189
prophetic- (= oneiric) 173–175
apparition
human-like- 136
non human-like- 111
art / craft 196, 245–246, 249, 252
-of astrology 227, 237–238
demonstrative- 286
divinatory- /-of divination 253–254, 286–287, 290–291, 297
magical- 324
mantic- 287
non-stellar- 195
physiognomic- 295, 297
whose practice is forbidden- 254
prognostic- 286–287, 304
ascendant 71, 209, 221, 265, 267, 293, 316
ʾašfayyaʾ/ʾaššafim / ašfin 245–247, 254
aspect
astrological- 204–205
astragalos / astragaloi 36, 41
astrolabe 200
astrologer
-cannot change the future 234–235
-can forecast God’s decree 248
-not able to indicate the place of death 235
-cannot prognosticate specific details 234–235
-can understand the special status of Israel vis-à-vis the stars 248
astrology 46, 48, 166, 176, 178, 209, 211, 223, 274–275, 279–280, 287, 289–291, 294, 299
Abraham practiced- 48, 195, 227–228, 232
ambiguous position of- 196
apology / defend- / defense of- 194–195, 203, 222
-as art / craft, see art / craft, astrology
Arabic- 204–205
Babylonian astronomy-astrology 81
believe in- 194, 206
beyond the reach of- 196
-is calculation of mazzalot 239–240
conservative Jewish- 204
-is not consultation of Chaldeans / the Chaldean science 223
decree of- 209, 211
definition of- 236
detractor of/opponent of- 199, 206
electional- 192–193, 202, 205–206, 221
engage (v.) in- 227, 238
excel in- 195
Hellenistic horoscopic- 71
Hellenistic weather- 50
historical- 194
horary- 203, 221
-increases the fear of Heaven / -knowledge of God 249
-does not infringe the law / -is legitimate / licit 194–195, 203, 224, 228, 232
legitimate (the status of-) / legitimacy 194, 199, 224
-makes visible God’s miracles and powers 249
Mesopotamian- 91
practice of- / study and practice of- 194–196, 233
practice (v.)- 227, 238, 242
Qumran- 26, 46–47, 49
rabbinic- 226–227
required to practice- / calculate / engage /rely / learn 195, 238, 242, 243
Talmudic- 205
-is a true / true and reliable science / veracity of- 228, 232–233
validity of- 195
astronomy
-is calculation of tequfot 239, 242
definition of- 209, 211, 236
-is the highest of the sciences of the stars; 236
attitude
-of mind (of the user) 122
attribute
divine- 113, 122, 126, 303
attributing
-old prophecies to current situations 169
augur 164, 252–253
augury 163, 172
authority
halakhic- 198, 207
practitioner’s- 23
religious- 21, 193, 201
auto-induce
(-a dream) 102
avatar
prophetic- 173
ban (n.)
-about consulting Chaldeans 206, 223–226, 256
-on making figures 284
-on philosophy 271
barrier
-between the divine and the human 43
-between the diviner and the answer 42
beech 330
behavior
ascetic- 136
ritual- 137
being
-numinous 102
bibliomancy 161–163, 166–167, 170–171, 177–180, 188–189, 191
binary-system (yes-or-no answers) 111
blood
-of a dove 319
bloodletting 148, 150–154, 219–220, 222, 226
body
clean- 318, 320
heavenly- 48, 283–284
bone 36, 254, 331
bookmaking 327
born
-under (a planet) 203, 226–227, 237
bring/draw down
-spiritual forces /-spiritual powers of the stars 267, 271
-spirituality 266–270, 280
bronze 316
white- 325, 331
burn / burning
-candles 161
-of incense 244, 264, 319
calculate tequfot and mazzalot (see tequfot and mazzalot)
calculation 28, 57, 98, 219, 268
-of the ascendant 267
calendrical- 77, 239
-of the positions of the planets (except for the sun) (= calculation of mazzalot) 239
-of the positions of the stars (not a science specific to Israel) 239–240, 242
-of the position of the sun (= calculation of tequfot) 239
calendar
354-day lunar- 51, 65
360-day (zodiac)- 57, 59
364-day (solar)- 56, 65, 75
365-day ideal- 55, 60, 79–80
administrative- 57
Aramaic- 46, 48–50, 53, 55, 69, 84, 87
Aramaic synchronistic- 74, 86
Babylonian- 52, 58
Babylonian- computation 74
Babylonian standard- 51
-based astrological ephemeris 48
formulaic- 55
Hebrew- 58, 74, 76, 80, 85–86, 88–91, 93–97, 99, 239
ideal- 49, 85–86
ideal Babylonian- 58
ideal zodiac- 89
Islamic lunar- 59
Julian- 89–90, 93–94
lunar- 77, 80
luni-solar- 57, 88
luni-solar Mesopotamian civil or cultic- 57
luni-solar stellar ideal- 85
perpetual Aramaic- 88
present-day Hebrew- 52, 58, 76, 88, 96–97
rabbinical reforms of- 58
real lunar 57
schematic- 57, 84, 93
schematic zodiac- 61
solar- 80
synchronistic- / synchronized- 49, 61–66, 73, 79, 85
zodiac- 59
camphor 321
candaria 313
cardines
-of the horoscope (angles of the horoscope) 204–205, 265
-of the world 313
carta
(written on) 320–321, 324
cartouche
magical- 130
cast / casting
-dice 28
-of fingers 35
-lots 28, 172, 179, 181–184
-spells 164, 245
-stones 249–250, 256
catalogue
-of magical and divinatory practices 194–195
causality
Aristotelian- 271
physical- 274
cause / causing
-spirits to descend 269
cedar 329–330
-of Lebanon 325–326
ceremony 24, 26, 162, 221, 327
character (man’s) 35, 291–295
decipher- 295
natural- 287, 290
-traits 295
character (writing) 312–313
charity (see also righteousness) 41
charm (n) 23
charm (v) 254
chemise (of a book) 330
cherub 115, 182
chiromancy 294–295, 297–298
choice of / choose
-animal 329
-the hour 192–193, 197, 200, 202, 218–224, 251–252, 256, 316
-materials 328
-a question from a list 29–30
-wood 329
circle
esoteric- 292, 302
mystical- 292
mystical Jewish- 295, 298–299
clay 277
unbaked potter’s- (written on) 319
client 22–24, 29, 31, 34–44, 316, 320–321
illiterate or lay- 35
private- 34
clothing 318–323
clean- 318, 320
codicology 313
complexion. 308
natural- 290
condemn / condemnation /condemnatory 166, 196, 206, 264, 291
conditioning
psychological- 112
configuration
astral- 266–267, 270, 276
conjunction (of the sun and moon) 64, 66, 70, 76, 86, 92
conjuration
-of angels 107
constellation 178, 209, 229, 231, 244, 277, 280, 282
-of the stars at one’s birth 293
zodiac- 82–83
consult
-astrologers 176, 180
-Baalzebub 241
-a book 42, 170, 177
- Chaldeans 197, 200, 209, 217, 222–227, 233, 254–255
-a diviner 23
-an egg 250
-an expert 42
-a ferry boat 170
-ghosts or familiar spirits 164
-other gods 241
-lots (goralot) 176, 186
-meḵašfim 255
-meʿonnim 255
-nails 250
-an oracle 32, 38
-a ʾov 254
-qosemim 254
-a shoulder-blade 250
-soothsayers 180
-terafim (= qesem) 249–250, 256
-Torah 185
-ʾurim and tummim 183
-a yiddeʿoni 254
consultation of
-Baalzebub 241
-biblical books (Torah) 182, 188, 190
-books of divination 34, 168
- Chaldeans 193–194, 203, 209, 222, 224, 226
Hasidic systems of- 188
-an oracle 32, 42
-ʾurim and tummim 164
contaminate 42, 267
control (v.) 27, 175, 183, 220, 230, 231
controversy 187, 192–193, 199, 201–202
conversation / conversational 35, 39, 43
conversion
-of foreign mantic practices 189
convey (hidden knowledge) 102
cord 329
umbilical- 289
-woven by a virgin 324
correspondence (between sign and meaning) 141
costus 318
court 26, 133, 135
Hasidic- 188
credence 173, 179
crescent
first- (= first lunar crescent) 51, 63, 68, 76, 80, 85–87, 92–93, 96
criticism 196
crown / mitre 323, 325
-of Solomon 322
cult 271
-of effigies and images 269
idolatrous- 262
-of images 261
custom
-of their ancestors 267
impious- 243
Jewish- 165
mantic- 168
-of the nation 273
customer 24
cycle
luni-solar- 48
Metonic- 51, 76, 85, 88, 89, 96–98
nineteen-year- 50–53, 57–58, 60–61, 79–80, 84–89, 91, 94, 96–97
-of the stars 242–243
-of the sun 239
cypress 325–326
data
astrological- (horoscopic) 58, 193, 197, 200, 205
brontological- 26
calendrical / astronomical- 62–63, 65, 71, 74, 76, 77, 81, 84–86, 88–89, 91, 93–94, 97
debate 191, 291
(over philosophy) 271
decan 88, 90
decipher 170, 287, 295
decision-making 162, 188–189, 201
decree
astrological- 209, 242–243, 248, 258
divine / God’s- 238, 248
-of the evil 219
favorable / unfavorable- 240–242
-of heaven 41
modify (God the stellar)- 210, 238
nullify the stellar- 210, 229–230, 240, 242
-of the stars permanent and without condition 238, 246
stellar- 195, 211, 230–231, 241–242, 248–249
deity 43
demon 101, 269, 271, 299, 313–314, 316–317
diagnose 295
dignity (astrological) 316
discourse
-of questions and answers 35
dispute (n.) 68, 199, 282, 308
divert (God)
-the influence of the star 240
divination
astral- 46, 48
-by Biblical verses displayed, heard, recited 29, 39, 121, 129–130, 158, 162–163, 169–170, 173–176, 178, 180, 182, 185, 189
collective Jewish- 27
esoteric techniques of- 298
-event 22–25, 33, 42–45
forms of- 163–165, 171–172, 188–190, 250, 287
Greco-Roman- 21–24, 28, 61, 170–171, 286–287, 290–291, 297, 304
-inseparable from statecraft 28
Jewish- 21–22, 24–25, 102
ancient Jewish- 21–22, 24
Jewish oneiric- 101–113
lamp- 103
lot- 180
means of- 161, 167, 172–173, 180, 189–190
-by means of Biblical verses recited 169, 173, 178, 180
-by means of physical features 387
methods of- 163, 166, 168, 172
nocturnal- 135
oneiric- 101, 104
-by random numerical selection 28
social dynamics of- 28
sought / unsought- 170
-spell 33–34
private- 34
privatized- 28, 103
prohibited idolatrous- 166, 195–196, 243–245, 249–254
-by the Torah 161–163, 167–170, 173–182 (see also Pentateuchal lottery)
-through the chance hearing of given verses 169
trance- 43
diviner 21, 23–24, 28, 35, 39, 42–44, 129, 135, 164, 169, 175, 183–184, 188, 254
expert- 35
literate- 34
pious- 188
divine / foretell / predict / know / report / determine (the future) 102, 162, 166, 169, 178–179, 188, 234, 246, 252, 266, 286–287, 290–291, 294–295
doctrine
-of the Two Spirits 27
doctrine/practice
Hermetic / magic / occult- 22, 107, 113, 195–196, 261, 263, 264–266, 268–271, 273, 275, 283, 297, 311, 322, 324
dodekatemoria (Kalendartexte) 60–61
dominate (a planet a horoscope/nativity) 209, 223 (see also rule -a planet)
doreš ʾel ha-metim (a form of qesem) 250, 254
dragon 283
drawing of a- 282
drama
social- 23
draw/ drawing down, see bring
dream
-behavior 101
divinatory- 102
elusive nature of- 111
epiphany- 102
-incubation 103
-interpretation 23, 140, 142–145, 156, 173
-omina 143
prophetic- 104, 173–174
ritual- 107–108, 111
-symbols 140–141, 144
-visions 140–141
dream-request 101–113, 123, 173–176, 189
Islamic and/or Christian- 103–104, 113, 126–128
non-Jewish- 107, 111, 113, 127–128, 131–132, 137
dream symbol
-codification 140
dualism
good/evil, Jewish/non-Jewish, and pure/impure- 111
duration
-of man’s life 294
ecliptic 71–72, 82–83, 209, 236–237
effectiveness 23, 39
-of the healers and practitioners 24
efficacy 168, 183, 271–273, 275–276, 295
-of magic 279
-of ritual (based on writing) 33
effigy 270
election
-of the day 222
-of the hour 197, 200, 202–203, 206, 256
electiones 218–219, 221
element
fifth- 281
empire
Christian- 27
enchantment 173
encounter (n.)
face-to-face- 37
interpersonal dimension- 42
ritual- 22
-with diviners 21, 35, 42
-with a numinous being /divine being / non-human entity 102, 107, 111
encyclopedia 286, 291, 302–303
medical- 298–300
engraved
-human figures 279, 281, 283, 284
enterprise
esoteric- 44
entity
divine / non-human- 102, 107, 111, 129–130, 134
supernatural- 43
ephemeris
astrological- 48
zodiac- 49, 55–79
equator
celestial- 82, 209, 236
equinox / equinoxes 50, 72, 81, 83, 88
autumnal- 82, 84
precession of- 82–83
spring- / vernal- 65, 74, 80, 82–87, 91–93, 96–97
eutuntam
-of Solomon 322
event
divinatory- 22, 24, 42–44
exorcism 320–321, 323
experience 237, 251, 271–272, 274–275
-as experimentum 272
oneiric- 101, 104, 111
experimenta 272
expert 42, 106, 133, 178, 189, 201, 248–249
ritual- 44
expertise
lateral- 43
magical- 44
practitioner’s- 23
to test- 133
vertical- 43
fast / fasting 23, 173, 315, 319–320
fasten / fastening 330–331
fate 26–27, 40, 175, 183, 293
figure
angelic / heavenly / supernal- 136, 281, 283–285
astrological- 283
astronomical- 278
-in bas-relief or painted 277
-of a constellation 280, 282
-of a dragon 282–283
drawing of- 325
-of the four faces together 278
-of God’s serving ministers 278
-of gold and/or silver 276, 282, 283
-of heavenly bodies 283–284
-in high relief 277–279, 281
human- / -of a human being 136, 277–278, 281, 283–284
make / making of- 276–278, 280–281, 283–284
-of the ministers in the higher firmament / in the lowest firmament / in the lower firmament 278, 281
-of the moon teli 282, 283
non-supernal- 281
ornamental- 277–278, 280–281, 283, 284
-of quadrupeds and of other animals 277
-of Saturn 282
-of stars 278, 282
-of the sun, moon, stars, constellations, or angels 277, 280, 282–283, 284
-of trees and plants 277
-of Venus 282
firmament
higher- 278, 281
lower / lowest- 278, 281
flood 231
folium
gold- 316
force
bring down- 280
magnetic- 271
spiritual- 271
supernatural- 44
forecast 50, 209, 242, 248, 251, 286
foretell / foretelling 48, 209, 286
-the future / -what is to come 102, 166–168, 188
-specific details 234
form (= essence) 272, 274
hidden- 271
form (= figure) 280
astral- 266
-of earthly entities 280, 283
earthly unconnected to stars- 280, 283
engraved- 281
heavenly- 280
human- 277, 280–281
-of stars 280
supernal- 281
forma specifica 272
formulae
magical- 30, 108
fortune 37, 240, 288, 293, 297
bad- 240
good- 37, 240
‘founders of observances’ (sect practicing a non-licit science) 209, 243, 249
freelancer 34
fumigate / suffumigate 265, 318, 320
fumigation / suffumigation 263, 312, 314, 317, 319
function
linear zig-zag- 70
prophetic or divinatory- 293
future
anticipate- 196, 234
change- 234–235
divine- 162, 287
eschatological- 27
inquire into- 235, 255
knowledge of- 196
speak about- 246, 252
gazrayyaʾ 245–247
-different from meḵašfim (who do not speak about the future) 246
-identical to gazrin 245
gematria 175, 181
ghoul 269
glove 323
goal
magical-divinatory- 107
gold
clean- 322, 325
pure / purest- 323, 331
goral (lot) / goralot (lots) 28–33, 35–36, 38–40, 43, 162–163, 171–172, 175–177, 179–180, 186
-ha-Torah 163, 177, 180
grid 39, 42–43
grimoire 29–30, 326–327
ḥadīth 127
ḥaḵamim (ḥaḵimin) 246–247
-identical to meḵašfim 247
halakhah 178, 189–190, 275
conflict with- 193
Maimonidean- 285
handbook 28, 140, 143
esoteric- 30
magical- 29
ḥarṭumayyaʾ 245–246
-did not act together with the meḵašfim 247
-identical to ḥarṭummim (ḥarṭummin) 245
ḥasidim versus mitnagdim 186–188
head-dress (of the Master) 323
healing 22–23, 32, 273, 279–281, 284, 295
Heaven
fear of- 195, 224, 238, 242–243, 245, 249, 256
heavenly
-gate 50, 65–66, 68–69, 72, 74, 77, 79, 85
-journey 55, 62
heavens 229
center of- 236
description of- 236
motion of- 205
seven- 318
hemerology 81, 166
hero
Biblical- 185
cultural- 189
hidden 102, 117, 123, 127, 134, 136, 162, 234, 247, 258, 271, 287, 297, 312
hold the sight (trick the eye, not a magic act) 252–253
hoop 324, 328–329
horizon 69, 71–73, 76, 92, 209–211, 293
horn 26, 265, 323
horoscope 48, 205–206, 227–231, 240–241
Babylonian- 58
-of any man / person / individual 91, 203, 210, 228, 293
-of the moment 206
signs and testimonies of- 229
house (= astrological place) 205–206
angular- 205
cadent- 204–205
cardinal- 204
motion of- 205–206
succedent- 204–205
house (= domicile of a planet) 316
hour 203, 218, 251–253
astrological judgment of- 204
auspicious / not auspicious- 219, 221, 223–224
dangerous- 218–219
different- act in different ways 223
even-numbered / odd-numbered- 193, 202–206, 209, 218–222, 224
-good to 223
Jupiter’s- 210, 223
Mars’- 210, 218, 220–221
planetary- 203, 205–206, 208
quality of- 202, 221
rule a planet an- 211
ruling planet of- 211
Saturn’s- 211, 218, 220
separate- (odd-numbered hour) 204, 211
suitable / not suitable / unsuitable- 219, 221, 223
Sun’s- 316
-when a zodiac sign rises / sets 223
ḥover ḥever (a form of qesem) 250, 254
idolater 262, 267, 273, 284
idolatry 195–196, 209–211, 226, 243–244, 247, 249, 261–262, 275–276, 279–283, 285
true- 267
illicit/not licit 195, 206, 228, 232, 236, 243–245, 254
image 21, 136, 236, 243–244, 250–251, 261, 266–267, 269, 327
imagery
symbolic- 155
incantation 30
incense 244, 264, 266, 319
inclination 295
evil- 291
natural- 291
incubation
Classical dream- 103
induction
-of pneumatic powers 271
-of spirituality 267
inference 278
logical- 274
influence
-absolute and complete 238
astral/ stellar- / -of stars / of zodiac signs 195, 210–211, 229, 230–238, 240–241, 248, 271, 275
celestial- 290
-not complete 238
conditional / non-conditional- 195, 238
-conferred on the stars (conditionally by God) 223
of hours- 203
-permanent and without condition 238
ink 311, 319, 321, 327
-made of alum and saffron 319
red- 322–323
inquire
-about / into the future 235, 255
-of astrologers 180
-of the dead 164
-of the ʾurim and tummim 32
inquirer 29–30, 35, 39–40, 174, 181
insight (into a third party’s thought, will, and dream) 137
inspiration
divine- 31, 167, 237
institution
divination- 23
public divinatory- 28
instrument
astronomical- 72
-of divination 28
-for the induction of pneumatic powers 271
writing- 311
intellect 267
divine- 295
separate- (driving a sphere) 281
interaction (between diviner and client) 24
intercalation 52, 56–60, 84
intermediary 43
talismanic 271
internalization 189
interplay
-of the individual and community 25
interpret / interpreting
-dream 112, 133, 143
-the form of the moon 26
-ominous symbols 140
-sign 101, 180, 189
interpretation 29, 155, 167, 169, 173, 175, 187, 204, 248, 252
dream- / -of the dreams 23, 102, 108, 130, 132–133, 135, 140, 142–145, 156, 169, 173–174
intuitive- (of Biblical verses by various means) 189
interpreter
dream- 141, 144–145
intuition
religious- 295
invocation 108, 131, 312, 314, 320
-of God 122–123, 130
isnād (the chain of authorities on which a tradition is based) 317
istiḵāra 103, 126–127
Jews
Babylonian- 27
Palestinian- 27
jinn 317
kabbalah 292, 295–296
-of divine names 181, 184
-of names 184
practical- 106, 181, 270
kabbalist 185, 189, 296–297
Kalendartexte, see dodekatemoria
kasdaiaʾ 245–247
-identical to kasdim and kasdaʾin 245–246
-one of the Chaldeans’ families 255
-from the royal family in the time of Nebuchadnezzar 255
ḵāṣṣa 271
kešafim (performer of a magic act) 253
knife (written on) 316
-blade 329
new sharp- 324, 329
sharp- 329
knowledge
esoteric- 31
lamina
copper- (written on) 316
iron- (written on) 316
lead- (written on) 316
silver- (written on) 316
tin- (written on) 316
law 167, 178, 197, 222, 224, 226–228, 259, 264, 276, 283, 285
Jewish- 179, 193
-of Moses 314, 318
-of nature / natural- 274
oral- 303
-of prophecy 165
rabbinic- 329
leather 330
red- 325–326
legacy 156
cross-cultural- 140
Islamic- 145
legitimacy 157, 161, 163, 165, 199, 275
halakhic- 180, 187
religious- 295
legitimation 167
lenient / permissive 251, 256
lime 247, 328
-liquors 328–329
-solution 324
-stone 328
-wood 330
liminality (of the oneiric experience) 101
linen
-cloth 322
listen / listening to 243
-the angel 112
-the Chaldeans’ advice / answers 224–226
-children reciting verses 169
intentional or unintentional- 163
longitude (of any fixed star) 82, 83, 89
look at the liver (qesem) 249
lore
astrological- 205
Graeco-Egyptian magical- 135
Jewish divinatory- 137
lot
Pentateuchal- / of the Pentateuch / of the Torah 163, 177, 180, 182, 184–188
-of the Gaon of Vilna (= lot of the Gaon Rabbi Elijah = lot of the GR''A) 161–163, 185–189
lottery
-book 177, 182–185, 189
non-Biblical -book 182, 184
Pentateuchal / Torah- 184–185, 188–189
luck 240, 293
lunar disk
visibility of- 63, 67
magic 22, 25, 44, 80, 106, 110, 172, 189, 194, 254, 261–262, 267, 271, 273–274, 276, 279–280, 291, 316
ancient Greek- 312
astral- 195–196, 206, 261–264, 268, 270–271, 276, 279–280, 283, 285
astral/liturgical- 206
-based upon astrological calculations (learned magic) 268, 279–280
-based on writing 44, 107, 314
black- 263
esoteric- 297
folk- / folkloristic- 279
forms of / branches of- 171, 178–179, 263–264, 267, 270–271, 273, 314, 327
Hebrew- 312, 327
idolatrous astral- 285
Jewish- 110, 305
learned- 268, 276, 279–280
linguistic- 107–108
non-astral form of- 270
oneiric- 104
popular / popular form of- 267, 270, 268
primitive- 268, 276
professional- 262, 279
ritual- 104
-and segullot 271–276
Solomonic- 311, 327
magician 43–44, 263, 265–266
‘make the powers of the stars flow’ (sect practicing a non-licit stellar science) 211, 244–245, 249, 255
‘makers of talismans’ (sect practicing a non-licit stellar science) 210, 244–245, 249, 282
making
-decision 162, 188
decision- 189
manticism 179
forbidden- 164, 166
Jewish- 164
manual
bibliomantic- 29
divination- 21, 23–25, 28–29, 42
dream- 143, 145
magical- 30, 33
medical- 31
palmomancy- 30
-as part of the ritual 33
physiognomy- 23, 286, 288–289, 303–304
marginality
-of the practitioner 44
master
-of experience 272
‘masters of sympathetic relationships’ (sect practicing a non-licit stellar science) 210, 245, 249
materiality 44
mean
talismanic- 267
mediation 36, 44
medicine 287–289, 299
astral- 302
Prophet’s- 296
-as unrelated to the ways of the Amorite 273 (see also magic, -and segullot)
medium 42, 169, 187
meḵašef 250, 253
-a form of qesem 250
- performs a magic act 253
meḵašfim 245–248, 254–255
-acted together with the ḥarṭummim 247
-identical to ‘the makers of talismans’ and ḥaḵamim 247
-do not speak about future events 246
-were disciples of the ʾaššafim and followed them 247
menaḥeš (a form of qesem) 250–253
-speaks about the future through signs in stars, animals, and birds 252
-takes auguries from birds or stars 253
meʿonen (a form of qesem) 250–252
-applies seven kinds of male semen on the eye (according to Rabbi Ishmael) 252
-calculates moments and hours (according to Rabbi Akiva) 251–252
-forecast neither through astrology nor through the positions of the planets 251–252
-holds the sight / tricks the eye (according to the sages’ words) 252
meqalqelei ḥiṣṣim / qilqal ba-ḥiṣṣim (= shaking arrows / casting stones) 249–250, 256
message
divine / non-human- 43, 101–102, 129, 311
metoposcopy 294–298
mind 37, 40, 42, 111, 122
client’s state of- 37
mitnagdim 186–189
mitre, see crown
month
full- 63
hollow- 63
intercalary- 52–53, 58, 63, 88
lunar- 48, 51–53, 63–65, 66–67, 74–75
solar / zodiac- 65–67, 71, 88, 99
synodic- 55, 60, 64, 76
moon 202, 221, 253, 265, 274, 277, 283
drawing of- 282
new- 25–27, 87, 170
motion
daily- (of the heavens) 205
-of the houses 205
-of the planets 236, 244
-of the sky 205
-of the stars 209, 275
motivation
astrological- 267
musk 321
myrrh 318
mystic 44, 292–295, 297–300, 304
mysticism 30, 298
kabbalistic- 298
naḥaš (augury) 172
name
angelic- 109, 130, 206
divine- 109, 122–123, 173, 175, 181, 184
magical- 109
magical use of- 312–315, 318, 320, 324, 326–327
sacrilegious and demonic- 245
secret- of God 318
narration
dream- 141, 155
narrative 24–25, 31, 55, 287
nasi 198, 218
nativity 210, 223
nation
gentile- 195, 229, 236, 238, 240–241, 243, 248, 254
-of the world 31, 229–232, 236, 238–239, 241, 243, 248, 273
nature
composite- of dream books 145, 156
-of the correspondence between sign and meaning 141
discursive- of answers 35
-of divinatory events 42, 44
-of dreams 141
elusive- of dreams 111
formulaic- of dream books 155
inner- versus outer form 297
laws of- 274
ominous- of dreams 158
transactional- of the divinatory practice 22
necromancy 263
nevuʾah (prophecy) 172
nineteen-year cycle 50, 60–61, 79–81, 84–100
Babylonian / Mesopotamian- 51–52, 57–58
Metonic- 51, 76, 85, 88–89, 96–98
nomina 313–322
norm
ascetic- 107, 136
notion
astrological- 273–274
-of physiognomy 304
-of wisdom 134
nullify
(God) -the influence of a star / the stellar influences 210, 231–232, 240, 248
(God) -the judgment of the stars 233
(God) -the rule (of the stars) 210, 230, 232–233
(God does not) -the rule of the horoscope 210, 230
(God) -the stellar decrees 230, 240–241
(God) -the testimony of the stars 233
(God does not) -the testimony of the stars 232
(Israel) -the stellar decrees 195, 210, 229–230, 240–242, 249
(Israel) -the testimony of the stars 210, 230
(makers of talismans) -the power of the malefic planet 244
oak 326, 330
oath 271
objection to
-astrology 193, 196, 199, 201, 207, 217
-learned magic 276
objector 193–203, 206–207, 222–223, 256
obligation
-to practice astrology 242
offense to Heaven 226
oil 259
ben- 316
olive- 250
omen 166, 175, 178
Akkadian lunar- 26
astrological- 49
divinatory- 179
lunar- 24–27
Palestinian Aramaic lunar- 24
omina 196
good / bad- 111
dream- 143
omniscience
divine / God’s- 124–125
open / opening
-a book in times of trouble (in the manner of a lot) 186
-the Pentateuch (to find a lot by computation) 181–182
-the Torah / the Bible (to see which verse turns up) 161–163, 180, 185
-Torah scrolls (to determine the future by lot) 179
operation
chance- 42
magical- 263
mathematical- 44
mental- 42
opposite
primary- (dry, wet, hot, cold) 272
oracle 32, 35, 37, 40, 42
Anatolian dice- 39
astragalos- 41
Greek dice- 36
public- 26, 29
-rite 33
spoken- 33
temple- 34
to test- 38–39
verifiability of- 39
-in written form 33
order
natural- 196
orlah 275
paleography 84, 146, 313
palmomancy (body tremors) 30
paper 108–109, 112, 146–147, 317, 323
paradigm
Aristotelian scientific- 262, 273
parchment 317, 319, 323–324, 326–330
-of arciginim (written on) 319
clean- (written on) 319
very thin clean- (written on) 319
pattern
behavioral- 287, 290–291, 303–304
pearl 321
peg (= pin) 330–331
pentaculum 323
perception
oneiric- (of codified signs) 111
performance
(in divination) 23–24, 104, 106, 110, 135
(in magic) 24, 264
period
astrological- 26
preparatory- 107
Second Temple- 32, 134, 137
Talmudic- 172
permissibility 186
persona
-of the diviner 43
personality
-trait 291
phase
lunar / moon’s- 66, 76, 88, 94
philosopher 146, 314
natural- 291
philosophy 271, 276, 285, 295
natural- 274–275, 290–291, 305
phylacteria 103
physiognomer 286–287, 297–299
physiognomy
diagnostic- 295, 304
divinatory / non-divinatory- 23, 27, 286–287, 289–291, 295
Greco-Roman- 286–287, 290–291, 304
Greek- 292
Hebrew / Jewish- 292–305
Hekhalot- 294
Islamic- 296–297
kabbalistic- 294, 296–298
Latin- 290, 301
mantic / non-mantic- 286–287, 290, 292, 295, 297–298, 304
ordinary human- 296
prognostic- 286, 289–290
Qumran and Merkavah- 295
secret of- 300
Zohar / Zoharic- 295–296, 300
pietism
magical- 183, 189
mantic- 161, 188–191
piety
magical- 110
pin, see peg
piyyut 25, 110, 136
planet
benefic / malefic- 209–210, 219–220, 244
direct / retrograde- 209, 236–237
domicile of- 203
-dominate / rule a horoscope 209, 211
horoscopic position of- 206
position of- 193, 200, 205–206, 209–210, 221–222, 224, 228, 236, 239, 244–248, 251
ruling- (the day) 211, 218–219
ruling- assigned to (the hour) 203, 211, 219–220
suitable / unsuitable- 218–219
plea 108–109, 123, 126–129, 133
point
cardinal- (of the horizon) 83, 265
cardinal- (of the year) 82–84
polarization
negative-positive- 151
politics
-of omens 27
portability (of books of lots) 34
position of
-the gate 77
-the heavenly bodies in the sky 48
-any planet in any zodiac sign 49–50, 53, 58, 60, 81, 83, 85–90, 93–94, 97–98, 205–206, 222
-the zodiac signs (in a horoscope) 71, 203, 205–206, 210, 228
potsherd 327
unbaked- (written on) 319
unbaked but only dried- (written on) 316
power
-of astrology 234–235
-of the Chaldeans 235
-of clairvoyance 38
-of God’s 248–249, 318
Israel’s- / -of Israel 229–231
-inherent in existing objects, inanimate or animate 264
-inherent in human actions 264
-of material nature 290
-of the omen 178
-of a planet to cause benefit or to harm of their own free will and knowingly 244, 247
pneumatic / spiritual- 267, 271
-of the prophet 241
-of speech 107
-of the species 244
-of the spoken word 327
-of the written word 327
-of stars 229, 223, 233, 241, 244, 255, 267
supernatural- (of the ṣadiq) 188
-of supernatural force 44
words of- 313
practice (n.)
accommodated- 194
astrological- 48–49, 194, 202, 206, 242
-of astrology 233
Chaldean- 197, 201, 206, 223, 235, 254
-of Chaldeans 235
chiromantic- 293–294
controversial- 207
divinatory- / -of divination 21–22, 42, 134, 164, 183, 194–195, 217, 250–251, 286, 292
electional- 193, 206
forbidden- 196, 249, 251, 254, 256
forbidden divinatory- (mentioned in the Bible and the Talmud) 163
-forbidden in Scripture 249, 254
-of goralot (lots) 177
Hasidic- 188
idolatrous- 267
kabbalistic divinatory- 294, 296
knowledge- 23, 44
legitimacy of- / legitimate 163, 165, 180, 189, 191
magical- 264–266, 271, 273
magical and divinatory- 194–195
mantic- 164, 172–173, 184, 189, 191
medical- 24, 302
-of medicine 287
metoposcopic- 293–294
physiognomic- 304
popular- 24, 266
ritual- 22
scribal- 319
Talmudic- 203
practice (v.)
-astral-liturgical magic 206
-astrology 194–196, 227–228, 242
-astronomy and astrology 238
-deeds of the Chaldeans 223
-idolatry / not true idolatry 244, 267
-qesamim mentioned in Scripture 254
-a wicked religion 243
practitioner 21, 23–24, 29, 31, 34, 43–44, 87, 255, 290, 297, 302, 304
praxis
magical- 107, 113
prayer
recipe- 130
predestination 48
predict / predicting
-the future (see divine the future)
prediction 50, 168–169, 266, 287, 294
priest 32, 183, 255
-of Baalzebub 241
Egyptian- 44
princes
mirror of- 298
princes (of the four regions of the world = spirits) 313
procedure 24, 30, 33, 35, 39, 43–44, 133, 161, 227, 234–235, 311, 314, 316, 319, 322, 327
process
-of calculation 28
geomantic- 39
interactive- 22
Judaization- 166
-of ramdomization 29, 42–43
segullot as- 274
self-healing- 295
product
finished- 106, 108–109, 111, 137
production
-of books 145, 313
prognosis 286, 294
medical- 286, 288
prognostic / prognostication 50, 153, 164, 166–167, 287, 289–290, 292
legitimate methods of- 166
prognosticate 286, 294
-general features (astrologers) 234
-specific details (Chaldeans) 234
prohibition 164–165, 176
Biblical- (against sorcery) 178
-concerning astrology 176
-concerning divination 176
-on consulting lots 186
-of forbidden amulets 285
-on making figures 272–275, 277–278, 281, 284
-on making heavenly forms 280
property
special- (= segullah) 271, 273
prophecy 164–165, 172–173, 176, 183, 230
minor- 169
one sixtieth of- 169
-unlike the testimony of the zodiac signs and the planets 248
prophet 32, 102, 115, 121, 124, 129, 133–134, 164, 168–169, 183, 238, 241, 296, 300
Baal- 243
false- 129, 243, 255
-prophesy what the stars do not indicate 248
propitious 193, 202, 315
protasis / apodosis 111, 151
-structure 50
pseudepigraphy 157
purification 168
purpose
apotropaic- 34
astrological- 87–88
divinatory- / -of divination 101, 163, 170, 185
healing- 280
idolatrous- 276–278, 281
mantic- 175, 180, 184
ornamentation- /-of ornaments / ornamental- 276–278, 280–281, 283–284, 276, 281
scientific / learned- 280–281
pursuit
mantic- 175
qesem (divination)
forms of- 250–252, 254
-licit to learn but not licit to practic 249–251
-by looking at the liver 249
-by means of ḥiṣṣim 249
-by means of terafim 250
-single category that encompasses all forms of divination 254
qesem (magic) 172
qiduš yereḥim (sanctification of the moons) 25
qilqal ba-ḥiṣṣim (divination by arrows or small stones, a form of qesem) 249–250
qosem qesamim (a general category) 250–251
quality
inner moral- 293
quarter
-of the day / night 202–203, 205
quaternion 324
questioner 35, 40–42
quire 113, 147, 329
randomization
method of- 35, 39
-procedure 35
process of- 29, 42
result from- 43
rationalist 270–271
reality
physical- 275
supernal- 281
reasoning 273–274
recipe 30, 228
divinatory- 134, 136
Genizah- 102, 108, 110–111, 132, 134, 137
magical- 113, 135–136
-for receiving a revelatory dream 104
-for sheʾelat ḥalom 102, 106–107, 111–113, 122, 126–127, 129–131 (Judaeo-Arabic), 127, 128 (Latin-), 132–133, 137
reed-pen 327
regiment (of the firmament) 121, 131
rejection
-of divination 166, 190
religion
Sabian- 261
remove (God)
-the influence of a star 210, 230–231, 233, 240–241
-the rule of the stars 238, 248–249
-the rule of the zodiac sign / horoscope 210, 231
-a star 231–232
reservation 191, 280, 284
resin or olive oil (= terafim) 250
responsum 178, 186, 192, 200
restriction (alimentary / dressing / sexual) 107, 136
reveal (v.)
-a dream 133
-the foundation of a question 183
-hidden and deep things 117, 162, 258
-hidden knowledge 134, 136
-information about events already in the past 178
-a person’s character 287
-secrets 266
revelation 136, 175–176
-of the angelic master of dreams 175
-of new concealed knowledge 167
-of the future 190
oneiric- 108, 123–124, 129, 132–133, 135, 137, 175
-of secrets 189
revolution (of a planet)
-in its orb 210, 239
revolve (any planet)
-in its sphere 210, 239, 244
righteousness (see also charity) 229, 231, 240–242, 249, 257
ring
engraved- 284
signet- 277
silver- 316
the stone of- 314
-of Solomon 313–314, 321, 327
rise
-(a star) in the east 210, 228, 231
-(a zodiac sign) above the eastern horizon 71, 203, 210, 265, 293
ritual 21, 33–34, 39, 44, 107, 137, 262
-ablution 148
-act / action 23, 44, 102, 133
-based on writing 33
-behavior 137
divination- / -for divination 35, 135
-dream 107–108, 111
-dynamics 112
-maturity 112
multi-stage- 103, 135
-sleep 107–108, 111
stage of- 39
rod 314, 325
bronze- (written on) 316
rule (n.)
-for each activity controlled by a planet 220
astrological- 202, 222
-of electional astrology 193
-of the horoscope 230–231
-of a planet upon the hours 211, 220
-of a planet upon a specific aspect of life or activity 211
-of the spheres, planets and stars 211, 236, 238
-of stars upon peoples 230
-of a stellar decree 211
to be under the- (of the stars) 232
rule (v.)
- (God) the stars 223
-(a planet / star) an aspect of life or an activity 211, 220, 231
-(a planet / star) an hour / an hour or a day 68, 211, 219, 220–222, 231
-(a planet) the birth/nativity of a person/ child 211, 223
-(a planet) a specific stellar decree 211
-(the zodiac sign, planet, star, stellar decree, or testimony of the stars) a people 211, 230–233, 240–241
ruler
planetary- 205–206, 219
ṣaddiq 162, 187–188
saffron 319, 321
salāt al-istiḵāra 127
ṣalmanaiaʾ 250 (see also terafim)
sanctification
-of the new moon / of the moon 25
sandal 320
science
Arabic- 245
Aristotelian- 275
-based in the stars 195
Chaldean- (= idolatry) 209, 226, 228, 233, 235
compulsory- 242
deficiency of the Gentile- 248
divinatory- 291
experimental / experiential- 261–262
Greco-Roman- 84
-that increases the fear of Heaven and the knowledge of god (astrology) 249
-of the kišuf 247
-to be learned but not to practice 256
legitimate / licit / illicit / forbidden / appropriate- 203, 228, 236, 243–245, 249, 256
-of magical talismans 312
occult- 196
-of physiognomy 286, 291, 295, 302
-proper to learn and practice 256
real- 270
reliable- 228
true- 195, 228, 232
-of the stars / stellar- (= astronomy and astrology) 204, 209, 211, 224, 229, 234, 236–238, 240, 243, 249, 258
scraping 328
scudding 328
seal (n.) 148, 277, 281
seal (v.) 277
season
-of the year 59, 76, 83, 117, 211, 239, 291, 321
secret 37–38, 44, 117, 183, 283
-of astrologers 203
-of casting a lot (with a book) 181
-of cosmology and astronomy 54
disclose / reveal- 236, 246, 266
-of God 178, 183
- of physiognomy 300
-of a question 183
revelation of- 189
-of the sciences of the stars 236
-of the Torah 295
sect 27, 209–211, 243–245, 293
esoteric- 292
Hasidic- 188
seer 183
segullah 106, 271–276
action of- 272, 274
-allowed by halakhah 275
definition of- 275
doctrine of- 271
effect of- 274
legitimacy of- 275
-not relaying on experience and associated with astrology 274
- as “ways of the Amorite” 275
-unconfirmed by experience 275
šeʾilah be-haqiṣ 107
šeʾilat ḥalom 101–113, 115, 122–137, 158
selenodromion 49
semiphoras 327
set (v.)
-a star / planet in the west 67–69, 71, 73, 77, 79, 99, 211, 223, 231
setting
public- 135
spatial- (indoor / outdoor / aquatic location) 136
-of a star 66–68, 71, 76–77, 203, 211, 231
sigil 313, 316
sign 26, 101, 121, 129–130, 141, 166, 173, 175, 178, 180, 211, 229, 288, 291
astral- 289
bad- 26, 111
-from the Biblical verse 189
bodily- 293, 295
coded / codified- 111
facial and bodily- 293, 295, 296
-of heaven 229
lettered- on palms and forehead 293
lucky- 178
mantic- 169
physiognomic- 286–287, 292, 295, 299, 302
oneiric- 102, 112
outward- 297
person’s zodiac- 293
planetary- 289
pre-coded- 102, 111
-from stars, animals, and birds 252–253
-of the Torah 183–184
zodiac- 48–49, 55, 57–60, 64–65, 69, 71–75, 77, 79–83, 86–88, 94, 99, 203, 205–206, 223, 226, 228, 230–231, 236–239, 246, 248, 265, 267, 293, 313
fixed- 205
mutable or changeable- 205
tropical / cardinal- 81, 205
silk 326
yellow- 325, 330
red- 322, 325, 330
white- 325
sinner 197, 222, 249, 296
skin
-of arciginim 329
-of a black or wild goat 322, 329
calf- 329
controlled putrefaction of- 328
cow- 326
-of different animals 311
-of a gazelle (written on) 318–319, 326
-placed in lime solution 324
sheep- 34, 326, 330
-of suenes (written on) 319, 329
tanned goat- 330
unhaired- 328
washed and scraped- 324
white alum-tawed- 330
sky
middle of- (the meridian) 265
sleep
ritual- 107–108, 111
sleep/dream
ritual- 107–108, 111
smelling
sweet- 323, 326
šoʾel 35
-yiddeʿoni (a form of qesem) 250–251, 254
-ʾov (a form of qesem) 250–251, 254
solstice 50, 65, 72, 81–83, 88
summer- 51, 82, 84
winter- 75, 80–82, 84–86, 88–91, 93–94, 96
soothsayer 164, 180
sorcerer 164, 262
sorcery 171, 178, 267, 270
sortes 23, 33, 28, 33, 35, 39, 171
early Christian- 23, 29
Greco-Roman- 29
Jewish- 36
systems of- 43
-tradition 41
sortilege (= lots) 29
sortium libri 171
source
Arabic- 168
authoritative- 132
authoritative theoretical- 263
Babylonian- 60
Christian- 103
classical- 28
cuneiform- 81
Eastern- 267
Genizah- 107–108
Hebrew- 327
Hellenistic- 57
Hellenistic-Mesopotamian- 60
Hermetic- 267–268
Islamic / Muslim - 103, 270
Jewish- 101, 106, 109, 111, 189, 204, 207
non-Jewish- 111
outsider / insider 105, 111
Qumran- 168
rabbinic- 194
Sabian- 269
Seleucid- 81
Talmudic- 42, 173, 202, 207, 281
speculation 273
spell 245, 247
to cast a- 164, 245
divination- 33–34
sphere 210–211, 229, 236–237, 239, 244, 274, 281–282
divine- 296
heavenly- 229
starry- 82
spirit 27, 43, 269, 311, 313, 317, 325
-creature 132
familiar- 164
-of God 237
holy- 238
impure- 243, 254
spirituality 271
assimilate- 269
bringing down / drawing down- 266–268, 270, 280
-emanate 269
induction of- 267
standpoint
emic- (= insider perspective) 110
star
fixed- 53, 82–83, 209, 253
God rules- 223
Israel has a- 227–232
-testify about Israel 230
state
liminal- 169
status
social- (of the clients) 39, 293
stone 249, 277, 314
black- (written on) 316
cast- 249–250, 256
-disk 72
hard, white- (written on) 316
lime- 328
-pillar 36
-of a silver ring 316
written on- 314
stringent 251
-approach 223, 251
-halakhic / legal opinion 207, 223–224, 256
-interpretation 251–252
stringency 223
suffumigate (see fumigate)
suffumigation (see fumigation)
sundial 72
Greco-Roman- 71
Hellenistic- 72
zodiac- 72
supplication 131, 174, 182–183
Christian- 128
Islamic- 128
sword (written on) 316
symbol 151, 155–156
dream- 140, 144
-of heavenly bodies 283
ominous- 140
-sequence 146
-of a teli 283
symbolism
mantic- 173
synagogue 35, 174, 221
tables 39
astronomical / astrological- 50, 60, 71, 88, 200
talisman 244, 276, 282, 324
action of- 269
magical- 312, 317
making of- 317
secret- 323
use of- 279
technique 43, 48, 88, 101, 107–108, 112, 161–163, 166, 169, 175, 181, 184–185, 187, 189–190, 195, 279
Biblical mantic- 164
chiromantic- 293
-combined with other divinatory methods 163
-of divining the future 287
divination / divinatory- / -of divination 27, 102–105, 137, 161, 163, 166, 169, 171, 188, 298
-for dream request / šeʾilat ḥalom 102–103, 110, 123, 126, 133
-of flipping through Biblical texts 189
foreign- 134
Gaon’s- 188
Hasidic- 188
lay- 162
-of magic 262
magical- 102, 110
magical-divinatory- 124
mantic- 168, 172–173, 189
metoposcopic- 293
oneiric- 105–106, 109, 113, 124, 128, 134
-of opening the Bible 163
-of a Pentateuchal lot 186
physiognomic- 27, 295
-for predicting the future 166
prognostic- 287
-of re-reading the Bible 169
rabbinic- 162
scrying- 135
teli 202, 282–283
tequfot and mazzalot (calculate) 243
-means astronomy and astrology, respectively 238–240
-required to calculate them 238, 242
terafim 249, 271
consult / consultation of- 249–250, 256
testify (a star)
-about a specific matter / person 230
testimony / decree of the stars 211, 240, 246, 248
benefic / good- (= mazzal ṭov = good luck/fortune) 240, 242
malefic / not good / unfavorable- (= mazzal raʿ = bad luck/fortune) 211, 240, 242
-of a star / stars / planet / zodiac sign 230, 232, 234, 246, 248
textuality 33
thunder (n.) 26, 50, 87
thunder (v.) 26–27, 50, 231
time/s
astrologically propitious- 315
-determined by the astral configuration 267, 270
nine- 324
prescribed- 264
seven- 161, 182
suitable- 219, 266
three- 23, 32, 130, 181
tool
-of augury 163
-for discerning the inward state from an outward sign 297
-for divination 162, 184, 188
-for foretelling the future 188
mantic- 180, 304
-of medical semiotics 302
prognostication- 292
-for prognostication 167
-for the revelation of the future 190
tosafists 278, 281
French- 207
French / German- 207
trade (n.)
esoteric- 34
trade (v.)
-secrets and techniques 44
tradent
esoteric Jewish- 31
tradition 237, 239, 295–296, 317, 331
Abrahamic- 128
Andalusian- 280
divinatory oneiric- 134
dream interpretation- 102
Greek- 331
Hebrew physiognomic- 286
Hermetic- 269
internal- 305
internal Jewish- 305
Islamic- 103
Israel’s divination- 33
istiḵāra- 126
Jewish- 134, 140, 162–164, 166, 189–190, 328
-apocaliptic and divinatory 137
-divinatory 137
non- 137
magic- 283
magic astral- 283
oral- 186
physiognomic- 291, 295
prophetic and apocaliptic- 136
rabbinic- 164, 187
scientific- 304
Second Temple period- 134
Semitic- 70
somatomantic- 294
sortes- 41
transgress
-the law 226
-the words of the sages 222, 225, 227–228
-the Torah 32
trangression 226–227
-of the law 226–227
transgressor 200, 256
-of the law 197, 222, 226–227
tribunal
-above 219–220
-below 219–220
triplicity
-of the day and the night 313
(three months = a season) 320
tummim, see ʾurim and tummim
unit
textual- 155
ʾurim, see ʾurim and tummim
ʾurim and tummim 28, 31–33, 164, 183, 187
use of
-amulets 279
-astrology 192, 206
-bibliomancy 191
-a divinatory recipe 134
-divine attributes 113
-experiential science 262
-lottery 184
-oneiric magic 104
-peculiar ritual actions 23
-physical lots 172
-physiognomy 303
-powers inherent in human actions 264
-powers inherent in objects 264
-prayers 110
-šeʾilat ḥalom 106, 158
-signs or omens 165
-Scripture / Torah / Pentateuch / Bible as a tool for divination / prognostication 162, 167, 178, 180, 184–185, 189–190
-spittle, nakedness, fasting and so on 23
-talismans 279
-the Torah as a prophetic medium 187
-verbal utterances and charms 23
-the zodiac in the calendar 53
use (v.)
-astrology 199
-children in divinatory practice 42
-chiromantic and metoposcopic practices 294
-gematria 181
-Hasidic writings (to arrive at decisions through a lot) 188
-sacrilegous and demonic names 245
utterance
verbal- 23
validity 39, 195, 264
vase
white glass- (written on) 316
verifiability
-of the oracle 39
verification
empirical- 275
verse (Biblical) 39, 109, 110, 113, 121, 129–130, 158, 162–164, 169, 173–176, 178, 180–182, 184–185, 189
vial 321
violation 178, 180, 190
vision 109, 115, 136, 148, 155–156, 176, 178
cultivation of- 42
dream- 140
-of the night 123, 133
oneiric- 132–123
symbolic dream- 141
voice 34, 178
authorial- 36
-from the beyond 43
candidate’s- 293
-of a cock 253
divine- 169
-of the practitioner 24
-of a rat 253
-of a raven 253
water
a glass full of- 250
-of this herb 223
placed in- 316
running- 324, 328
within- 250
wear
-amulets and miniature books of scriptures 34
-clean clothes 319
-the fourteenth name written on the stone of a silver ring 316
-the fourth name written on a silver lamina with ben oil 316
-a ring 277
weather astrology
Hellenistic- 50
weirdness
coefficient of- 44
will 244
divine- 182–183
human- 43
free- 238, 243
-of the questioner or diviner 42
winds 253, 313, 320–321
wisdom 31, 38, 40, 47, 167, 218, 239, 247, 258, 274, 296, 299–300, 305, 308
Chaldean- 206
Daniel’s own- 124
God’s- 123
good- 218
a great secret from- 38
-of Israel / Israel’s- 195, 238, 240–241
masters of- 259
notion of- 134
universal- 31
witchcraft 252, 262
wizard 31
wonder (n. = sign) 121, 129, 167, 184
-associated with the revelation of new concealed knowledge 167
-indicating the activity of false prophets and diviners 129
wood 172, 245, 277, 329
aloes- 321
birch- 330
box- 325, 329–330
cedar- 325–326, 329–330
cypress- 326
-from Lebanon 326
lime- 330
sandal- 320
written on- 316
words
-of Abraham, our Father 227
-of the astrologers 226–228
-of the Chaldeans 225–227, 242
diviner’s- 42
expansion of- 175
-of God’s prophets 121, 129, 169
master of- 36
-of power 313
-of the rabbis 195, 226–227
-of the sages 200, 222, 224–226, 237, 251–252
-of the Torah 224
-in unknown languages 327
world
Byzantine- 61
-that is coming / to come 295, 303
divine- 42
early-Christian- 101
form of this- 244
four regions of / cardines of- 313
Greco-Roman- 21, 23, 170
Greek- 41, 330
Hasidic- 187
material- 274
natural order of the- 196
non-human- 101
physical- 294
sensible- 296
supernal- 280, 283
worship (n.) 243, 255, 277–279, 285
-of the image 267
-of the stars 263, 273
worship (v.) 243
-forms 280
-idols 243
-man-made images 267
-stars 243
writing
automatic- 109
-of characters 312–313
the culture of- 33
-as the domain of ritual experts 44
-instruments 311
-as a knowledge practice 23, 44
magic based on- 314
-materials 311, 317, 321
-of names / nomina 313–314, 321, 327
-of powerful names 314, 327
practical aspects of- 313
rituals based on- 33
role of- 319
-in magic and divination 44
-the sacred names of the semiphoras 327
-support to use 327
time of- 315
written
-actions 23
-backwards 322
-on a black stone 316
-on a bronze rod 316
-on carta 320
-with clean gold or red ink 322
-on a copper lamina 316
-on the forehead of the Master 323
-on a gold folium 316
-on a hard, white stone 316
-in Hebrew 327
-in Hebrew and Aramaic 113
-on an iron lamina 316
-on a knife 316
-on a lead lamina 316
-legacy 140
-on Moses’ rod 314
-names 313–331
-on parchment of arciginim 319
-on clean parchment 319
-on very thin clean parchment 319
-in Persian 182
-on a piece of wood 316
- with the purest gold and red ink 323
-in the sacred tongue 30
-with the best saffron, musk, and aloes-wood 321
-with sandal fruit and wood 320
-on a silver lamina 316
-on the skin of a black or wild goat 322
-on the skin of a gazelle 319
-on the skin of suenes 319
-rather than spoken out loud 317, 327
-on the stone of a silver ring 316
-on a sword 316
-on a tin lamina 316
-on an unbaked postherd 316, 319
-on an unbaked potter’s clay 319
-in an unknown language 317
-on a white glass vase 316
ydea
of Solomon 322
yiddeʿoni (a form of qesem) 250–251, 254
zodiac sign 48–49, 55–60, 64–65, 69, 71, 77, 79, 80–83, 86–88, 94, 203, 205–206, 210–211, 223, 226, 228, 230–231, 236–239, 246, 248, 293
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Unveiling the Hidden—Anticipating the Future

Divinatory Practices Among Jews Between Qumran and the Modern Period

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